Field Assessment Of The Effects Of Contaminants On Fishes Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Joseph B. Hunn
Publisher :
Release : 1988
Page : 25
Category : Fishes
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Joseph B. Hunn
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Publisher :
Release : 1988
Page : 25
Category : Fishes
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Joseph B. Hunn
Publisher :
Release : 1988
Page :
Category : Fishes
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Joseph B. Hunn
Publisher :
Release : 1988
Page : 25
Category : Fishes
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Department of the Interior and Related Agencies
Publisher :
Release : 1979
Page :
Category : United States
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1991
Page :
Category : Water
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : J. Russell Boulding
Jon S. Ginn
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-09-17
Page : 728
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 9781566706100
Description :


A synthesis of years of interdisciplinary research and practice, the second edition of this bestseller continues to serve as a primary resource for information on the assessment, remediation, and control of contamination on and below the ground surface. Practical Handbook of Soil, Vadose Zone, and Ground-Water Contamination: Assessment, Prevention, and Remediation, Second Edition includes important new developments in site characterization and soil and ground water remediation that have appeared since 1995. Presented in an easy-to-read style, this book serves as a comprehensive guide for conducting complex site investigations and identifying methods for effective soil and ground water cleanup. Remediation engineers, ground water and soil scientists, regulatory personnel, researchers, and field investigators can access the latest data and summary tables to illustrate key advantages and disadvantages of various remediation methods.


Author : Damia Barcelo
Mira Petrovic
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-09-29
Page : 348
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 0080466672
Description :


Volume 1 of the Sustainable Management of Sediment Resources mini-series is the first attempt to fill many of these gaps in knowledge and also in practice. The volume includes sections on: Sampling Characterization of contaminants in sediments being bioavailability the main issue Chemical analysis Biological analysis Effect directed analysis and toxicity Identification evaluation Benthos sediment quality assessment Modelling of pollutant fate and behaviour Sediment quality guidelines This first volume is applicable to a wide audience, from students at the graduate level, to experienced researchers and laboratory personnel in academia, industry and government. This volume also available as part of a 4-volume set, ISBN 0444519599. Discount price for set purchase. A broad overview on sediment quality and impact assessment of pollutants Suitable for both newcomers to the field of sediment treatment and specialists alike Outlines practical examples of methods used in sediment quality analysis


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1988
Page :
Category :
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Richard Thomas Di Giulio
David E. Hinton
Publisher : CRC PressI Llc
Release : 2008
Page : 1071
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 9780415248686
Description :


This book is an in-depth, comprehensive, state-of- the-science monograph concerning the interactions of chemical contaminants with freshwater and marine fishes. It is the pre-eminent single volume treatise on the topic of fish toxicology.


Author : C.H. Walker
R.M. Sibly
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-03-12
Page : 386
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 1439862664
Description :


Cutting across traditional subject boundaries, Principles of Ecotoxicology, Fourth Edition gives readers an integrated view of ecotoxicology, from molecules to ecosystems. This new edition of a bestselling textbook continues to emphasize principles rather than practice, providing the interdisciplinary perspective and grounding required for research. Organized into three sections, the book first describes the molecular structures, properties, and environmental fate of pollutants. It then deals with the effects of pollutants on living organisms at the molecular, cellular, and individual levels. Moving into population biology and population genetics, the third part of the book addresses a question of great interest to ecologists: What effects do pollutants have at the levels of population, community, and the whole ecosystem? The book also looks at how ecotoxicology is used in the biomonitoring of environmental pollution, the investigation of pollution problems, the conducting of field trials, the study of the development of resistance, and the growing area of environmental risk assessments. Throughout, examples and case studies illustrate the principles. This updated fourth edition includes new material on nanoparticle pollution, bioaccumulation, biomarkers, and chemical warfare in nature, as well as a new chapter on the future directions of ecotoxicology. A concise textbook that will also appeal to practicing ecotoxicologists, it provides a solid basis for understanding what happens to chemicals in the real world, where they go, how they ultimately degrade, and how they affect the individuals and populations that encounter them. What’s New in This Edition Revised and updated material throughout A chapter on future directions of ecotoxicology New material on nanoparticle pollution and chemical warfare in nature Expanded coverage of bioaccumulation, biomarkers, and risk assessment for affected populations More case studies, many from the United States Discussion of neurotoxic and behavioral effects of pollutants Recent research on the decline of vultures and effects of neonicotinoids on bees Organic Pollutants: An Ecotoxicological Perspective, Second Edition (CRC Press, 2008), a companion volume to this book, covers the mechanistic aspects of ecotoxicology in more depth.


Author : Colin Walker
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-05-07
Page : 233
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 146659179X
Description :


Chemical Warfare in Nature Pesticides and other industrial chemicals are at the root of many pollution problems. In view of the toxic effects of industrial chemicals found in the water, soil, and air, Ecotoxicology: Effects of Pollutants on the Natural Environment considers the impact of chemicals on the environment from a wider perspective: the evolution of plant toxins—and defense mechanisms against them in animals as a consequence of plant–animal warfare. Comparisons are made between this and the development of resistance by insects towards man-made insecticides. Pesticides and Drugs The text focuses particularly on problems posed by pesticides and, to a lesser extent, by drugs. This material specifically addresses the problems that pesticides pose and explores the development of resistance to them. It focuses on the history of pesticides, pesticide selectivity between target species and beneficial organisms, and types of pesticides. It discusses mandatory ecotoxicity testing as part of the process of risk assessment of environmental chemicals. The text considers the effects of pollutants at the population level, with respect to changes in numbers and genetic composition. It factors in the sublethal effects of pollutants on population levels, and cites an increase in the concentration of persistent pollutants in natural food chains as a cause of the decline of certain vertebrate predators. Overall the text: • Considers plant toxins as models for pesticides • Emphasizes principles illustrated with practical examples • Includes a glossary of terms Divided into three sections, this text uses a variety of examples and case studies to examine the effects of pollutants—including naturally occurring ones—on natural processes. It guides the reader through the basic issues and principles; outlines the science of ecotoxicology, which is the study of the effects of chemicals upon ecosystems; and introduces various strategies for pollution control.


Author : Maria C. Hernandez Soriano
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2014-03-26
Page : 920
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 953511235X
Description :


Soil is an irreplaceable resource that sustains life on the planet, challenged by food and energy demands of an increasing population. Therefore, soil contamination constitutes a critical issue to be addressed if we are to secure the life quality of present and future generations. Integrated efforts from researchers and policy makers are required to develop sound risk assessment procedures, remediation strategies and sustainable soil management policies. Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination provides a wide depiction of current research in soil contamination and risk assessment, encompassing reviews and case studies on soil pollution by heavy metals and organic pollutants. The book introduces several innovative approaches for soil remediation and risk assessment, including advances in phytoremediation and implementation of metabolomics in soil sciences.


Author : Marcelo L Larramendy
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2017-07-05
Page : 538
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 1788011791
Description :


The potential impact of anthropogenic pollutants such as agrochemicals on the environment is of global concern. Increasing use of certain compounds can result in contamination of food, water and atmospheric systems and in order to combat this pollution it is important to be able to accurately monitor the short and long term effects. This book describes the latest aquatic species models used as indicators of the toxic effects of environmental pollutants, including models that have not routinely been used. The book enables understanding of the effects of pollutants in non-target species, and therefore enables analysis of the effects on ecosystems. This book will be of interest to anyone interested in developing new biomarker species with high degrees of ecological relevance. It will serve as a useful resource for regulatory and research toxicologists, particularly those studying freshwater, marine water and sediment environments.


Author : L. Désilets
R. E. Kwiatkowski
Publisher :
Release : 1989
Page : 25
Category : Water
ISBN 13 :
Description :


This paper describes a strategy for monitoring exposure and effects of contaminants in the aqquatic environment. Past and present activities of the Water Quality Branch in relation to major water quality issues in Canada are summarized. A framework is then suggested to develop exposure and effect assessments for the issue of contaminants in water. Based on a simple conceptual model of the aquatic environment, this operational framework improves consistency in network design and monitoring programs.


Author : Shore
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 2001-04-25
Page : 730
Category : Nature
ISBN 13 :
Description :


This landmark book, which contains contributions from the world's foremost mammalian ecotoxicologists, is a truly impressive summary of research undertaken in this field in recent years. It is also the first book to draw such information together in a seamless and unified approach. In examining the exposure and effects of environmental contaminants in wild mammal populations, this book addresses four core questions: * What exactly do we know about environmental contaminants in wild mammals? * What are the commonalities and differences between mammal orders/species in the effects that contaminants have? * How and to what degree of accuracy can we predict the adverse effects of environmental contaminants on mammalian wildlife? * How significant are contaminant insults compared with other density-independent and -dependent factors such as habitat loss, climatic factors and disease? The key underlying scientific principles and issues raised by the team of international authors will have significance throughout the world, making this an invaluable book not only for all those studying the effects of environmental pollutants on mammals, but also on regulatory agencies, and those carrying out environmental impact assessment.


Author : Keith B. Tierney
Anthony P. Farrell
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-12-04
Page : 574
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 0123982553
Description :


Fish Physiology: Organic Chemical Toxicology of Fishes discusses the different types of organic chemical contaminants and their respective toxic effects in fish. The book also covers the detection of dissolved organic compounds and methods to assess organic toxicity. Substances addressed in this book include organometallics, hydrocarbons, endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs), insecticides, herbicides, and pharmaceuticals. Fish are exposed to an ever-increasing array of organic chemicals that find their way into rivers and oceans. Some of these compounds are no longer being produced but nonetheless persist within the environment (persistent organic pollutants, or POPs). The exposure of fish to toxic organic compounds has potential impact on human, fish, and ecosystem health. Yet the regulations that govern environmental water quality vary worldwide, and compliance is never complete. This book provides a crucial resource on these issues for researchers in zoology, fish physiology, and related fields; applied researchers in environmental monitoring, conservation biology, and toxicology; and university-level students and instructors in these areas. Organized by type of toxic organic chemicals Includes metals, POPs, EDCs, herbicides, insecticides, and pharmaceuticals Measures toxicity in a variety of ways aside from lethality Probes the toxic effects of compound mixtures as well as single pollutants


Author : University of Wisconsin--Madison. Marine Studies Center
Publisher :
Release : 1976
Page :
Category : Dredging
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Mike Elliott
Krystal L. Hemingway
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-04-15
Page : 656
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 0470995211
Description :


This landmark publication collates information and studies on the use of estuaries, and specific habitats within them, as nursery, feeding and refuge areas, and migration routes of marine and other fish, many of which are of commercial and conservation importance. The editors and authors of the book have carefully compiled a huge wealth of information from the work of 18 organizations across 11 countries, providing a unique collection of data never before brought together within the covers of one book. Chapters within this exceptional publication cover habitat use by fishes, recruitment and production in estuaries, links between fish and other trophic levels, endangered and rare species, estuarine development and restoration, environmental quality of estuaries and the management of estuarine fishes. The book notably contains extensive chapters on field methods and data analysis. Fishes in Estuaries is an essential tool and reference source for fisheries and environmental managers, fish biologists, environmental scientists, aquatic ecologists and conservation biologists. Libraries in all universities and research establishments where biological sciences are studied and taught should have copies of this book on their shelves, as should personnel employed in regulatory and consultant capacities, such as within rivers authorities, environment agencies and fish and wildlife departments. Comprehensive coverage of commercially exploited species. Internationally known and respected contributors. Multi-contributor approach providing very detailed coverage. Estuaries are a vitally important ecosystem.


Author : Jaume Bori Dols
Publisher :
Release : 2017
Page : 211
Category :
ISBN 13 :
Description :


Environmental impacts associated to the unstoppable growth of human population are threatening ecosystems worldwide. Among them, soil ecosystems are becoming increasingly degraded due to their unsustainable use and management, which is leading to the loss of a key resource that is fundamental to life on the planet. As the interface between land, air and water, soil ecosystems perform many cultural, economic, environmental, and social functions that are worthy of protection. During the last decades, several legislative tools have been created with varying success aiming to ensure soil protection. Even so, soils are major sinks of anthropogenic pollutants and, in consequence, human-induced contamination still represents a serious threat for soil ecosystems due to the massive release of metals, hydrocarbons and pesticides (among others). In this context, the application of methodologies for the proper assessment and remediation of contaminated soils has become mandatory if their ability to perform their functions is to be preserved. The risks associated to soil contamination have been traditionally evaluated through chemical quantification of pollutants. Unfortunately, such techniques have proven insufficient to properly assess soil pollution because they can only focus on concentrations of specific contaminants and they obviate the interactions between pollutants, soil matrix and soil inhabiting organisms. Ecotoxicity bioassays, on the other hand, do integrate all these interactions and can become very valuable tools for a better and more realistic assessment of the effects of contaminants in soil ecosystems. In this work, chemical analysis together with terrestrial and aquatic ecotoxicity bioassays are applied to samples from contaminated sites and to artificially-contaminated soils in order to evaluate their associated ecological risks. The suitability of different ecotoxicity tests is assessed according to the nature of the soil contaminant, and the parameters responsible of the toxicity to organisms are analyzed. The selected bioassays include measurements on different endpoints (mortality, reduced growth, etc.), exposure times (acute or chronic), effective responses (lethal or sublethal), and organisms (earthworms, collembolans, plants, bacteria, algae, daphnids and fishes). This study proves that the application of ecotoxicity bioassays is not only useful but also desirable as a complementary tool for a reliable assessment of contaminated soils. In Chapter 1, the problem of soil contamination, the main soil pollutants and the available tools for soil risk assessment are briefly introduced. The hypothesis of this work and its main objectives are also presented. Finally, the methodology applied during the performance of this work is summarized. In Chapter 2, the environmental threats of soils surrounding and abandoned mercury mine in Valle del Azogue (Almería, Spain) are studied. Chapter 3 assesses the risks associated to an abandoned F-Ba-Pb-Zn mining area in Osor (Girona, Spain). Chapter 4 evaluates the ecological impacts of soils from the abandoned mercury mining district of Almadén (Ciudad Real, Spain). In Chapter 5, the remediation procedure of a hydrocarbon-contaminated soil is assessed through ecotoxicity tests and chemical analysis and their suitability as monitoring tools of hydrocarbon degradation is studied. In Chapter 6, the risks that field doses of the (until recently) massively-applied insecticide imidacloprid (commercial formulation Confidor®) pose for the terrestrial and aquatic compartments are studied. Chapter 7 presents an alternative procedure to test the behavioral response of collembolans Folsomia candida in avoidance tests. Chapter 8 includes the most relevant information and presents the main conclusions.