American Prisons And Jails Conditions And Costs Of Confinement Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Joan Mullen
Publisher :
Release : 1980
Page :
Category : Correctional institutions
ISBN 13 :
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Author : United States. Department of Justice
Publisher :
Release : 1980
Page :
Category :
ISBN 13 :
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Author : Joan Mullen
Publisher :
Release : 1980
Page :
Category : Correctional institutions
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : National Research Council
Institute of Medicine
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2013-09-08
Page : 66
Category : Law
ISBN 13 : 0309287685
Description :


Over the past four decades, the rate of incarceration in the United States has skyrocketed to unprecedented heights, both historically and in comparison to that of other developed nations. At far higher rates than the general population, those in or entering U.S. jails and prisons are prone to many health problems. This is a problem not just for them, but also for the communities from which they come and to which, in nearly all cases, they will return. Health and Incarceration is the summary of a workshop jointly sponsored by the National Academy of Sciences(NAS) Committee on Law and Justice and the Institute of Medicine(IOM) Board on Health and Select Populations in December 2012. Academics, practitioners, state officials, and nongovernmental organization representatives from the fields of healthcare, prisoner advocacy, and corrections reviewed what is known about these health issues and what appear to be the best opportunities to improve healthcare for those who are now or will be incarcerated. The workshop was designed as a roundtable with brief presentations from 16 experts and time for group discussion. Health and Incarceration reviews what is known about the health of incarcerated individuals, the healthcare they receive, and effects of incarceration on public health. This report identifies opportunities to improve healthcare for these populations and provides a platform for visions of how the world of incarceration health can be a better place.


Author : Committee on Causes and Consequences of High Rates of Incarceration
Committee on Law and Justice
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2014-12-31
Page : 800
Category : Law
ISBN 13 : 9780309298018
Description :


After decades of stability from the 1920s to the early 1970s, the rate of imprisonment in the United States has increased fivefold during the last four decades. The U.S. penal population of 2.2 million adults is by far the largest in the world. Just under one-quarter of the world's prisoners are held in American prisons. The U.S. rate of incarceration, with nearly 1 out of every 100 adults in prison or jail, is 5 to 10 times higher than the rates in Western Europe and other democracies. The U.S. prison population is largely drawn from the most disadvantaged part of the nation's population: mostly men under age 40, disproportionately minority, and poorly educated. Prisoners often carry additional deficits of drug and alcohol addictions, mental and physical illnesses, and lack of work preparation or experience. The growth of incarceration in the United States during four decades has prompted numerous critiques and a growing body of scientific knowledge about what prompted the rise and what its consequences have been for the people imprisoned, their families and communities, and for U.S. society. The Growth of Incarceration in the United States examines research and analysis of the dramatic rise of incarceration rates and its affects. This study makes the case that the United States has gone far past the point where the numbers of people in prison can be justified by social benefits and has reached a level where these high rates of incarceration themselves constitute a source of injustice and social harm. The Growth of Incarceration in the United States examines policy changes that created an increasingly punitive political climate and offers specific policy advice in sentencing policy, prison policy, and social policy. The report also identifies important research questions that must be answered to provide a firmer basis for policy. This report is a call for change in the way society views criminals, punishment, and prison. This landmark study assesses the evidence and its implications for public policy to inform an extensive and thoughtful public debate about and reconsideration of policies.


Author : Ronnie Mills
Publisher :
Release : 1984
Page :
Category :
ISBN 13 :
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Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1980
Page :
Category : Correctional institutions
ISBN 13 :
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Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1983
Page :
Category : Corrections
ISBN 13 :
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Author : John F. Berens
Publisher : Greenwood
Release : 1987
Page : 236
Category : Law
ISBN 13 :
Description :


Lucid annotations and discriminating selection distinguish this timely bibliography of 1,098 U.S. government documents published between 1975 and October 1986. Full bibliographic data include Su-Docs number, a time save for depository libraries. Classified under eight broad subject headings, materials cover the criminal justice system, crime and criminals, law enforcement, the courts, corrections, juvenile justice, security, and special resources. . . . [Since] the government has been a principal force in the analysis of crime and its prevention, the importance of a fully annotated guide to its wealth of publications is evident. Booklist


Author : Joan Mullen
Publisher :
Release : 1980
Page :
Category : Correctional institutions
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Angela Y. Davis
Publisher : Seven Stories Press
Release : 2011-01-04
Page : 128
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 1609801040
Description :


With her characteristic brilliance, grace and radical audacity, Angela Y. Davis has put the case for the latest abolition movement in American life: the abolition of the prison. As she quite correctly notes, American life is replete with abolition movements, and when they were engaged in these struggles, their chances of success seemed almost unthinkable. For generations of Americans, the abolition of slavery was sheerest illusion. Similarly,the entrenched system of racial segregation seemed to last forever, and generations lived in the midst of the practice, with few predicting its passage from custom. The brutal, exploitative (dare one say lucrative?) convict-lease system that succeeded formal slavery reaped millions to southern jurisdictions (and untold miseries for tens of thousands of men, and women). Few predicted its passing from the American penal landscape. Davis expertly argues how social movements transformed these social, political and cultural institutions, and made such practices untenable. In Are Prisons Obsolete?, Professor Davis seeks to illustrate that the time for the prison is approaching an end. She argues forthrightly for "decarceration", and argues for the transformation of the society as a whole.


Author : Stuart A. Scheingold
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2006
Page : 691
Category : Law
ISBN 13 :
Description :


Political, legal and social theorists have long debated the contending claims of electoral and legal accountability within the context of democracy and the rule of law. This volume brings together recent socio-legal scholarship, including some of the landmarks of the relevant theory, from a host of internationally-known figures.


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1997
Page :
Category : Criminal justice, Administration of
ISBN 13 :
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Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1996
Page :
Category : Medical jurisprudence
ISBN 13 :
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Author : W. Donald Pointer
Publisher :
Release : 1982
Page : 90
Category : Government publications
ISBN 13 :
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Author : Robert Melvin Carter
Daniel Glaser
Publisher : Harpercollins College Division
Release : 1985
Page : 520
Category : Social Science
ISBN 13 :
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Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1989
Page :
Category :
ISBN 13 :
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Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Health and Medicine Division
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2020-04-17
Page : 88
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 0309493668
Description :


The high rate of incarceration in the United States contributes significantly to the nation's health inequities, extending beyond those who are imprisoned to families, communities, and the entire society. Since the 1970s, there has been a seven-fold increase in incarceration. This increase and the effects of the post-incarceration reentry disproportionately affect low-income families and communities of color. It is critical to examine the criminal justice system through a new lens and explore opportunities for meaningful improvements that will promote health equity in the United States. The National Academies convened a workshop on June 6, 2018 to investigate the connection between incarceration and health inequities to better understand the distributive impact of incarceration on low-income families and communities of color. Topics of discussion focused on the experience of incarceration and reentry, mass incarceration as a public health issue, women's health in jails and prisons, the effects of reentry on the individual and the community, and promising practices and models for reentry. The programs and models that are described in this publication are all Philadelphia-based because Philadelphia has one of the highest rates of incarceration of any major American city. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions of the workshop.


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 2011
Page : 391
Category : Criminal justice, Administration of
ISBN 13 : 9781616328900
Description :



Author : Committee on Ethical Considerations for Revisions to DHHS Regulations for Protection of Prisoners Involved in Research
Board on Health Sciences Policy
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2007-01-22
Page : 20
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 9780309164603
Description :


In the past 30 years, the population of prisoners in the United States has expanded almost 5-fold, correctional facilities are increasingly overcrowded, and more of the country's disadvantaged populations—racial minorities, women, people with mental illness, and people with communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis C, and tuberculosis—are under correctional supervision. Because prisoners face restrictions on liberty and autonomy, have limited privacy, and often receive inadequate health care, they require specific protections when involved in research, particularly in today's correctional settings. Given these issues, the Department of Health and Human Services' Office for Human Research Protections commissioned the Institute of Medicine to review the ethical considerations regarding research involving prisoners. The resulting analysis contained in this book, Ethical Considerations for Research Involving Prisoners, emphasizes five broad actions to provide prisoners involved in research with critically important protections: • expand the definition of "prisoner"; • ensure universally and consistently applied standards of protection; • shift from a category-based to a risk-benefit approach to research review; • update the ethical framework to include collaborative responsibility; and • enhance systematic oversight of research involving prisoners.