Fundamentals Of Solid State Lighting Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Vinod Kumar Khanna
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-06-03
Page : 604
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 1466561092
Description :


Compared to traditional electrical filaments, arc lamps, and fluorescent lamps, solid-state lighting offers higher efficiency, reliability, and environmentally friendly technology. LED / solid-state lighting is poised to take over conventional lighting due to cost savings—there is pretty much no debate about this. In response to the recent activity in this field, Fundamentals of Solid-State Lighting: LEDs, OLEDs, and Their Applications in Illumination and Displays covers a range of solid-state devices, technologies, and materials used for lighting and displays. It also examines auxiliary but critical requirements of efficient applications, such as modeling, thermal management, reliability, and smart lighting. The book discusses performance metrics of LEDs such as efficiency, efficacy, current–voltage characteristics, optical parameters like spectral distribution, color temperature, and beam angle before moving on to luminescence theory, injection luminescence, radiative and non-radiative recombination mechanisms, recombination rates, carrier lifetimes, and related topics. This lays down the groundwork for understanding LED operation. The book then discusses energy gaps, light emission, semiconductor material, special equipment, and laboratory facilities. It also covers production and applications of high-brightness LEDs (HBLEDs) and organic LEDs (OLEDs). LEDs represent the landmark development in lighting since the invention of electric lighting, allowing us to create unique, low-energy lighting solutions, not to talk about their minor maintenance expenses. The rapid strides of LED lighting technology over the last few years have changed the dynamics of the global lighting market, and LEDs are expected to be the mainstream light source in the near future. In a nutshell, the book traces the advances in LEDs, OLEDs, and their applications, and presents an up-to-date and analytical perspective of the scenario for audiences of different backgrounds and interests.


Author : Vinod Kumar Khanna
Publisher :
Release : 2014-01-01
Page : 587
Category : Electronic books
ISBN 13 : 9781306866811
Description :


Compared to traditional electrical filaments, arc lamps, and fluorescent lamps, solid-state lighting offers higher efficiency, reliability, and environmentally friendly technology. LED / solid-state lighting is poised to take over conventional lighting due to cost savings there is pretty much no debate about this. In response to the recent activity in this field, Fundamentals of Solid-State Lighting: LEDs, OLEDs, and Their Applications in Illumination and Displays covers a range of solid-state devices, technologies, and materials used for lighting and displays. It also examines auxiliary but critical requirements of efficient applications, such as modeling, thermal management, reliability, and smart lighting. The book discusses performance metrics of LEDs such as efficiency, efficacy, current voltage characteristics, optical parameters like spectral distribution, color temperature, and beam angle before moving on to luminescence theory, injection luminescence, radiative and non-radiative recombination mechanisms, recombination rates, carrier lifetimes, and related topics. This lays down the groundwork for understanding LED operation. The book then discusses energy gaps, light emission, semiconductor material, special equipment, and laboratory facilities. It also covers production and applications of high-brightness LEDs (HBLEDs) and organic LEDs (OLEDs). LEDs represent the landmark development in lighting since the invention of electric lighting, allowing us to create unique, low-energy lighting solutions, not to talk about their minor maintenance expenses. The rapid strides of LED lighting technology over the last few years have changed the dynamics of the global lighting market, and LEDs are expected to be the mainstream light source in the near future. In a nutshell, the book traces the advances in LEDs, OLEDs, and their applications, and presents an up-to-date and analytical perspective of the scenario for audiences of different backgrounds and interests."


Author : Sanjay J. Dhoble
Govind B. Nair
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-07-09
Page : 284
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 0128231610
Description :


The Fundamentals and Applications of Light-Emitting Diodes: The Revolution in the Lighting Industry examines the evolution of LEDs, including a review of the luminescence process and background on solid state lighting. The book emphasizes phosphor-converted LEDs that are based on inorganic phosphors but explores different types of LEDs based on inorganic, organic, quantum dots, perovskite-structured materials, and biomaterials. A detailed description is included about the diverse applications of LEDs in fields such as lighting, displays, horticulture, biomedicine, and digital communication, as well as challenges that must be solved before using LEDs in commercial applications. Traditional light sources are fast being replaced by light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The fourth generation of lighting is completely dominated by LED luminaires. Apart from lighting, LEDs have extended their hold on other fields, such as digital communications, horticulture, medicine, space research, art and culture, display devices, and entertainment. The technological promises offered by LEDs have elevated them as front-runners in the lighting industry. Presents a concise overview of different types of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) based on inorganic phosphors, organic materials, quantum dots, perovskite-structured materials, and biomaterials Includes a discussion of current and emerging applications in lighting, communications, horticulture, and medical fields Addresses fundamentals, luminescence mechanisms, and key optical materials, including synthesis methods


Author : David S. Ginley
David Cahen
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2011-11-30
Page :
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 1139502689
Description :


How will we meet rising energy demands? What are our options? Are there viable long-term solutions for the future? Learn the fundamental physical, chemical and materials science at the heart of: • Renewable/non-renewable energy sources • Future transportation systems • Energy efficiency • Energy storage Whether you are a student taking an energy course or a newcomer to the field, this textbook will help you understand critical relationships between the environment, energy and sustainability. Leading experts provide comprehensive coverage of each topic, bringing together diverse subject matter by integrating theory with engaging insights. Each chapter includes helpful features to aid understanding, including a historical overview to provide context, suggested further reading and questions for discussion. Every subject is beautifully illustrated and brought to life with full color images and color-coded sections for easy browsing, making this a complete educational package. Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability will enable today's scientists and educate future generations.


Author : S. W. Ricky Lee
Jeffery C. C. Lo
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-11-15
Page : 256
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 1118881478
Description :


A comprehensive reference including practical, hands-on exercises and data of experimental studies, written by leading researchers in the field • An introductory/intermediate level treatment including practical, hands-on exercises and data of experimental studies, written by leading researchers in the field • The authors lead a LED packaging R&D center with an industrial grade prototyping line and state-of-the-art facilities for materials/optical/electrical/thermal characterization. A substantial amount of technical contents in this book is based on the hands-on experience and experimental practices of the authors • The manufacture of LED-based luminaries for lighting is a huge area and there is a need for a comprehensive book instructing engineers and designers in the lighting industry • Includes packaging LED components such as interconnection, phosphor deposition, encapsulation, thermal management and reliability, making this an excellent reference and background reading for engineers and researchers


Author : William M. Yen
Shigeo(decease) Shionoya
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-03
Page : 352
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 1351835874
Description :


Drawing from the second edition of the best-selling Handbook of Phosphors, Fundamentals of Phosphors covers the principles and mechanisms of luminescence in detail and surveys the primary phosphor materials as well as their optical properties. The book addresses cutting-edge developments in phosphor science and technology including oxynitride phosphors and the impact of lanthanide level location on phosphor performance. Beginning with an explanation of the physics underlying luminescence mechanisms in solids, the book goes on to interpret various luminescence phenomena in inorganic and organic materials. This includes the interpretation of the luminescence of recently developed low-dimensional systems, such as quantum wells and dots. The book also discusses the excitation mechanisms by cathode-ray and ionizing radiation and by electric fields to produce electroluminescence. The book classifies phosphor materials according to the type of luminescence centers employed or the class of host materials used and interprets the optical properties of these materials, including their luminescence characteristics and mechanisms. Placing a strong emphasis on those materials that are important from a practical point of view, the coverage also includes those possessing no possibility for practical use but are important from a theoretical standpoint.


Author : Hans Zappe
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2010-09-30
Page :
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 1139493639
Description :


From optical fundamentals to advanced applications, this comprehensive guide to micro-optics covers all the key areas for those who need an in-depth introduction to micro-optic devices, technologies, and applications. Topics covered range from basic optics, optical materials, refraction, and diffraction, to micro-mirrors, micro-lenses, diffractive optics, optoelectronics, and fabrication. Advanced topics, such as tunable and nano-optics, are also discussed. Real-world case studies and numerous worked examples are provided throughout, making complex concepts easier to follow, whilst an extensive bibliography provides a valuable resource for further study. With exercises provided at the end of each chapter to aid and test understanding, this is an ideal textbook for graduate and advanced undergraduate students taking courses in optics, photonics, micro-optics, microsystems, and MEMs. It is also a useful self-study guide for research engineers working on optics development.


Author : Zhe Chuan Feng
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-06-12
Page : 704
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 1351647644
Description :


This handbook addresses the development of energy-efficient, environmentally friendly solid-state light sources, in particular semiconductor light emitting diodes (LEDs) and other solid-state lighting devices. It reflects the vast growth of this field and impacts in diverse industries, from lighting to communications, biotechnology, imaging, and medicine. The chapters include coverage of nanoscale processing, fabrication of LEDs, light diodes, photodetectors and nanodevices, characterization techniques, application, and recent advances. Readers will obtain an understanding of the key properties of solid-state lighting and LED devices, an overview of current technologies, and appreciation for the challenges remaining. The handbook will be useful to material growers and evaluators, device design and processing engineers, newcomers, students, and professionals in the field.


Author : Rong-Jun Xie
Yuan Qiang Li
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
Page : 348
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 1439830126
Description :


Nitride Phosphors and Solid-State Lighting provides an in-depth introduction to the crystal chemistry, synthesis, luminescence, and applications of phosphor materials for solid-state lighting, mainly focusing on new nitride phosphors. Drawing on their extensive experimental work, the authors offer a multidisciplinary study of phosphor materials that encompasses materials science, inorganic chemistry, solid-state chemistry, solid-state physics, optical spectroscopy, crystal field theory, and computational materials science. The book begins with an introduction to the principles, semiconductor/phosphor materials, and characterizations of solid-state lighting and white light-emitting diodes (LEDs). It then discusses the optical and luminescence processes occurring in optically active centers of solid materials and presents the photoluminescence properties of traditional phosphors for white LEDs, including garnets, aluminates, silicates, sulfides, oxysulfides, phosphates, and scheelites. The remainder of the text focuses on newly developed nitride phosphors. The authors describe the crystal chemistry of general nitride compounds, the crystal structure and photoluminescence properties of new nitride phosphors, and synthetic methods for preparing nitride phosphors. They detail the structural analysis of nitride phosphors and present experimental and computational results of typical nitride phosphors. The authors also examine key issues, such as excitation and emission spectra, thermal quenching, and quantum efficiency. The final chapter explores applications of nitride phosphors in white LEDs for general lighting and LCD backlight purposes. Covering novel luminescent materials, this book brings you up to date on the evolving field of solid-state lighting. It illustrates the fundamentals, synthesis, properties, and applications of the latest nitride phosphor materials.


Author : Kirk VanGelder
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 2019-01-29
Page : 1500
Category : Transportation
ISBN 13 : 1284143392
Description :


Designed to prepare new technicians for ASE G1 Certification, Fundamentals of Automotive Maintenance and Light Repair, Second Edition covers the foundational theory and skills necessary to prepare entry-level technicians to maintain and repair today's light duty vehicles.


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 2009
Page :
Category : Electric lighting
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Adrian Kitai
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-12-12
Page : 384
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 1119140595
Description :


LEDs are in the midst of revolutionizing the lighting industry Up-to-date and comprehensive coverage of light-emitting materials and devices used in solid state lighting and displays Presents the fundamental principles underlying luminescence Includes inorganic and organic materials and devices LEDs offer high efficiency, long life and mercury free lighting solutions


Author : Wout van Bommel
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-08-13
Page : 483
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 3030171957
Description :


This book outlines the underlying principles on which interior lighting should be based, provides detailed information on the lighting hardware available today and gives guidance for the design of interior lighting installations resulting in good visual performance and comfort, alertness and health. The book is divided into three parts. Part One discusses the fundamentals of the visual and non-visual mechanisms and the practical consequences for visual performance and comfort, for sleep, daytime alertness and performance, and includes chapters on age effects, therapeutic effects and hazardous effects of lighting. Part Two deals with the lighting hardware: lamps (with emphasis on LEDs), gear, drivers and luminaires including chapters about lighting controls and LEDs beyond lighting. Part Three is the application part, providing the link between theory and practice and supplying the reader with the knowledge needed for lighting design. It describes the relevant lighting criteria for good and efficient interior lighting and discusses the International, European and North American standards and recommendations for interior lighting. A particular focus is on solid state light sources (LEDs) and the possibility to design innovative, truly-sustainable lighting installations that are adaptable to changing circumstances. The design of such installations is difficult and the book offers details of the typical characteristics of the many different solid state light sources, and of the aspects determining the final quality of interior lighting. Essential reading for interior lighting designers, lighting engineers and architects, the book will also be a useful reference for researchers and students. Reviews of Road Lighting by the same author: "If you are going to design streetlighting, you must read this book....a solid, comprehensive textbook written by an acknowledged expert in the field – if you have a query about any aspect of streetlighting design, you will find the answer here.” – LUX, August 2015 “...a realy comprehensive book dealing with every aspect of the subject well...essential text for reference on this subject” – Lighting Journal, March 2015


Author : Mark Fox
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2010-03-26
Page : 415
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 0191576727
Description :


The second edition of this successful textbook provides an up-to-date account of the optical physics of solid state materials. The basic principles of absorption, reflection, luminescence, and light scattering are covered for a wide range of materials, including insulators, semiconductors and metals. The text starts with a review of classical optics, and then moves on to the treatment of optical transition rates by quantum theory. In addition to the traditional discussion of crystalline materials, glasses and molecular solids are also covered. The first edition included a number of subjects that are not normally covered in standard texts, notably semiconductor quantum wells, molecular materials, vibronic solid state lasers, and nonlinear optics. The basic structure of the second edition is unchanged, but all of the chapters have been updated and improved. Futhermore, a number of important new topics have been added, including: · Optical control of spin · Quantum dots · Plasmonics · Negative refraction · Carbon nanostructures (graphene, nanotubes and fullerenes) · NV centres in diamond The text is aimed at final year undergraduates, masters students and researchers. It is mainly written for physicists, but might also be useful for electrical engineers, materials scientists and physical chemists. The topics are written in a clear tutorial style with worked examples, chapter summaries and exercises. A solutions manual is available on request for instructors.


Author : Clemens J.M. Lasance
András Poppe
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-09-17
Page : 551
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 1461450918
Description :


Thermal Management for LED Applications provides state-of-the-art information on recent developments in thermal management as it relates to LEDs and LED-based systems and their applications. Coverage begins with an overview of the basics of thermal management including thermal design for LEDs, thermal characterization and testing of LEDs, and issues related to failure mechanisms and reliability and performance in harsh environments. Advances and recent developments in thermal management round out the book with discussions on advances in TIMs (thermal interface materials) for LED applications, advances in forced convection cooling of LEDs, and advances in heat sinks for LED assemblies.


Author : Leah Bergman
Jeanne L. McHale
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
Page : 468
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 1439834806
Description :


Photoluminescence spectroscopy is an important approach for examining the optical interactions in semiconductors and optical devices with the goal of gaining insight into material properties. With contributions from researchers at the forefront of this field, Handbook of Luminescent Semiconductor Materials explores the use of this technique to study semiconductor materials in a variety of applications, including solid-state lighting, solar energy conversion, optical devices, and biological imaging. After introducing basic semiconductor theory and photoluminescence principles, the book focuses on the optical properties of wide-bandgap semiconductors, such as AlN, GaN, and ZnO. It then presents research on narrow-bandgap semiconductors and solid-state lighting. The book also covers the optical properties of semiconductors in the nanoscale regime, including quantum dots and nanocrystals. This handbook explains how photoluminescence spectroscopy is a powerful and practical analytical tool for revealing the fundamentals of light interaction and, thus, the optical properties of semiconductors. The book shows how luminescent semiconductors are used in lasers, photodiodes, infrared detectors, light-emitting diodes, solid-state lamps, solar energy, and biological imaging.


Author : Adrian Kitai
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-03-06
Page : 384
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 1119140587
Description :


Cover -- Title Page -- Copyright -- Contents -- List of Contributors -- Series Preface -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- About the Editor -- Chapter 1 Principles of Solid State Luminescence -- 1.1 Introduction to Radiation from an Accelerating Charge -- 1.2 Radiation from an Oscillating Dipole -- 1.3 Quantum Description of an Electron during a Radiation Event -- 1.4 The Exciton -- 1.5 Two-Electron Atoms -- 1.6 Molecular Excitons -- 1.7 Band-to-Band Transitions -- 1.8 Photometric Units -- 1.9 The Light Emitting Diode -- References -- Chapter 2 Quantum Dots for Displays and Solid State Lighting -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Nanostructured Materials -- 2.3 Quantum Dots -- 2.3.1 History of Quantum Dots -- 2.3.2 Structure and Properties Relationship -- 2.3.3 Quantum Confinement Effects on Band Gap -- 2.4 Relaxation Process of Excitons -- 2.4.1 Radiative Relaxation -- 2.4.2 Nonradiative Relaxation Process -- 2.5 Blinking Effect -- 2.6 Surface Passivation -- 2.6.1 Organically Capped QDs -- 2.6.2 Inorganically Passivated QDs -- 2.7 Synthesis Processes -- 2.7.1 Top-Down Synthesis -- 2.7.2 Bottom-Up Approach -- 2.8 Optical Properties and Applications -- 2.8.1 Displays -- 2.8.2 Solid State Lighting -- 2.8.3 Biological Applications -- 2.9 Perspective -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 3 Color Conversion Phosphors for Light Emitting Diodes -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Disadvantages of Using LEDs Without Color Conversion Phosphors -- 3.3 Phosphors for Converting the Color of Light Emitted by LEDs -- 3.3.1 General Considerations -- 3.3.2 Requirements of Color Conversion Phosphors -- 3.3.3 Commonly Used Activators in Color Conversion Phosphors -- 3.3.4 Strategies for Generating White Light from LEDs -- 3.3.5 Outstanding Problems with Color Conversion Phosphors for LEDs


Author : W. C. Cook
Publisher :
Release : 1970
Page : 100
Category : Color television
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : M. Nisa Khan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-08-20
Page : 272
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 146650773X
Description :


Understanding LED Illumination elucidates the science of lighting for light emitting diodes. It presents concepts, theory, simulations, and new design techniques that shine the spotlight on illumination, energy efficiency, and reducing electrical power consumption. The text provides an introduction to the fundamentals of LED lamp design, and highli


Author : Munir H. Nayfeh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-06-29
Page : 602
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 0323480586
Description :


Fundamentals and Applications of Nano Silicon in Plasmonics and Fullerines: Current and Future Trends addresses current and future trends in the application and commercialization of nanosilicon. The book presents current, innovative and prospective applications and products based on nanosilicon and their binary system in the fields of energy harvesting and storage, lighting (solar cells and nano-capacitor and fuel cell devices and nanoLEDs), electronics (nanotransistors and nanomemory, quantum computing, photodetectors for space applications; biomedicine (substance detection, plasmonic treatment of disease, skin and hair care, implantable glucose sensor, capsules for drug delivery and underground water and oil exploration), and art (glass and pottery). Moreover, the book includes material on the use of advanced laser and proximal probes for imaging and manipulation of nanoparticles and atoms. In addition, coverage is given to carbon and how it contrasts and integrates with silicon with additional related applications. This is a valuable resource to all those seeking to learn more about the commercialization of nanosilicon, and to researchers wanting to learn more about emerging nanosilicon applications. Features a variety of designs and operation of nano-devices, helping engineers to make the best use of nanosilicon Contains underlying principles of how nanomaterials work and the variety of applications they provide, giving those new to nanosilicon a fundamental understanding Assesses the viability of various nanoslicon devices for mass production and commercialization, thereby providing an important source of information for engineers