Intrinsic Motivation Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Carol Sansone
Judith M. Harackiewicz
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2000-09-12
Page : 489
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 0080509096
Description :


In understanding human behavior, psychologists have long been interested in what motivates specific actions. Debates have pitted extrinsic motivators (e.g. rewards/punishment) against intrinsic motivation in attempting to determine what best motivates individuals. This book provides a summary view of what research has determined about both extrinsic and intrinsic motivation, and clarifies what questions remain unanswered. Divided into three sections, section I revisits the debate about the effects of extrinsic incentives or constraints on intrinsic motivation and creativity, and identifies theoretical advances in motivational research. Section II focuses on the hidden costs and benefits of different types of achievement goals on motivation and performance. Section III discusses theory and research findings on how extrinsic and intrinsic motivators may work in everyday life and over time. This book is of interest to researchers in psychology, education, and business, as well as to a wider audience interested in promoting optimal motivation and performance. Coverage in this book includes: * Debates and controversies in motivational research * Developmental nature of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation over time * Influences of parents, educators, and employers in facilitating motivation * Effect of achievement goals on learning and performance * The role of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in self-regulation Key Features * Brings together major figures in the fields of motivation, education, and social psychology * Provides a mix of theory, basic and applied research * Presents research conducted both in laboratories and educational settings * Comprehensive chapters provide excellent reviews of previous literature as well as outlines important new directions * Provides different perspectives on controversial debates in a balanced, constructive manner


Author : Edward L. Deci
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
Page : 324
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 1461344468
Description :


As I begin to write this Preface, I feel a rush of excitement. I have now finished the book; my gestalt is coming into completion. Throughout the months that I have been writing this, I have, indeed, been intrinsically motivated. Now that it is finished I feel quite competent and self-determining (see Chapter 2). Whether or not those who read the book will perceive me that way is also a concern of mine (an extrinsic one), but it is a wholly separate issue from the intrinsic rewards I have been experiencing. This book presents a theoretical perspective. It reviews an enormous amount of research which establishes unequivocally that intrinsic motivation exists. Also considered herein are various approaches to the conceptualizing of intrinsic motivation. The book concentrates on the approach which has developed out of the work of Robert White (1959), namely, that intrinsically motivated behaviors are ones which a person engages in so that he may feel competent and self-determining in relation to his environment. The book then considers the development of intrinsic motiva tion, how behaviors are motivated intrinsically, how they relate to and how intrinsic motivation is extrinsically motivated behaviors, affected by extrinsic rewards and controls. It also considers how changes in intrinsic motivation relate to changes in attitudes, how people attribute motivation to each other, how the attribution process is motivated, and how the process of perceiving motivation (and other internal states) in oneself relates to perceiving them in others.


Author : Edward Deci
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2011-11-19
Page : 324
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 9781461344483
Description :


As I begin to write this Preface, I feel a rush of excitement. I have now finished the book; my gestalt is coming into completion. Throughout the months that I have been writing this, I have, indeed, been intrinsically motivated. Now that it is finished I feel quite competent and self-determining (see Chapter 2). Whether or not those who read the book will perceive me that way is also a concern of mine (an extrinsic one), but it is a wholly separate issue from the intrinsic rewards I have been experiencing. This book presents a theoretical perspective. It reviews an enormous amount of research which establishes unequivocally that intrinsic motivation exists. Also considered herein are various approaches to the conceptualizing of intrinsic motivation. The book concentrates on the approach which has developed out of the work of Robert White (1959), namely, that intrinsically motivated behaviors are ones which a person engages in so that he may feel competent and self-determining in relation to his environment. The book then considers the development of intrinsic motiva tion, how behaviors are motivated intrinsically, how they relate to and how intrinsic motivation is extrinsically motivated behaviors, affected by extrinsic rewards and controls. It also considers how changes in intrinsic motivation relate to changes in attitudes, how people attribute motivation to each other, how the attribution process is motivated, and how the process of perceiving motivation (and other internal states) in oneself relates to perceiving them in others.


Author : Kenneth W. Thomas
Publisher : ReadHowYouWant.com
Release : 2010-06-21
Page : 306
Category :
ISBN 13 : 1458777510
Description :


What motivates people to do their best work in any endeavor they undertake? Management theory and practice has traditionally focused on elements that Kenneth Thomas calls 'extrinsic motivators': pay, benefits, status, bonuses, commissions, pension plans, expense budgets, and the like. While these are powerful motivators, particularly in command/control job situations where workers have little or no say in how the job is managed, by themselves they are no longer enough. In today's organizations, where managers expect workers and teams to self-manage their work, intrinsic rewards are essential. This breakthrough book provides the first comprehensive treatment of intrinsic motivation in the workplace-the psychological rewards workers get directly from the work itself-offering clear advice on how companies can harness its tremendous power to develop a more committed, self-managing workforce. Written in an engaging, accessible style and grounded in solid academic research, the book provides a diagnostic framework for addressing problems of intrinsic motivation and essential ways to build it. Thomas describes four intrinsic rewards needed to energize today's employees: A sense of purpose or meaningfulness; The ability to choose how the tasks are performed; A sense of competence from performing work activities well, and A sense of progress. Thomas offers detailed information on these rewards, together with the building blocks leaders and workers can use to create them. Finally, he spells out the practical implications for executives, managers, and employees themselves. Intrinsic Motivation at Work makes a major contribution to the topic of work motivation-one that is based on a keen understanding of the changing requirements of today's workplace and the limitations of other motivational models. The paradigm and practical approaches this path-breaking book provides will help business leaders build motivation at every level of their organizations. Ken is also the co-author of the new assessment, the Work Engagement Profile, which measures four intrinsic rewards that fuel employee engagement in the workplace, as discussed in Intrinsic Motivation at Work. The WEP is published by CPP, Inc.


Author : Richard M. Ryan
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-12-15
Page : 608
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 019936625X
Description :


Motivation is that which moves us to action. Human motivation is thus a complex issue, as people are moved to action by both their evolved natures and by myriad familial, social and cultural influences. The Oxford Handbook of Human Motivation collects the top theorists and researchers of human motivation into a single volume, capturing the current state-of-the-art in this fast developing field. The book includes theoretical overviews from some of the best-known thinkers in this area, including chapters on Social Learning Theory, Control Theory, Self-determination theory, Terror Management theory, and the Promotion and Prevention perspective. Topical chapters appear on phenomena such as ego-depletion, flow, curiosity, implicit motives, and personal interests. A section specifically highlights goal research, including chapters on goal regulation, achievement goals, the dynamics of choice, unconscious goals and process versus outcome focus. Still other chapters focus on evolutionary and biological underpinnings of motivation, including chapters on cardiovascular dynamics, mood, and neuropsychology. Finally, chapters bring motivation down to earth in reviewing its impact within relationships, and in applied areas such as psychotherapy, work, education, sport, and physical activity. By providing reviews of the most advanced work by the very best scholars in this field, The Oxford Handbook of Human Motivation represents an invaluable resource for both researchers and practitioners, as well as any student of human nature.


Author : Carol Sansone
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2000
Page : 489
Category : Education
ISBN 13 : 0126190704
Description :


In understanding human behavior, psychologists have long been interested in what motivates specific actions. Debates have pitted extrinsic motivators (e.g. rewards/punishment) against intrinsic motivation in attempting to determine what best motivates individuals. This book provides a summary view of what research has determined about both extrinsic and intrinsic motivation, and clarifies what questions remain unanswered. Divided into three sections, section I revisits the debate about the effects of extrinsic incentives or constraints on intrinsic motivation and creativity, and identifies theoretical advances in motivational research. Section II focuses on the hidden costs and benefits of different types of achievement goals on motivation and performance. Section III discusses theory and research findings on how extrinsic and intrinsic motivators may work in everyday life and over time. This book is of interest to researchers in psychology, education, and business, as well as to a wider audience interested in promoting optimal motivation and performance. Coverage in this book includes: * Debates and controversies in motivational research * Developmental nature of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation over time * Influences of parents, educators, and employers in facilitating motivation * Effect of achievement goals on learning and performance * The role of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in self-regulation Key Features * Brings together major figures in the fields of motivation, education, and social psychology * Provides a mix of theory, basic and applied research * Presents research conducted both in laboratories and educational settings * Comprehensive chapters provide excellent reviews of previous literature as well as outlines important new directions * Provides different perspectives on controversial debates in a balanced, constructive manner


Author : Edward L. Deci
Richard M. Ryan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
Page : 372
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1489922717
Description :


Early in this century, most empirically oriented psychologists believed that all motivation was based in the physiology of a set of non-nervous system tissue needs. The theories of that era reflected this belief and used it in an attempt to explain an increasing number of phenomena. It was not until the 1950s that it became irrefutably clear that much of human motivation is based not in these drives, but rather in a set of innate psychological needs. Their physiological basis is less understood; and as concepts, these needs lend themselves more easily to psycho logical than to physiological theorizing. The convergence of evidence from a variety of scholarly efforts suggests that there are three such needs: self-determination, competence, and interpersonal relatedness. This book is primarily about self-determination and competence (with particular emphasis on the former), and about the processes and structures that relate to these needs. The need for interpersonal relat edness, while no less important, remains to be explored, and the findings from those explorations will need to be integrated with the present theory to develop a broad, organismic theory of human motivation. Thus far, we have articulated self-determination theory, which is offered as a working theory-a theory in the making. To stimulate the research that will allow it to evolve further, we have stated self-determination theory in the form of minitheories that relate to more circumscribed domains, and we have developed paradigms for testing predictions from the various minitheories.


Author : Edward Deci
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1975-08
Page : 324
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 :
Description :


Looks at experimental studies and psychological theories to explain the development, stimulus, and effect of intrinsic motivation as well as the reasons for voluntary behavior


Author : Kenneth Wayne Thomas
Publisher : Berrett-Koehler Publishers
Release : 2002
Page : 143
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 9781576752388
Description :


A guide to workforce motivation discusses the limitations of older practices, the importance of building a culture of purpose and self-management, and four methods by which managers can render work energizing and compelling. Reprint.


Author : Kenneth W. Thomas
Publisher : Berrett-Koehler Publishers
Release : 2009-04-13
Page : 160
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 1576755924
Description :


This breakthrough book provides a comprehensive discussion of intrinsic motivation in the workplace--the psychological rewards workers get directly from the work itself.


Author : Daniel H. Pink
Publisher : Penguin
Release : 2011-04-05
Page : 272
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 1101524383
Description :


The New York Times bestseller that gives readers a paradigm-shattering new way to think about motivation from the author of When: The Scientific Secrets of Perfect Timing Most people believe that the best way to motivate is with rewards like money—the carrot-and-stick approach. That's a mistake, says Daniel H. Pink (author of To Sell Is Human: The Surprising Truth About Motivating Others). In this provocative and persuasive new book, he asserts that the secret to high performance and satisfaction-at work, at school, and at home—is the deeply human need to direct our own lives, to learn and create new things, and to do better by ourselves and our world. Drawing on four decades of scientific research on human motivation, Pink exposes the mismatch between what science knows and what business does—and how that affects every aspect of life. He examines the three elements of true motivation—autonomy, mastery, and purpose-and offers smart and surprising techniques for putting these into action in a unique book that will change how we think and transform how we live.


Author : Hy I. Day
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
Page : 503
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 1461331951
Description :


It has been both a pleasure and an honor to edit this book. The pleasure has been in interacting with the gifted authors who wrote the chapters for this volume and the honor has been in knowing that the book is dedicated to a great man and a brilliant psychologist-Daniel E. Berlyne. All the contributors to this book have been touched, at some time, by Dan Berlyne and his ideas. Whether as his teachers, his colleages, his peers, his students, or his friends and arguing partners, we have all felt his presence and been improved by it. The list of contributors to this volume is large and could have been much larger, for a number of people, in fact, contacted me for the oppor tunity to contribute when they heard about the purpose of this book. It is also an international list, for Dan Berlyne's contacts were international. The diversity in content and style is also intentional. The authors were invited to contribute an original paper in the field in which they are presently engaged, whether theoretical or a report of empirical work, and to indicate the contribution that Dan Berlyne had made to their work. As the reader will note, contributions range from personal and contact in a laboratory to ideas that elicit controversy, argument, and intensive re search. Daniel Ellis Berlyne was born in Selford, England, a suburb of Man chester,in 1924, and died in Toronto, Canada, on November 2, 1976.


Author : Elaine Clanton Harpine
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-08-10
Page : 172
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 3030228452
Description :


This book examines the eight-year development of the Reading Orienteering Club after-school program, showing how to develop, test, change, and adapt an after-school program to fit the needs of the children who attend. It includes case studies and data reports for each year and presents the theory, application, and program evaluation steps that workers in the field or students learning about program design must follow. Chapters present first-person accounts as well as statistical evaluations of the effectiveness of the reading program with each group of children. In addition, chapters highlight the changes that were made in program design and why each change was implemented, giving practitioners the insights needed to adapt interventions and strategies to their own programs. The book concludes with recommendations from the authors on how to run a successful after-school reading program. Topics featured in this book include: The effect of intrinsic motivation to mental wellness in the classroom. The importance of oral reading in correcting reading failure. Group-center approaches to teaching reading in the classroom. How to select the best evaluation tool. The challenges of mixing inner city and rural students in a reading program. After-School Programming and Intrinsic Motivation is an essential reference for scientist-practitioners, clinicians, researchers, and graduate students in such disciplines as school psychology, childhood education, social work, psychotherapy and counseling, and learning and instruction.


Author : Gianluca Baldassarre
Marco Mirolli
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-29
Page : 458
Category : Computers
ISBN 13 : 3642323758
Description :


It has become clear to researchers in robotics and adaptive behaviour that current approaches are yielding systems with limited autonomy and capacity for self-improvement. To learn autonomously and in a cumulative fashion is one of the hallmarks of intelligence, and we know that higher mammals engage in exploratory activities that are not directed to pursue goals of immediate relevance for survival and reproduction but are instead driven by intrinsic motivations such as curiosity, interest in novel stimuli or surprising events, and interest in learning new behaviours. The adaptive value of such intrinsically motivated activities lies in the fact that they allow the cumulative acquisition of knowledge and skills that can be used later to accomplish fitness-enhancing goals. Intrinsic motivations continue during adulthood, and in humans they underlie lifelong learning, artistic creativity, and scientific discovery, while they are also the basis for processes that strongly affect human well-being, such as the sense of competence, self-determination, and self-esteem. This book has two aims: to present the state of the art in research on intrinsically motivated learning, and to identify the related scientific and technological open challenges and most promising research directions. The book introduces the concept of intrinsic motivation in artificial systems, reviews the relevant literature, offers insights from the neural and behavioural sciences, and presents novel tools for research. The book is organized into six parts: the chapters in Part I give general overviews on the concept of intrinsic motivations, their function, and possible mechanisms for implementing them; Parts II, III, and IV focus on three classes of intrinsic motivation mechanisms, those based on predictors, on novelty, and on competence; Part V discusses mechanisms that are complementary to intrinsic motivations; and Part VI introduces tools and experimental frameworks for investigating intrinsic motivations. The contributing authors are among the pioneers carrying out fundamental work on this topic, drawn from related disciplines such as artificial intelligence, robotics, artificial life, evolution, machine learning, developmental psychology, cognitive science, and neuroscience. The book will be of value to graduate students and academic researchers in these domains, and to engineers engaged with the design of autonomous, adaptive robots. The contributing authors are among the pioneers carrying out fundamental work on this topic, drawn from related disciplines such as artificial intelligence, robotics, artificial life, evolution, machine learning, developmental psychology, cognitive science, and neuroscience. The book will be of value to graduate students and academic researchers in these domains, and to engineers engaged with the design of autonomous, adaptive robots.


Author : Stephen Grams
Publisher : GRIN Verlag
Release : 2019-02-19
Page : 30
Category : Education
ISBN 13 : 3668880972
Description :


Master's Thesis from the year 2013 in the subject Pedagogy - Higher Education, Concordia University Portland, course: Curriculum and instruction, language: English, abstract: The following is a literature review at Concordia University-Portland and a research project on levels of intrinsic motivation in relation to high school student’s grades. The research question is, "What role does intrinsic motivation play on the academic achievement of the learner?" A definition is given, and independent variables affecting the dependent variable of intrinsic motivation are discussed. Also discussed is learning and learners with disabilities and their relationships to intrinsic motivation. There is discussion of 3 self-report surveys of levels of intrinsic motivation given at a private, parochial, and Sunday School learners, observations, and comparison of available grades to ascertain if intrinsically motivated students do indeed earn better grades. The issue of the learner desiring on his own to succeed academically is especially important when considering that learning ideally will be a lifelong event. Learning for its own enjoyment can benefit the learner, the community, and society. It is the responsibility of the learner, educator, parents, and administration to educe, or draw out, the learning capabilities and possibilities in the home, community, and school. Establishment of a baseline of perceived intrinsic motivation as it relates to academic achievement can be used by the schools surveyed to become aware of positive and negative factors to be found in order to make corrections. Intrinsic motivation is the energy that keeps learners excited about completing academic assignments for the enjoyment of doing so. By encouraging intrinsic motivation, the educator can help the learner to achieve academic success. There is little interest in academic achievement or school when the learner is not interested in a topic, or the domain of the academic performance, or subject of study. Interest is closely related to intrinsic motivation because the orientation of the person towards an object-action (or need) increases and directs the person to the action and need.


Author : Judy Cameron
W. David Pierce
Publisher : Praeger
Release : 2002
Page : 255
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 :
Description :


This work centres around the debate on rewards and intrinsic motivation. Based on historical, narrative, and meta-analytic reviews, it shows that, contrary to many claims, rewards do not have pervasive negative effects.


Author : John Taylor Gatto
Publisher : New Society Publishers
Release : 2002-02-01
Page : 144
Category : Education
ISBN 13 : 1550923013
Description :


With over 70,000 copies of the first edition in print, this radical treatise on public education has been a New Society Publishers’ bestseller for 10 years! Thirty years in New York City’s public schools led John Gatto to the sad conclusion that compulsory schooling does little but teach young people to follow orders like cogs in an industrial machine. This second edition describes the wide-spread impact of the book and Gatto’s "guerrilla teaching." John Gatto has been a teacher for 30 years and is a recipient of the New York State Teacher of the Year award. His other titles include A Different Kind of Teacher (Berkeley Hills Books, 2001) and The Underground History of American Education (Oxford Village Press, 2000).


Author : Carol Ruth Bylenga
Publisher :
Release : 1978
Page : 108
Category : Human information processing
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Matt Church
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-08-20
Page : 240
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 0730304914
Description :


Discover the secrets of motivational, inspirational, and transformational leadership Great leaders do much more than just make decisions; they inspire those around them to excellence and form the vital link between strategy and execution. Amplifiers explains how great leaders use the art and practice of motivational leadership to light the path to success and inspire others to take that journey with them. Written by Matt Church, one of the top motivational speakers in Australia, this practical, powerful guide explores how great leaders move people to action and excellence—and how you can do the same. Church gives you the essential skills and strategies of motivational leadership, from effective communication frameworks and roles to proven guidance on choosing high-impact words when speaking to others. Includes lessons from such motivational speakers as Julius Caesar, Winston Churchill, Bobby Kennedy, and Barack Obama, among others Features case studies from successful companies that have discovered and profited from the power of motivational leadership Arms readers with tactical tips and actions for inspirational leadership Written by one of the most successful and well-known motivational speakers in Australia Great leaders aren't born; they're made. For anyone who leads people, motivational leadership is the key to turning strategy into success. Read Amplifiers and boost your leadership skills to a higher level.


Author : Roberta Kay Deppe
Publisher :
Release : 1994
Page : 116
Category :
ISBN 13 :
Description :