Frontiers Of Science And Philosophy Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Robert G. Colodny
Publisher : University of Pittsburgh Pre
Release : 1963-01-15
Page : 296
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 0822975602
Description :


Six essays by noted philosophers of science include the following topics: explanation in science and in history; philosophy and the scientific image of man; psychoanalysis and parapsychology; the conceptual basis of the biological sciences; the nature of time; and problems of microphysics.


Author : A. C. Grayling
Publisher : Penguin UK
Release : 2021-05-06
Page : 432
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 0241980879
Description :


'Grayling brings satisfying order to daunting subjects' Steven Pinker _________________________ In very recent times humanity has learnt a vast amount about the universe, the past, and itself. But through our remarkable successes in acquiring knowledge we have learned how much we have yet to learn: the science we have, for example, addresses just 5 per cent of the universe; pre-history is still being revealed, with thousands of historical sites yet to be explored; and the new neurosciences of mind and brain are just beginning. What do we know, and how do we know it? What do we now know that we don't know? And what have we learnt about the obstacles to knowing more? In a time of deepening battles over what knowledge and truth mean, these questions matter more than ever. Bestselling polymath and philosopher A. C. Grayling seeks to answer them in three crucial areas at the frontiers of knowledge: science, history and psychology. A remarkable history of science, life on earth, and the human mind itself, this is a compelling and fascinating tour de force, written with verve, clarity and remarkable breadth of knowledge. _________________________ 'Remarkable, readable and authoritative. How he has mastered so much, so thoroughly, is nothing short of amazing' Lawrence M. Krauss, author of A Universe from Nothing 'This book hums with the excitement of the great human project of discovery' Adam Zeman, author of Aphantasia


Author : Shou-yi Ch'en
Publisher :
Release : 1962
Page :
Category :
ISBN 13 :
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Author : Santhosh Mathew
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-08
Page : 206
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 3319018876
Description :


This book is a collection of fourteen essays that describe an inspiring journey through the universe and discusses popular science topics that modern physics and cosmology are struggling to deal with. What is our place in the universe and what happens in the magnificent cosmos where we exist for a brief amount of time. In an unique way that incorporates mythological and philosophical perspectives, the essays in this work address the big questions of what the universe is, how it came into being, and where it may be heading. This exciting adventure is a rich scientific history of elegant physics, mathematics, and cosmology as well as a philosophical and spiritual pursuit fueled by the human imagination.


Author : Keith A. Markus
Denny Borsboom
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-06-19
Page : 342
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1135055866
Description :


This book examines test validity in the behavioral, social, and educational sciences by exploring three fundamental problems: measurement, causation and meaning. Psychometric and philosophical perspectives receive attention along with unresolved issues. The authors explore how measurement is conceived from both the classical and modern perspectives. The importance of understanding the underlying concepts as well as the practical challenges of test construction and use receive emphasis throughout. The book summarizes the current state of the test validity theory field. Necessary background on test theory and statistics is presented as a conceptual overview where needed. Each chapter begins with an overview of key material reviewed in previous chapters, concludes with a list of suggested readings, and features boxes with examples that connect theory to practice. These examples reflect actual situations that occurred in psychology, education, and other disciplines in the US and around the globe, bringing theory to life. Critical thinking questions related to the boxed material engage and challenge readers. A few examples include: What is the difference between intelligence and IQ? Can people disagree on issues of value but agree on issues of test validity? Is it possible to ask the same question in two different languages? The first part of the book contrasts theories of measurement as applied to the validity of behavioral science measures.The next part considers causal theories of measurement in relation to alternatives such as behavior domain sampling, and then unpacks the causal approach in terms of alternative theories of causation.The final section explores the meaning and interpretation of test scores as it applies to test validity. Each set of chapters opens with a review of the key theories and literature and concludes with a review of related open questions in test validity theory. Researchers, practitioners and policy makers interested in test validity or developing tests appreciate the book's cutting edge review of test validity. The book also serves as a supplement in graduate or advanced undergraduate courses on test validity, psychometrics, testing or measurement taught in psychology, education, sociology, social work, political science, business, criminal justice and other fields. The book does not assume a background in measurement.


Author : Robert Garland Colodny
Publisher :
Release : 1997
Page : 288
Category :
ISBN 13 :
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Author : Dean Hayson
Publisher : Lulu Press, Inc
Release : 2013-01-29
Page : 214
Category : Religion
ISBN 13 : 1470967561
Description :


Does Enlightenment exist ? If so, what is it ? and how much effort is required to obtain it ? Is there an Ultimate Reality ? and what can we do in order to experience it ? Did Einstein’s “spooky” idea about the Quantum World provide the scientific evidence for the Buddha’s teaching that Everything in the Universe is Connected ? What’s the deal with a Peak Experience or Self-Transcendent state ? Enlightenment and other Musings is the result of Dean Hayson’s journey in search of answers to these ..and other .. questions. It traces the route of expanded consciousness; from ancient Philosophical and Religious beliefs to recent discoveries in Psychology and Science. Written in clear, concise and often humorous language, this book will entertain a wide audience. If you ever suspected that there might just be something in the 200,000 year exploration of consciousness that we have undertaken then you will enjoy this book ... and also meet a Yak named Elvis !


Author : Robert Garland Colodny (ed)
Publisher :
Release : 1963
Page :
Category :
ISBN 13 :
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Author : Cameron B. Strang
Publisher : UNC Press Books
Release : 2018-06-13
Page : 376
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 1469640481
Description :


Cameron Strang takes American scientific thought and discoveries away from the learned societies, museums, and teaching halls of the Northeast and puts the production of knowledge about the natural world in the context of competing empires and an expanding republic in the Gulf South. People often dismissed by starched northeasterners as nonintellectuals--Indian sages, African slaves, Spanish officials, Irishmen on the make, clearers of land and drivers of men--were also scientific observers, gatherers, organizers, and reporters. Skulls and stems, birds and bugs, rocks and maps, tall tales and fertile hypotheses came from them. They collected, described, and sent the objects that scientists gazed on and interpreted in polite Philadelphia. They made knowledge. Frontiers of Science offers a new framework for approaching American intellectual history, one that transcends political and cultural boundaries and reveals persistence across the colonial and national eras. The pursuit of knowledge in the United States did not cohere around democratic politics or the influence of liberty. It was, as in other empires, divided by multiple loyalties and identities, organized through contested hierarchies of ethnicity and place, and reliant on violence. By discovering the lost intellectual history of one region, Strang shows us how to recover a continent for science.


Author : American Association for the Advancement of Science. Section on History and Philosophy of Science
Publisher :
Release : 1961
Page : 484
Category : Science
ISBN 13 :
Description :


This collection of six symposia, with 24 prominent philosophers and scientists participating, concentrates on many of the most significant issues and controversies at the frontiers of philosophical and scientific enlightenment. The discussions clarify basic issues and problems and go on to suggest new avenues for their resolution. Each contribution is original; none has been published before. These fascinating give-and-take sessions among eminent thinkers simulate the reader to do his own thinking about fundamental problems in the logic and methodology of science. Among the problems discussed are the epistemological foundations of science, the logic of quantum theory, philosophy of space and time, and methodology of psychology. -- from dust jacket.


Author : Gabriela Celani
Olfa Kanoun
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2017-10-10
Page : 241
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 3110537680
Description :


Sponsored by the Alexander von Humbold Stiftung the "Bragfost-Confernce" brings together about 60 outstanding German and Brazilian Scientists to discuss most topical issues in the field of electrical engineering, energy-supply as well as sociological impact of technology. This book presents the most relevant contributions in extended and revised form.


Author : William Krieger
Publisher :
Release : 2011
Page : 231
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 9780739150153
Description :


"'Science at the Frontiers: Perspectives on the History and Philosophy of Science' brings new voices to the study of the history and philosophy of science. It supplements current literature on the history and philosophy of science, which is often focused on the philosophy of physics, by highlighting sciences that are overlooked by the current literature and by viewing classic problems in the field from new perspectives. William H. Krieger, himself an archaeologist and philosopher of science, brings together scientists, philosophers of science, and historians of science to write on the lessons that the field stands to learn from case studies in such disciplines as archaeology, medicine, biology, and others. These essays answer many of the questions that have resisted solution in the classical canon while raising new questions born out of new perspectives on the history and philosophy of science. Those studying the philosophy and history of science and those who are already practicing scientists, philosophers of science, and historians of science will gain a great deal from these essays"--Provided by publisher.


Author : Antonio Augusto Rossotto Ioris
Rafael R. Ioris
Publisher : Lexington Books
Release : 2020-06-22
Page : 338
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 1498594727
Description :


Frontiers of Development in the Amazon: Riches, Risks, and Resistances contributes to ongoing debates on the processes of change in the Amazon, a region inherently tied to the expansion of internal and external socio-economic and environmental frontiers. This book offers interdisciplinary analyses from a range of scholars in Europe, Latin America, and the United States that question the methods of development and the range of socio-ecological impacts of those methods by examining the theoretical, methodological, and empirical dimensions of frontier-making along with evaluating and refining existing frameworks. Contributors focus on the complex politics of border formation shaped by institutional, economic, and political forces, placing them in relation to ethical, imaginary, and symbolic elements. In doing so, contributors explore the dynamic production of identities, values, and subjectivities, covering matters of migratory patterns, complex power struggles, and intensive—at times violent—clashes. Among other topics, this book assesses the recent encroachment of export-driven agribusiness into the Amazon Region in the context of recolonization, resource exploitation and multiple programs of modernization and national integration. Scholars of Latin American studies, international development, environmental studies, and applied social sciences will find this book particularly useful.


Author : Isabelle Stengers
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-03-16
Page : 220
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 1509521828
Description :


Like fast food, fast science is quickly prepared, not particularly good, and it clogs up the system. Efforts to tackle our most pressing issues have been stymied by conflict within the scientific community and mixed messages symptomatic of a rushed approach. What is more, scientific research is being shaped by the bubbles and crashes associated with economic speculation and the market. A focus on conformism, competitiveness, opportunism and flexibility has made it extremely difficult to present cases of failure to the public, for fear that it will lose confidence in science altogether. In this bold new book, distinguished philosopher Isabelle Stengers shows that research is deeply intertwined with broader social interests, which means that science cannot race ahead in isolation but must learn instead to slow down. Stengers offers a path to an alternative science, arguing that researchers should stop seeing themselves as the 'thinking, rational brain of humanity' and refuse to allow their expertise to be used to shut down the concerns of the public, or to spread the belief that scientific progress is inevitable and will resolve all of society's problems. Rather, science must engage openly and honestly with an intelligent public and be clear about the kind of knowledge it is capable of producing. This timely and accessible book will be of great interest to students, scholars and policymakers in a wide range of fields, as well anyone concerned with the role of science and its future.


Author : John Cornwell
Michael McGhee
Publisher : A&C Black
Release : 2009-07-25
Page : 258
Category : Religion
ISBN 13 : 1847065481
Description :


A series of philosophers reflect upon the status and sources of their religion and spiritual sympathies. They rise above the rancour of recent debates fuelled by secular critics such as Dawkins, Dennett and Hitchens to reclaim the essential capacity of religion to touch the hearts and minds of a diverse global audience.


Author : Steve Fuller
Publisher : Polity
Release : 2007-10-01
Page : 232
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 0745636942
Description :


Steve Fuller has a reputation for setting the terms of debate within science and technology studies. In his latest book, New Frontiers in Science and Technology Studies he charts the debates likely to be of relevance in the coming years. Should science and technology be treated as separate entities? What impact has globalization had on science and technology? Can science be clearly distinguished from other forms of knowledge? Does the politicization of science really matter? Is there a role for the social regulation of scientific inquiry? Should we be worried about research fraud? These questions are explored by examining an array of historical, philosophical and contemporary sources. Attention is paid, for example, to the Bruno Latour's The Politics of Nature as a model for science policy, as well as the global controversy surrounding Bjorn Lomborg's The Sceptical Environmentalist, which led to the dismantling and re-establishment of the Danish national research ethics board. New Frontiers in Science and Technology Studies will appeal strongly to scholars and advanced undergraduate and graduate students in courses concerned with the social dimensions of science and technology, and anyone who cares about the future of science.


Author : Yung-Jong Shiah
Kwang-Kuo Hwang
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2017-11-29
Page :
Category :
ISBN 13 : 2889453340
Description :


The publication of this book, East Asian Philosophies and Psychology: Towards Psychology of Self-cultivation, signifies an important breakthrough for the indigenization movements of psychology which have happened in many non-Western countries since 1980s. Viewing from the perspective of scientific revolution (Kuhn, 1969), when Western paradigms of psychology are transplanted to non-Western countries and encounter anomalies which cannot be explained by the imported theories, the foreign theories are in a state of crisis waiting for scientific revolution.


Author : Ian C Jarvie
Jesus Zamora-Bonilla
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2011-02-17
Page : 772
Category : Social Science
ISBN 13 : 1446209717
Description :


- what is the relationship between the social sciences and the natural sciences? - where do today's dominant approaches to doing social science come from? - what are the main fissures and debates in contemporary social scientific thought? - how are we to make sense of seemingly contrasting approaches to how social scientists find out about the world and justify their claims to have knowledge of it? In this exciting handbook, Ian Jarvie and Jesús Zamora-Bonilla have put together a wide-ranging and authoritative overview of the main philosophical currents and traditions at work in the social sciences today. Starting with the history of social scientific thought, this handbook sets out to explore that core fundamentals of social science practice, from issues of ontology and epistemology to issues of practical method. Along the way it investigates such notions as paradigm, empiricism, postmodernism, naturalism, language, agency, power, culture, and causality. Bringing together in one volume leading authorities in the field from around the world, this book will be a must-have for any serious scholar or student of the social sciences.


Author : Ethnikon Hidryma
Publisher :
Release : 1966
Page : 91
Category : Science
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Robert G. Colodny
Publisher : University of Pittsburgh Pre
Release : 1971-01-15
Page : 380
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 0822975890
Description :


The six essays in this volume discuss philosophical thought on scientific theory including: a call for a realist, rather than instrumentalist interpretation of science; a critique of one of the core ideas of positivism concerning the relation between observational and theoretical languages; using aerodynamics to discuss the representational aspect of scientific theories and their isomorphic qualities; the relationship between the reliability of common sense and the authenticity of the world view of science; removing long-held ambiguities on the theory of inductive logic; and the relationship between the actuality of conceptual revolutions in the history of science and traditional philosophical pictures of scientific theory-building.