Democratizing Innovation Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Eric Von Hippel
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2006-02-17
Page : 216
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 0262250179
Description :


The process of user-centered innovation: how it can benefit both users and manufacturers and how its emergence will bring changes in business models and in public policy. Innovation is rapidly becoming democratized. Users, aided by improvements in computer and communications technology, increasingly can develop their own new products and services. These innovating users—both individuals and firms—often freely share their innovations with others, creating user-innovation communities and a rich intellectual commons. In Democratizing Innovation, Eric von Hippel looks closely at this emerging system of user-centered innovation. He explains why and when users find it profitable to develop new products and services for themselves, and why it often pays users to reveal their innovations freely for the use of all.The trend toward democratized innovation can be seen in software and information products—most notably in the free and open-source software movement—but also in physical products. Von Hippel's many examples of user innovation in action range from surgical equipment to surfboards to software security features. He shows that product and service development is concentrated among "lead users," who are ahead on marketplace trends and whose innovations are often commercially attractive. Von Hippel argues that manufacturers should redesign their innovation processes and that they should systematically seek out innovations developed by users. He points to businesses—the custom semiconductor industry is one example—that have learned to assist user-innovators by providing them with toolkits for developing new products. User innovation has a positive impact on social welfare, and von Hippel proposes that government policies, including R&D subsidies and tax credits, should be realigned to eliminate biases against it. The goal of a democratized user-centered innovation system, says von Hippel, is well worth striving for. An electronic version of this book is available under a Creative Commons license.


Author : Eric von Hippel
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2005
Page : 204
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 0262002744
Description :


Innovation is rapidly becoming democratized. Users, aided by improvements in computer and communications technology, increasingly can develop their own new products and services. Eric von Hippel looks closely at this emerging system of user-centred innovation.


Author : Eric von Hippel
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2005
Page : 204
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 9780262002745
Description :


Innovation is rapidly becoming democratized. Users, aided by improvements in computer and communications technology, increasingly can develop their own new products and services. Eric von Hippel looks closely at this emerging system of user-centred innovation.


Author : Eric von Hippel
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2016-11-18
Page : 240
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 0262035219
Description :


A leading innovation scholar explains the growing phenomenon and impact of free innovation, in which innovations developed by consumers and given away "for free."


Author : Ronaldo Mota
David Scott
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-01-24
Page : 178
Category : Education
ISBN 13 : 0128009918
Description :


Our principal concern in this book is to understand three important ideas: learning, technology and innovation, and to examine these ideas and the relationships between them in situ; that is, we examine a number of cases of learning technologies in action in two countries, England and Brazil. The purpose of our study is to provide an explanation of the means to, and constraints on, improvements to educational policies and practices, with particular reference to innovation. We have a plethora of theoretical models that in attempting to deal with causal relations usually come to the conclusion that there are socio-economic-cultural constraints, but these observations largely remain at an abstract level and/or come to very general conclusions that are not of particular help to practitioners in the field. These issues can only be properly addressed after examining the empirical reality and having a spectrum of cases to analyze. By combining the theoretical and the practical, our aim is to explain how and under what conditions new modes of learning can be put into practice successfully and sustainably, in order for the learner to develop innovatory skills and dispositions for work and in the life course.


Author : Todd Preston Myers
Publisher :
Release : 2014
Page : 103
Category :
ISBN 13 :
Description :


Democratized innovation is a paradigm characterized by users moving beyond the traditional construct that portrays them as passive recipients of firm-developed products. This field of research was launched by Professor Eric von Hippel in the 1970s with his landmark study on the scientific instrument industry that identified users as the source for the majority of new products on the market. Following this work, empirical studies have been conducted in countless other fields; however, the existing research regarding user innovation within the military is lacking This work contributes to the existing literature by investigating user innovation principles within the context of the DoD with a multi-axis study that examines toolkit-related innovation, user-initiated projects, institutional attempts to stimulate user innovation, and the introduction of maker spaces. The exploratory research included here allows us to study patterns and compare internal and external factors in a way that avoids extrapolating overly broad conclusions from a single case. Considered together, the projects yield evidence supporting the existence of user innovation within the Army, Air Force, Navy, and Marines. They are also a mix of software development, hardware modification, and "platforming" initiatives. Our findings reveal environmental factors that, at times, stunt the naturally occurring user innovation processes and distort the democratized innovation construct formulated by von Hippel and his colleagues. Following the identification of these barriers to user innovation, we suggest ways in which DoD leadership might rebalance the scales between formal R&D units and user-innovators. These proposals consist of catalyzing agents that would serve to counteract DoD-specific barriers to user innovation and allow the military to access previously untapped human capital. Throughout this work, user innovation is shown to hold significant promise as an additional source of new product concepts for the DoD. The current state of the military acquisitions system, which is beset by aging equipment, a shifting strategic picture, rapid technological change, and declining budgets, demands that this promise be acted upon.


Author : Philippe Davidson
Publisher :
Release : 2022-01-29
Page : 220
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 9783110683783
Description :


This book describes how to establish an organic quality in an organization that will improve its agility and sustainability. It provides a model of innovation based on a collaborative network enabling both co-creation and organizational ambidexterity. At the core of this book is a work-based training framework featuring the discovery of the subject matter by learners in a participatory and experiential manner. Established organizations are often more focused on the exploitation of their current products or services which can lead them to miss opportunities to innovate which, in turn, can result in them losing their leadership positions in the markets they serve. This book describes how it is possible to establish an organic quality in an organization which will make it more agile, that is to say better able to learn and to reconfigure itself to respond to market opportunities or to create new opportunities without affecting the existing organizational structure. A model of innovation, based on a collaborative knowledge network from which innovation-project teams can be assembled and adapted, will enable both co-creation and organizational ambidexterity. This will enable an organization to become more agile. This book makes the case that the ingredients for the development of such capabilities already exists within an organization's ranks in the untapped creative potential of its employees and its associates. It also promotes the notion of extending the network beyond an organization's traditional boundaries, relating it to other forms of open innovation. At the core of this book is a work-based training framework adapted to adult learners based on the principles of adult learning and education (ALE). This practical book concludes with recommendations on how to make the initiative sustainable and how an organization can derive a competitive advantage from it.


Author : Peter Stupples
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release : 2016-09-23
Page : 190
Category : Art
ISBN 13 : 1443899941
Description :


Art has been as significant as text in the history of book design and production. This collection of papers examines the place of illustration and innovation, both conceptual and technical, in the relation of image to text in books of the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, both in Europe and that outreach of European culture in the Pacific, New Zealand. Topics of the papers range from the work of Marcel Duchamp and Kazimir Malevich to the design of multimodal books and the early development of 3D printing.


Author : Mike Klein
Publisher : IAP
Release : 2015-12-01
Page : 273
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 1681233355
Description :


Democratizing Leadership: Counter?hegemonic Democracy in Organizations, Institutions, and Communities promotes leadership in the democratization of culture to counter the current hegemony of domination and cultivate an alternative hegemony of collaboration. It is premised on a leadership framework for decision?making rooted in democratic voice and leading to collective action. This broad peacebuilding prescription for individual and collective agency accounts for the constructive role of conflict in democratic pluralism, and the need to develop practices and structures that prevent violent conflict in order to advance positive peace. This theory addresses the contexts of deliberative, agonistic, and revolutionary democratic frameworks. Democratizing Leadership is informed by three qualitative case studies described in rich detail. First Bank System Visual Art Program, In the Heart of the Beast Theater's May Day Ritual, and The Minnesota Alliance of Peacemakers exemplify the practice of democratizing leadership. These diverse settings include corporate banking during 1980's deregulation, an annual community May Day parade, and an informal alliance of peacemaking organizations. Leadership in each case promotes authentic voice, encourages decision?making with integrity, and advocates for responsible collective action.


Author : Group Expert
Publisher : Ipoc Press
Release : 2008
Page : 168
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 8895145259
Description :


IPOC Italian Paths of Culture is proud to offer a new printing of this excellent study, unsurpassed in its depth and significance. The building of a "knowledge-based society" necessarily implicates analysis and criticism of the relationship between society and techno-scientific innovation. If we maintain that the function of such innovation ought to be the general enrichment of human existence and not solely the profit of a few, then relevant discourse cannot be limited to scientists or politicians. The difficulty, in fact, lies not in discovery but in discovery's application. What are the ramifications of a discovery or innovation? What benefits does it bring with it? What world do we seek to build? The ability to make responsible choices for our planet and for future generations requires us to construct new forms of democratic debate in which all components of society have a voice. This study examines these issues and their implications.


Author : Haakon Fossen
Publisher :
Release : 2016
Page :
Category :
ISBN 13 : 1316471969
Description :


This market-leading textbook has been fully updated in response to extensive user feedback. It includes a new chapter on joints and veins, additional examples from around the world, and stunning new field photos. Extended online resources reinforce key topics using summaries, examples, and innovative animations to bring concepts to life.


Author : Former Director of the Warburg Institute and Professor Emeritus of the History of Classical Tradition J B Trapp
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1998
Page : 832
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 9780521573467
Description :


The history of the book from 1400 to 1557: the transition from manuscripts to printed books.


Author : Michel. P. Pimbert
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-11-01
Page : 338
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 1317354974
Description :


Contestations over knowledge – and who controls its production – are a key focus of social movements and other actors that promote food sovereignty, agroecology and biocultural diversity. This book critically examines the kinds of knowledge and ways of knowing needed for food sovereignty, agroecology and biocultural diversity. ‘Food sovereignty’ is understood here as a transformative process that seeks to recreate the democratic realm and regenerate a diversity of autonomous food systems based on agroecology, biocultural diversity, equity, social justice and ecological sustainability. It is shown that alternatives to the current model of development require radically different knowledges and epistemologies from those on offer today in mainstream institutions (including universities, policy think tanks and donor organizations). To achieve food sovereignty, agroecology and biocultural diversity, there is a need to re-imagine and construct knowledge for diversity, decentralisation, dynamic adaptation and democracy. The authors critically explore the changes in organizations, research paradigms and professional practice that could help transform and co-create knowledge for a new modernity based on plural definitions of wellbeing. Particular attention is given to institutional, pedagogical and methodological innovations that can enhance cognitive justice by giving hitherto excluded citizens more power and agency in the construction of knowledge. The book thus contributes to the democratization of knowledge and power in the domain of food, environment and society.


Author : the late Hans Löfgren
Evelyne de Leeuw
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2011-01-01
Page : 272
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 0857931814
Description :


This book examines the important role of consumer activism in health policy in different national contexts. In an age of shifting boundaries between state and civil society, consumer groups are potentially drivers of democratisation in the health domain. The expert contributors explore how their activities bring new dynamics to relations between service providers, the medical profession, government agencies, and other policy actors. This book is unique in comprehensivelyanalysing the opportunities and dilemmas of this type of activism, including ambiguous partnerships between consumer groups and stakeholders such as the pharmaceutical industry. These themes are explored within aninternationally comparative framework, with case studies from various countries.


Author : B. Zorina Khan
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2005-09-12
Page : 322
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 9780521811354
Description :


An examination of the evolution of American intellectual property rights during the 'long nineteenth century'.


Author : Jathan Sadowski
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2020-03-17
Page : 256
Category : Social Science
ISBN 13 : 026253858X
Description :


Who benefits from smart technology? Whose interests are served when we trade our personal data for convenience and connectivity? Smart technology is everywhere: smart umbrellas that light up when rain is in the forecast; smart cars that relieve drivers of the drudgery of driving; smart toothbrushes that send your dental hygiene details to the cloud. Nothing is safe from smartification. In Too Smart, Jathan Sadowski looks at the proliferation of smart stuff in our lives and asks whether the tradeoff—exchanging our personal data for convenience and connectivity—is worth it. Who benefits from smart technology? Sadowski explains how data, once the purview of researchers and policy wonks, has become a form of capital. Smart technology, he argues, is driven by the dual imperatives of digital capitalism: extracting data from, and expanding control over, everything and everybody. He looks at three domains colonized by smart technologies' collection and control systems: the smart self, the smart home, and the smart city. The smart self involves more than self-tracking of steps walked and calories burned; it raises questions about what others do with our data and how they direct our behavior—whether or not we want them to. The smart home collects data about our habits that offer business a window into our domestic spaces. And the smart city, where these systems have space to grow, offers military-grade surveillance capabilities to local authorities. Technology gets smart from our data. We may enjoy the conveniences we get in return (the refrigerator says we're out of milk!), but, Sadowski argues, smart technology advances the interests of corporate technocratic power—and will continue to do so unless we demand oversight and ownership of our data.


Author : Tiffany Sutton
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2000-03-28
Page : 184
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 9780521772365
Description :


Sutton's work explores what it is that bestows the designation 'art' on an artwork.


Author : M. Mufakharul Islam
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2007-12-03
Page : 300
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 9780521049856
Description :


This is a study of agricultural development in undivided Bengal during the period 1920-1946. The first part of the book is devoted to a close examination of the quality of the officially published crop statistics and a detailed analysis of the trends in cropped area, output and yield per acre. Particular topics discussed are the gradual deterioration in per capita crop production and the economic roots of the Bengal famine in 1943. The second part of the book deals with the factors that directly or indirectly affected crop trends. Amongst these are the effect of crop prices on area sown. Trends in physical capacity of Bengal agriculture are analysed and compared with those in the visible supply of labour and crop output. The problem of agricultural credit is discussed and the progress of the Co-operative credit movement evaluated.


Author : Hendrik Vollmer
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2013-04-18
Page :
Category : Social Science
ISBN 13 : 1107355443
Description :


In the wake of disruption and disaster, cooperation among members of a collective is refocused on matters of status, membership and the formation of coalitions. In an important contribution to sociological theory, Hendrik Vollmer emphasizes the processes through which disruptions not only affect, but also transform social order. Drawing on Erving Goffman's understanding of framing and the interaction order, as well as from a range of insights from contemporary sociological theory and ethnographic, historical and organizational research, Vollmer addresses the dynamics of disaster and disaster response within the framework of a general theory of disruption and social order. It is proposed that the adjustment of cooperation in favour of coalition-forming strategies is robust in both informal and organized social settings and transcends the 'micro' and 'macro' approaches currently favoured by theorists. Offering a systematic sociological analysis of the impact of disruptiveness, this book investigates how punctuated cooperation precipitates social change.


Author : Shirin Rai
Publisher : Transaction Publishers
Release :
Page : 318
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 1412827841
Description :


Mainstreaming Gender, Democratizing the State reflects the commitment of the United Nations to promote mechanisms that aim to achieve equality between women and men. It identifies institutional mechanisms for the advancement of women including national machineries as one of twelve critical areas of concern. National machineries are the primary institutional mechanism entrusted with the implementation of the strategic objectives contained in the goals for equity set by the United Nations. The mandate of these national institutions has evolved from promoting women-specific projects to ensuring that equality concerns are integrated into all government legislation, policy, programs, and budgetary processes. National machineries face serious constraints in fulfilling their mandate including; inadequate financial and human resources, relatively powerless locations within government structures, and insufficient linkage with civil societies. This volume illustrates that the ability of UN-member states to subscribe to the agenda of equality between women and men has been significantly enhanced by the creation of these national-level institutions. National machineries for the advancement of women were initially conceived at the World Conference on the International Women's Year held in Mexico City in 1975 and since then have been considered systematically by world conferences on women in Copenhagen (1980), Nairobi (1985), and Beijing (1995), as well as the sessions of the Commission on the Status of Women. The twenty-third special session of the General Assembly in Beijing reiterated the significant role that national machineries play in promoting equality between women and men, gender mainstreaming, and monitoring of the implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action as well as the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. There has been a long-standing need for a volume to bring together discussions on theory and practice as well as comparative analysis and in-depth case studies of national machineries; this book responds to that need.