Critical Thinking The Basics Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Stuart Hanscomb
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-11-17
Page : 252
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 9781138826243
Description :


Critical Thinking: The Basics is an accessible and engaging introduction to the field of critical thinking, drawing on philosophy, communication and psychology. Emphasising its relevance to decision making (in personal, professional and civic life), academic literacy and personal development, this book supports the reader in understanding and developing the knowledge and skills needed to avoid poor reasoning, reconstruct and evaluate arguments, and engage constructively in dialogues. Topics covered include: the relationship between critical thinking, emotions and the psychology of persuasion the role of character dispositions such as open-mindedness, courage and perseverance argument identification and reconstruction fallacies and argument evaluation. With discussion questions/exercises and suggestions for further reading at the end of each main chapter, this book is an essential read for students approaching the field of critical thinking for the first time, and for the general reader wanting to improving their thinking skills and decision making abilities.


Author : Stuart Hanscomb
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-09-19
Page : 252
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 1317576853
Description :


Critical Thinking: The Basics is an accessible and engaging introduction to the field of critical thinking, drawing on philosophy, communication and psychology. Emphasising its relevance to decision making (in personal, professional and civic life), academic literacy and personal development, this book supports the reader in understanding and developing the knowledge and skills needed to avoid poor reasoning, reconstruct and evaluate arguments, and engage constructively in dialogues. Topics covered include: the relationship between critical thinking, emotions and the psychology of persuasion the role of character dispositions such as open-mindedness, courage and perseverance argument identification and reconstruction fallacies and argument evaluation. With discussion questions/exercises and suggestions for further reading at the end of each main chapter, this book is an essential read for students approaching the field of critical thinking for the first time, and for the general reader wanting to improving their thinking skills and decision making abilities.


Author : Michael Baker
Publisher :
Release : 2014-12-01
Page : 128
Category :
ISBN 13 : 9781601445070
Description :



Author : Stephen D. Brookfield
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-10-18
Page : 304
Category : Education
ISBN 13 : 1118146719
Description :


praise for previous books by stephen d. brookfield "Award-winning author Stephen Brookfield offers insight,inspiration, and down-to-earth advice to all teachers in settingsas diverse as college, adult education, and secondaryschools—on how to thrive on the unpredictability of classroomlife."—Better Teaching "The author [relates] some of his own personal experiences as aneducator in encouraging critical thinking. His insight and honestyin relating these experiences is valuable andinteresting."—CBE Report "Brookfield's book will serve as an effective focus that canfacilitate faculty in thinking critically about their work, theircommunity, their relationships, not only individually butcollaboratively."—Teaching Sociology "He offers clear, jargon-free, and unpretentious guidance."—Reference & Research Book News "The author is so darned good at finding and highlighting thekey research." —Training "Brookfield illustrates practically his major scholarly interestin this readable, innovative, and perceptive book on collegeteaching."—Choice


Author : S. Ian Robertson
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-11-24
Page : 214
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1000224988
Description :


Human Thinking: The Basics provides an essential introduction into how we develop thoughts, the types of reasoning we engage in, and how our thinking can be tailored by subconscious processing. Beginning with the fundamentals, the book examines the mental processes that shape our thoughts, the trajectory of how thought evolved within the animal kingdom and the stages of development of thinking throughout childhood. Robertson insightfully explains the effectiveness of political slogans and advertisements in engaging shallow information processing and the effortful, analytical processing required in critical thinking. Delving into fascinating topics such as magical thinking in the form of religion and superstition, fake news, and motivated ignorance, the book explains the discrepancy between reality and our internal mental representations, the influence of semantics on deductive reasoning and the error-prone, yet adaptive nature of biases. Containing student-friendly features including end of chapter summaries, demonstrative puzzles, simple figures, and further reading lists, this book will be essential reading for all students of thinking and reasoning.


Author : Tim Walter
Glenn M. Knudsvig
Publisher : Wadsworth Publishing Company
Release : 2003
Page : 105
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 :
Description :


This text is a guide to critical thinking and composition courses. It covers just the basics of critical thinking using an acronym called TCDR (Topic, Class, Description, Relevance). The text grounds the student in the basics of the technique and uses exercises to drive lessons home. It also shows students how to use critical thinking across the curriculum. In addition, the new Part Three covers critical thinking in relation to using new computer technology. This book can be used as a main text or a supplement.


Author : John Butterworth
Geoff Thwaites
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2013-04-18
Page : 351
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
ISBN 13 : 1107606306
Description :


Thinking Skills, second edition, is the only endorsed book offering complete coverage of the Cambridge International AS and A Level syllabus.


Author : Robert Arp
Jamie Carlin Watson
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2015-10-22
Page : 464
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 1472595696
Description :


'You shouldn't drink too much. The Earth is round. Milk is good for your bones.' Are any of these claims true? How can you tell? Can you ever be certain you are right? For anyone tackling philosophical logic and critical thinking for the first time, Critical Thinking: An Introduction to Reasoning Well provides a practical guide to the skills required to think critically. From the basics of good reasoning to the difference between claims, evidence and arguments, Robert Arp and Jamie Carlin Watson cover the topics found in an introductory course. Now revised and fully updated, this Second Edition features a glossary, chapter summaries, more student-friendly exercises, study questions, diagrams, and suggestions for further reading. Topics include: the structure, formation, analysis and recognition of arguments deductive validity and soundness inductive strength and cogency inference to the best explanation truth tables tools for argument assessment informal and formal fallacies With real life examples, advice on graduate school entrance exams and an expanded companion website packed with additional exercises, an answer key and help with real life examples, this easy-to-follow introduction is a complete beginner's tool set to good reasoning, analyzing and arguing. Ideal for students in basic reasoning courses and students preparing for graduate school.


Author : Martin Bridgman
Publisher : Independently Published
Release : 2020-08-10
Page : 188
Category :
ISBN 13 :
Description :


Think and surprise yourself as you improve your skills to enhance your critical thinking. Every day you have the opportunity to notice how people complicate or ruin their lives by continually making disastrous decisions. Critical thinking has been the subject of much controversy and analysis since the time of early Greek thinkers, such as Plato and Socrates, and continues to be the focus of studies and debates even today. Having well-trained critical thinking helps to improve your ability to recognize "fake news", and gives you the chance to be more "efficient" in your everyday thinking. Critical thinking allows you to use your reasoning skills in a surprising way." You want to learn to triple your thinking speed and charisma? Do you want to learn how to expose your ideas with extreme effectiveness? If the answer to at least one of these questions is yes, then "The Basics of Critical Thinking" is the right book for you. So "keep listening." "The Basics of Critical Thinking" is designed to help you discover and develop your "critical thinking skills." What's the secret? "The Basics of Critical Thinking" is written in an accessible, concise way and teaches you critical thinking through advice, suggestions and explanations. Well-trained critical thinking in an increasingly interdependent world helps you to be a proactive person who can reason with proper mind. "The basics of Critical Thinking" allows you to learn to examine and solve problems systematically, rather than through impulse or instinct. Developing your critical thinking skills is something that requires constant time and training, taking advantage of every possible opportunity. "The basics of Critical Thinking" is designed to make it much easier for you to assimilate the essential concepts of critical thinking. Here are a few of the things you'll learn in this book: Critical thinking qualities Critical thinking relies upon the clarity of purpose Occam's razor or Ockmans razor Learn from your mistake Evaluate objective reality Keep an open mind Keep a sense of humor Avoid believing everything Learn to be aware and responsible in the present moment Learn to be proactive Cultivate your intellectual curiosity Improve your capacity of self-assessment Learn to listen and observe Tips on how to improve your child's critical thinking skills and many more. Thinking critically is important to improve your quality of life. "The basics of Critical Thinking" improves your ability to interpret and assess difficult topics and circumstances in a perceptive way. You want to develop your skills to create and shape your own destiny, then "The basics of Critical Thinking" will help you with practicality and efficiency. Now is the time to act! Shop Now "The basics of Critical Thinking".


Author : Stuart Hanscomb
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2017-09-19
Page : 252
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 1317576861
Description :


Critical Thinking: The Basics is an accessible and engaging introduction to the field of critical thinking, drawing on philosophy, communication and psychology. Emphasising its relevance to decision making (in personal, professional and civic life), academic literacy and personal development, this book supports the reader in understanding and developing the knowledge and skills needed to avoid poor reasoning, reconstruct and evaluate arguments, and engage constructively in dialogues. Topics covered include: the relationship between critical thinking, emotions and the psychology of persuasion the role of character dispositions such as open-mindedness, courage and perseverance argument identification and reconstruction fallacies and argument evaluation. With discussion questions/exercises and suggestions for further reading at the end of each main chapter, this book is an essential read for students approaching the field of critical thinking for the first time, and for the general reader wanting to improving their thinking skills and decision making abilities.


Author : William Hughes
Jonathan Lavery
Publisher : Broadview Press
Release : 2015-05-25
Page : 488
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 1460404750
Description :


Critical Thinking is a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the essential skills of good reasoning, written by Canadian authors for Canadian readers. The book includes a thorough treatment of such central topics as deductive and inductive reasoning, logical fallacies, how to recognize and avoid ambiguity, and how to distinguish what is relevant from what is not. Later chapters discuss the application of critical thinking skills to particular topics and tasks, including scientific reasoning, moral reasoning, media analysis, and essay writing. This seventh edition is revised and updated throughout and includes a new chapter on legal reasoning as well as access to a companion website of additional questions and other useful resources.


Author : Tom Chatfield
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2017-10-23
Page : 328
Category :
ISBN 13 : 1526418770
Description :


Do you need to demonstrate a good argument or find more evidence? Are you mystified by your tutor's comment 'critical analysis needed'? What does it really mean to think well - and how do you learn to do it? Critical thinking is a set of techniques. You just need to learn them. So here’s your personal toolkit for demystifying critical engagement. I’ll show you how to sharpen your critical thinking by developing and practicing this set of skills, so you can… Spot an argument and get why reasoning matters Sniff out errors and evaluate evidence Understand and account for bias Become a savvy user of technology Develop clear, confident critical writing. Designed to work seamlessly with a power pack of digital resources and exercises, you'll find practical and effective tools to think and write critically in an information-saturated age. No matter whether you're launching on your first degree or arriving as an international or mature student, Critical Thinking gives you the skills, insights and confidence to succeed. In your critical thinking toolkit Watch the 10 commandments videos – life rules to change how you think Smart Study boxes share excellent tips to whip your work into shape BuzzFeed quizzes to test what (you think) you know Space to scribble! Journal your thoughts, questions, eureka moments as you go Chat more online with #TalkCriticalThinking Lecturers, request your electronic inspection copy here. SAGE Study Skills are essential study guides for students of all levels. From how to write great essays and succeeding at university, to writing your undergraduate dissertation and doing postgraduate research, SAGE Study Skills help you get the best from your time at university. Visit the SAGE Study Skills hub for tips, resources and videos on study success!


Author : Linda Elder
Richard Paul
Publisher : FT Press
Release : 2012-09-21
Page : 240
Category : Self-Help
ISBN 13 : 0133092836
Description :


Better critical thinking can transform your life and help you improve every decision you make! Now, in just 30 days, master specific, easy-to-learn critical thinking techniques that help you cut through lies, gain insight, and make smarter choices in every area of your life -- from work and money to intimate relationships. World-renowned critical thinking experts Dr. Linda Elder and Dr. Richard Paul show how to overcome poor thinking habits caused by self-delusion or out-of-control emotions... clarify what you really want... recognize what you don’t know… ask better questions... resist brainwashing, manipulation, and hypocrisy... critically evaluate what you’re told by advertisers, politicians, your boss, and even your family… avoid worrying, conformism, and blame. Every day, you'll focus on a specific thinking habit, mastering practical strategies for achieving results, tracking your progress, gaining confidence, and getting smarter! Expanded, improved, and easier to use, Discover the Power of Critical Thinking, Revised and Expanded edition offers today's most complete, practical plan for using critical thinking to build a better life. This edition adds five new "days" of critical thinking workouts, delivering even more powerful "life improvement" ideas. Brand-new illustrations and diagrams help you see the direct relevance of critical thinking in your own life, and you'll find a practical new introduction to the authors' Paul-Elder Framework for Critical Thinking, which is now being used by critical thinkers worldwide!


Author : Patrick Magana
Christopher Hayes
Publisher : Independently Published
Release : 2019-11-10
Page : 151
Category :
ISBN 13 : 9781707244911
Description :


Do you want to improve your brain power by thinking critically in your daily life? Are you interested in deepening your understanding without judgement, bias, or manipulation? Are you seeking confidence in your arguments and wish to think more efficiently? If you find yourself wanting to know more about critical thinking strategies, you've found the perfect solution. This workbook is for the individual who wants to think clearly and organized - for the person who wants to make the best decisions for themselves. Critical thinking is a mindset more than a technique. It allows us to unlock our intellectual independence and gives us wisdom and authority. The process of thinking critically allows improvement in our quality of life through rational and unbiased evaluation. With a plethora of actionable techniques, this guide will provide you with the steps to easily integrate critical thinking into your life. The Critical Thinking Academy disseminates critical thinking skills to executives and students. In their 2019 article, Benefits of Critical Thinking, they explain that, "critical thinking is not natural to us. It is an acquired skill that requires conscious and cognitive effort. These skills can be applied to any situation in life that calls for reflection, analysis, and planning. It is imperative for good academic performance and career progression." This workbook includes: Over 10 critical thinking tactics you can use in your DAILY life (and the vital lessons you could be missing). How to be an independent thinker and form opinions through owning your perceptions and doing the research required. The 7 thinking habits that complement critical thinking and immensely improve your thought process. How critical thinking applies to the professional world and how it benefits any career or business and a break-down of various professions that require critical thinking. The top 7 questions you must ask yourself when arriving at a conclusion (to avoid being rash and biased, but instead, rational). A Guaranteed Way to Improve Critical Thinking - 20+ strategies and techniques to practice your critical thinking skills. An in-depth look at the critical thinking process which encourages well-thought-out decisions on complex problems (like buying a house, choosing a car, or picking a university). A list of over 10 fallacies and biases that are causing self-sabotaging decision-making and how your actions may be causing incorrect judgement throughout your life. ... and much, much more! It's time to accept and take personal responsibility for your thinking. Remember, learning how to think critically is a gradual process, but one that allows clear problem-solving skills. Click "Add to Cart" now to start your journey of owning your decisions and confidently supporting what you believe in.


Author : Steven Schuster
Publisher : Vdz
Release : 2019-08-17
Page : 166
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 9781951385194
Description :


Do you want to be logical like Einstein, observant like Sherlock, and rational like Plato? These great names have something in common: they are all exceptional critical thinkers. What did they do differently that made them so recognizable for their intellects? -They thought slowly and deliberately before making a snap judgment or decision -They questioned every fact and opinion (including their own) -They took the time to study the subject or object of their decision making to gather information before jumping to conclusions -They accepted and expected that human nature is ultimately biased and prone to make cognitive errors The Critical Thinker gives you a thorough description of the rules and principles of critical thinking practiced by Einstein, Plato and every great thinker in history. You will learn about the most important critical thinking principles as well as shortcuts to make better decisions in specific situations. These critical thinking principles will help your personal life, career, and friendships. Improve your critical, logical, observational, and rational thinking skills with the timeless principles presented in this book. Critical thinking skills will improve your relationships and your financial life too. -Learn the main principles of critical thinking. -Train your cognitive muscles to think faster and jump to the best conclusions effortlessly. -Find the most rewarding options in any opportunity. -Don't just attack symptoms, solve your problems once and for all. Become a lie and cognitive bias detector. The Critical Thinker is a fitting read for everyone who wants to improve their critical thinking skills. Regardless of your stage of life or field of work (business, education, healthcare, or student) you'll find the book equally useful. -Become a more effective communicator with more impactful points. -Detect the thinking errors of larger groups or individuals. -Powerful questions to effectively self-assess. -Best practices to employ critical thinking principles in your life immediately. Improving your critical thinking skills will help you save time, filter out irrelevant information efficiently, and prioritize your resources to get the best results. It will help you identify better problem-solving approaches rather than relying on standard methods that don't suit your case. Critical thinking will enhance your communication skills, reasoning, and logic. You will also become more compassionate and understanding for the perspectives of others. Be solution-oriented, solve difficult tasks, and understand the world better.


Author : Tracy Bowell
Gary Kemp
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2002
Page : 275
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 9780415240178
Description :


A much-needed guide to thinking critically for oneself and how to tell a good argument from a bad one. Includes topical examples from politics, sport, medicine, music, chapter summaries, glossary and exercises.


Author : T. Ryan Byerly
Publisher : Baker Academic
Release : 2017-08-01
Page : 256
Category : Religion
ISBN 13 : 1493410806
Description :


This robust, clear, and well-researched textbook for classes in logic introduces students to both formal logic and to the virtues of intellectual inquiry. Part 1 challenges students to develop the analytical skills of deductive and inductive reasoning, showing them how to identify and evaluate arguments. Part 2 helps students develop the intellectual virtues of the wise inquirer. The book includes helpful pedagogical features such as practice exercises and a concluding summary with definitions of key concepts for each chapter. Resources for professors and students are available through Baker Academic's Textbook eSources.


Author : Patrick Hurley
Publisher : Cengage Learning
Release : 2008-12-23
Page : 720
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 9780495800187
Description :


Tens of thousands of students have learned to be more discerning at constructing and evaluating arguments with the help of Patrick J. Hurley. Hurley’s lucid, friendly, yet thorough presentation has made A CONCISE INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC the most widely used logic text in North America. In addition, the book’s accompanying technological resources, such as CengageNOW and Learning Logic, include interactive exercises as well as video and audio clips to reinforce what you read in the book and hear in class. In short, you’ll have all the assistance you need to become a more logical thinker and communicator. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.


Author : Peg Tittle
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2011-02-21
Page : 456
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 1136899952
Description :


In Critical Thinking: An Appeal to Reason, Peg Tittle empowers students with a solid grounding in the lifelong skills of considered analysis and argumentation that should underpin every student’s education. Starting with the building blocks of a good argument, this comprehensive new textbook offers a full course in critical thinking. It includes chapters on the nature and structure of argument, the role of relevance, truth and generalizations, and the subtleties of verbal and visual language. Special features include: • an emphasis on the constructive aspect of critical thinking—strengthening the arguments of others and constructing sound arguments of your own—rather than an exclusive focus on spotting faulty arguments • actual questions from standardized reasoning tests like the LSAT, GMAT, MCAT, and GRE • graduated end-of-chapter exercises, asking students to think critically about what they see, hear, read, write, and discuss • numerous sample arguments from books, magazines, television, and the Internet for students to analyze • many images for critical analysis • analyzed arguments that help students to read critically and actively • an extensive companion website for instructors and students A companion website features: • for instructors: an extensive instructor’s manual; a test bank; and PowerPoint slides • for students: extended answers, explanations, and analyses for the exercises and arguments in the book; supplementary chapters on logic and ethics; downloadable MP3 study guides; interactive flash cards; and thinking critically audio exercises. www.routledge.com/textbooks/tittle


Author : Jonathan C. Smith
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-07-26
Page : 320
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1119029481
Description :


Comprehensive and engaging, this extensively revised edition of a student and instructor favorite introduces the basics of critical thinking using the claims of pseudoscience and the paranormal. Guides readers through the critical thinking process by considering different types of support (sources, logic, and scientific observation) and ruling out alternative explanations Allows students to practice and apply their new critical thinking skills on claims of extraordinary cures including energy treatments, complementary/alternative medicine and faith healing as well as four paranormal claims of consequence: astrology, spiritualism and the afterlife, parapsychology, and creationism. Couples a conversational, nontechnical narrative with student-friendly pedagogical tools, including critical thinking questions and a study guide for each chapter. Provides clear and open-minded discussions of the paranormal spectrum, belief justification surveys, the placebo effect, and the relationship between religion and critical thinking