How Evolution Explains The Human Condition Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : National Academy of Sciences
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1998-05-06
Page : 150
Category : Education
ISBN 13 : 0309063647
Description :


Today many school students are shielded from one of the most important concepts in modern science: evolution. In engaging and conversational style, Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science provides a well-structured framework for understanding and teaching evolution. Written for teachers, parents, and community officials as well as scientists and educators, this book describes how evolution reveals both the great diversity and similarity among the Earth's organisms; it explores how scientists approach the question of evolution; and it illustrates the nature of science as a way of knowing about the natural world. In addition, the book provides answers to frequently asked questions to help readers understand many of the issues and misconceptions about evolution. The book includes sample activities for teaching about evolution and the nature of science. For example, the book includes activities that investigate fossil footprints and population growth that teachers of science can use to introduce principles of evolution. Background information, materials, and step-by-step presentations are provided for each activity. In addition, this volume: Presents the evidence for evolution, including how evolution can be observed today. Explains the nature of science through a variety of examples. Describes how science differs from other human endeavors and why evolution is one of the best avenues for helping students understand this distinction. Answers frequently asked questions about evolution. Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science builds on the 1996 National Science Education Standards released by the National Research Council--and offers detailed guidance on how to evaluate and choose instructional materials that support the standards. Comprehensive and practical, this book brings one of today's educational challenges into focus in a balanced and reasoned discussion. It will be of special interest to teachers of science, school administrators, and interested members of the community.


Author : Roger Bourke White Jr.
Publisher : Author House
Release : 2013-03-26
Page : 322
Category : Health & Fitness
ISBN 13 : 1477273913
Description :


Ah, the mysteries of life Why is mankind a boom species? Why should we worry it if is? Why is the Bible’s Curse of Eve real, and necessary for human progress? How does Panic and Blunder Thinking get us into deep, deep trouble? And if it’s so bad, why do we still use it? These are questions of the human condition, and using evolution to answer these questions is what this book is all about.


Author : Charles Darwin
Publisher :
Release : 1897
Page :
Category : Evolution
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Robert G. Bednarik
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-06-28
Page : 207
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 9781441993533
Description :


This book summarizes the work of several decades, culminating in a revolutionary model of recent human evolution. It challenges current consensus views fundamentally, presenting in its support a mass of evidence, much of which has never been assembled before. This evidence derives primarily from archaeology, paleoanthropology, genetics, clinical psychology, neurosciences, linguistics and cognitive sciences. No even remotely similar thesis of recent human origins has ever been published, but some of the key elements of this book have been published by the author in major refereed journals in the last two years. Its implications are far-reaching and profoundly affect the way we perceive ourselves as a species. This book about what it means to be human is heavily referenced, with a bibliography of many hundreds of scientific entries.


Author : John C. Avise
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release : 2009-06-30
Page : 288
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 9780674020351
Description :


They mastermind our lives, shaping our features, our health, and our behavior, even in the sacrosanct realms of love and sex, religion, aging, and death. Yet we are the ones who house, perpetuate, and give the promise of immortality to these biological agents, our genetic gods. The link between genes and gods is hardly arbitrary, as the distinguished evolutionary geneticist John Avise reveals in this compelling book. In clear, straightforward terms, Avise reviews recent discoveries in molecular biology, evolutionary genetics, and human genetic engineering, and discusses the relevance of these findings to issues of ultimate concern traditionally reserved for mythology, theology, and religious faith. The book explains how the genetic gods figure in our development--not just our metabolism and physiology, but even our emotional disposition, personality, ethical leanings, and, indeed, religiosity. Yet genes are physical rather than metaphysical entities. Having arisen via an amoral evolutionary process--natural selection--genes have no consciousness, no sentient code of conduct, no reflective concern about the consequences of their actions. It is Avise's contention that current genetic knowledge can inform our attempts to answer typically religious questions--about origins, fate, and meaning. The Genetic Gods challenges us to make the necessary connection between what we know, what we believe, and what we embody. Table of Contents: Preface Prologue 1. The Doctrines of Biological Science 2. Geneses 3. Genetic Maladies 4. Genetic Beneficence 5. Strategies of the Genes 6. Genetic Sovereignty 7. New Lords of Our Genes? 8. Meaning Epilogue Notes Glossary Index Reviews of this book: Our genes, [Avise] says, are responsible not only for how we got here and exist day to day, but also for the core of our being--our personalities and morals. It is our genetic make-up that allows for and formulates our religious belief systems, he argues. Avise does not eschew spirituality but seeks a more informed, less confrontational approach between science and the pulpit. --Science News Reviews of this book: For the general scientific reader, the book is an excellent distillation of a broad and increasingly important field, a course of causation that cannot be ignored. From advising expectant parents to getting innocent people off death row, genetics increasingly dominates our lives. The sections on genetics are expertly written, particularly for those readers without in-depth knowledge. The author explains slowly and carefully just how genetics operates, using multiple metaphors. His genetic discourse proceeds in a neighborly fashion, as one might tell stories while sitting in a rocking chair at a country store. He seems to be invigorated by genes and just can't wait to tell about them. --David W. Hodo, Journal of the American Medical Association Reviews of this book: As a whole, this book is quite informative and stimulating, and sections of it are beautifully written. Indeed, Professor Avise has a real gift for prose and scientific expositions, and I would suspect that he must be a formidable lecturer...At its core, [The Genetic Gods] is a survey, and a very nice one at that, of evolutionary genetics, the field of the author's major research interests. There is a strong sociobiological cast to the arguments, and the work and ideas of E. O. Wilson figure prominently. The presentation of evolutionary genetics is imbedded in a more general discussion of modern human and molecular genetics...However, this book is, most of all, a philosophical treatise that attempts, admittedly with the bias of a biologist, to examine the intersection of the fundamental premises of evolution and religion. Professor Avise has given us plenty to think about in this book [and]...it was a real pleasure to wrestle with the ideas he was presenting. I would suggest that other readers give it a try. --Charles J. Epstein, Trends in Genetics Reviews of this book: [Avise's] account of the role genes play in shaping the human condition is wholly involving, paying particular attention to issues of reproduction, aging and death. In addition to presenting ample biological information in a form accessible to the nonspecialist, Avise does a superb job of discussing many of the ethical implications that have arisen from our growing knowledge of human genetics. Just a few of the topics covered are genetic engineering, the patenting of life, genetic screening, abortion, human cloning, gene therapy and insurance-related controversies. --Publishers Weekly Reviews of this book: Avise explains thoroughly how evolution operates on a genetic level. His goal is to show that humans can look to this information as a way to answer fundamental questions of life instead of looking to traditional religious beliefs...Avise includes some very interesting discussions of ethical concerns related to genetic issues. --Eric D. Albright, Library Journal This is a splendid account of a subject that affects us all: the breathtaking increase in understanding of human genetics and the insight it provides into human evolution. John Avise speaks with authority of molecular evolutionary genetics and with affecting compassion of what it might mean. --Douglas J. Futuyma, State University of New York at Stony Brook The Genetic Gods is many things. It is a wonderful introduction to modern molecular biology, by a man who knows his subject backwards. It is a stimulating account of the ways in which genetics impinges on human nature--our thinking and our behavior. It is a remarkably level-headed and sympathetic account of the implications of our new findings for traditional and not-so-traditional issues in philosophy and religion. In an age of genetic counseling, cloning, construction of new life forms, the book is worth its weight in gold for this alone. But most of all, it is a huge amount of fun to read--you want to applaud or argue with the author on nigh every page. Highly recommended! --Michael Ruse, University of Guelph The Genetic Gods makes a valuable contribution to the on-going task of sorting out the implications of evolutionary biology and genetics for human self-understanding. Avise addresses, with authority and grace, the most consequential intellectual issues of our time. A challenging and insightful book. --Loyal Rue, Harvard University A wonderfully informative and engaging book. Avise offers a lucid, accessible primer on our genes, angelic and demonic, and examines religious and ethical issues, all too human, now confronted by genetic science. He makes a compelling case that anyone seeking to 'Know Thyself' should study the DNA molecular scriptures, our most ancient and universal legacy. --Dudley Herschbach, Harvard University, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry


Author : Charles Darwin
Publisher :
Release : 1878
Page : 688
Category : Evolution
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Sang-Hee Lee
Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
Release : 2018-02-20
Page : 352
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 0393634833
Description :


“Deftly weaving together science and personal observation, Lee proves an engaging, authoritative guide… of the human condition.” —Kate Wong, editor at Scientific American What can fossilized teeth tell us about our ancient ancestors’ life expectancy? Did farming play a problematic role in the history of human evolution? And what do we have in common with Neanderthals? In this captivating bestseller, Close Encounters with Humankind, paleoanthropologist Sang-Hee Lee explores our greatest evolutionary questions from new and unexpected angles. Through a series of entertaining, bite-sized chapters that combine anthropological insight with cutting-edge science, we gain fresh perspectives into our first hominin ancestors and ways to challenge perceptions about the traditional progression of evolution. With Lee as our guide, we discover that we indeed have always been a species of continuous change.


Author : Nicolas Baumard
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016-03-01
Page : 360
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 0190210230
Description :


In order to describe the logic of morality, "contractualist" philosophers have studied how individuals behave when they choose to follow their moral intuitions. These individuals, contractualists note, often act as if they have bargained and thus reached an agreement with others about how to distribute the benefits and burdens of mutual cooperation. Using this observation, such philosophers argue that the purpose of morality is to maximize the benefits of human interaction. The resulting "contract" analogy is both insightful and puzzling. On one hand, it captures the pattern of moral intuitions, thus answering questions about human cooperation: why do humans cooperate? Why should the distribution of benefits be proportionate to each person's contribution? Why should the punishment be proportionate to the crime? Why should the rights be proportionate to the duties? On the other hand, the analogy provides a mere as-if explanation for human cooperation, saying that cooperation is "as if" people have passed a contract-but since they didn't, why should it be so? To evolutionary thinkers, the puzzle of the missing contract is immediately reminiscent of the puzzle of the missing "designer" of life-forms, a puzzle that Darwin's theory of natural selection essentially resolved. Evolutionary and contractualist theory originally intersected at the work of philosophers John Rawls and David Gauthier, who argued that moral judgments are based on a sense of fairness that has been naturally selected. In this book, Nicolas Baumard further explores the theory that morality was originally an adaptation to the biological market of cooperation, an arena in which individuals competed to be selected for cooperative interactions. In this environment, Baumard suggests, the best strategy was to treat others with impartiality and to share the costs and benefits of cooperation in a fair way, so that those who offered less than others were left out of cooperation while those who offered more were exploited by their partners. It is with this evolutionary approach that Baumard ultimately accounts for the specific structure of human morality.


Author : Daniel Lieberman
Publisher : Vintage
Release : 2014
Page : 460
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 030774180X
Description :


In this book the author, a Harvard evolutionary biologist presents an account of how the human body has evolved over millions of years, examining how an increasing disparity between the needs of Stone Age bodies and the realities of the modern world are fueling a paradox of greater longevity and chronic disease. It illuminates the major transformations that contributed key adaptations to the body: the rise of bipedalism; the shift to a non-fruit-based diet; the advent of hunting and gathering, leading to our superlative endurance athleticism; the development of a very large brain; and the incipience of cultural proficiencies. The author also elucidates how cultural evolution differs from biological evolution, and how our bodies were further transformed during the Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions. While these ongoing changes have brought about many benefits, they have also created conditions to which our bodies are not entirely adapted, the author argues, resulting in the growing incidence of obesity and new but avoidable diseases, such as type 2 diabetes. The author proposes that many of these chronic illnesses persist and in some cases are intensifying because of 'dysevolution,' a pernicious dynamic whereby only the symptoms rather than the causes of these maladies are treated. And finally, he advocates the use of evolutionary information to help nudge, push, and sometimes even compel us to create a more salubrious environment. -- From publisher's web site.


Author : Leslie Dewart
Publisher :
Release : 1989
Page : 399
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 :
Description :


A textbook for third year undergraduates and postgraduates. In a challenging philosophic investigation of the origin of consciousness and human culture, Dewart (religion, emeritus, U. of Toronto) proposes a theory to explain the origin of all specifically human traits. Complementing the theory of evolution through natural selection, it explains the emergence and those the continuing evolution of characterstics through the interaction of experience and speech. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR


Author : Jim Daniel
Publisher :
Release : 2013-07-24
Page : 212
Category :
ISBN 13 : 9781491057247
Description :


Are you interested in the future of the human race? If not, don't buy this book.For thousands of years, people have tried to make sense of the human condition, and to improve it. They've sought answers and solutions in religion, politics, art and science. However, our stubborn human nature has always been an obstacle to progress.Now we've entered the Age of Genetic Engineering. Sometime in the not-too-distant future, our children, or their children, will be consciously designed rather than randomly generated. No amount of opposition will stop this trend.The question then becomes, How do we take charge of our own evolution as a species? Which human traits should be preserved, and which should be altered? And how do we ensure that genetic engineering is employed for the good of humanity as a whole?Building the Network for Human Evolution explains why human beings find it so difficult to improve their mental and moral capacities. It challenges the limits on human health and happiness. Along the way, it slaughters sacred cows and raises fateful questions. And, in the end, it fires a starting gun in humanity's race to determine its own destiny.


Author : Robert N. Bellah
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release : 2011-09-15
Page : 784
Category : Religion
ISBN 13 : 0674063090
Description :


This ambitious book probes our biological past to discover the kinds of lives that human beings have imagined were worth living. Bellah’s theory goes deep into cultural and genetic evolution to identify a range of capacities (communal dancing, storytelling, theorizing) whose emergence made religious development possible in the first millennium BCE.


Author : Jeremy Griffith
Publisher : Wtm Publishing and Communications
Release : 2016-05-19
Page : 798
Category :
ISBN 13 : 9781741290288
Description :


The fastest growing realization everywhere is that humanity can't go on the way it is going. Indeed, the great fear is we're entering endgame where we appear to have lost the race between self-destruction and self-discovery--the race to find the psychologically relieving understanding of our 'good and evil'-afflicted human condition. WELL, ASTONISHING AS IT IS, THIS BOOK BY AUSTRALIAN BIOLOGIST JEREMY GRIFFITH PRESENTS THE 11TH HOUR BREAKTHROUGH BIOLOGICAL EXPLANATION OF THE HUMAN CONDITION NECESSARY FOR THE PSYCHOLOGICAL REHABILITATION AND TRANSFORMATION OF OUR SPECIES! The culmination of 40 years of studying and writing about our species' psychosis, FREEDOM delivers nothing less than the holy grail of insight we have needed to free ourselves from the human condition. It is, in short, as Professor Harry Prosen, a former president of the Canadian Psychiatric Association, asserts in his Introduction, 'THE BOOK THAT SAVES THE WORLD!'. Griffith has been able to venture right to the bottom of the dark depths of what it is to be human and return with the fully accountable, true explanation of our seemingly imperfect lives. At long last we have the redeeming and thus transforming understanding of human behaviour! And with that explanation found all the other great outstanding scientific mysteries about our existence are now also able to be truthfully explained--of the meaning of our existence, of the origin of our unconditionally selfless moral instincts, and of why we humans became conscious when other animals haven't. Yes, the full story of life on Earth can finally be told--and all of these incredible breakthroughs and insights are presented here in this 'greatest of all books'.


Author : Michael Tomasello
Publisher : Belknap Press
Release : 2019-01-07
Page : 392
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 0674980859
Description :


Virtually all theories of how humans have become a distinctive species focus on evolution. Here, Michael Tomasello proposes a complementary theory focused on ontogenetic processes. Built on the essential ideas of Vygotsky, his data-driven model explains how those things that make us most human are constructed during the first six years of life.


Author : Mark Brain
Publisher :
Release : 2020-01-05
Page : 154
Category :
ISBN 13 : 9781656161949
Description :


Do you want to learn how to how to manipulate people, persuade anyone and influence human behavior? Do you want to learn social skills, NLP techniques and secrets you need to become a Dark Psychology master? If yes, then keep reading... Dark Psychology presumes that this predatory behavior is either different or an extension of evolution. Evolution is a change in the heritable traits of biological populations over multiple generations. First of all, consider that humans evolved from other animals and we are currently the epitome of all animal life. Our brain's frontal lobe has enabled us to become the apex creature. However, we can still assume that being apex creatures does not completely separate us from our animal predatory nature and instincts. If you agree with evolution and assume that this is true, then you believe that all behavior has a connection to three main instincts - aggression, sex as well as the innate motivation to self-sustain. Evolution follows the principles of replication of the species and survival for the fittest. Humans and every other life form behave in a way to procreate and survive. Aggression takes place for the purpose of marking as well as protecting our territory and eventually winning the right to procreate. While it may sound rational, this is no longer, in the purest sense, a part of the human condition. In the forests, when a pride of lions rips to shreds an antelope, it may seem unfortunate and brutal, but the reason for the violence agrees with the evolutionary model of self-preservation. For their survival, the lions kill for food. Also, male animals, at times, fight to the death for the will to power or the rite of territory. Evolution explains all these violent and brutal acts. When hunting, animals usually stalk and kill the weakest, youngest or females of a group. While it may sound psychopathic, reducing their own probability for injury or death is the purpose of their chosen prey. All animal life behaves and acts in this manner. All their bloody, violent, and brutal actions relate to the evolution theory and instinct for reproduction and survival. However, dark psychology doesn't apply to the rest of life on earth. Humans are the ones who possess what dark psychology tries to explore. When looking at the human condition, evolution and its theoretical principles seem to dissolve. Humans are the only creatures on earth that prey on others without the reason of or reproduction for the survival of the species. Dark psychology addresses the universal human condition or the human psyche part that allows for or may even drive predatory behavior. This book gives a comprehensive guide on the following: Persuasion: techniques, secrets Human behavior, aspects that can be manipulated Manipulation: techniques, secrets, how to recognize the target Social skills: what are the social skills that a good manipulator NLP techniques that can be use in manipulation Confrontation avoidant Protecting oneself from NLP mind control Undetected mind control Those who are commonly influenced Techniques used in deception Qualities of good liars & manipulators The ethnics of communication Human character Targets ... AND MORE! What are you waiting for? Scroll to the top of the page and click buy now.


Author : Andrew Whiten
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2012
Page : 454
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 0199608962
Description :


Culture and cultural evolution are uniquely significant phenomena in evolutionary biology: they are products of biological evolution, yet they supplement genetic transmission with social transmission, thus achieving a certain independence from natural selection. However, cultural evolution nevertheless expresses key Darwinian processes itself and also interacts with genetic evolution. Just how culture fits into the grander framework of evolution is a big issuethough, yet one that has received relatively little scientific attention compared to, for example, genetic evolution. Culture Evolves is the outcome of a major interdisciplinarymeeting held by The Royal Society and the British Academy which explored new discoveries and controversies regarding cultural evolution - from the roots of culture in the animal kingdom to investigations of the cognitive adaptations shaping our special cultural nature. The book contains papers writeen by leading experts from the fields of ethology, behavioural ecology, primatology, comparative psychology, archaeology, anthropology, evolutionary biology and developmental psychology.


Author : Jonathan Haidt
Publisher : Vintage
Release : 2013
Page : 500
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 0307455777
Description :


Presents a groundbreaking investigation into the origins of morality at the core of religion and politics, offering scholarly insight into the motivations behind cultural clashes that are polarizing America.


Author : Robert Axelrod
Publisher : Basic Books
Release : 2009-04-29
Page : 304
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 0786734884
Description :


A famed political scientist's classic argument for a more cooperative world We assume that, in a world ruled by natural selection, selfishness pays. So why cooperate? In The Evolution of Cooperation, political scientist Robert Axelrod seeks to answer this question. In 1980, he organized the famed Computer Prisoners Dilemma Tournament, which sought to find the optimal strategy for survival in a particular game. Over and over, the simplest strategy, a cooperative program called Tit for Tat, shut out the competition. In other words, cooperation, not unfettered competition, turns out to be our best chance for survival. A vital book for leaders and decision makers, The Evolution of Cooperation reveals how cooperative principles help us think better about everything from military strategy, to political elections, to family dynamics.


Author : Steven Pinker
Publisher : Penguin
Release : 2003-08-26
Page : 528
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1101200324
Description :


A brilliant inquiry into the origins of human nature from the author of The Better Angels of Our Nature and Enlightenment Now. "Sweeping, erudite, sharply argued, and fun to read..also highly persuasive." --Time Now updated with a new afterword One of the world's leading experts on language and the mind explores the idea of human nature and its moral, emotional, and political colorings. With characteristic wit, lucidity, and insight, Pinker argues that the dogma that the mind has no innate traits-a doctrine held by many intellectuals during the past century-denies our common humanity and our individual preferences, replaces objective analyses of social problems with feel-good slogans, and distorts our understanding of politics, violence, parenting, and the arts. Injecting calm and rationality into debates that are notorious for ax-grinding and mud-slinging, Pinker shows the importance of an honest acknowledgment of human nature based on science and common sense.


Author : Edward O. Wilson
Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
Release : 2012-04-09
Page : 352
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 0871403307
Description :


New York Times Bestseller From the most celebrated heir to Darwin comes a groundbreaking book on evolution, the summa work of Edward O. Wilson's legendary career. Sparking vigorous debate in the sciences, The Social Conquest of Earth upends “the famous theory that evolution naturally encourages creatures to put family first” (Discover). Refashioning the story of human evolution, Wilson draws on his remarkable knowledge of biology and social behavior to demonstrate that group selection, not kin selection, is the premier driving force of human evolution. In a work that James D. Watson calls “a monumental exploration of the biological origins of the human condition,” Wilson explains how our innate drive to belong to a group is both a “great blessing and a terrible curse” (Smithsonian). Demonstrating that the sources of morality, religion, and the creative arts are fundamentally biological in nature, the renowned Harvard University biologist presents us with the clearest explanation ever produced as to the origin of the human condition and why it resulted in our domination of the Earth’s biosphere.