A Critical Introduction To Testimony Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Axel Gelfert
Publisher : A&C Black
Release : 2014-09-25
Page : 264
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 1441193502
Description :


A critical survey of the contemporary philosophical debate about the word of others as a source of knowledge, pointing to areas of future research.


Author : Axel Gelfert
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2014-07-31
Page : 264
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 1472569989
Description :


The epistemology of testimony is a rapidly developing area in contemporary analytic philosophy. In this first thorough survey of the recent debate on the subject, Axel Gelfert provides an in-depth introduction to what has become one of the liveliest debates in contemporary epistemology. Covering existing literature and major debates, A Critical Introduction to Testimony discusses the epistemic status of testimony-based beliefs, relates changes to relevant developments in other areas and offers a critical perspective on current and future research trends. Devoting space to both the applications of social epistemology and the larger conceptual issues of knowledge, Gelfert not only introduces the epistemology of testimony; he offers an up-to-date introduction to epistemology. Equipped with a mix of study questions, examples, and suggestions for further reading, students of contemporary epistemology will find this a reliable guide to studying testimony as a source of knowledge.


Author : J. Adam Carter
Publisher :
Release : 2018
Page :
Category : Knowledge, Theory of
ISBN 13 : 9781474218849
Description :


A brief history of knowledge how -- The case for intellectualism -- Knowledge how and epistemic luck -- Knowledge how and cognitive achievement -- Knowledge how and testimony -- Knowledge how and knowledge of language -- Knowledge how: normativity and epistemic value -- Knowledge how: future directions


Author : Axel Gelfert
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-12-21
Page : 135
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 3319279548
Description :


Taking scientific practice as its starting point, this book charts the complex territory of models used in science. It examines what scientific models are and what their function is. Reliance on models is pervasive in science, and scientists often need to construct models in order to explain or predict anything of interest at all. The diversity of kinds of models one finds in science – ranging from toy models and scale models to theoretical and mathematical models – has attracted attention not only from scientists, but also from philosophers, sociologists, and historians of science. This has given rise to a wide variety of case studies that look at the different uses to which models have been put in specific scientific contexts. By exploring current debates on the use and building of models via cutting-edge examples drawn from physics and biology, the book provides broad insight into the methodology of modelling in the natural sciences. It pairs specific arguments with introductory material relating to the ontology and the function of models, and provides some historical context to the debates as well as a sketch of general positions in the philosophy of scientific models in the process.


Author : J. Adam Carter
Ted Poston
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2018-02-22
Page : 256
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 1472509870
Description :


We know facts, but we also know how to do things. To know a fact is to know that a proposition is true. But does knowing how to ride a bike amount to knowledge of propositions? This is a challenging question and one that deeply divides the contemporary landscape. A Critical Introduction to Knowledge-How introduces, outlines, and critically evaluates various contemporary debates surrounding the nature of knowledge-how. Carter and Poston show that situating the debate over the nature of knowledge-how in other epistemological debates provides new ways to make progress. In particular, Carter and Poston explore the question of what knowledge-how involves, and how it might come apart from propositional knowledge, by engaging with key epistemological topics including epistemic luck, knowledge of language, epistemic value, virtue epistemology and social epistemology. New frontiers for research on knowledge-how are also explored relating to the internalism - externalism debate as well as embodied and extended knowledge. A Critical Introduction to Knowledge-How provides an accessible introduction to the main arguments in this important and thriving debate suited for undergraduates and postgraduates in philosophy and related areas. A strength of the book is its methodology which places a premium on placing the debates over knowledge-how in a broader conversation over the nature of knowledge. This book also offers an opinionated discussion of various lines of argument which will be of interest to professional philosophers as well.


Author : Darren Bradley
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2015-08-27
Page : 224
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 1780937644
Description :


Formal methods are changing how epistemology is being studied and understood. A Critical Introduction to Formal Epistemology introduces the types of formal theories being used and explains how they are shaping the subject. Beginning with the basics of probability and Bayesianism, it shows how representing degrees of belief using probabilities informs central debates in epistemology. As well as discussing induction, the paradox of confirmation and the main challenges to Bayesianism, this comprehensive overview covers objective chance, peer disagreement, the concept of full belief, and the traditional problems of justification and knowledge. Subjecting each position to a critical analysis, it explains the main issues in formal epistemology, and the motivations and drawbacks of each position. Written in an accessible language and supported study questions, guides to further reading and a glossary, positions are placed in an historic context to give a sense of the development of the field. As the first introductory textbook on formal epistemology, A Critical Introduction to Formal Epistemology is an invaluable resource for students and scholars of contemporary epistemology.


Author : J. Adam Carter
Ted Poston
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2018-02-22
Page : 256
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 1472507576
Description :


We know facts, but we also know how to do things. To know a fact is to know that a proposition is true. But does knowing how to ride a bike amount to knowledge of propositions? This is a challenging question and one that deeply divides the contemporary landscape. A Critical Introduction to Knowledge-How introduces, outlines, and critically evaluates various contemporary debates surrounding the nature of knowledge-how. Carter and Poston show that situating the debate over the nature of knowledge-how in other epistemological debates provides new ways to make progress. In particular, Carter and Poston explore the question of what knowledge-how involves, and how it might come apart from propositional knowledge, by engaging with key epistemological topics including epistemic luck, knowledge of language, epistemic value, virtue epistemology and social epistemology. New frontiers for research on knowledge-how are also explored relating to the internalism - externalism debate as well as embodied and extended knowledge. A Critical Introduction to Knowledge-How provides an accessible introduction to the main arguments in this important and thriving debate suited for undergraduates and postgraduates in philosophy and related areas. A strength of the book is its methodology which places a premium on placing the debates over knowledge-how in a broader conversation over the nature of knowledge. This book also offers an opinionated discussion of various lines of argument which will be of interest to professional philosophers as well.


Author : Thomas D. Senor
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2019-03-21
Page : 192
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 1472529383
Description :


In this clear and up-to-date introduction, Thomas D. Senor lays the philosophical foundation needed to understand the justification of memory belief. This book explores traditional accounts of the justification of memory belief and examines the resources that prominent positions in contemporary epistemology have to offer theories of the memorial justification. Along the way, epistemic conservatism, evidentialism, foundationalism, phenomenal conservatism, reliabilism, and preservationism all feature. Study Questions and annotated Further Reading guides at the end of each chapter make this book ideal for classroom use and independent study. Written in very clear prose, A Critical Introduction to the Epistemology of Memory is a valuable resource for students approaching epistemology for the first time or those looking to advance their understanding of a core area of philosophy.


Author : Paul Dicken
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2016-07-28
Page : 244
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 147257589X
Description :


What are the reasons for believing scientific theories to be true? The contemporary debate around scientific realism exposes questions about the very nature of scientific knowledge. A Critical Introduction to Scientific Realism explores and advances the main topics of the debate, allowing epistemologists to make new connections with the philosophy of science. Moving from its origins in logical positivism to some of the most recent issues discussed in the literature, this critical introduction covers the no-miracles argument, the pessimistic meta-induction and structural realism. Placing arguments in their historical context, Paul Dicken approaches scientific realism debate as a particular instance of our more general epistemological investigations. The recurrent theme is that the scientific realism debate is in fact a pseudo-philosophical question. Concerned with the methodology of the scientific realism debate, Dicken asks what it means to offer an epistemological assessment of our scientific practices. Taking those practices as a guide to our epistemological reflections, A Critical Introduction to Scientific Realism fills a gap in current introductory texts and presents a fresh approach to understanding a crucial debate.


Author : Heinrich Andreas Christoph Hävernick
Publisher :
Release : 1852
Page : 389
Category : Bible
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Andrew Edward Breen
Publisher :
Release : 1897
Page : 606
Category : Bible
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Heinrich Andreas Christoph Hävernick
Publisher :
Release : 1850
Page : 450
Category : Bible
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Andreas Kapardis
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-01-10
Page : 608
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1107650844
Description :


A comprehensive guide to the complex interactions between psychology and criminal law both in and out of the courtroom.


Author : Carsten Stahn
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2018-12-06
Page : 464
Category : Law
ISBN 13 : 1108423205
Description :


Presents theories, practices and critiques alongside each other to engage students, scholars and professionals from multiple fields. This title is also available as Open Access on Cambridge Core.


Author : Paul Faulkner
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2015-01-18
Page : 228
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 9780198709336
Description :


We know a lot about the world and our place in it. We have come to this knowledge in a variety of ways. And one central way that we, both as individuals and as a society, have come to know what we do is through communication with others. Much of what we know, we know on the basis of testimony. In Knowledge on Trust, Paul Faulkner presents an epistemological theory of testimony, or a theory that explains how it is that we acquire knowledge and warrantedbelief from testimony. He argues that existing theories of testimony largely fail because they do not recognise how issues of practical rationality motivate the first question, and this is what makes testimonydistinctive as a source of knowledge. At the heart of the theory this book presents is the idea that trust is central to answering these two questions. An attitude of trust can make it reasonable to depend on another's testimony, but what warrants testimonial belief is not trust but the body of evidence the testimony originates from. Testimonial knowledge and testimonially warranted belief are formed on trust. Faulkner goes on to argue that our having a way of life wherein testimonycan provide such a source of knowledge and warrant is dependent upon a society in which a certain kind of trust is possible.


Author : John Corner
Professor at the School of Politics and Communication Studies John Corner
Publisher :
Release : 1996
Page : 212
Category : Performing Arts
ISBN 13 :
Description :


This work looks at the functions of documentary in film and television. Its attempts to depict reality and to comment on it have provoked disagreement from the 1920s to the present day. Recent debates about knowledge and representation, and about the changing character of public culture have increased its interest and relevance. The author presents a clear view of the theoretical issues and critical debates about documentary, and discusses the development of the main styles and approaches, including dramadocs and fly-on-the-wall. The book also looks at the dual identity of work in documentary as both artefact and as a reference. This work provides an analysis of specific examples of powerful documentary films and programmes such as: Cathy Come Home (whose presentation of homelessness and young women had enormous impact); Life and Times of Rosie the Rivetter (depicting the treatment of women in US factories during World War II); and When the Dog Bites (a view of life in the previously industrial town of Consett following the closure of the steel works).


Author : Allan Hazlett
Publisher : A&C Black
Release : 2014-03-13
Page : 208
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 1441144072
Description :


Skepticism remains a central and defining issue in epistemology, and in the wider tradition of Western philosophy. To better understand the contemporary position of this important philosophical subject, Allan Hazlett introduces a range of topics, including: Â? Ancient skepticism Â? skeptical arguments in the work of Hume and Descartes Â? Cartesian skepticism in contemporary epistemology Â? anti-skeptical strategies, including Mooreanism, nonclosure, and contextualism Â? additional varieties of skepticism Â? the practical consequences of Cartesian skepticism Presenting a comprehensive survey of the key problems, arguments, and theories, together with additional readings, A Critical Introduction to Skepticism is an ideal guide for students and scholars looking to understand how skepticism is shaping epistemology today.


Author : Mark Goodale
Sally Engle Merry
Publisher : NYU Press
Release : 2017-05-02
Page : 320
Category : Law
ISBN 13 : 1479895512
Description :


An introduction to the anthropology of law that explores the connections between law, politics, and technology. From legal responsibility for genocide to rectifying past injuries to indigenous people, the anthropology of law addresses some of the crucial ethical issues of our day. Over the past twenty-five years, anthropologists have studied how new forms of law have reshaped important questions of citizenship, biotechnology, and rights movements, among many others. Meanwhile, the rise of international law and transitional justice has posed new ethical and intellectual challenges to anthropologists. Anthropology and Law provides a comprehensive overview of the anthropology of law in the post-Cold War era. Mark Goodale introduces the central problems of the field and builds on the legacy of its intellectual history, while a foreword by Sally Engle Merry highlights the challenges of using the law to seek justice on an international scale. The book’s chapters cover a range of intersecting areas including language and law, history, regulation, indigenous rights, and gender. For a complete understanding of the consequential ways in which anthropologists have studied, interacted with, and critiqued, the ways and means of law, Anthropology and Law is required reading.


Author : Melissa Schwartzberg
Philip Kitcher
Publisher : NYU Press
Release : 2021-11-16
Page :
Category : Law
ISBN 13 : 1479811602
Description :


Explores the challenges of governing in a post-truth world The relationship between truth and politics has rarely seemed more troubled, with misinformation on the rise, and the value of expertise in democratic decision-making increasingly being dismissed. In Truth and Evidence, the latest installment in the NOMOS series, Melissa Schwartzberg and Philip Kitcher bring together a distinguished group of interdisciplinary scholars in political science, law, and philosophy to explore the most pressing questions about the role of truth, evidence, and knowledge in government. In nine timely essays, contributors examine what constitutes political knowledge, who counts as an expert, how we should weigh evidence, and what can be done to address deep disinformation. Together, they address urgent questions such as what facts we require to confront challenges like COVID-19; what it means to #BelieveWomen; and how white supremacy shapes the law of evidence. Essential reading for our fraught political moment, Truth and Evidence considers the importance of truth in the face of widespread efforts to turn it into yet another tool of political power.


Author : Timothy Cheek
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2010-08-23
Page :
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 113978904X
Description :


Mao Zedong's political career spanned more than half a century. The ideas he championed transformed one of the largest nations on earth and inspired revolutionary movements across the world. Even today Mao lives on in China, where he is regarded by many as a near-mythical figure, and in the West, where a burgeoning literature continues to debate his memory. In this book, leading scholars from different generations and around the world offer a critical evaluation of the life and legacy of China's most famous - some would say infamous - son. The book brings the scholarship on Mao up to date, and its alternative perspectives equip readers to assess for themselves the nature of this mercurial figure and his significance in modern Chinese history.