Colonial Rule And Social Change In Korea 1910 1945 Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Hong Yung Lee
Yong-Chool Ha
Publisher : University of Washington Press
Release : 2013-09-22
Page : 350
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 0295804491
Description :


Colonial Rule and Social Change in Korea 1910-1945 highlights the complex interaction between indigenous activity and colonial governance, emphasizing how Japanese rule adapted to Korean and missionary initiatives, as well as how Koreans found space within the colonial system to show agency. Topics covered range from economic development and national identity to education and family; from peasant uprisings and thought conversion to a comparison of missionary and colonial leprosariums. These various new assessments of Japan's colonial legacy may open up new and illuminating approaches to historical memory that will resonate not just in Korean studies, but in colonial and postcolonial studies in general, and will have implications for the future of regional politics in East Asia.


Author : Yong-Chool Ha
Publisher : University of Washington Press
Release : 2019-09-25
Page : 352
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 0295746718
Description :


In recent years, discussion of the colonial period in Korea has centered mostly on the degree of exploitation or development that took place domestically, while international aspects have been relatively neglected. Colonial discourse, such as characterization of Korea as a “hermit nation,” was promulgated around the world by Japan and haunts us today. The colonization of Korea also transformed Japan and has had long-term consequences for post–World War II Northeast Asia as a whole. Through sections that explore Japan’s images of Korea, colonial Koreans’ perceptions of foreign societies and foreign relations, and international perceptions of colonial Korea, the essays in this volume show the broad influence of Japanese colonialism not simply on the Korean peninsula, but on how the world understood Japan and how Japan understood itself. When initially incorporated into the Japanese empire, Korea seemed lost to Japan’s designs, yet Korean resistance to colonial rule, along with later international fear of Japanese expansion, led the world to rethink the importance of Korea as a future sovereign nation.


Author : Todd A. Henry
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 2016-10-13
Page : 320
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 0520293150
Description :


Assimilating Seoul, the first book-length study written in English about Seoul during the colonial period, challenges conventional nationalist paradigms by revealing the intersection of Korean and Japanese history in this important capital. Through microhistories of Shinto festivals, industrial expositions, and sanitation campaigns, Todd A. Henry offers a transnational account that treats the city’s public spaces as "contact zones," showing how residents negotiated pressures to become loyal, industrious, and hygienic subjects of the Japanese empire. Unlike previous, top-down analyses, this ethnographic history investigates modalities of Japanese rule as experienced from below. Although the colonial state set ambitious goals for the integration of Koreans, Japanese settler elites and lower-class expatriates shaped the speed and direction of assimilation by bending government initiatives to their own interests and identities. Meanwhile, Korean men and women of different classes and generations rearticulated the terms and degree of their incorporation into a multiethnic polity. Assimilating Seoul captures these fascinating responses to an empire that used the lure of empowerment to disguise the reality of alienation.


Author : Mark E. Caprio
Publisher : University of Washington Press
Release : 2011-07-01
Page : 320
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 0295990406
Description :


From the late nineteenth century, Japan sought to incorporate the Korean Peninsula into its expanding empire. Japan took control of Korea in 1910 and ruled it until the end of World War II. During this colonial period, Japan advertised as a national goal the assimilation of Koreans into the Japanese state. It never achieved that goal. Mark Caprio here examines why Japan's assimilation efforts failed. Utilizing government documents, personal travel accounts, diaries, newspapers, and works of fiction, he uncovers plenty of evidence for the potential for assimilation but very few practical initiatives to implement the policy. Japan's early history of colonial rule included tactics used with peoples such as the Ainu and Ryukyuan that tended more toward obliterating those cultures than to incorporating the people as equal Japanese citizens. Following the annexation of Taiwan in 1895, Japanese policymakers turned to European imperialist models, especially those of France and England, in developing strengthening its plan for assimilation policies. But, although Japanese used rhetoric that embraced assimilation, Japanese people themselves, from the top levels of government down, considered Koreans inferior and gave them few political rights. Segregation was built into everyday life. Japanese maintained separate communities in Korea, children were schooled in two separate and unequal systems, there was relatively limited intermarriage, and prejudice was ingrained. Under these circumstances, many Koreans resisted assimilation. By not actively promoting Korean-Japanese integration on the ground, Japan's rhetoric of assimilation remained just that.


Author : Theodore Jun Yoo
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 2014-05-29
Page : 328
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 0520283813
Description :


This study examines how the concept of "Korean woman" underwent a radical transformation in Korea's public discourse during the years of Japanese colonialism. Theodore Jun Yoo shows that as women moved out of traditional spheres to occupy new positions outside the home, they encountered the pervasive control of the colonial state, which sought to impose modernity on them. While some Korean women conformed to the dictates of colonial hegemony, others took deliberate pains to distinguish between what was "modern" (e.g., Western outfits) and thus legitimate, and what was "Japanese," and thus illegitimate. Yoo argues that what made the experience of these women unique was the dual confrontation with modernity itself and with Japan as a colonial power.


Author : Theodore Jun Yoo
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 2016-02-16
Page : 248
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 0520289307
Description :


"It's Madness examines Korea's critical years under Japanese colonialism when mental health first became defined as a medical and social problem. As in most Asian countries, severe social ostracism, shame, and fear of jeopardizing marriage prospects drove most Korean families to conceal the mentally ill behind closed doors. This book explores the impact of Chinese traditional medicine and its holistic approach to treating mental disorders, the resilience of folk illnesses as explanations for inappropriate and dangerous behaviors, the emergence of clinical psychiatry as a discipline, and the competing models of care under the Japanese colonial authorities and Western missionary doctors. It also analyzes interpretations of culture-bound emotional states that Koreans have viewed as specific to their interpersonal relationships, social experiences, local contexts, and the new medical discourses that the Korean press adopted to reshape social understandings of mental illness. Drawing upon unpublished archival as well as printed sources, this is the first study to examine the ways in which "madness" has been understood, classified, and treated in traditional Korea and the role of science in pathologizing and redefining mental illness under Japanese colonial rule"--Provided by publisher.


Author : George Akita
Brandon Palmer
Publisher : Merwinasia
Release : 2014-10-30
Page : 250
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 9781937385705
Description :


Drawing on recent scholarship this study effectively re-examines Japan's policies in Korea from 1910 to 1945 and contributes to the growing field of historical revisionism in Korean colonial history.


Author : Adrian Buzo
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2016-09-13
Page : 292
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 1317422783
Description :


This fully updated third edition of The Making of Modern Korea provides a thorough, balanced and engaging history of Korea from 1876 to the present day. The text is unique in analysing domestic developments in the two Koreas in the wider context of regional and international affairs. Key features of the book include: • Comprehensive coverage of Korean history. • Expanded coverage of social and cultural affairs. • A new chapter covering the end of the Choson Dynasty in the context of Japanese imperialist expansionism. • Up-to-date analysis of important contemporary developments in both Koreas, including assessments of the Kim Jong Il and Kim Jong Un administrations and the North’s nuclear weapons program. • Comparative focus on North and South Korea. • An examination of Korea within its regional context. • A detailed chronology and suggestions for further reading. The Making of Modern Korea is a valuable one-volume resource for students of modern Korean history, international politics and Asian Studies.


Author : Hildi Kang
Publisher : Cornell University Press
Release : 2013-11-12
Page : 192
Category : Biography & Autobiography
ISBN 13 : 0801470153
Description :


In the rich and varied life stories in Under the Black Umbrella, elderly Koreans recall incidents that illustrate the complexities of Korea during the colonial period. Hildi Kang here reinvigorates a period of Korean history long shrouded in the silence of those who endured under the "black umbrella" of Japanese colonial rule. Existing descriptions of the colonial period tend to focus on extremes: imperial repression and national resistance, Japanese subjugation and Korean suffering, Korean backwardness and Japanese progress. "Most people," Kang says, "have read or heard only the horror stories which, although true, tell only a small segment of colonial life." The varied accounts in Under the Black Umbrella reveal a truth that is both more ambiguous and more human—the small-scale, mundane realities of life in colonial Korea. Accessible and attractive narratives, linked by brief historical overviews, provide a large and fully textured view of Korea under Japanese rule. Looking past racial hatred and repression, Kang reveals small acts of resistance carried out by Koreans, as well as gestures of fairness by Japanese colonizers. Impressive for the history it recovers and preserves, Under the Black Umbrella is a candid, human account of a complicated time in a contested place.


Author : Jin-Kyung Park
Publisher :
Release : 2008
Page : 500
Category : Gynecology
ISBN 13 :
Description :


This dissertation examines the cultural history of colonial medicine and the female body in colonial Korea (1910--1945). It investigates how Japanese colonial medicine linked the gynecological health of Korean women to the governance of the colonial population and the expansion of the empire. Drawing on original Japanese and Korean archival sources, this study provides a vivid historical account of how Japanese male physicians in fields that include gynecology and social hygiene constructed the Korean female body as an object of modern medical research and subjected it to intense biomedical classification, policing, and discipline for the purpose of augmenting the procreative capacities, vitality, and size of the colonial populace. This regime, which I have termed Japan's "corporeal colonialism," is testament to the ideological service that male medical professionals performed in the biopolitics of the Japanese imperial and colonial states. Increasing and mobilizing the Korean population as human resources ( jinteki shigen) was pivotal in Japan's colonial penetration of the Chinese continent and Southeast Asia. So, too, was propagandizing such population growth, which served as an index of Korea's modernization. Under these circumstances, Korean women were considered biological reproducers of the colonial populace. My research shows how Japanese medical modernizers aimed to produce fertile bodies within the familial sphere, while meticulously inspecting and regulating "diseased" bodies, deemed a formidable threat to conjugal space. I argue that under corporeal colonialism, the location of women's reproduction moved from the domain of "Nature" to the public realm of medical, statistical knowledge in the service of colonial state governance and pronatalist policymaking. I further maintain that corporeal colonialism was central to Korea's dramatic demographic change---the doubling of the total population---during the 35-year colonial period. Unlike the existing literature elucidating the management of colonial bodies in the familiar dichotomy of white/non-white colonial relations, my study offers an innovative perspective on the "Asian-led" governance of racially proximate "Asian" populations. In the unique Asian imperial context of racial ambiguity between ruler and ruled, I examine techno-scientific interventions on Korean women's bodies and show how Japan's management of the population entailed producing a range of racialized, colonial knowledge about women's reproductive physiology and activities. Such knowledge production was a pivotal technology of corporeal colonialism in establishing authority over and effectively administering phenotypically similar colonized bodies. This dissertation makes a significant contribution to the scholarly literature in both cultural and social studies of science in Korea and the global history of colonialism, science, and gender. Foremost, my work demonstrates the colonial origin of Western medical intervention in the physical and sexual well being of Korean women and maps out the scientific and medical protocols for the diagnosis, classification, and treatment of women's reproductive diseases. In doing so, my study establishes rich new ground for further research on the genealogy and current manifestation of scientized, medicalized women's identities in Korea and East Asia. Moreover, my finding that modern medical science constituted a globalized imperial male enterprise could stimulate conversations and collective research among feminist scholars studying Western and Japanese empires.


Author : Michael J. Seth
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release : 2016-01-21
Page : 612
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 1442235187
Description :


Now in a fully revised and updated edition, this comprehensive book surveys Korean history from Neolithic times to the present. Michael J. Seth explores the origins and development of Korean society, politics, and still little-known cultural heritage from their inception to the two Korean states of today. Telling the remarkable story of the origins and evolution of a society that borrowed and adopted from abroad, Seth describes how various tribal peoples in the peninsula came together to form one of the world’s most distinctive communities. He shows how this ancient, culturally and ethnically homogeneous society was wrenched into the world of late-nineteenth-century imperialism, fell victim to Japanese expansionism, and then became arbitrarily divided into two opposed halves, North and South, after World War II. Tracing the seven decades since 1945, the book explains how the two Koreas, with their deeply different political and social systems and geopolitical orientations, evolved into sharply contrasting societies. South Korea, after an unpromising start, became one of the few postcolonial developing states to enter the ranks of the first world, with a globally competitive economy, a democratic political system, and a cosmopolitan and dynamic culture. North Korea, by contrast, became one of the world’s most totalitarian and isolated societies, a nuclear power with an impoverished and famine-stricken population. Seth describes and analyzes the radically different and historically unprecedented trajectories of the two Koreas, formerly one tight-knit society. Throughout, he adds a rare dimension by placing Korean history into broader global perspective. All readers looking for a balanced, knowledgeable history will be richly rewarded with this clear and concise book.


Author : Michael E. Robinson
Publisher : University of Hawaii Press
Release : 2007-04-30
Page : 232
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 0824831748
Description :


Michael E. Robinson provides readers with the historical essentials upon which to unravel the complex politics and contemporary crises that exist in the East Asian region.


Author : Ross King
Publisher : University of Hawaii Press
Release : 2018-02-28
Page : 336
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 0824873319
Description :


Seoul is a colossus both in its physical presence and the demand it places on any intellectual effort to understand it. How did it come to be? How can a city this immense work? Underlying its spectacle and incongruities is a city that might be described as ill at ease with its own past. The bitter rifts of Japanese colonization persist, as does the troubled aftermath of the Korean War and its divisions; the economic “Miracle on the Han” that followed is crosscut by memories of the violent dictatorship that drove it. In Seoul, author Ross King interrogates this contested history and its physical remnants, tacking between the city’s historiography and architecture, with attention to monuments, streets, and other urban spaces. The book’s structuring device is the dichotomy of erasure and memory as necessary preconditions for reinvention. King traces this phenomenon from the old dynasties to the Japanese regime and wartime destruction; he then follows the equally destructive reinvention of Korea under dictatorship to the brilliant city of the present with its extraordinary explosion of creativity and ideas—the post-1991 Hallyu, the Korean Wave. The final chapter returns to questions of forgetting and memory, but now as “conditions of possibility” for what would seem to underlie the present trajectory of this extraordinary city and culture. Seoul can be read, King suggests, in the context of the hybrid ideas that have characterized Korean cultural history. It may be their present eruption that accounts for the city of contradictions that confronts the contemporary observer and that most extraordinary of Korean phenomena: the rise of an alternative, virtual world, eclipsing both city and nation. Has the very idea of Korea been reinvented even as the weakly defined nation-state slips away?


Author : Jun Uchida
Publisher : Harvard Univ Council on East Asian
Release : 2011
Page : 481
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 9780674062535
Description :


Drawing on previously unused materials in multi-language archives, Jun Uchida looks behind the official organs of state and military control to focus on the obscured history of the Japanese civilians who settled on the Korean peninsula between 1876 and 1945.


Author : Seo-Hyun Park
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2017-05-11
Page : 214
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 1107182352
Description :


This book provides a theoretical and empirical analysis of a key concept in East Asian security debates, sovereign autonomy, and how it reproduces hierarchy in the regional order. Park argues that contemporary strategic debates in East Asia are based on shared contextual knowledge - that of international hierarchy - reconstructed in the late-nineteenth century. The mechanism that reproduces this lens of hierarchy is domestic legitimacy politics in which embattled political leaders contest the meaning of sovereign autonomy. Park argues that the idea of status seeking has remained embedded in the concept of sovereign autonomy and endures through distinct and alternative security frames that continue to inform contemporary strategic debates in East Asia. This book makes a significant contribution to debates in international relations theory and security studies about autonomy and status, as well as to the now extensive literature on the nature of East Asian regional order.


Author : Michael J Seth
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-01-29
Page : 396
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 1317811496
Description :


Beginning in the mid-nineteenth century when Korea became entangled in the world of modern imperialism and the old social, economic and political order began to change; this handbook brings together cutting edge scholarship on major themes in Korean History. Contributions by experts in the field cover the Late Choson and Colonial periods, Korea’s partition and the diverging paths of North and South Korea. Topics covered include: The division of Korea Religion Competing imperialisms Economic change War and rebellions Nationalism Gender North Korea Under Kim Jong Il Global Korea The Handbook provides a stimulating introduction to the most important themes within the subject area, and is an invaluable reference work for any student and researcher of Korean History.


Author : Charlotte Horlyck
Publisher : Reaktion Books
Release : 2017-06-15
Page : 256
Category : Art
ISBN 13 : 1780237847
Description :


Walk the galleries of any major contemporary art museum and you are sure to see a work by a Korean artist. Interest in modern and contemporary art from South—as well as North—Korea has grown in recent decades, and museums and individual collectors have been eager to tap into this rising market. But few books have helped us understand Korean art and its significance in the art world, and even fewer have told the story of the formation of Korea’s contemporary cultural scene and the role artists have played in it. This richly illustrated history tackles these issues, exploring Korean art from the late-nineteenth century to the present day—a period that has seen enormous political, social, and economic change. Charlotte Horlyck covers the critical and revolutionary period that stretches from Korean artists’ first encounters with oil paintings in the late nineteenth century to the varied and vibrant creative outputs of the twenty-first. She explores artists’ interpretations of new and traditional art forms ranging from oil and ink paintings to video art, multi-media installations, ready-mades, and performance art, showing how artists at every turn have questioned the role of art and artists within society. Opening up this fascinating world to general audiences, this book will appeal to anyone wanting to explore this rich and fascinating era in Korea’s cultural history.


Author : Gi-Wook Shin
Michael Robinson
Publisher : BRILL
Release : 2020-03-23
Page :
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 1684173337
Description :


The twelve chapters in this volume seek to overcome the nationalist paradigm of Japanese repression and exploitation versus Korean resistance that has dominated the study of Korea’s colonial period (1910–1945) by adopting a more inclusive, pluralistic approach that stresses the complex relations among colonialism, modernity, and nationalism. By addressing such diverse subjects as the colonial legal system, radio, telecommunications, the rural economy, and industrialization and the formation of industrial labor, one group of essays analyzes how various aspects of modernity emerged in the colonial context and how they were mobilized by the Japanese for colonial domination, with often unexpected results. A second group examines the development of various forms of identity from nation to gender to class, particularly how aspects of colonial modernity facilitated their formation through negotiation, contestation, and redefinition.


Author : Hye-Kyung Lee
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-07-16
Page : 170
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 1317567528
Description :


This is the first English-language book on cultural policy in Korea, which critically historicises and analyses the contentious and dynamic development of the policy. It highlights that the evolution of cultural policy has been bound up with the complicated political, economic and social trajectory of Korea to a surprising degree. Investigating the content and context of the policy from the period of Japanese colonial rule (1910–1945) until the military authoritarian regime (1961–1988), the book discusses how culture, often co-opted by the government, was mobilised to disseminate state agendas and define national identity. It then moves on to investigate the distinct characteristics of Korea’s contemporary cultural policy since the 1990s, particularly its energetic pursuit of democracy, a market economy of culture and outward cultural globalisation (the Korean Wave). This book helps readers to understand the continuous presence of the ‘strong state’ in Korean cultural policy and its implications for the cultural life of Koreans. It argues that this exceptionally active cultural policy sets an important condition not only for artistic creation, cultural consumption and cultural business in the country, but also for the nation's ambitious endeavour to turn the success of its pop culture into a global phenomenon.


Author : Michael J. Seth
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Release : 2019-12-18
Page : 356
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 1538129051
Description :


Now in a fully revised and updated edition including new primary sources and illustrations, this comprehensive and balanced history of modern Korea explores the social, economic, and political issues it has faced since being catapulted into the wider world at the end of the nineteenth century. Placing this formerly insular society in a global context, Michael J. Seth describes how this ancient, culturally and ethnically homogeneous society first fell victim to Japanese imperialist expansionism, and then was arbitrarily divided in half after World War II. Seth traces the postwar paths of the two Koreas—with different political and social systems and different geopolitical orientations—as they evolved into sharply contrasting societies. South Korea, after an unpromising start, became one of the few postcolonial developing states to enter the ranks of the first world, with a globally competitive economy, a democratic political system, and a cosmopolitan and dynamic culture. By contrast, North Korea became one of the world's most totalitarian and isolated societies, a nuclear power with an impoverished and famine-stricken population. Considering the radically different and historically unprecedented trajectories of the two Koreas, Seth assesses the insights they offer for understanding not only modern Korea but the broader perspective of world history. All readers looking for a balanced, knowledgeable history will be richly rewarded with this clear and concise book.