Environmental Sustainability And American Public Administration Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : J. Michael Martinez
Publisher : Lexington Books
Release : 2016-11-01
Page : 356
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 1498509673
Description :


This book discusses the many meanings of “sustainability,” explores the importance of economics in environmental policy-making, and highlights the schools of thought in environmental ethics. It concludes that public administrators can play an important role in ensuring that environmental sustainability is an integral part of American government.


Author : J. Michael Martinez
Publisher :
Release : 2016-11-15
Page : 316
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 9781498509664
Description :


This book discusses the many meanings of "sustainability," explores the importance of economics in environmental policy-making, and highlights the schools of thought in environmental ethics. It concludes that public administrators can play an important role in ensuring that environmental sustainability is an integral part of American government.


Author : Sarah Surak
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-04-15
Page : 240
Category :
ISBN 13 : 9780415737364
Description :


The activities of Americans create 250 million tons of waste each day, a quantity steadily increasing over the last sixty years. Disposing of waste is a financial burden for governments due to potential environmental, public health, and aesthetic impacts. Consequentially, a complex web of local, state, and federal entities and processes developing since the late 18th century now governs waste removal and reduction practices. As public managers continue to struggle with the environmental and economic impacts of waste management it is important to understand barriers to and potentials for reform in organizational structures and administrative practices. Governing Waste: Politics, Process and Public Administration documents and assesses these practices and resulting management activities focusing specifically on the American public administrative experience. It provides both an understanding of the current conditions of waste creation as well as raises possibilities for creating a more sustainable future through the practice of public management. Grounding the importance of the discussion of waste within broader discussions of sustainability and public administration, Sarah Surak begins by providing a description of the current state of waste management as well as the economic drivers for particular forms of management in order to identify overall themes and practices of waste, public administration, and sustainability. In Part Two she describes specific aspects of current practices of waste management: large-scale infrastructure development for the disposal of waste and municipal recycling and composting programs. This section assesses the logistics of municipal management identifying standard practices to distinguish potential barriers and opportunities to sustainable practices. The final section looks towards alternative resource management arrangements, both those found in practice as well as proposed in theory.


Author : Scott E. Robinson
James W. Stoutenborough
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-04-28
Page : 182
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 1315519518
Description :


Growing disenfranchisement with political institutions and policy processes has generated interest in trust in government. For the most part, research has focused on trust in government as a general attitude covering all political institutions. In this book, Scott E. Robinson, James W. Stoutenborough, and Arnold Vedlitz argue that individual agencies develop specific reputations that may contrast with the more general attitudes towards government as a whole. Grounded in a treatment of trust as a relationship between two actors and taking the Environmental Protection Agency as their subject, the authors illustrate that the agency’s reputation is explained through general demographic and ideological factors – as well as policy domain factors like environmentalism. The book presents results from two approaches to assessing trust: (1) a traditional attitudinal survey approach, and (2) an experimental approach using the context of hydraulic fracturing. While the traditional attitudinal survey approach provides traditional answers to what drives trust in the EPA, the experimental results reveal that there is little specific trust in the EPA across the United States. Robinson, Stoutenborough, and Vedlitz expertly point the way forward for more reliable assessments of trust, while demonstrating the importance of assessing trust at the agency level. This book represents a much-needed resource for those studying both theory and methods in Public Administration and Public Policy.


Author : Scott E. Robinson
James W. Stoutenborough
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2017-04-28
Page : 182
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 1315519526
Description :


Growing disenfranchisement with political institutions and policy processes has generated interest in trust in government. For the most part, research has focused on trust in government as a general attitude covering all political institutions. In this book, Scott E. Robinson, James W. Stoutenborough, and Arnold Vedlitz argue that individual agencies develop specific reputations that may contrast with the more general attitudes towards government as a whole. Grounded in a treatment of trust as a relationship between two actors and taking the Environmental Protection Agency as their subject, the authors illustrate that the agency’s reputation is explained through general demographic and ideological factors – as well as policy domain factors like environmentalism. The book presents results from two approaches to assessing trust: (1) a traditional attitudinal survey approach, and (2) an experimental approach using the context of hydraulic fracturing. While the traditional attitudinal survey approach provides traditional answers to what drives trust in the EPA, the experimental results reveal that there is little specific trust in the EPA across the United States. Robinson, Stoutenborough, and Vedlitz expertly point the way forward for more reliable assessments of trust, while demonstrating the importance of assessing trust at the agency level. This book represents a much-needed resource for those studying both theory and methods in Public Administration and Public Policy.


Author : Seunghoo Lim
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-17
Page : 124
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 3030708551
Description :


Extensive previous research has investigated environmental conflict management issues in networked settings and the design of policy networks, but the emergence and evolution of self-organizing policy networks are still not fully understood. Especially misunderstood is the problem of how the multiple motivations or incentives of competing policy actors in conflictual situations affect their structures of interaction, as this issue has not been studied systematically. This book aims to address the following research questions: how do policy stakeholders cope strategically with collective action or environmental conflict resolution? How do they utilize or maintain formal and informal policy networks to resolve problems effectively? What motivates them to engage or be involved in collaborative or conflictual networks? What influences their networking or their decisions on partner selection for conflict resolution? This book consists of four studies. The goal of the first study is to examine the form of a policy network by focusing on how policy networks emerge and evolve at the micro-level to solve collective action dilemmas endemic to decentralized and democratized policy decision-making processes, particularly in the environmental conflict resolution arena. The goal of the second study is to examine the main policy actors and structural characteristics of network governance evolution in the dynamic process of environmental conflict resolution. The goal of the third study is to highlight the role of policy tie formality in the evolution of multiplex ties in the environmental conflict resolution process. The goal of the fourth study is to demonstrate the relationships between patterns of interactions among policy actors and their modified and adjusted strategic behaviours within policy networks and across advocacy coalitions.


Author : James A. Gordon
Publisher :
Release : 2019
Page : 197
Category : Environmental economics
ISBN 13 : 9781392451946
Description :


As problems like rising temperatures, declines in global biodiversity, and the great pacific garbage patch can attest, environmental sustainability is arguably emerging as the issue of the 21st century. It is also an issue that holds the ignominy of being highly complex, and likely to influence every aspect of government and modern society. For many of the most difficult problems in environmental sustainability, like climate change or sustainable development, the pursuit of long-term sustainability is as much about the journey as it is the outcome. Across three essays connected by public policy, markets, and the environment, I detail some of the ways demand for greater environmental sustainability will change governments, firms, and society. I also offer a pathway for future research in environmental governance, environmental policy, and education.In chapter one, I explore the potential impact of unseasonably warm and cold temperatures, as expressed as variations from monthly averages, and particulate matter pollution (PM2.5), on three measures of input productivity for firms engaged in manufacturing: labor, capital, and total factor productivity (TFP). Results suggest that value-added labor, capital, and TFP are negatively affected by large variations in daily average temperatures. Both value-added labor and TFP are adversely affected by unseasonable warmth, while value-added capital is affected by unseasonable cold. Labor productivity is also negatively affected by increases in PM2.5. If climate change produces a warmer climate and less stable daily temperatures, this will have important implications for how firms allocate resources between labor, capital, and technology, and have ramifications for both labor markets and climate change adaptation policy.In chapter two, I exploit the unique longitudinal characteristics of the Thomson Reuters ESG database to investigate whether investors support efforts by firms to become more environmentally sustainable. Across three regions and three categories of environmental corporate social responsibility, I find evidence that investors often penalize firms for their environmental efforts. In North America, investors penalize firms for emissions efficiency and overall environmentalism; in Asia Pacific, they penalize resource efficiency; and in Europe, investors penalize environmental innovation and overall environmentalism. Globally, results show that a one unit increase in firm-level environmentalism on a 0-100 scale reduces market capitalization by about 75 cents per $100 of total capitalization. Likewise, building a passive portfolio of the top 10 percent of environmentally friendly firms underperforms the broader market. On average globally, investing $10,000 in the top 10 percent of firms for average environmentalism reduces the hypothetical investor's annual returns by about $129.In chapter three, I investigate environmental sustainability within the context of Public Administration (PA). While greater preemptive research in environmental sustainability is needed, I show that PA research generally lags political and social changes to administrative organizations. I review the philosophical and practical difficulties of environmental sustainability as it relates to public administration, and I develop a framework for future research. Finally, I review MPA programs to see how environmental sustainability is treated by the field, and how PA is engaging with future researchers. Of the top 18 PA departments with MPA programs, four offer a specialized masters with a focus on sustainability, with nine offering at least one course using sustainability as the primary pedagogical tool. Teaching is primarily conducted by non-PA scholars, suggesting PA lacks proprietary knowledge of environmental sustainability.


Author : Jay M. Shafritz
E. W. Russell
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2016-09-13
Page : 610
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 1317213939
Description :


Now in an extensively revised 9th edition, Introducing Public Administration provides students with the conceptual foundation they need, while introducing them to important trends in the discipline. Known for its lively and witty writing style, this beloved textbook examines the most important issues in the field of public administration through the use of examples from various disciplines and modern culture. This unique approach captivates students and encourages them to think critically about the nature of public administration today. Refreshed and revised throughout, the 9th edition contains a number of imporant updates: An examination of the effect of the Barack Obama administration on the discipline, especially economic and financial management and budgetary policy, allowing students to apply the theories and concepts in the text to recent US government practice. An exploration of the 2008 economic meltdown and its consequences for the regulation of financial markets, cut-back management, and social equity, providing students with a critical look at the recent changes in the global economy. All-new images, international examples, keynotes, and case studies have been incorporated to reflect the diversity of public servants throughout history. Case studies correspond to those in optional companion book Cases in Public Policy and Administration to offer clear discussion points and seamless learning with the two books side by side. New sections on careers in public service, whistleblowing and public employee dissent, networks and collaboration across organizations, social innovation, managerialism and productivity improvement, Big Data and cloud computing, collaboration and civic engagement, and evidence-based policy and management. Complete with a companion website containing instructor slides for each chapter, a chapter-by-chapter instructor's manual and sample syllabus, student learning objectives and self-test questions, Introducing Public Administration is the ideal introduction to the discipline for first year masters students, as well as for the growing number of undergraduate public administration courses and programs.


Author : Deniz Zeynep Leuenberger
Publisher : M.E. Sharpe
Release : 2015-05-18
Page : 176
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 0765628783
Description :


This groundbreaking text focuses on the application of sustainability and sustainable development theories to public administration practice. It's designed to guide planning, resource management, and outcomes measurement for future and current non-profit and public managers. The book introduces sustainable development and related theories; ties these theories to public administration practice; and, elaborates on applications to specific PA specializations including energy management, transportation, water, waste management, urban development, wildlife conservation, and higher education. It also includes a chapter specifically geared to outcome measurement of sustainability goals in public and non-profit agencies.


Author : Edmund C. Stazyk
H. George Frederickson
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2018-10-26
Page :
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 1786432072
Description :


This forward-thinking Handbook draws on the expertise of established and emerging scholars to provide a comprehensive review of the current state and future direction of theory and practice in US public administration. Chapters offer a cross-disciplinary, holistic review of the field, pulling together leaders from subfields such as public administration, public and nonprofit management, finance, human resource management, networks, nonprofits, policy, and politics. Chapter authors conclude that the field is intellectually rich and highly nuanced, but also identify numerous opportunities for growth and expansion in the coming years. The Handbook charts an agenda for future research in the field.The Handbook of American Public Administration is geared toward academics, researchers, and advanced graduate students. As an authoritative text on the history and state of US public administration, it proves equally suitable for national and international audiences. Practitioners who may be looking for background information or state-of-the-art knowledge about practice will also benefit from this Handbook.


Author : Steven Cohen
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Release : 2011-07-12
Page : 200
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 9780231526371
Description :


Can we grow our world economy and create opportunities for the poor while keeping the planet intact? Can we maintain our vibrant, dynamic lifestyles while ensuring the Earth stays productive and viable? Aimed at managers, students, scholars, and policymakers, Sustainability Management answers these questions in the affirmative, arguing it is possible for environmentally sustainable business practices and policies to foster economic and long-term growth. Written by a former analyst and consultant with the EPA, this book originally combines sustainable efforts in water, agriculture, urban, and power management to achieve in practice, not just in theory a sustainable planet and economy. Steven Cohen begins with the technical, financial, managerial, and political challenges of such a project, and then honestly assesses sustainable practices in the manufacturing and service industries. He addresses renewable and carbon-free energy production; water sustainability, especially with regard to energy issues involving filtration, distribution, and changing rainfall patterns; food cultivation and distribution; and ways to maintain the interdependent systems on which we depend to live. Taking examples from New York City, one of the most sustainable and sustainability-minded metropolises in the world, Cohen explains how everything from construction to waste management can be designed to facilitate a sustainable environment, not just for New York but also for the world. He concludes with this macroscopic view, outlining the global efforts necessary to preserve biodiversity and ecosystems, and the impact of war, terrorism, and human conflict on sustainability.


Author : Robert Paehlke
Douglas Torgerson
Publisher : University of Toronto PressHigher education
Release : 2005
Page : 351
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 :
Description :


"Anyone wishing to explore the cutting edge of environmental policy and management will find this book an invaluable tool." - The Honourable David Anderson, Minister of Environment, Government of Canada, 1999-2004


Author : Remi B. Piet
Bruce M. Bagley
Publisher : Lexington Books
Release : 2017-02-03
Page : 454
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 1498506232
Description :


Energy Security and Environmental Sustainability in the Western Hemisphere examines the need to integrate sustainability at the core of national energy security strategy. With case studies from countries throughout the Western Hemisphere, it explains how energy strategies are central to the development of national economies and stable societies.


Author : Heather E. Campbell
Yushim Kim
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-05-15
Page : 228
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 1135128502
Description :


As the study of environmental policy and justice becomes increasingly significant in today’s global climate, standard statistical approaches to gathering data have become less helpful at generating new insights and possibilities. None of the conventional frameworks easily allow for the empirical modeling of the interactions of all the actors involved, or for the emergence of outcomes unintended by the actors. The existing frameworks account for the "what," but not for the "why." Heather E. Campbell, Yushim Kim, and Adam Eckerd bring an innovative perspective to environmental justice research. Their approach adjusts the narrower questions often asked in the study of environmental justice, expanding to broader investigations of how and why environmental inequities occur. Using agent-based modeling (ABM), they study the interactions and interdependencies among different agents such as firms, residents, and government institutions. Through simulation, the authors test underlying assumptions in environmental justice and discover ways to modify existing theories to better explain why environmental injustice occurs. Furthermore, they use ABM to generate empirically testable hypotheses, which they employ to check if their simulated findings are supported in the real world using real data. The pioneering research on environmental justice in this text will have effects on the field of environmental policy as a whole. For social science and policy researchers, this book explores how to employ new and experimental methods of inquiry on challenging social problems, and for the field of environmental justice, the authors demonstrate how ABM helps illuminate the complex social and policy interactions that lead to both environmental justice and injustice.


Author : Haroon A. Khan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-12-12
Page : 210
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 3319695878
Description :


This book is an attempt to understand the challenges of globalization and governance in the public sector. Written from the perspectives of both developed and developing countries, it uses governance and public administration interchangeably to argue that the tasks of implementation require the cooperation of both the public and private sectors, especially in a rapidly globalizing landscape. It then utilizes statistical analyses to investigate the challenges of globalization in managing human resources, ethics and accountability, sustainability, e-governances, and leadership in the public sector.


Author : Manuel Pedro Rodríguez Bolívar
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-07-27
Page : 196
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 9783319585765
Description :


This book examines the introduction of smart technologies into public administrations and the organizational issues caused by these implementations, and the potential of information and communication technologies (ICTs) to rationalize and improve government, transform governance and organizational issues, and address economic, social, and environmental challenges. Cities are increasingly using new technologies in the delivery of public sector services and in the improvement of government transparency, business-led urban development, and urban sustainability. The book will examine specific smart projects that cities are embracing to improve transparency, efficiency, sustainability, mobility, and whether all cities are prepared to implement smart technologies and the incentives for promoting implementation. This focus on the smart technologies applied to public sector entities will be of interest to academics, researchers, policy-makers, public managers, international organizations and technical experts involved in and responsible for the governance, development and design of Smart Cities.


Author : David M. Shafie
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-12-17
Page : 164
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 1136240519
Description :


After sweeping environmental legislation passed in the 1970s and 1980s, the 1990s ushered in an era when new legislation and reforms to existing laws were consistently caught up in a gridlock. In response, environmental groups became more specialized and professional, learning how to effect policy change through the courts, states, and federal agencies rather than through grassroots movements. Without a significantly mobilized public and with a generally uncooperative Congress, presidents since the 1990s have been forced to step into a new role of increasing presidential dominance over environmental policies. Rather than working with Congress, presidents instead have employed unilateral actions and administrative strategies to further their environmental goals. Presidential Administration and the Environment offers a detailed examination of the strategies and tools used by U.S. presidents. Using primary sources from presidential libraries such as speeches and staff communications, David M. Shafie analyzes how presidents such as Bill Clinton and George W. Bush have used alternative executive approaches to pass environmental policies. From there, Shafie presents case studies in land management, water policy, toxics, and climate change. He analyzes the role that executive leadership has played in passing policies within these four areas, explains how this role has changed over time, and concludes by investigating how Obama’s policies compare thus far with those of his predecessors. Shafie’s combination of qualitative content analysis and topical case studies offers scholars and researchers alike important insights for understanding the interactions between environmental groups and the executive branch and the implications for future policymaking in the United States.


Author : National Research Council
Policy and Global Affairs
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2011-10-08
Page : 162
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 0309212529
Description :


Sustainability is based on a simple and long-recognized factual premise: Everything that humans require for their survival and well-being depends, directly or indirectly, on the natural environment. The environment provides the air we breathe, the water we drink, and the food we eat. Recognizing the importance of sustainability to its work, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has been working to create programs and applications in a variety of areas to better incorporate sustainability into decision-making at the agency. To further strengthen the scientific basis for sustainability as it applies to human health and environmental protection, the EPA asked the National Research Council (NRC) to provide a framework for incorporating sustainability into the EPA's principles and decision-making. This framework, Sustainability and the U.S. EPA, provides recommendations for a sustainability approach that both incorporates and goes beyond an approach based on assessing and managing the risks posed by pollutants that has largely shaped environmental policy since the 1980s. Although risk-based methods have led to many successes and remain important tools, the report concludes that they are not adequate to address many of the complex problems that put current and future generations at risk, such as depletion of natural resources, climate change, and loss of biodiversity. Moreover, sophisticated tools are increasingly available to address cross-cutting, complex, and challenging issues that go beyond risk management. The report recommends that EPA formally adopt as its sustainability paradigm the widely used "three pillars" approach, which means considering the environmental, social, and economic impacts of an action or decision. Health should be expressly included in the "social" pillar. EPA should also articulate its vision for sustainability and develop a set of sustainability principles that would underlie all agency policies and programs.


Author : Judith A. Layzer
Sara R. Rinfret
Publisher : CQ Press
Release : 2019-07-23
Page : 664
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 1506396976
Description :


Answers to environmental issues are not black and white. Debates around policy are often among those with fundamentally different values, and the way that problems and solutions are defined plays a central role in shaping how those values are translated into policy. The Environmental Case captures the real-world complexity of creating environmental policy, and this much-anticipated Fifth Edition contains fifteen carefully constructed cases. Through her analysis, Sara Rinfret explores the background, players, contributing factors, and outcomes of each case, and gives readers insight into some of the most interesting and controversial issues in U.S. environmental policymaking.


Author : Genie N. L. Stowers
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-10-02
Page : 300
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 1317509889
Description :


We hear the term “sustainability” everywhere today. In the context of city management, the term often refers to environmental concerns, both locally and globally. Managing the Sustainable City examines not only how cities can prepare to weather the local effects of climate change, but also how urban centers can sustain themselves through other modern management challenges, including budgeting and finance, human resource management, public safety, and infrastructure. This clearly written and engaging new textbook provides a comprehensive overview of urban administration today, exploring the unique demographics of cities, local government political structures, intergovernmental relations, and the full range of service delivery areas for which cities are ever more responsible. Throughout the book, two important components of city management today—the use of technology and measuring performance for accountability—are highlighted, along with NASPAA accreditation standards and competencies. Particular attention is paid to incorporating Urban Administration standards to provide students using the text will have a thorough understanding of: The ethics of local government management The roles and relationships among local and elected/appointed government officials, as well as what makes local institutions different from other institutions Strategies for engaging citizens in local governance The complexities of intergovernmental and network relationships to develop skills in collaborative governance How to manage local government financial resources as well as human resources Public service values such as accountability, transparency, efficiency, effectiveness, ethical behavior, and equity and emphasized throughout the text, and discussion questions, exercises, and "career pathways" highlighting successful public servants in a variety of city management roles are included in each chapter. Managing the Sustainable City is an ideal textbook for students of public administration, public policy, and public affairs interested in learning how cities can be sustainable—in their management, their policies, and their interactions with their citizens—as well as in preparing for and managing the impacts of climate change.