Human Learning From Learning Curves To Learning Organizations Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Ezey M. Dar-El
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-14
Page : 236
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 1475731132
Description :


Learning plays a fundamental role in the production planning and growth of all organizations. With the need for more rapid changes in the global economy, the management of organizational change is a key factor in sustaining competitiveness in today's economy. This book has been developed with these `learning needs' in mind. Human Learning:From Learning Curves to Learning Organizations covers a broad range of learning models and related topics beginning with learning curves to recent research on learning organizations. The book's focus is to enable researchers and practitioners to forecast any organization's `learning needs' using the prediction aspects of an array of learning models. The book includes research and application discussions on topics such as accounting for previous experience; the `learning-forgetting-relearning' phenomenon; parameter estimation with no previous experience; DeJong's incompressibility model; predictive learning models requiring only two learning parameters; long learning cycle times; the speed-error relationship; evaluating the cost of learning from the point of view of safety; and an examination of Learning Organizations. Each chapter is developed from published research and worked examples are used throughout.


Author : Mohamad Y. Jaber
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
Page : 476
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 143980740X
Description :


Written by international contributors, Learning Curves: Theory, Models, and Applications first draws a learning map that shows where learning is involved within organizations, then examines how it can be sustained, perfected, and accelerated. The book reviews empirical findings in the literature in terms of different sources for learning and partial assessments of the steps that make up the actual learning process inside the learning curve. Traditionally, books on learning curves have focused either on cost accounting or production planning and control. In these books, the learning curve has been treated as a forecasting tool. This book synthesizes current research and presents a clear picture of organizational learning curves. It explores how organizations improve other measures of organizational performance including quality, inventory, and productivity, then looks inside the learning curve to determine the actual processes through which organizations learn.


Author : Adedeji B. Badiru
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-10-11
Page : 1476
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 146651504X
Description :


A new edition of a bestselling industrial and systems engineering reference, Handbook of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Second Edition provides students, researchers, and practitioners with easy access to a wide range of industrial engineering tools and techniques in a concise format. This edition expands the breadth and depth of coverage, emphasizing new systems engineering tools, techniques, and models. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Section covering safety, reliability, and quality Section on operations research, queuing, logistics, and scheduling Expanded appendix to include conversion factors and engineering, systems, and statistical formulae Topics such as control charts, engineering economy, health operational efficiency, healthcare systems, human systems integration, Lean systems, logistics transportation, manufacturing systems, material handling systems, process view of work, and Six Sigma techniques The premise of the handbook remains: to expand the breadth and depth of coverage beyond the traditional handbooks on industrial engineering. The book begins with a general introduction with specific reference to the origin of industrial engineering and the ties to the Industrial Revolution. It covers the fundamentals of industrial engineering and the fundamentals of systems engineering. Building on this foundation, it presents chapters on manufacturing, production systems, and ergonomics, then goes on to discuss economic and financial analysis, management, information engineering, and decision making. Two new sections examine safety, reliability, quality, operations research, queuing, logistics, and scheduling. The book provides an updated collation of the body of knowledge of industrial and systems engineering. The handbook has been substantively expanded from the 36 seminal chapters in the first edition to 56 landmark chapters in the second edition. In addition to the 20 new chapters, 11 of the chapters in the first edition have been updated with new materials. Filling the gap that exists between the traditional and modern practice of industrial and systems engineering, the handbook provides a one-stop resource for teaching, research, and practice.


Author : David A. Nembhard
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-04-25
Page : 352
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 9781420005349
Description :


In today's ultra-competitive global business environment, it is becoming increasingly important for companies to reduce spending while simultaneously improving their efficiency and productivity. To achieve this goal, many organizations are opting to implement cross training programs in order to maximize the potential of their existing workforce, thus avoiding the need to outsource. Filling a gap in the literature, Workforce Cross Training presents a pioneering overview of the currently available research on this topic and provides invaluable insight into the design of successful cross training programs. Featuring contributions from a team of experts, this text integrates information from a wide variety of disciplines including human factors, industrial engineering, operations management, and behavioral psychology. The authors examine the use of cross training programs in various work environments including serial production systems, call centers, and manufacturing industries. Discussion includes best practices of cross training methods and the future opportunities offered by cross training programs. A single resource featuring an in-depth summary of the policies, methods, and results of cross training, this book delivers a much needed source of guidance for creating effective workforce cross training programs.


Author : Marco Cantamessa
Francesca Montagna
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-08-25
Page : 377
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 1447167236
Description :


Presenting an integrated and holistic perspective on innovation management and product design and development, this monograph offers a unique and original understanding of how these two perspectives are interconnected. This book explores these themes in a scientifically rigorous manner, associating academic findings with examples from business. It provides readers with the conceptual and decision-making tools required to understand and manage the process of innovation at different levels, from the analysis of industry-wide phenomena to the formulation of a strategy and from the planning of operations to the management of technical choices. Chapters cover innovation as an economic and social phenomenon, the formulation of innovation strategy, the management of product development processes and projects and the technical design of products and services. Offering an invaluable resource to postgraduate students in economics, business and engineering, this book is also intended for managers and entrepreneurs.


Author : Refael Hassin
Moshe Haviv
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
Page : 191
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 1461503590
Description :


The literature on equilibrium behavior of customers and servers in queuing systems is rich. However, there is no comprehensive survey of this field. Moreover, what has been published lacks continuity and leaves many issues uncovered. One of the main goals of this book is to review the existing literature under one cover. Other goals are to edit the known results in a unified manner, classify them and identify where and how they relate to each other, and fill in some gaps with new results. In some areas we explicitly mention open problems. We hope that this survey will motivate further research and enable researchers to identify important open problems. The models described in this book have numerous applications. Many examples can be found in the cited papers, but we have chosen not to include applications in the book. Many of the ideas described in this book are special cases of general principles in Economics and Game Theory. We often cite references that contain more general treatment of a subject, but we do not go into the details. we have highlighted the results For each topic covered in the book, that, in our opinion, are the most important. We also present a brief discussion of related results. The content of each chapter is briefly de scribed below. Chapter 1 is an introduction. It contains basic definitions, models and solution concepts which will be used frequently throughout the book.


Author : Jay Maddock
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2012-05-30
Page : 446
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 9535106414
Description :


Public health can be thought of as a series of complex systems. Many things that individual living in high income countries take for granted like the control of infectious disease, clean, potable water, low infant mortality rates require a high functioning systems comprised of numerous actors, locations and interactions to work. Many people only notice public health when that system fails. This book explores several systems in public health including aspects of the food system, health care system and emerging issues including waste minimization in nanosilver. Several chapters address global health concerns including non-communicable disease prevention, poverty and health-longevity medicine. The book also presents several novel methodologies for better modeling and assessment of essential public health issues.


Author : Jian Chen
Yuji Yamada
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-30
Page : 275
Category : Computers
ISBN 13 : 9811331499
Description :


This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 19th International Symposium, KSS 2019, held in Tokyo, Japan, in November 2018. The 20 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 54 submissions. This year KSS 2018 provides opportunities for presenting interesting new research results, facilitating interdisciplinary discussions, and leading to knowledge transfer under the theme of "Knowledge Acquisition from Structured and Unstructured Data for Effective Social Implementation".


Author : British Library of Political and Economic Science
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2002-12
Page : 728
Category : Reference
ISBN 13 : 9780415284035
Description :


First published in 1952, the International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (anthropology, economics, political science, and sociology) is well established as a major bibliographic reference for students, researchers and librarians in the social sciences worldwide. Key features: * Authority: Rigorous standards are applied to make the IBSS the most authoritative selective bibliography ever produced. Articles and books are selected on merit by some of the world's most expert librarians and academics. *Breadth: today the IBSS covers over 2000 journals - more than any other comparable resource. The latest monograph publications are also included. *International coverage: the IBSS reviews scholarship published in over 30 languages, including publications from Eastern Europe and the developing world. *User friendly organization: all non-English titles are word sections. Extensive author, subject and place name indexes are provided in both English and French. Place your standing order now for the 2001 volumes of the IBSS. Anthropology: 2001 Vol.47 December 2002: 234x156: 584pp Hb: 0-415-28400-7: £195.00 Economics: 2001 Vol.50 December 2002: 234x156: 656pp Hb: 0-415-28401-5: £195.00 Political Science: 2001 Vol.50 December 2002: 234x156: 648pp Hb: 0-415-28402-3: £195.00 Sociology: 2001 Vol.51 December 2002: 234x156: 672pp Hb: 0-415-28403-1: £195.00


Author : Winfred B. Hirschmann
Publisher :
Release : 1964-01-01
Page : 15
Category :
ISBN 13 : 9780000641076
Description :



Author : Stanley B. Gershwin
Yves Dallery
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
Page : 429
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 1461510198
Description :


Analysis and Modeling of Manufacturing Systems is a set of papers on some of the newest research and applications of mathematical and computational techniques to manufacturing systems and supply chains. These papers deal with fundamental questions (how to predict factory performance: how to operate production systems) and explicitly treat the stochastic nature of failures, operation times, demand, and other important events. Analysis and Modeling of Manufacturing Systems will be of interest to readers with a strong background in operations research, including researchers and mathematically sophisticated practitioners.


Author : István Maros
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2002-12-31
Page : 325
Category : Mathematics
ISBN 13 : 9781402073328
Description :


Computational Techniques of the Simplex Method is a systematic treatment focused on the computational issues of the simplex method. It provides a comprehensive coverage of the most important and successful algorithmic and implementation techniques of the simplex method. It is a unique source of essential, never discussed details of algorithmic elements and their implementation. On the basis of the book the reader will be able to create a highly advanced implementation of the simplex method which, in turn, can be used directly or as a building block in other solution algorithms.


Author : Dilip Chhajed
Timothy J. Lowe
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-07-11
Page : 186
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 9780387736990
Description :


This is the first book in the field that uses the power of the basic models and principles to provide students and managers with an "intuitive understanding" of operations management. The book touches on nine fundamental models and principles, and outlines the key insights behind each one. Some of the very biggest names in the Management Science field have developed and carefully written these chapters on the field’s basic models.


Author : Louis Anthony Cox Jr.
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-03-17
Page : 354
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 0387261184
Description :


This book grew out of an effort to salvage a potentially useful idea for greatly simplifying traditional quantitative risk assessments of the human health consequences of using antibiotics in food animals. In 2001, the United States FDA’s Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM) (FDA-CVM, 2001) published a risk assessment model for potential adverse human health consequences of using a certain class of antibiotics, fluoroquinolones, to treat flocks of chickens with fatal respiratory disease caused by infectious bacteria. CVM’s concern was that fluoroquinolones are also used in human medicine, raising the possibility that fluoroquinolone-resistant strains of bacteria selected by use of fluoroquinolones in chickens might infect humans and then prove resistant to treatment with human medicines in the same class of antibiotics, such as ciprofloxacin. As a foundation for its risk assessment model, CVM proposed a dramatically simple approach that skipped many of the steps in traditional risk assessment. The basic idea was to assume that human health risks were directly proportional to some suitably defined exposure metric. In symbols: Risk = K × Exposure, where “Exposure” would be defined in terms of a metric such as total production of chicken contaminated with fluoroquinolone-resistant bacteria that might cause human illnesses, and “Risk” would describe the expected number of cases per year of human illness due to fluoroquinolone-resistant bacterial infections caused by chicken and treated with fluoroquinolones.


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 2002
Page :
Category : Management
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Stylianos Kavadias
Christoph H. Loch
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
Page : 145
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 1441990801
Description :


Project Selection Under Uncertainty is the result of a five-year research program on the selection of projects in New Product Development (NPD). Choosing the New Product Development portfolio is of critical importance in today's business environment. The NPD portfolio has considerable strategic effect on the "middle term" success of a business. This book takes a step in developing a theory that addresses the need for quantitative prioritization criteria within the broader strategic context of the R&D portfolios. Its foundation lies in mathematical theory of resource-constrained optimization with the goal to maximize quantitative returns. The book seeks to broaden the portfolio discussion in two ways. First, simplified models - appropriate for the data-poor NPD context - are developed, which attempt to illuminate the structure of the choice problem and robust qualitative rules of thumb, rather than detailed algorithmic decision support. Such robust rules can be applied in the R&D environment of poor data availability. Second, the annual portfolio review is not the only important choice in resource allocation. In addition, the book discusses how ideas might be pre-screened as they emerge, and how projects should be prioritized once they are funded and ongoing.


Author : Philippe Baptiste
Claude Le Pape
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2001-07-31
Page : 198
Category : Mathematics
ISBN 13 : 9780792374084
Description :


Constraint Programming is a problem-solving paradigm that establishes a clear distinction between two pivotal aspects of a problem: (1) a precise definition of the constraints that define the problem to be solved and (2) the algorithms and heuristics enabling the selection of decisions to solve the problem. It is because of these capabilities that Constraint Programming is increasingly being employed as a problem-solving tool to solve scheduling problems. Hence the development of Constraint-Based Scheduling as a field of study. The aim of this book is to provide an overview of the most widely used Constraint-Based Scheduling techniques. Following the principles of Constraint Programming, the book consists of three distinct parts: The first chapter introduces the basic principles of Constraint Programming and provides a model of the constraints that are the most often encountered in scheduling problems. Chapters 2, 3, 4, and 5 are focused on the propagation of resource constraints, which usually are responsible for the "hardness" of the scheduling problem. Chapters 6, 7, and 8 are dedicated to the resolution of several scheduling problems. These examples illustrate the use and the practical efficiency of the constraint propagation methods of the previous chapters. They also show that besides constraint propagation, the exploration of the search space must be carefully designed, taking into account specific properties of the considered problem (e.g., dominance relations, symmetries, possible use of decomposition rules). Chapter 9 mentions various extensions of the model and presents promising research directions.


Author : Christoph Weber
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005
Page : 290
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 9780387230474
Description :


Around the world, liberalization and privatization in the electricity industry have lead to increased competition among utilities. At the same time, utilities are now exposed more than ever to risk and uncertainties, which they cannot pass on to their customers through price increases as in a regulated environment. Especially electricity-generating companies have to face volatile wholesale prices, fuel price uncertainty, limited long-term hedging possibilities and huge, to a large extent, sunk investments. In this context, Uncertainty in the Electric Power Industry: Methods and Models for Decision Support aims at an integrative view on the decision problems that power companies have to tackle. It systematically examines the uncertainties power companies are facing and develops models to describe them – including an innovative approach combining fundamental and finance models for price modeling. The optimization of generation and trading portfolios under uncertainty is discussed with particular focus on CHP and is linked to risk management. Here the concept of integral earnings at risk is developed to provide a theoretically sound combination of value at risk and profit at risk approaches, adapted to real market structures and market liquidity. Also methods for supporting long-term investment decisions are presented: technology assessment based on experience curves and operation simulation for fuel cells and a real options approach with endogenous electricity prices.


Author : Percy H. Brill
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-12-03
Page : 480
Category : Mathematics
ISBN 13 : 9780387094212
Description :


From 1972 to 1974, I was working on a PhD thesis entitled Multiple Server Queues with Service Time Depending on Waiting Time.The method of analysis was the embedded Markov chain technique, described in the papers [82] and [77]. My analysis involved lengthy, tedious deri- tions of systems of integral equations for the probability density function (pdf) of the waiting time. After pondering for many months whether there might be a faster, easier way to derive the integral equations, I ?nally discovered the basic theorems for such a method in August, 1974. The theorems establish a connection between sample-path level-crossing rates of the virtual wait process and the pdf of the waiting time. This connection was not found anywhere else in the literature at the time. I immediately developed a comprehensive new methodology for deriving the integral equations based on these theorems, and called it system point theory. (Subsequently it was called system point method,or system point level crossing method: SPLC or simply LC.) I rewrote the entire PhD thesis from November 1974 to March 1975, using LC to reach solutions. The new thesis was called System Point Theory in Exponential Queues. On June 12, 1975 I presented an invited talk on the new methodology at the Fifth Conference on Stochastic Processes and their Applications at the University of Maryland. Many queueing theorists were present.


Author : Wil A. H. Thissen
Paulien M. Herder
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
Page : 305
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 1461504953
Description :


Critical Infrastructures: State of the Art in Research and Application, comprising a selection of reviewed and edited contributions from all over the world, aims to shed light on the various aspects of critical infrastructures. The editors of this book have opted for a broad view on the various criticality aspects on infrastructures itself as well as contributions that discuss the institutional and technical environment of critical infrastructures which are crucial for their proper functioning. Critical Infrastructures brings to light a number of eye-opening critical issues that have been only marginally touched upon in research and practice. Hence, the book is an indispensable resource for infrastructure policy makers, managers, consultants and researchers alike. The book is divided into four sections: *Vulnerability and Risk; *System Development and Adaptation; *Institutional Change; *Capacity Management.