Applications Of Genetics To Arthropods Of Biological Control Significance Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Sudhir Karl Narang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-01-10
Page : 213
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 1351086669
Description :


Written by experts in the fields of insect pest genetics, the genetics of biological control organisms, and the application of biological control, this book provides the first up-to-date summary of the genetic literature on the genetics of arthropod biological control agents. It identifies successful programs and also gaps and needs in research, research constraints, and possible research approaches in this important field of pest control. The power and applicability of new genetic and molecular biology methods have created new and exciting possibilities to greatly improve the effectiveness of traditional biological control programs. This book provides essential information about the state-of-the-art application of these new methods. It explains how biological control procedures can be improved, covers methods for selecting pesticide-resistant strains of natural enemies, and looks at methods for maintaining genetic diversity and quality control during the rearing of biological control agents in the laboratory. The book also provides information regarding the application of powerful PCR methods for taxonomic identification of strains and species of biocontrol agents.


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 2017
Page :
Category : Electronic book
ISBN 13 :
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Author : T. W. Fisher
Thomas S. Bellows
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1999-09-20
Page : 1046
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 9780080533018
Description :


For many years the use of chemical agents such as pesticides and herbicides has been effective in controlling the many varieties of pests that infest both agricultural crops and backyard gardens. However, these pests are gradually becoming resistant to these agents, because the agents themselves are acting as selective factors making the pests better and better able to resist and persist. As a result, the use of biological controlling agents is increasing. This book is a comprehensive and authoritative handbook of biological control. Key Features * Introduction (preface plus 2 chapters) * Principles and processes (12 chapters) * Agents, biology, and methods (6 chapters) * Applications (10 chapters) * Research (2 chapters)


Author : Jack E. Rechcigl
Nancy A. Rechcigl
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1999-09-24
Page : 392
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 9781439822692
Description :


Pest and disease management continues to challenge the agricultural community. The rise in new pest and crop problems juxtaposed with public concern over pesticide use and more stringent environmental regulations creates the need for today's agricultural producers to stay current with new technologies for producing quality crops profitably. Biological and Biotechnological Control of Insect Pests presents an overview of alternative measures to traditional pest management practices, utilizing biological control and biotechnology. The removal of some highly effective broad-spectrum chemicals, caused by concerns over environmental health and public safety, has resulted in the development of alternative, reduced risk crop protection products. These products, less toxic to the environment and easily integrated into biological control systems, target specific life stages or pest species. Predation - recognized as a suitable, long term strategy - effectively suppresses pests in biotechnological control systems. Biological and Biotechnological Control of Insect Pests covers these topics and more. It explores the current approaches in alternative solutions such as: biological control agents, parasites and predators, pathogenic microorganisms, pheromones, botanical insecticides, genetic control, genetic engineering of plants and biocontrol agents, and government regulations for biocontrol agents and recombinant DNA technology. This book will be a useful resource to entomologists, agronomists, horticulturists, and environmental scientists.


Author : National Research Council
Division on Earth and Life Studies
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2000-08-23
Page : 292
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 9780309172127
Description :


This book explores the risks and benefits of crops that are genetically modified for pest resistance, the urgency of establishing an appropriate regulatory framework for these products, and the importance of public understanding of the issues. The committee critically reviews federal policies toward transgenic products, the 1986 coordinated framework among the key federal agencies in the field, and rules proposed by the Environmental Protection Agency for regulation of plant pesticides. This book provides detailed analyses of: Mechanisms and results of genetic engineering compared to conventional breeding for pest resistance. Review of scientific issues associated with transgenic pest-protected plants, such as allergenicity, impact on nontarget plants, evolution of the pest species, and other concerns. Overview of regulatory framework and its use of scientific information with suggestions for improvements.


Author : Marjorie A. Hoy
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2003-03-17
Page : 544
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 9780123570314
Description :


A valuable addition to the personal libraries of entomologists, geneticists, and molecular biologists.


Author : Hanem Khater
M. Govindarajan
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-07-12
Page : 248
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 953513289X
Description :


This book emphasizes past and current research efforts about principles of natural control of major parasites affecting humans, animals, and crops. Each chapter is a complete and integrated subject that presents a problem and confers on the safe alternatives to chemicals. This book discusses and updates information about three major topics of natural remedies. The first topic is represented in a chapter outlining important information on biological control of parasites, the second topic is represented in three chapters dealing with botanicals as promising antiparasitic agents, and the last four chapters deal with miscellaneous control strategies against parasites. This easily readable book is designed precisely for students as well as professors linked with the field of parasitic control. We enhanced words with breathing areas in the form of graphical abstracts, figures, photographs, and tables.


Author : John R. Ruberson
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1999-07-09
Page : 864
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 1482273284
Description :


"Provides a detailed summary of pest management principles and techniques, outlining a broad selection of critical issues regarding current practice and future technology in this area. Discusses the role of soils, weather, and surrounding habitats in regulating pest occurrence and severity."


Author : Bhadriraju Subramanyam
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-12-19
Page : 432
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 1351437879
Description :


This work offers a comprehensive presentation of the identification, biology, ecology and sampling of insect pests in stored foods, and provides a balanced ciew of the biological, physical and chemical control methods used in pest management. It furnishes step-by-step procedures for creating individually tailored integrated pest management programmes. Every available method of control is covered.


Author : Government Printing Office Staff
Publisher : Office of Technology Assessment
Release : 1995
Page : 204
Category : Government publications
ISBN 13 :
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Author : National Research Council
Board on Agriculture
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1985-01-01
Page : 122
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 0309035422
Description :


Authored by an integrated committee of plant and animal scientists, this review of newer molecular genetic techniques and traditional research methods is presented as a compilation of high-reward opportunities for agricultural research. Directed to the Agricultural Research Service and the agricultural research community at large, the volume discusses biosciences research in genetic engineering, animal science, plant science, and plant diseases and insect pests. An optimal climate for productive research is discussed.


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Release :
Page :
Category :
ISBN 13 : 1107133971
Description :



Author : Pedro A. Barbosa
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1998-06-26
Page : 396
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 0080529801
Description :


This volume is a comprehensive treatment of how the principles of ecology and conservation biology can be used to maximize biological control. Conservation Biological Control presents various means to modify or manipulate the environment to enhance the activities of natural enemies of pests. It establishes a conceptual link between ecology and the agricultural use of agents for biological control, and discusses both theoretical issues as well as practical management concerns. Certain to be interesting to ecologists and entomologists, this volume will also appeal to scientists, faculty, researchers and students interested in pest management, horticulture, plant sciences, and agriculture. Contains chapters by an international team of leading authorities Establishes a conceptual link between ecology and the agricultural use of agents for biological control Discusses both theoretical issues as well as practical management concerns Provides specific examples of how conservation principles are used to maximize the biological control of pests


Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture
Publisher :
Release : 2006
Page : 155
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 :
Description :


New technologies, such as genetic engineering, may offer possibilities to increase the effectiveness of the sterile insect technique (SIT) for the control of insect pests. Although the basic technology for transformation is now quite effective for many insect species, the complex issues related to their release remains unclear. This is a pertinent consideration given the current public perception of transgenic technology in general. In order to try to initiate the development of a responsible regulatory framework for any eventual release of transgenic insects, the FAO, IAEA and IPPC convened a consultants meeting in Rome during 2002. The consultants reviewed the current status of insect transgenesis, identified current technical constraints and developed draft risk assessment protocols. This publication summarizes the deliberations of the group and provides full texts of the working papers.


Author : George E. Heimpel
Nicholas J. Mills
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2017-04-03
Page : 386
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 0521845149
Description :


This book enhances our understanding of biological control, integrating historical analysis, theoretical models and case studies in an ecological framework.


Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2019-05-31
Page : 113
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 9251313350
Description :


This publication explains the "why" and "how" of classical biological control in forestry, and addresses the potential risks associated with such programmes. Written by a team of experts, it provides general theory and practical guidelines, featuring 11 case studies of successful implementation efforts worldwide. While insect pests already damage millions of hectares of forest worldwide each year, the extent of such damage is increasing as the impacts of climate change become more evident and as international trade grows, facilitating the pests’ spread. Classical biological control is a well-tried, cost-effective approach to the management of invasive forest pests which involves the importing of "natural enemies" of non-native pests from their countries of origin with the aim of establishing permanent, self-sustaining populations capable of sustainably reducing pest populations below damaging levels.


Author : Vonnie D.C. Shields
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-04-05
Page : 360
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 9535130358
Description :


This book provides recent contributions of current strategies to control insect pests written by experts in their respective fields. Topics include semiochemicals based insect management techniques, assessment of lethal dose/concentrations, strategies for efficient biological control practices, bioinsecticidal formulations and mechanisms of action involving RNAi technology, light-trap collection of insects, the use of sex pheromonal components and attractants for pest insect capture, measures to increase plant resistance in forest plantations, the use of various baculoviruses as biopesticides, and effect of a pathogenic bacterium against an endangered butterfly species. There are several other chapters that focus on insect vectors, including biting midges as livestock vectors in Tunisia, mosquitoes as vectors in Brazil, human disease vectors in Tanzania, pathogenic livestock and human vectors in Africa, insect vectors of Chagas disease, and transgenic and paratransgenic biotechnologies against dipteran pests and vectors. This book targets general biologists, entomologists, ecologists, zoologists, virologists, and epidemiologists, including both teachers and students.


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1994
Page :
Category : Agriculture
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : National Research Council
Board on Agriculture
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1996-03-21
Page : 160
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 9780309175784
Description :


Widespread use of broad-spectrum chemical pesticides has revolutionized pest management. But there is growing concern about environmental contamination and human health risks--and continuing frustration over the ability of pests to develop resistance to pesticides. In Ecologically Based Pest Management, an expert committee advocates the sweeping adoption of ecologically based pest management (EBPM) that promotes both agricultural productivity and a balanced ecosystem. This volume offers a vision and strategies for creating a solid, comprehensive knowledge base to support a pest management system that incorporates ecosystem processes supplemented by a continuum of inputs--biological organisms, products, cultivars, and cultural controls. The result will be safe, profitable, and durable pest management strategies. The book evaluates the feasibility of EBPM and examines how best to move beyond optimal examples into the mainstream of agriculture. The committee stresses the need for information, identifies research priorities in the biological as well as socioeconomic realm, and suggests institutional structures for a multidisciplinary research effort. Ecologically Based Pest Management addresses risk assessment, risk management, and public oversight of EBPM. The volume also overviews the history of pest management--from the use of sulfur compounds in 1000 B.C. to the emergence of transgenic technology. Ecologically Based Pest Management will be vitally important to the agrichemical industry; policymakers, regulators, and scientists in agriculture and forestry; biologists, researchers, and environmental advocates; and interested growers.


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 2000
Page : 645
Category : Agricultural pests
ISBN 13 :
Description :