Computing With Words In Information Intelligent Systems 1 Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Lotfi A. Zadeh
Publisher : Physica
Release : 2013-03-09
Page : 518
Category : Computers
ISBN 13 : 3790818739
Description :


These two volumes consIstmg of Foundations and Applications provide the current status of theoretical and empirical developments in "computing with words". In philosophy, the twentieth century is said to be the century of language. This is mainly due to Wittgenstein who said: "The meaning of a word is its use in the language game". "The concept game is a concept with blurred edges". In the first phrase, "the language game" implies the everyday human activity with language, and in the latter, "game" simply implies an ordinary word. Thus, Wittgenstein precisely stated that a word is fuzzy in real life. Unfortunately this idea about a word was not accepted in the conventional science. We had to wait for Zadeh's fuzzy sets theory. Remembering Wittgenstein's statement, we should consider, on the one hand, the concept of "computing with words" from a philosophical point of view. It deeply relates to the everyday use of a word in which the meaning of a word is fuzzy in its nature.


Author : Lotfi Asker Zadeh
Publisher :
Release :
Page : 536
Category :
ISBN 13 : 9783662113615
Description :


Computing with word: linguistic aspect; Computing with words: logical aspects; Computing with words: numerical aspects; General frameworks for computing with words.


Author : Lotfi A. Zadeh
Publisher : Physica
Release : 1999-07-16
Page : 610
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 :
Description :


The volume is the first one in the world literature which is a comprehensive, up to date account on computing with words, a new direction in broadly perceived intelligent systems, proposed and advocated by Professor Zadeh, the founder of fuzzy sets theory and fuzzy logic. Computing with words may form a basis of a computational theory of perception inspired by a remarkable human ability to perform a wide variety of tasks on the basis of vague and imprecise information expressed in natural language. In Part 2, applications in a wide array of fields are presented which use the paradigm of computing with words, exemplified by reasoning, data analysis, data mining, machine learning, risk analyses, reliability and quality control, decision making, optimization and control, databases, medical diagnosis, business analyses, traffic management, power system planning, military applications, etc.


Author : Lotfi Zadeh
Publisher : Physica
Release : 2013-06-29
Page : 610
Category : Computers
ISBN 13 : 3790818720
Description :


These two volumes consisting of Foundations and Applications provide the current status of theoretical and empirical developments in "computing with words". In philosophy, the twentieth century is said to be the century of language. This is mainly due to Wittgenstein who said: "The meaning of a word is its use in the language game". "The concept game is a concept with blurred edges". In the first phrase, "the language game" implies the everyday human activity with language, and in the latter, "game" simply implies an ordinary word. Thus, Wittgenstein precisely stated that a word is fuzzy in real life. Unfortunately this idea about a word was not accepted in the conventional science. We had to wait for Zadeh's fuzzy sets theory. Remembering Wittgenstein's statement, we should consider, on the one hand, the concept of "computing with words" from a philosophical point of view. It deeply relates to the everyday use of a word in which the meaning of a word is fuzzy in its nature.


Author : Da Ruan
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2008
Page : 1204
Category : Computational intelligence
ISBN 13 : 9812799478
Description :


FLINS, originally an acronym for Fuzzy Logic and Intelligent Technologies in Nuclear Science, is now extended to Computational Intelligence for applied research. The contributions to the eighth edition in the series of FLINS conferences cover state-of-the-art research, development, and technology for computational intelligence systems in general, and for intelligent decision and control in particular.


Author : Lotfi A. Zadeh
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-07-11
Page : 142
Category : Computers
ISBN 13 : 3642274730
Description :


In essence, Computing with Words (CWW) is a system of computation in which the objects of computation are predominantly words, phrases and propositions drawn from a natural language. CWW is based on fuzzy logic. In science there is a deep-seated tradition of according much more respect to numbers than to words. In a fundamental way, CWW is a challenge to this tradition. What is not widely recognized is that, today, words are used in place of numbers in a wide variety of applications ranging from digital cameras and household appliances to fraud detection systems, biomedical instrumentation and subway trains. CWW offers a unique capability—the capability to precisiate natural language. Unprecisiated (raw) natural language cannot be computed with. A key concept which underlies precisiation of meaning is that of the meaning postulate: A proposition, p, is a restriction on the values which a variable, X—a variable which is implicit in p—is allowed to take. CWW has an important ramification for mathematics. Addition of the formalism of CWW to mathematics empowers mathematics to construct mathematical solutions of computational problems which are stated in a natural language. Traditional mathematics does not have this capability.


Author : Yingming Liu
Guoqing Chen
Publisher : 清华大学出版社有限公司
Release : 2005
Page : 668
Category : Computational intelligence
ISBN 13 : 9787302113775
Description :



Author : Tomasz G. Smolinski
Mariofanna G. Milanova
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2008-05-27
Page : 428
Category : Mathematics
ISBN 13 : 3540785345
Description :


Computational Intelligence (CI) has been a tremendously active area of - search for the past decade or so. There are many successful applications of CI in many sub elds of biology, including bioinformatics, computational - nomics, protein structure prediction, or neuronal systems modeling and an- ysis. However, there still are many open problems in biology that are in d- perate need of advanced and e cient computational methodologies to deal with tremendous amounts of data that those problems are plagued by. - fortunately, biology researchers are very often unaware of the abundance of computational techniques that they could put to use to help them analyze and understand the data underlying their research inquiries. On the other hand, computational intelligence practitioners are often unfamiliar with the part- ular problems that their new, state-of-the-art algorithms could be successfully applied for. The separation between the two worlds is partially caused by the use of di erent languages in these two spheres of science, but also by the relatively small number of publications devoted solely to the purpose of fac- itating the exchange of new computational algorithms and methodologies on one hand, and the needs of the biology realm on the other. The purpose of this book is to provide a medium for such an exchange of expertise and concerns. In order to achieve the goal, we have solicited cont- butions from both computational intelligence as well as biology researchers.


Author : Ernest Czogala
Jacek Leski
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2000-04-06
Page : 193
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 9783790812893
Description :


The book provides an introduction to basic concepts as well as some recent advancements in fuzzy set theory, approximate reasoning, artificial neural networks and clustering methods. These methodologies create together the so-called soft computing, which is part of a computational approach to system intelligence. The book deals with an overview of fuzzy set theory, foundations for approximate reasoning principles, specific equivalence of inference results using logical conjunctive interpretations of if-then rules, supervised and unsupervised artificial neural networks, a new generalized conditional fuzzy clustering method, artificial neural networks-based fuzzy inference system with parameterized consequences in if-then rules, MATLAB(R) m-files implementation of neuro-fuzzy systems, detailed study of neuro-fuzzy systems applications.


Author : Rudolf Seising
Enric Trillas
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-05-26
Page : 376
Category : Computers
ISBN 13 : 3319187503
Description :


This book provides readers with a snapshot of the state-of-the art in fuzzy logic. Throughout the chapters, key theories developed in the last fifty years as well as important applications to practical problems are presented and discussed from different perspectives, as the authors hail from different disciplines and therefore use fuzzy logic for different purposes. The book aims at showing how fuzzy logic has evolved since the first theory formulation by Lotfi A. Zadeh in his seminal paper on Fuzzy Sets in 1965. Fuzzy theories and implementation grew at an impressive speed and achieved significant results, especially on the applicative side. The study of fuzzy logic and its practice spread all over the world, from Europe to Asia, America and Oceania. The editors believe that, thanks to the drive of young researchers, fuzzy logic will be able to face the challenging goals posed by computing with words. New frontiers of knowledge are waiting to be explored. In order to motivate young people to engage in the future development of fuzzy logic, fuzzy methodologies, fuzzy applications, etc., the editors invited a team of internationally respected experts to write the present collection of papers, which shows the present and future potentials of fuzzy logic from different disciplinary perspectives and personal standpoints.


Author : Ning Zhong
Jiming Liu
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-14
Page : 711
Category : Computers
ISBN 13 : 3662079526
Description :


Intelligent Information Technology (iiT) encompasses the theories and ap plications of artificial intelligence, statistical pattern recognition, learning theory, data warehousing, data mining and knowledge discovery, Grid com puting, and autonomous agents and multi-agent systems in the context of today's as well as future IT, such as Electronic Commerce (EC), Business Intelligence (BI), Social Intelligence (SI), Web Intelligence (WI), Knowledge Grid (KG), and Knowledge Community (KC), among others. The multi-author monograph presents the current state of the research and development in intelligent technologies for information analysis, in par ticular, advances in agents, data mining, and learning theory, from both the oretical and application aspects. It investigates the future of information technology (IT) from a new intelligent IT (iiT) perspective, and highlights major iiT-related topics by structuring an introductory chapter and 22 sur vey/research chapters into 5 parts: (1) emerging data mining technology, (2) data mining for Web intelligence, (3) emerging agent technology, ( 4) emerging soft computing technology, and (5) statistical learning theory. Each chapter includes the original work of the author(s) as well as a comprehensive survey related to the chapter's topic. This book will become a valuable source of reference for R&D profession als active in advanced intelligent information technologies. Students as well as IT professionals and ambitious practitioners concerned with advanced in telligent information technologies will appreciate the book as a useful text enhanced by numerous illustrations and examples.


Author : Shusaku Tsumoto
Roman Slowiński
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2004-06-16
Page : 860
Category : Computers
ISBN 13 : 3540259295
Description :


In recent years rough set theory has attracted the attention of many researchers and practitioners all over the world, who have contributed essentially to its development and applications. Weareobservingagrowingresearchinterestinthefoundationsofroughsets, including the various logical, mathematical and philosophical aspects of rough sets. Some relationships have already been established between rough sets and other approaches, and also with a wide range of hybrid systems. As a result, rough sets are linked with decision system modeling and analysis of complex systems, fuzzy sets, neural networks, evolutionary computing, data mining and knowledge discovery, pattern recognition, machine learning, and approximate reasoning. In particular, rough sets are used in probabilistic reasoning, granular computing (including information granule calculi based on rough mereology), intelligent control, intelligent agent modeling, identi?cation of autonomous s- tems, and process speci?cation. Methods based on rough set theory alone or in combination with other - proacheshavebeendiscoveredwith awide rangeofapplicationsinsuchareasas: acoustics, bioinformatics, business and ?nance, chemistry, computer engineering (e.g., data compression, digital image processing, digital signal processing, p- allel and distributed computer systems, sensor fusion, fractal engineering), de- sion analysis and systems, economics, electrical engineering (e.g., control, signal analysis, power systems), environmental studies, informatics, medicine, mole- lar biology, musicology, neurology, robotics, social science, software engineering, spatial visualization, Web engineering, and Web mining.


Author : Bernadette Bouchon-Meunier
Julio Gutierrez-Rios
Publisher : Physica
Release : 2013-03-20
Page : 404
Category : Computers
ISBN 13 : 379081797X
Description :


Intelligent systems enhance the capacities made available by the internet and other computer-based technologies. This book deals with the theory behind the solutions to difficult problems in the construction of intelligent systems. Particular attention is paid to situations in which the available information and data may be imprecise, uncertain, incomplete or of linguistic nature. Various methodologies for these cases are discussed, among which are probabilistic, possibilistic, fuzzy, logical, evidential and network-based frameworks. One purpose of the book is to consider how these methods can be used cooperatively. Topics included in the book include fundamental issues in uncertainty, the rapidly emerging discipline of information aggregation, neural networks, bayesian networks and other network methods, as well as logic-based systems.


Author : Barbara Dunin-Keplicz
Andrzej Jankowski
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-08-13
Page : 596
Category : Computers
ISBN 13 : 3540323708
Description :


In today’s society the issue of security has become a crucial one. This volume brings together contributions on the use of knowledge-based technology in security applications by the world’s leading researchers in the field.


Author : Endre Pap
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-10-20
Page : 344
Category : Computers
ISBN 13 : 364233959X
Description :


The theory and applications of intelligent systems is today an important field of research. This book is an up-to-date collection of seventeen chapters, written by recognized experts in the field. In an introductory mathematical foundations part an overview of generalizations of the integral inequalities for nonadditive integrals and a construction of the General Prioritized Fuzzy Satisfaction Problem is given. Then different aspects of robotics are presented, such as the differences between human beings and robots, the motion of bipedal humanoid robots, and an evaluation of different autonomous quadrotor flight controllers. Also Fuzzy Systems are presented by a model of basic planar imprecise geometric objects allowing various applications in image analysis , GIS, and robotics, as well as a type-2 fuzzy logic in a software library for developing perceptual computers, and a two--degree--of--freedom speed control solutions for a brushless Direct Current motor. The book also presents recent applications in medicine such as a Virtual Doctor System, methods for a face to face human machine interaction, and an emotion estimation, with applications for multiple diseases and the effect of the applied therapy. The last part of the book covers different applications in transportation, network monitoring, and localization of pedestrians in images.


Author : Krzysztof Dyczkowski
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-10-01
Page : 123
Category : Computers
ISBN 13 : 3319670050
Description :


This book discusses computer-supported medical diagnosis with a particular focus on ovarian tumor diagnosis – since ovarian cancer is difficult to diagnose and has high mortality rates, especially in Central and Eastern Europe. It presents the theoretical foundations (both medical and mathematical) of the intelligent OvaExpert system, which supports decision-making in tumor diagnosis. OvaExpert was created primarily to help gynecologists predict the malignancy of ovarian tumors by applying the existing diagnostic models and using modern methods of computational intelligence that accommodate imprecise and imperfect medical data, both of which are common features of everyday medical practice. The book presents novel methods based on interval-valued fuzzy sets and the theory of their cardinalities.


Author : Shahram Montaser Kouhsari
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-29
Page : 1052
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 9811086729
Description :


This volume presents the selected papers of the First International Conference on Fundamental Research in Electrical Engineering, held at Khwarazmi University, Tehran, Iran in July, 2017. The selected papers cover the whole spectrum of the main four fields of Electrical Engineering (Electronic, Telecommunications, Control, and Power Engineering).


Author : Masahiro Inuiguchi
Shusaku Tsumoto
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-12-06
Page : 300
Category : Mathematics
ISBN 13 : 3540364730
Description :


After 20 years of pursuing rough set theory and its applications a look on its present state and further prospects is badly needed. The monograph Rough Set Theory and Granular Computing edited by Masahiro Inuiguchi, Shoji Hirano and Shusaku Tsumoto meets this demand. It presents the newest developments in this area and gives fair picture of the state of the art in this domain. Firstly, in the keynote papers by Zdzislaw Pawlak, Andrzej Skowron and Sankar K. Pal the relationship of rough sets with other important methods of data analysis -Bayes theorem, neuro computing and pattern recognitio- is thoroughly examined. Next, several interesting generalizations of the the ory and new directions of research are presented. Furthermore application of rough sets in data mining, in particular, rule induction methods based on rough set theory is presented and discussed. Further important issue dis cussed in the monograph is rough set based data analysis, including study of decisions making in conflict situations. Last but not least, some recent engi neering applications of rough set theory are given. They include a proposal of rough set processor architecture organization for fast implementation of ba sic rough set operations and discussion of results concerning advanced image processing for unmanned aerial vehicle. Thus the monograph beside presenting wide spectrum of ongoing research in this area also points out new emerging areas of study and applications, which makes it a valuable source of information to all interested in this do main.


Author : Ashish Ghosh
Sankar K. Pal
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2002
Page : 371
Category : Computers
ISBN 13 : 9789812776235
Description :


This volume provides a collection of sixteen articles containing review and new material. In a unified way, they describe the recent development of theories and methodologies in pattern recognition, image processing and vision using fuzzy logic, artificial neural networks, genetic algorithms, rough sets and wavelets with significant real life applications. The book details the theory of granular computing and the role of a rough-neuro approach as a way of computing with words and designing intelligent recognition systems. It also demonstrates applications of the soft computing paradigm to case based reasoning, data mining and bio-informatics with a scope for future research. The contributors from around the world present a balanced mixture of current theory, algorithms and applications, making the book an extremely useful resource for students and researchers alike. Contents: Pattern Recognition: Multiple Classifier Systems; Building Decision Trees from the Fourier Spectrum of a Tree Ensemble; Clustering Large Data Sets; Multi-objective Variable String Genetic Classifier: Application to Remote Sensing Imagery; Image Processing and Vision: Dissimilarity Measures Between Fuzzy Sets or Fuzzy Structures; Early Vision: Concepts and Algorithms; Self-organizing Neural Network for Multi-level Image Segmentation; Geometric Transformation by Moment Method with Wavelet Matrix; New Computationally Efficient Algorithms for Video Coding; Soft Computing for Computational Media Aesthetics: Analyzing Video Content for Meaning; Granular Computing and Case Based Reasoning: Towards Granular Multi-agent Systems; Granular Computing and Pattern Recognition; Case Base Maintenance: A Soft Computing Perspective; Real Life Applications: Autoassociative Neural Network Models for Pattern Recognition Tasks in Speech and Image; Protein Structure Prediction Using Soft Computing; Pattern Classification for Biological Data Mining. Readership: Upper level undergraduates, graduates, researchers, academics and industrialists.


Author : Krassimir T. Atanassov
Publisher : Physica
Release : 2013-03-20
Page : 324
Category : Mathematics
ISBN 13 : 3790818704
Description :


In the beginning of 1983, I came across A. Kaufmann's book "Introduction to the theory of fuzzy sets" (Academic Press, New York, 1975). This was my first acquaintance with the fuzzy set theory. Then I tried to introduce a new component (which determines the degree of non-membership) in the definition of these sets and to study the properties of the new objects so defined. I defined ordinary operations as "n", "U", "+" and "." over the new sets, but I had began to look more seriously at them since April 1983, when I defined operators analogous to the modal operators of "necessity" and "possibility". The late George Gargov (7 April 1947 - 9 November 1996) is the "god father" of the sets I introduced - in fact, he has invented the name "intu itionistic fuzzy", motivated by the fact that the law of the excluded middle does not hold for them. Presently, intuitionistic fuzzy sets are an object of intensive research by scholars and scientists from over ten countries. This book is the first attempt for a more comprehensive and complete report on the intuitionistic fuzzy set theory and its more relevant applications in a variety of diverse fields. In this sense, it has also a referential character.