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Author : Desmond Seward
Publisher : Penguin
Release : 1999-08-01
Page : 304
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 1101173777
Description :


From 1337 to 1453 England repeatedly invaded France on the pretext that her kings had a right to the French throne. Though it was a small, poor country, England for most of those "hundred years" won the battles, sacked the towns and castles, and dominated the war. The protagonists of the Hundred Years War are among the most colorful in European history: Edward III, the Black Prince; Henry V, who was later immortalized by Shakespeare; the splendid but inept John II, who died a prisoner in London; Charles V, who very nearly overcame England; and the enigmatic Charles VII, who at last drove the English out. Desmond Seward's critically-acclaimed account of the Hundred Years War brings to life all of the intrigue, beauty, and royal to-the-death-fighting of that legendary century-long conflict.


Author : R.T. Naylor
Publisher : McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
Release : 2006-07-10
Page : 553
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 0773583610
Description :


As Bruce Trigger explains in his preface, Canada in the European Age, 1453-1919 was the first history in which native peoples appeared as genuine actors in human dramas - mainly tragedies - instead of as part of the flora and fauna in the background. By stressing the interconnections between the grand events of the conquest and subjegation of the globe by European empire builders and the less dramatic events in Canada, Naylor's book led to a fundamental reinterpretation of Canadian social, economic, and political history.


Author : Roger Crowley
Publisher : Hachette Books
Release : 2013-02-12
Page : 336
Category : Religion
ISBN 13 : 140130558X
Description :


A gripping exploration of the fall of Constantinople and its connection to the world we live in today. The fall of Constantinople in 1453 signaled a shift in history and the end of the Byzantium Empire. Roger Crowley's readable and comprehensive account of the battle between Mehmet II, sultan of the Ottoman Empire, and Constantine XI, the 57th emperor of Byzantium, illuminates the period in history that was a precursor to the current conflict between the West and the Middle East.


Author : Philip Mansel
Publisher : John Murray
Release : 2011-11-10
Page : 544
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 1848546475
Description :


Philip Mansel's highly acclaimed history absorbingly charts the interaction between the vibrantly cosmopolitan capital of Constantinople - the city of the world's desire - and its ruling family. In 1453, Mehmed the Conqueror entered Constantinople on a white horse, beginning an Ottoman love affair with the city that lasted until 1924, when the last Caliph hurriedly left on the Orient Express. For almost five centuries Constantinople, with its enormous racial and cultural diversity, was the centre of the dramatic and often depraved story of an extraordinary dynasty.


Author : Brendan Simms
Publisher :
Release : 2013
Page : 689
Category : Europe
ISBN 13 : 9780141037172
Description :


Tells the story of a group of highly competitive and mutually suspicious dynasties, and also of a continent uniquely prone to interference from 'semi-detached' elements, such as Russia, the Ottoman Empire, Britain and the United States


Author : Bernard S Bachrach
David Bachrach
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-10-04
Page : 444
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 1315512637
Description :


Warfare in Medieval Europe c. 400-c.1453 provides a thematic discussion of the nature and conduct of war, including its economic, technological, social, and religious contexts, from the late Roman Empire to the end of the Hundred Years’ War. The geographical scope of this volume encompasses Latin Europe from Iberia to Poland and from Scandinavia and Britain to Sicily and includes the interaction between Europe and the eastern Mediterranean, particularly in the context of the crusading movement. Bernard and David Bachrach explore the origins of the institutions, physical infrastructure, and intellectual underpinnings of medieval warfare and trace the ways in which medieval warfare was diffused beyond Europe to the Middle East and beyond. Written in an accessible and engaging way and including chapters on military topography, military technology, logistics, strategy and combat, this is a definitive synthesis on medieval warfare. The book is accompanied by a companion website which includes interactive maps of the chief military campaigns, chapter resources, a glossary of terms and an interactive timeline which provides a chronological backbone for the thematic chapters in the book. Warfare in Medieval Europe is an essential resource for all students of medieval war and warfare.


Author : www.ChineseStandard.net
Publisher : https://www.chinesestandard.net
Release : 2014-12-14
Page : 14
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 :
Description :


This standard specifies the testing principles, testing equipment, test samples, status conditioning, test procedures, calculations, test results, test reports, etc. of flatwise compression properties of sandwich constructions or cores. This standard is applicable to the modulus measurement of flatwise compression strength and flatwise compression elasticity of the sandwich constructions or cores. It is also applicable to the modulus measurement of flatwise compression strength and flatwise compression elasticity of the lattice walls (such as honeycomb walls).


Author : Cyril A. Mango
Medieval Academy of America
Publisher : University of Toronto Press
Release : 1986-01-01
Page : 272
Category : Art
ISBN 13 : 9780802066275
Description :


Originally published by Prentice-Hall, 1972.


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 2011
Page :
Category : Istanbul (Turkey)
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Marios Philippides
Walter K. Hanak
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-05-02
Page : 816
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 1317016084
Description :


This major study is a comprehensive scholarly work on a key moment in the history of Europe, the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks in 1453. The result of years of research, it presents all available sources along with critical evaluations of these narratives. The authors have consulted texts in all relevant languages, both those that remain only in manuscript and others that have been printed, often in careless and inferior editions. Attention is also given to 'folk history' as it evolved over centuries, producing prominent myths and folktales in Greek, medieval Russian, Italian, and Turkish folklore. Part I, The Pen, addresses the complex questions introduced by this myriad of original literature and secondary sources.


Author : Stephen Turnbull
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2012-08-20
Page : 64
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 1782002243
Description :


The walls of Constantinople are the greatest surviving example of European medieval military architecture in the world. They withstood numerous sieges until being finally overcome by the artillery of Mehmet the Conqueror in 1453, and exist today as a time capsule of Byzantine and Medieval history. This book examines the main defensive system protecting the landward side of the city, which consisted of three parallel walls about 5 miles long. The walls defended the city against intruders, including Attila the Hun, before finally being breached by European knights during the Fourth Crusade in 1204 and, ultimately, destroyed by Turkish artillery in 1453.


Author : David Nicolle
Publisher : Greenwood
Release : 2005
Page : 96
Category : History
ISBN 13 :
Description :


This title details the epic four-month siege of the city of Constantinople, last vestige of the once mighty Roman and Byzantine Empires. Mehmet 'The Conqueror' led an army of 80,000 men with a massive siege train against the city. Defending were a mere 10,000 men under the Emperor Constantine XI. The Turkish artillery battered the ancient city walls mercilessly, levelling a large section. A gallant defence held off the massive Turkish assault for several hours. Refusing appeals to flee, Constantine returned to the breaches and fought until overwhelmed and killed. Thus died the last Emperor of the Byzantines and with him his once glorious empire. David Nicolle examines one of the most famous military encounters in history, which marked the final demise of the Roman/Byzantine Empire.


Author : John Haldon
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2014-06-06
Page : 96
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 147281004X
Description :


Byzantium survived for 800 years, yet its dominions and power fluctuated dramatically during that time. John Haldon tells the story from the days when the Empire was barely clinging on to survival, to the age when its fabulous wealth attracted Viking mercenaries and Asian nomad warriors to its armies, their very appearance on the field enough to bring enemies to terms. In 1453 the last emperor of Byzantium, Constantine XII, died fighting on the ramparts, bringing to a romantic end the glorious history of this legendary empire.


Author : Steven B. Bowman
Publisher :
Release : 1985
Page : 380
Category : History
ISBN 13 :
Description :


A survey of Jewish life in the Byzantine Empire during its last 300 years. Ch. 1 (pp. 9-48), "Byzantium and the Jews, " discusses the Jews' political and legal status. Notes that while emperors attempted to use force to create religious unity and eradicate Judaism, the Church objected to forced conversion while pressuring the Jews to convert voluntarily. The anti-Jewish liturgy also encouraged popular antisemitism. Analyzes ecclesiastical rulings, the question of a special tax for Jews, and anti-Jewish polemics. Includes translated excerpts from Jewish and Byzantine official and ecclesiastical documents illustrating the status of the Jews and describing persecutions (pp. 209-332).


Author : Bernard S. Bachrach
David Bachrach
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-09-26
Page : 410
Category : Europe
ISBN 13 : 9781138887664
Description :


"Warfare in Medieval Europe c. 400-c.1453 provides a thematic discussion of the nature and conduct of war, including its economic, technological, social, and religious contexts, from the late Roman Empire to the end of the Hundred Years' War. Bernard and David Bachrach explore the origins of the institutions, physical infrastructure, and intellectual underpinnings of medieval warfare and trace the ways in which medieval warfare was diffused beyond Europe to the Middle East and beyond."--Provide by publisher.


Author : Victor Duruy
Publisher : e-artnow
Release : 2019-12-18
Page : 821
Category : History
ISBN 13 :
Description :


The History of the Middle Ages starts with the decline of the Roman Empire and the establishment of the great modern monarchies, than it extends from the German invasion at the beginning of the fifth century to the capture of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks ten centuries later in 1453. This carefully crafted ebook is formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents.


Author : Donald M. Nicol
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1993-10-14
Page : 463
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 9780521439916
Description :


A documented narrative history of the Byzantine Empire from 1261 until its fall in 1453.


Author : Stephen Turnbull
Publisher : Osprey Publishing
Release : 2004-10-22
Page : 64
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 9781841767598
Description :


The walls of Constantinople are the greatest surviving example of European medieval military architecture in the world. They withstood numerous sieges until being finally overcome by the artillery of Mehmet the Conqueror in 1453, and exist today as a time capsule of Byzantine and Medieval history. This book examines the main defensive system protecting the landward side of the city, which consisted of three parallel walls about 5 miles long. The walls defended the city against intruders, including Attila the Hun, before finally being breached by European knights during the Fourth Crusade in 1204 and, ultimately, destroyed by Turkish artillery in 1453.


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1973
Page : 137
Category : Istanbul (Turkey)
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : New York Public Library
Publisher : Belknap Press
Release : 2003
Page : 208
Category : Art
ISBN 13 : 9780674011939
Description :


Russia Engages the World, 1453-1825, an elegant new book created by a team of leading historians in collaboration with The New York Public Library, traces Russia's development from an insular, medieval, liturgical realm centered on Old Muscovy, into a modern, secular, world power embodied in cosmopolitan St. Petersburg. Featuring eight essays and 120 images from the Library's distinguished collections, it is both an engagingly written work and a striking visual object. Anyone interested in the dramatic history of Russia and its extraordinary artifacts will be captivated by this book. Before the late fifteenth century, Europeans knew virtually nothing about Muscovy, the core of what would become the "Russian Empire." The rare visitor--merchant, adventurer, diplomat--described an exotic, alien place. Then, under the powerful tsar Peter the Great, St. Petersburg became the architectural embodiment and principal site of a cultural revolution, and the port of entry for the Europeanization of Russia. From the reign of Peter to that of Catherine the Great, Russia sought increasing involvement in the scientific advancements and cultural trends of Europe. Yet Russia harbored a certain dualism when engaging the world outside its borders, identifying at times with Europe and at other times with its Asian neighbors. The essays are enhanced by images of rare Russian books, illuminated manuscripts, maps, engravings, watercolors, and woodcuts from the fifteenth to the nineteenth centuries, as well as the treasures of diverse minority cultures living in the territories of the Empire or acquired by Russian voyagers. These materials were also featured in an exhibition of the same name, mounted at The New York Public Library in the fall of 2003, to celebrate the tercentenary of St. Petersburg.