Drinking Water And Health Volume 7 Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : National Research Council
Division on Earth and Life Studies
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1987-02-01
Page : 212
Category : Nature
ISBN 13 : 0309037417
Description :


Chlorination in various forms has been the predominant method of drinking water disinfection in the United States for more than 70 years. The seventh volume of the Drinking Water and Health series addresses current methods of drinking water disinfection and compares standard chlorination techniques with alternative methods. Currently used techniques are discussed in terms of their chemical activity, and their efficacy against waterborne pathogens, including bacteria, cysts, and viruses, is compared. Charts, tables, graphs, and case studies are used to analyze the effectiveness of chlorination, chloramination, and ozonation as disinfectant processes and to compare these methods for their production of toxic by-products. Epidemiological case studies on the toxicological effects of chemical by-products in drinking water are also presented.


Author : National Research Council
Division on Earth and Life Studies
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1987-02-01
Page : 212
Category : Nature
ISBN 13 : 9780309037419
Description :


Chlorination in various forms has been the predominant method of drinking water disinfection in the United States for more than 70 years. The seventh volume of the Drinking Water and Health series addresses current methods of drinking water disinfection and compares standard chlorination techniques with alternative methods. Currently used techniques are discussed in terms of their chemical activity, and their efficacy against waterborne pathogens, including bacteria, cysts, and viruses, is compared. Charts, tables, graphs, and case studies are used to analyze the effectiveness of chlorination, chloramination, and ozonation as disinfectant processes and to compare these methods for their production of toxic by-products. Epidemiological case studies on the toxicological effects of chemical by-products in drinking water are also presented.


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1987
Page :
Category :
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : National Research Council
Division on Earth and Life Studies
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1989-02-01
Page : 284
Category : Nature
ISBN 13 : 0309038979
Description :


The National Research Council closes the landmark series Drinking Water and Health with Volume 9, published in two parts: Part I: DNA Adducts provides an overview of DNA adducts and their effects on human health, explores the techniques currently in use for detecting them, offers an outlook on future toxicity testing, and lists specific recommendations for action. Part II: Mixtures explores the issues surrounding multiple-chemical exposure from drinking water and reviews options for grouping compounds so their toxicity in mixtures can be reliably assessed. The book describes alternative approaches and considers the option of developing a modified "hazard index" for chemical compounds.


Author : National Academy Press (U.S.)
Publisher :
Release : 1990
Page :
Category : Science
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Committee on Sustainable Water Supplies in the Middle East
Commission on Life Sciences
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1999-02-23
Page : 218
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 0309517834
Description :


This book is the result of a joint research effort led by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and involving the Royal Scientific Society of Jordan, the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, and the Palestine Health Council. It discusses opportunities for enhancement of water supplies and avoidance of overexploitation of water resources in the Middle East. Based on the concept that ecosystem goods and services are essential to maintaining water quality and quantity, the book emphasizes conservation, improved use of current technologies, and water management approaches that are compatible with environmental quality.


Author : National Research Council
Division on Earth and Life Studies
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1987-02-01
Page : 512
Category : Nature
ISBN 13 : 0309037751
Description :


Pharmacokinetics, the study of the movement of chemicals within the body, is a vital tool in assessing the risk of exposure to environmental chemicals. This book--a collection of papers authored by experts in academia, industry, and government--reviews the progress of the risk-assessment process and discusses the role of pharmacokinetic principles in evaluating risk. In addition, the authors discuss software packages used to analyze data and to build models simulating biological phenomena. A summary chapter provides a view of trends in pharmacokinetic modeling and notes some prospective fields of study.


Author : National Research Council
Institute of Medicine
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2007-04-09
Page : 188
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 9780309164498
Description :


A range of natural earth materials, like arsenic or fluoride, have long been linked to significant human health effects. Improved understanding of the pervasive and complex interactions between earth materials and human health will require creative collaborations between earth scientists and public health professionals. At the request of the National Science Foundation, U.S. Geological Survey, and National Aeronautics and Space Administration, this National Research Council book assesses the current state of knowledge at the interface between the earth sciences and public health disciplines. The book identifies high-priority areas for collaborative research, including understanding the transport and bioavailability of potentially hazardous earth materials, using risk-based scenarios to mitigate the public health effects of natural hazards under current and future climate regimes, and understanding the health risks that result from disturbance of earth systems. Geospatial information - geological maps for earth scientists and epidemiological data for public health professionals - is identified as one of the essential integrative tools that is fundamental to the activities of both communities. The book also calls for increased data sharing between agencies to promote interdisciplinary research without compromising privacy.


Author : K. Clive Thompson
Simon Gillespie
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release :
Page :
Category :
ISBN 13 : 1782620885
Description :



Author : Robert S. Raucher
Jay Nuckols
Publisher : American Water Works Association
Release : 2001
Page : 329
Category : Environmental health.
ISBN 13 : 158321075X
Description :


An American Water Works Association-sponsored study that focuses on locating areas promising as candidates for future disinfection byproduct epidemiological studies. The locations are identified on the basis of the joint ability of such areas to have levels and types of health data required, along with their ability to provide disinfection byproduct related exposure profiles of interest to researchers. Chapters cover data needs for research; promising locations for cancer, adverse development, and reproductive outcome research; availability of health data; and matching water systems with desired exposure profiles. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)


Author : National Research Council
Division on Earth and Life Studies
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2005-05-04
Page : 294
Category : Nature
ISBN 13 : 0309095247
Description :


The city of Pittsburgh and surrounding area of southwestern Pennsylvania face complex water quality problems, due in large part to aging wastewater infrastructures that cannot handle sewer overflows and stormwater runoff, especially during wet weather. Other problems such as acid mine drainage are a legacy of the region’s past coal mining, heavy industry, and manufacturing economy. Currently, water planning and management in southwestern Pennsylvania is highly fragmented; federal and state governments, 11 counties, hundreds of municipalities, and other entities all play roles, but with little coordination or cooperation. The report finds that a comprehensive, watershed-based approach is needed to effectively meet water quality standards throughout the region in the most cost-effective manner. The report outlines both technical and institutional alternatives to consider in the development and implementation of such an approach.


Author : Patrick Levallois
Cristina Villanueva Belmonte
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-04-04
Page : 374
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 3038977268
Description :


The quality of drinking water is paramount for public health. Despite important improvements in the last decades, access to safe drinking water is not universal. The World Health Organization estimates that almost 10% of the population in the world do not have access to improved drinking water sources. Among other diseases, waterborne infections cause diarrhea, which kills nearly one million people every year, mostly children under 5 years of age. On the other hand, chemical pollution is a concern in high-income countries and an increasing problem in low- and middle-income countries. Exposure to chemicals in drinking water may lead to a range of chronic non-communicable diseases (e.g., cancer, cardiovascular disease), adverse reproductive outcomes, and effects on children’s health (e.g., neurodevelopment), among other health effects. Although drinking water quality is regulated and monitored in many countries, increasing knowledge leads to the need for reviewing standards and guidelines on a nearly permanent basis, both for regulated and newly identified contaminants. Drinking water standards are mostly based on animal toxicity data, and more robust epidemiologic studies with accurate exposure assessment are needed. The current risk assessment paradigm dealing mostly with one-by-one chemicals dismisses the potential synergisms or interactions from exposures to mixtures of contaminants, particularly at the low-exposure range. Thus, evidence is needed on exposure and health effects of mixtures of contaminants in drinking water. Finally, water stress and water quality problems are expected to increase in the coming years due to climate change and increasing water demand by population growth, and new evidence is needed to design appropriate adaptation policies. This Special Issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH) focuses on the current state of knowledge on the links between drinking water quality and human health.


Author : National Research Council
Division on Earth and Life Studies
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2000-04-12
Page : 162
Category : Nature
ISBN 13 : 9780309172202
Description :


The safety of the nation's drinking water must be maintained to ensure the health of the public. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is responsible for regulating the levels of substances in the drinking water supply. Copper can leach into drinking water from the pipes in the distribution system, and the allowable levels are regulated by the EPA. The regulation of copper, however, is complicated by the fact that it is both necessary to the normal functioning of the body and toxic to the body at too high a level. The National Research Council was requested to form a committee to review the scientific validity of the EPA's maximum contaminant level goal for copper in drinking water. Copper in Drinking Water outlines the findings of the committee's review. The book provides a review of the toxicity of copper as well as a discussion of the essential nature of this metal. The risks posed by both short-term and long-term exposure to copper are characterized, and the implications for public health are discussed. This book is a valuable reference for individuals involved in the regulation of water supplies and individuals interested in issues surrounding this metal.


Author : Frederick W. Pontius
Publisher :
Release : 1994
Page :
Category : Drinking water
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : National Research Council
Division on Earth and Life Studies
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1986-02-01
Page : 476
Category : Nature
ISBN 13 : 0309036879
Description :


The most recent volume in the Drinking Water and Health series contains the results of a two-part study on the toxicity of drinking water contaminants. The first part examines current practices in risk assessment, identifies new noncancerous toxic responses to chemicals found in drinking water, and discusses the use of pharmacokinetic data to estimate the delivered dose and response. The second part of the book provides risk assessments for 14 specific compounds, 9 presented here for the first time.


Author : National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
Publisher :
Release : 1988
Page :
Category :
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Peter H. Gleick
Lucy Allen
Publisher : Island Press
Release : 2012-09-26
Page : 440
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 1610910486
Description :


Produced biennially, The World's Water is the most comprehensive and up-to-to date source of information and analysis on freshwater resources. Each new volume examines critical global trends and offers the best data available on a variety of topics related to water. Volume 7 features chapters on U.S. water policy, transboundary waters, and the effects of fossil fuel production on water resources, among other timely issues. Water briefs provide concise updates on topics including bottled water, The Great Lakes Water Agreement, and water and security. The World's Water is coauthored by MacArthur "genius" Peter H. Gleick and his colleagues at the world-renowned Pacific Institute. Since the first volume was published in 1998, the series has become an indispensable resource for professionals in government agencies and nongovernmental organizations, researchers, students, and anyone concerned with water and its use.


Author : A.B. Tarcher
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
Page : 632
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 1489924477
Description :


Throughout the world, scientists and the general with environmental illness. Part II presents an over public are concerned about the adverse effects of view of chemical and physical agents commonly toxic agents found in contaminated air, water, food, found in contaminated air, water, food, and soil. and soil. In the past, attention has focused on haz The problem of hazardous wastes is also discussed. ards originating in the workplace. As a consequence, Part III characterizes the body's defense against occupational medicine has become a well-recognized such exposure. Defenses at the portals of entry are and established clinical discipline. Much less atten discussed, with emphasis placed on the role of tion has been paid to nonoccupational hazards. There nutrition. Detoxication and immunologic defense is a growing awareness, however, of the dangers of mechanisms are described. Part IV indicates the exposure to toxic chemical and physical agents in importance of and provides instruction on the the homes, community, and general environment, method of including occupational and environmen especially for the fetus, the infant, the very young, tal factors in the routine medical history. The role of the elderly, and the chronically ill, those most sus enhanced susceptibility as a factor in an individual's ceptible. Environmental medicine, fOCUSing on the response to toxic exposure is discussed.


Author : Joshua I. Barzilay
Winkler G. Weinberg
Publisher : Rutgers University Press
Release : 1999
Page : 180
Category : Health & Fitness
ISBN 13 : 9780813526737
Description :


Briefly traces the history of sanitation and disease, discusses links between water and infectious diseases, cancer, and infertility, and looks at bottled water and water purification


Author : M.N.V. Prasad
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2020-02-18
Page : 490
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 0081029780
Description :


Disinfection Byproducts in Drinking Water: Detection and Treatment presents cutting-edge research on how to understand the procedures, processes and considerations for detecting and treating disinfection by-products from drinking water, swimming pool water, and wastewater. The book begins with an overview of the different groups of Disinfection Byproducts (DBPs), such as: Trihalomethanes (THM), Halo acetic acids, and Haloacetonitrile (HAN). This coverage is quickly followed by a clear and rigorous exposition of the latest methods and technologies for the characterization, occurrence, formation, transformation and removal of DBPs in drinking water. Other chapters focus on ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, electron spin resonance, and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Researchers will find a valuable resource to a breath of topics for DBP detection and treatment, including various recent techniques, such as microfiltration, nanofiltration membrane and nanotechnology. Explains the latest research in detection, treatment processes and remediation technologies Includes sampling, analytical and characterization methods and approaches Covers cutting-edge research, including membrane based technologies, nanotechnology treatment technologies and bioremediation treatment technologies Provides background information regarding contamination sources