Einf Hrung In Die Symbolische Logik Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Rudolf Carnap
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2013-10-03
Page : 241
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 9783709131411
Description :


in die symbolische Logik mit besonderer Berücksichtigung ihrer Anwendungen Von Rudolf Carnap Professor der Philosophie University of California, Los Angeles Dritte, unveränderte Auflage Mit 5 T extahhildungen Springer-Verlag Wien GmbH ISBN 978-3-7091-3141-1 ISBN 978-3-7091-3140-4 (eBook) DOI 10. 1007/978-3-7091-3140-4 Alle Rechte vorbehalten Kein Teil dieses Buches darf ohne schriftliche Genehmigung des Springer-Verlages übersetzt oder in irgendeiner Form vervielfältigt werden © 1954, 1960, and 1968 by Springer-Verlag Wien Softcover reprint of the bardeover 3rd edition 1968 Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 68-29065 Titel Nr. 8136 Für lna in tiefer Dankbarkeit Vorwort zur ersten Auflage In der Gestalt der symbolischen oder mathematischen Logik oder Logistik hat die Logik seit etwa 100 Jahren eine völlig neue Form an­ genommen. Die Verwendung von Symbolen ist zwar das auffallendste Merkmal der neuen Logik, aber nicht das wesentlichste. Wichtiger sind die Exaktheit der Formulierung, die große Ausdehnung des Cnlbietes ins­ besondere in der Theorie der Relationen und der Begriffe höherer Stufen, und die vielfältige Anwendungsmöglichkeit der neuen Methoden. In den letzten Jahtzehnten ist daher das Interesse an der symbolischen Logik in weiteren Kreisen wachgeworden, besonders unter Philosophen und Mathematikern, aber auch unter den Fachwissenschaftlern, die an der Analyse der Begriffe ihrer Fachwissenschaften interessiert sind.


Author : Rudolf Carnap
William H. MEYER (of the University of Chicago.)
Publisher :
Release : 1958
Page : 241
Category :
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Rudolf Carnap
Publisher : Courier Corporation
Release : 2012-07-12
Page : 272
Category : Mathematics
ISBN 13 : 048614349X
Description :


Clear, comprehensive, and rigorous treatment develops the subject from elementary concepts to the construction and analysis of relatively complex logical languages. Hundreds of problems, examples, and exercises. 1958 edition.


Author : B.H. Kazemier
D. Vuysje
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
Page : 246
Category : Computers
ISBN 13 : 9401721114
Description :



Author : Phillip Herdina
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-01-11
Page : 404
Category : Reference
ISBN 13 : 1136605061
Description :


Available on its own, or as part of a two-volume set, this German-English dictionary is the first comprehensive work in the field and an indispensible companion for students, academics, translators and linguists concerned with almost any area of philosophy.


Author : W. Stegmüller
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
Page : 570
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 9401033757
Description :



Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1950
Page :
Category : Periodicals
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Jan Wolenski
Eckehart Köhler
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
Page : 347
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 9401706891
Description :


The larger part of Yearbook 6 of the Institute Vienna Circle constitutes the proceedings of a symposium on Alfred Tarski and his influence on and interchanges with the Vienna Circle, especially those on and with Rudolf Carnap and Kurt Gödel. It is the first time that this topic has been treated on such a scale and in such depth. Attention is mainly paid to the origins, development and subsequent role of Tarski's definition of truth. Some contributions are primarily historical, others analyze logical aspects of the concept of truth. Contributors include Anita and Saul Feferman, Jan Wolenski, Jan Tarski and Hans Sluga. Several Polish logicians contributed: Gzegorczyk, Wójcicki, Murawski and Rojszczak. The volume presents entirely new biographical material on Tarski, both from his Polish period and on his influential career in the United States: at Harvard, in Princeton, at Hunter, and at the University of California at Berkeley. The high point of the analysis involves Tarski's influence on Carnap's evolution from a narrow syntactical view of language, to the ontologically more sophisticated but more controversial semantical view. Another highlight involves the interchange between Tarski and Gödel on the connection between truth and proof and on the nature of metalanguages. The concluding part of Yearbook 6 includes documentation, book reviews and a summary of current activities of the Institute Vienna Circle. Jan Tarski introduces letters written by his father to Gödel; Paolo Parrini reports on the Vienna Circle's influence in Italy; several reviews cover recent books on logical empiricism, on Gödel, on cosmology, on holistic approaches in Germany, and on Mauthner.


Author : Elmar Waibl
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release : 1997-01-01
Page : 482
Category : PHILOSOPHY
ISBN 13 : 3110979497
Description :



Author :
Publisher : BRILL
Release : 2003-01-01
Page : 388
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 9004333576
Description :



Author : Jacek Juliusz Jadacki
Witold Strawiński
Publisher : Rodopi
Release : 1998
Page : 462
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
ISBN 13 : 9789042003897
Description :


The book covers almost the whole range of semiotics: the conceptions of meaning, the appearance of meaning units in semiosis, the dichotomy analyticity/syntheticity, the formal condition of good translation, the metaphorical change in fine arts, the figurativeness in modern literary theories, the metaphor in computer translation, the conditionals with egocentric predicates, the evolution of the notion of cause, the temporal relation in conditionals, the structure of passive voice, the semantics of to think, the reasoning and rationality, the non-formalized reasoning, the operation of acceptance, the principle of non-contradiction, the relation semiotics/logic/philosophy, the interdisciplinarity and exactness, the notion of imprecision, the interpretation of some semiotic notions (i.a. semantic field of terms) in terms of mathematics, the description of categorial grammars in terms of model theory, the human knowledge as moral problem, the conceptualization of the development of knowledge by means of the notion of meme, the cultural relations between some European countries, the typology of scientists, the semiotic studies of some Spanish, Irish, Czech, Polish and Norwegian works of literature, the semiotic aspects of music, television and the whole sphere of artifacts, the history of semiotics (Plato, Gonsung Long, Descartes, Fu Yen, Peirce, Brwal, Lotman, Langer).


Author : W. Marciszewski
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
Page : 436
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 9401712530
Description :


1. STRUCTURE AND REFERENCES 1.1. The main part of the dictionary consists of alphabetically arranged articles concerned with basic logical theories and some other selected topics. Within each article a set of concepts is defined in their mutual relations. This way of defining concepts in the context of a theory provides better understand ing of ideas than that provided by isolated short defmitions. A disadvantage of this method is that it takes more time to look something up inside an extensive article. To reduce this disadvantage the following measures have been adopted. Each article is divided into numbered sections, the numbers, in boldface type, being addresses to which we refer. Those sections of larger articles which are divided at the first level, i.e. numbered with single numerals, have titles. Main sections are further subdivided, the subsections being numbered by numerals added to the main section number, e.g. I, 1.1, 1.2, ... , 1.1.1, 1.1.2, and so on. A comprehensive subject index is supplied together with a glossary. The aim of the latter is to provide, if possible, short defmitions which sometimes may prove sufficient. As to the use of the glossary, see the comment preceding it.


Author : F. Kiefer
N. Ruwet
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
Page : 692
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
ISBN 13 : 9401025037
Description :


The present volume is intended to give an overall picture of research in pro gress in the field of generative grammar in various parts of Europe. The term 'generative grammar' must, however, be understood here rather broadly. What seemed to be an easily definable technical term several years ago is becoming more and more vague and imprecise. Research in generative gram mar is carried on according to rather diversified methodological principles and being a generative grammarian is often more a matter of confession than any adherence to the common line of methodology which can be traced back to the conception of grammatical description initiated by Noam Chomsky. The direct or indirect influence of this conception is, however, clearly recog nizable in most of the papers of this volume. The most difficult thing was, naturally enough, to select appropriate papers in the realm of semantics. Apart from the special trend in generative grammar referred to as 'generative semantics' (though here, too, we might ponder on what 'generative' really means) the term 'generative' is hardly employed in semantics. The search for semantic primes, the application of the methods of mathematical logic, the inquiry into the intricate relationships between syntax and semantics and the utilization of syntactic information in semantics are perhaps the most charac teristic traits of contemporary semantics. All of this, of course, is at no variance with the principles of generative grammar, on the contrary, most of it has been made possible through the achievements of generative grammar.


Author : Thomas Müller
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-03-21
Page : 409
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 3319017543
Description :


This volume seeks to further the use of formal methods in clarifying one of the central problems of philosophy: that of our free human agency and its place in our indeterministic world. It celebrates the important contributions made in this area by Nuel Belnap, American logician and philosopher. Philosophically, indeterminism and free action can seem far apart, but in Belnap’s work, they are intimately linked. This book explores their philosophical interconnectedness through a selection of original research papers that build forth on Belnap’s logical and philosophical work. Some contributions take the form of critical discussions of Belnap's published work, some develop points made in his publications in new directions, and others provide additional insights on the topics of indeterminism and free action. In Nuel Belnap’s work on indeterminism and free action, three formal frameworks figure prominently: the simple branching histories framework known as "branching time;" its relativistic spatio-temporal extension, branching space-times; and the “seeing to it that” (stit ) logic of agency. As those frameworks provide the formal background for the contributed papers, the volume introduction gives an overview of the current state of their development. It also introduces case-intensional first order logic (CIFOL), a general intensional logic offering resources for a first-order extension of the mentioned frameworks and a recent research focus of Belnap’s. The volume also contains an extended biographical interview with Nuel Belnap.


Author : Ronald N. Giere
Alan W. Richardson
Publisher : U of Minnesota Press
Release : 1996
Page : 392
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 9780816628346
Description :


Logical empiricism remains a strong influence in the philosophy of science, despite the discipline's shift toward more historical and naturalistic approaches. This latest volume in the eminent Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science series examines the main features of the intellectual milieu from which logical empiricism sprang, providing the first critical exploration of this context by authors within the Anglo-American analytic tradition of philosophy. These articles challenge the idea that logical empiricism has its origins in traditional British empiricism, pointing instead to a movement of scientific philosophy that flourished in the German-speaking areas of Europe in the first four decades of the twentieth century. The intellectual refugees from the Third Reich who brought logical empiricism to North America did so in an environment influenced by Einstein's new physics, the ascension of modern logic, the birth of the social sciences as rivals to traditional humanistic philosophy, and other large-scale social, political, and cultural themes.


Author : E.F.K. Koerner
Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
Release : 1980-01-01
Page : 421
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
ISBN 13 : 9027281017
Description :


This volume presents a selection of revised papers from the International Conference on the History of the Language Sciences (Ottawa 1978). These have been organized under the following headings: I. Classical Traditions in the Middle Ages and Medieval Thought in the Renaissance and After; II. Sixteenth Through Eighteenth Century Linguistic Ideas; III. Eighteenth-Century Thought in England, France, and Germany; IV. Late-Eighteenth to Mid-Twentieth Century Linguistics; V. Linguistic Pursuits Outside Europe and Points of Contact Between East and West; and, VI. Supplementa: Beyond the History of Linguistics.


Author : Sahotra Sarkar
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 1996
Page : 415
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 9780815322665
Description :


Twenty-nine collected essays represent a critical history of Shakespeare's play as text and as theater, beginning with Samuel Johnson in 1765, and ending with a review of the Royal Shakespeare Company production in 1991. The criticism centers on three aspects of the play: the love/friendship debate.


Author : Henri Lauener
Publisher : Rodopi
Release : 1993
Page : 312
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 9789051835427
Description :



Author : Steve Awodey
Carsten Klein
Publisher : Open Court Publishing
Release : 2004
Page : 387
Category : Biography & Autobiography
ISBN 13 : 9780812695519
Description :


Rudolf Carnap (1891-1970) is considered the pioneer of logical positivism, but his work was thought to have been repudiated. Recently he has been undergoing a reappraisal, and this book of essays by leading philosophers, logicians, and art historians attempts to return Carnap to his rightful place. The philosopher's early days as a utopianist, the root of his thought in neo-Kantianism, his social and political activism - all are explored in these important essays.


Author : Lambert Wiesing
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2016-09-22
Page : 272
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 1474232663
Description :


Now available in English for the first time, The Visibility of the Image explores the development of an influential aesthetic tradition through the work of six figures. Analysing their contribution to the progress of formal aesthetics, from its origins in Germany in the 1880s to semiotic interpretations in America a century later, the six chapters cover: Robert Zimmermann (1824-1898), the first to separate aesthetics and metaphysics and approach aesthetics along the lines of formal logic, providing a purely syntactic way of using signs, regardless of objective content; Alois Riegl (1858-1905), who went on to further develop aesthetics on the model of formal logic, creating a theory of style in response to Zimmermann's call for an aesthetics oriented toward formal logic; Heinrich Wölfflin (1864-1945), who represents a step toward an understanding of consciousness by using pictures as cognitive tools; Konrad Fiedler (1841-1895), the Saxon philosopher who considered the possibility that some kinds of images are made and viewed not for what they show, but for their visibility's sake alone; Maurice Merleau-Ponty (1908-1961), responsible for taking up the connections between the problems of reducing the range of potential meanings and contexts of a given image down to just the picture surface; Charles William Morris (1901-1979), who set out to establish whether a picture with no objective reference, such as an abstract painting, still counts as a sign, and if so, in what sense. Bringing these thinkers together and interlinking their ideas, Lambert Wiesing presents an engaging history of formal aesthetics, while reconstructing the philosophical foundations for the appearance of new image forms in the 20th century, including the video-clip, abstract collage, digital simulation and virtual reality. Using this original approach, The Visibility of the Image introduces the rise of modern image theory and provides a valuable account of our engagement with pictures in the 21st century.