Immigration And Opportuntity Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Frank D. Bean
Stephanie Bell-Rose
Publisher : Russell Sage Foundation
Release : 1999-12-09
Page : 440
Category : Social Science
ISBN 13 : 1610440331
Description :


The American dream of equal opportunity and social mobility still holds a powerful appeal for the many immigrants who arrive in this country each year. but if immigrant success stories symbolize the fulfillment of the American dream, the persistent inequality suffered by native-born African Americans demonstrates the dream's limits. Although the experience of blacks and immigrants in the United States are not directly comparable, their fates are connected in ways that are seldom recognized. Immigration and Opportunity brings together leading sociologists and demographers to present a systematic account of the many ways in which immigration affects the labor market experiences of native-born African Americans. With the arrival of large numbers of nonwhite immigrants in recent decades, blacks now represent less than 50 percent of the U.S. minority population. Immigration and Opportunity reveals how immigration has transformed relations between minority populations in the United States, creating new forms of labor market competition between native and immigrant minorities. Recent immigrants have concentrated in a handful of port-of-entry cities, breaking up established patterns of residential segregation,and, in some cases, contributing to the migration of native blacks out of these cities. Immigrants have secured many of the occupational niches once dominated by blacks and now pass these jobs on through ethnic hiring networks that exclude natives. At the same time, many native-born blacks find jobs in the public sector, which is closed to those immigrants who lack U.S. citizenship. While recent immigrants have unquestionably brought economic and cultural benefits to U.S. society, this volume makes it clear that the costs of increased immigration falls particularly heavily upon those native-born groups who are already disadvantaged. Even as large-scale immigration transforms the racial and ethnic make-up of U.S. society—forcing us to think about race and ethnicity in new ways—it demands that we pay renewed attention to the entrenched problems of racial disadvantage that still beset native-born African Americans.


Author : Canada. Employment and Immigration Canada (Commission)
Publisher :
Release : 1987
Page : 28
Category :
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Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1988
Page :
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Author : Vivian S. Louie
Publisher : Stanford University Press
Release : 2004
Page : 227
Category : Social Science
ISBN 13 : 080474985X
Description :


In the contemporary American imagination, Asian Americans are considered the quintessential immigrant success story, a powerful example of how the culture of immigrant families—rather than their race or class—matters in education and upward mobility. Drawing on extensive interviews with second-generation Chinese Americans attending Hunter College, a public commuter institution, and Columbia University, an elite Ivy League school, Vivian Louie challenges the idea that race and class do not matter. Though most Chinese immigrant families see higher education as a necessary safeguard against potential racial discrimination, Louie finds that class differences do indeed shape the students' different paths to college. How do second-generation Chinese Americans view their college plans? And how do they see their incorporation into American life? In addressing these questions, Louie finds that the views and experiences of Chinese Americans have much to do with the opportunities, challenges, and contradictions that all immigrants and their children confront in the United States.


Author : Chris Taylor
Publisher :
Release : 1987
Page : 24
Category : Canada
ISBN 13 :
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Author : Canada. Immigration Division
Publisher :
Release : 1987
Page : 35
Category :
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Author : Canada. Department of Employment and Immigration Commission. Immigration Policy Development
Publisher :
Release : 1987
Page : 48
Category : Canada
ISBN 13 :
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Author : Marcelo Suarez-Orozco
Vivian Louie
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 2011-09-01
Page : 296
Category : Social Science
ISBN 13 : 0520950208
Description :


Bringing nuance, complexity, and clarity to a subject often seen in black and white, Writing Immigration presents a unique interplay of leading scholars and journalists working on the contentious topic of immigration. In a series of powerful essays, the contributors reflect on how they struggle to write about one of the defining issues of our time—one that is at once local and global, familiar and uncanny, concrete and abstract. Highlighting and framing central questions surrounding immigration, their essays explore topics including illegal immigration, state and federal mechanisms for immigration regulation, enduring myths and fallacies regarding immigration, immigration and the economy, immigration and education, the adaptations of the second generation, and more. Together, these writings give a clear sense of the ways in which scholars and journalists enter, shape, and sometimes transform this essential yet unfinished national conversation.


Author : United States. Immigration and Naturalization Service
Publisher :
Release : 1982
Page : 6
Category :
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Author : National Research Council
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1996-07-27
Page : 104
Category : Social Science
ISBN 13 : 0309052750
Description :


The growing importance of immigration in the United States today prompted this examination of the adequacy of U.S. immigration data. This volume summarizes data needs in four areas: immigration trends, assimilation and impacts, labor force issues, and family and social networks. It includes recommendations on additional sources for the data needed for program and research purposes, and new questions and refinements of questions within existing data sources to improve the understanding of immigration and immigrant trends.


Author : Mary C. WATERS
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release : 2009-06-30
Page : 431
Category : Social Science
ISBN 13 : 9780674044944
Description :


The story of West Indian immigrants to the United States is generally considered to be a great success. Mary Waters, however, tells a very different story. She finds that the values that gain first-generation immigrants initial success--a willingness to work hard, a lack of attention to racism, a desire for education, an incentive to save--are undermined by the realities of life and race relations in the United States. Contrary to long-held beliefs, Waters finds, those who resist Americanization are most likely to succeed economically, especially in the second generation.


Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2017-07-13
Page : 642
Category : Social Science
ISBN 13 : 0309444454
Description :


The Economic and Fiscal Consequences of Immigration finds that the long-term impact of immigration on the wages and employment of native-born workers overall is very small, and that any negative impacts are most likely to be found for prior immigrants or native-born high school dropouts. First-generation immigrants are more costly to governments than are the native-born, but the second generation are among the strongest fiscal and economic contributors in the U.S. This report concludes that immigration has an overall positive impact on long-run economic growth in the U.S. More than 40 million people living in the United States were born in other countries, and almost an equal number have at least one foreign-born parent. Together, the first generation (foreign-born) and second generation (children of the foreign-born) comprise almost one in four Americans. It comes as little surprise, then, that many U.S. residents view immigration as a major policy issue facing the nation. Not only does immigration affect the environment in which everyone lives, learns, and works, but it also interacts with nearly every policy area of concern, from jobs and the economy, education, and health care, to federal, state, and local government budgets. The changing patterns of immigration and the evolving consequences for American society, institutions, and the economy continue to fuel public policy debate that plays out at the national, state, and local levels. The Economic and Fiscal Consequences of Immigration assesses the impact of dynamic immigration processes on economic and fiscal outcomes for the United States, a major destination of world population movements. This report will be a fundamental resource for policy makers and law makers at the federal, state, and local levels but extends to the general public, nongovernmental organizations, the business community, educational institutions, and the research community.


Author : Mauro Testaverde
Harry Moroz
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2017-10-02
Page : 334
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 1464811083
Description :


The movement of people in Southeast Asia is an issue of increasing importance. Countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) are now the origin of 8 percent of the world's migrants. These countries host only 4 percent of the world's migrants but intra-regional migration has turned Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand into regional migration hubs that are home to 6.5 million ASEAN migrants. However, significant international and domestic labor mobility costs limit the ability of workers to change firms, sectors, and geographies in ASEAN. This report takes an innovative approach to estimate the costs for workers to migrate internationally. Singapore and Malaysia have the lowest international labor mobility costs in ASEAN while workers migrating to Myanmar and Vietnam have the highest costs. Singapore and Malaysia's more developed migration systems are a key reason for their lower labor mobility costs. How easily workers can move to take advantage of new opportunities is important in determining how they fare under the increased economic integration planned for ASEAN. To study this question, the report simulates how worker welfare is affected by enhanced trade integration under different scenarios of labor mobility costs. Region-wide, worker welfare would be 14 percent higher if barriers to mobility were reduced for skilled workers, and an additional 29 percent if barriers to mobility were lowered for all workers. Weaknesses in migration systems increase international labor mobility costs, but policy reforms can help. Destination countries should work toward systems that are responsive to economic needs and consistent with domestic policies. Sending countries should balance protections for migrant workers with the needs of economic development.


Author : Christopher E. Taylor
Canada. Employment and Immigration Canada (Commission). Immigration. Policy Development
Publisher :
Release : 1987
Page : 26
Category : Canada
ISBN 13 :
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Author : National Research Council
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1997-11-14
Page : 448
Category : Social Science
ISBN 13 : 0309063566
Description :


This book sheds light on one of the most controversial issues of the decade. It identifies the economic gains and losses from immigration--for the nation, states, and local areas--and provides a foundation for public discussion and policymaking. Three key questions are explored: What is the influence of immigration on the overall economy, especially national and regional labor markets? What are the overall effects of immigration on federal, state, and local government budgets? What effects will immigration have on the future size and makeup of the nation's population over the next 50 years? The New Americans examines what immigrants gain by coming to the United States and what they contribute to the country, the skills of immigrants and those of native-born Americans, the experiences of immigrant women and other groups, and much more. It offers examples of how to measure the impact of immigration on government revenues and expenditures--estimating one year's fiscal impact in California, New Jersey, and the United States and projecting the long-run fiscal effects on government revenues and expenditures. Also included is background information on immigration policies and practices and data on where immigrants come from, what they do in America, and how they will change the nation's social fabric in the decades to come.


Author : Dowell Myers
Publisher : Russell Sage Foundation
Release : 2007-02-22
Page : 376
Category : Social Science
ISBN 13 : 1610444183
Description :


"This story of hope for both immigrants and native-born Americans is a well-researched, insightful, and illuminating study that provides compelling evidence to support a policy of homegrown human investment as a new priority. A timely, valuable addition to demographic and immigration studies. Highly recommended." —Choice Virtually unnoticed in the contentious national debate over immigration is the significant demographic change about to occur as the first wave of the Baby Boom generation retires, slowly draining the workforce and straining the federal budget to the breaking point. In this forward-looking new book, noted demographer Dowell Myers proposes a new way of thinking about the influx of immigrants and the impending retirement of the Baby Boomers. Myers argues that each of these two powerful demographic shifts may hold the keys to resolving the problems presented by the other. Immigrants and Boomers looks to California as a bellwether state—where whites are no longer a majority of the population and represent just a third of residents under age twenty—to afford us a glimpse into the future impact of immigration on the rest of the nation. Myers opens with an examination of the roots of voter resistance to providing social services for immigrants. Drawing on detailed census data, Myers demonstrates that long-established immigrants have been far more successful than the public believes. Among the Latinos who make up the bulk of California's immigrant population, those who have lived in California for over a decade show high levels of social mobility and use of English, and 50 percent of Latino immigrants become homeowners after twenty years. The impressive progress made by immigrant families suggests they have the potential to pick up the slack from aging boomers over the next two decades. The mass retirement of the boomers will leave critical shortages in the educated workforce, while shrinking ranks of middle-class tax payers and driving up entitlement expenditures. In addition, as retirees sell off their housing assets, the prospect of a generational collapse in housing prices looms. Myers suggests that it is in the boomers' best interest to invest in the education and integration of immigrants and their children today in order to bolster the ranks of workers, taxpayers, and homeowners America they will depend on ten and twenty years from now. In this compelling, optimistic book, Myers calls for a new social contract between the older and younger generations, based on their mutual interests and the moral responsibility of each generation to provide for children and the elderly. Combining a rich scholarly perspective with keen insight into contemporary political dilemmas, Immigrants and Boomers creates a new framework for understanding the demographic challenges facing America and forging a national consensus to address them.


Author : Ruud Koopmans
Publisher : U of Minnesota Press
Release : 2005
Page : 312
Category : Social Science
ISBN 13 : 0816646635
Description :


From international press coverage of the French government’s attempt to prevent Muslims from wearing headscarves to terrorist attacks in Madrid and the United States, questions of cultural identity and pluralism are at the center of the world’s most urgent events and debates. Presenting an unprecedented wealth of empirical research garnered during ten years of a cross-cultural project, Contested Citizenship addresses these fundamental issues by comparing collective actions by migrants, xenophobes, and antiracists in Germany, Britain, France, the Netherlands, and Switzerland. Revealing striking cross-national differences in how immigration and diversity are contended by different national governments, these authors find that how citizenship is constructed is the key variable defining the experience of Europe’s immigrant populations. Contested Citizenship provides nuanced policy recommendations and challenges the truism that multiculturalism is always good for immigrants. Even in an age of European integration and globalization, the state remains a critical actor in determining what points of view are sensible and realistic—and legitimate—in society. Ruud Koopmans is professor of sociology at Free University, Amsterdam. Paul Statham is reader in political communications at the University of Leeds. Marco Giugni is a researcher and teacher of political science at the University of Geneva. Florence Passy is assistant professor of political science at the University of Lausanne, Switzerland.


Author : Kathleen Valtonen
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-04-01
Page : 232
Category : Social Science
ISBN 13 : 1317053354
Description :


Social work increasingly finds itself at the frontline of issues pertaining to immigrant and refugee settlement and integration. In this timely book, Kathleen Valtonen provides the first book-length study on the challenges these issues create for the profession. Drawing on a wide range of research in migration which is not widely available to social workers or included in social work literature, she offers readers an opportunity to explore the capacity of the profession to take a primary role in the course and outcome of settlement. The book fills a gap in the social work literature by providing scholars, practitioners and students with a critical knowledge base that will strengthen their ability to engage with issues of immigration and integration and to open up options for effective practice with growing numbers of immigrant and refugee clients.


Author : Deniz Yetkin Aker
Z. Banu Dalaman
Publisher : Transnational Press London
Release :
Page : 343
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 180135037X
Description :


Fundamentals of International Migration is prepared as a textbook for undergraduate and postgraduate courses/modules. This book is a collection of articles and book chapters published in various journals and volumes carefully selected to cover a comprehensive range of topics and issues in contemporary human mobility. Students and tutors of the module would find it useful to guide and enhance classroom discussions. There are 8 parts with 28 chapters. Each part of the book begins with a list of essential and further reading to offer a wide range of views and perspectives to the students of international migration. CONTENTS PART 1: Introduction to Migration Studies Chapter 1. A record 65.3 million people were displaced last year: What does that number actually mean? - Jeffrey H. Cohen and Ibrahim Sirkeci Chapter 2. It is all about being happy in search of security - Ibrahim Sirkeci Chapter 3. Europe’s migration crisis: an American perspective - Philip L. Martin Chapter 4. Fleeing from the Global Compact for Migration: A missed opportunity for Italy - Chiara Scissa PART 2: Concepts and Theories in Migration Studies Chapter 5. A Missing Element in Migration Theories - Douglas S. Massey Chapter 6. Transnational mobility and conflict - Ibrahim Sirkeci Chapter 7. “Old” natives and “new” immigrants: beyond territory and history in Kymlicka's account of group-rights - Darian Heim PART 3: Data and Methods in Migration Studies Chapter 8. Social Research Methods: Migration in Perspective - AKM Ahsan Ullah, Md. Akram Hossain, Mohammad Azizuddin, and Faraha Nawaz Chapter 9. Biographical methods in migration research - Theodoros Iosifides and Deborah Sporton Chapter 10. Strengths, Risks and Limits of Doing Participatory Research in Migration Studies - Diana Mata-Codesal, Laure Kloetzer and Concha Maiztegi PART 4: Migration, Security, and Rights Chapter 11. Universalist Rights and Particularist Duties: The Case of Refugees - Per Bauhn Chapter 12. Bordering Practices across Europe: The Rise of “Walls” and “Fences” - Burcu Toğral Koca Chapter 13. Turkey’s Refugees, Syrians and Refugees from Turkey: A Country of Insecurity - Ibrahim Sirkeci PART 5: Migration Politics, Law and Organisations Chapter 14. Turkish Migration Policy at a Glance - Barbara Pusch and Ibrahim Sirkeci Chapter 15. Immigration and Civil Society: New ways of democratic transformation - Óscar García Agustín and Martin Bak Jørgensen Chapter 16. Immigration Policy in the European Union: Still bringing up the walls for fortress Europe? - Petra Bendel Chapter 17. The Case for a Foreign Worker Advisory Commission - Ray Marshall PART 6: Citizenship, Integration, and Diasporas Chapter 18. Migration and Integration: Austrian and California Experiences with Low-Skilled Migrants - Gudrun Biffl and Philip L. Martin Chapter 19. Integration of Syrians: Politics of integration in Turkey in the face of a closing window of opportunity - Onur Unutulmaz Chapter 20. Citizenship and Naturalization Among Turkish Skilled Migrants - Deniz Yetkin Aker Chapter 21. Westphalia, Migration, and Feudal Privilege - Harald Bauder Chapter 22. Naturalisation Policies Beyond a Western focus - Tobias Schwarz Chapter 23. Wrestling with 9/11: Immigrant Perceptions and Perceptions of Immigrants - Caroline Brettell PART 7: Turkey’s Migration Experience Chapter 24. Syrian Crisis and Migration - Pinar Yazgan, Deniz Eroglu Utku, Ibrahim Sirkeci Chapter 25. Demographic Gaps Between Syrian and the European Populations - Murat Yüceşahin and Ibrahim Sirkeci Chapter 26. Turkish Migration in Europe and Desire to Migrate to and from Turkey - Ibrahim Sirkeci and Neli Esipova PART 8: Contemporary Issues Chapter 27. International Mobility, Erotic Plasticity and Eastern European Migrations - Martina Cvajner Chapter 28. Coronavirus and Migration: Analysis of Human Mobility and the Spread of COVID-19 - Ibrahim Sirkeci and M. Murat Yüceşahin


Author : Canada Census and Statistics Office
Canada Dominion Bureau of Statistics
Publisher : Wentworth Press
Release : 2019-03-25
Page : 798
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 9781011352180
Description :


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