Markets And Rural Poverty Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Jonathan Mitchell
Christopher Coles
Publisher : IDRC
Release : 2011
Page : 268
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 1849713138
Description :


This book explores the place of poor people within a rich variety of value chains, focusing upon lagging, rural regions in Africa and Asia, and how they can 'upgrade' within such chains. Upgrading is a key concept for value chain analysis and refers to the acquisition of technological capabilities and market linkages that enable firms to improve their competitiveness and move into higher-value activities. The authors examine a range of evidence to assess whether the 'bottom billion' people, living mainly in the rural areas of low-income countries, can improve their position through productive strategies and, if so, how? They propose an innovative conceptual framework of value chain upgrading for some of the most marginal producers in the poorest local economies. They demonstrate how interventions can improve poverty and the environment for poor people supplying a wide range of services and agricultural and food products to local, regional and global markets. This analysis is based on empirical research conducted in Senegal, Mali, Tanzania, India, Nepal, Philippines and Vietnam. The main focus is on poverty, environment and gender outcomes of upgrading interventions, and represents one of the key challenges of contemporary development economics.


Author : D. Narasimha Reddy
Publisher : Concept Publishing Company
Release : 2009
Page : 415
Category : Farm tenancy
ISBN 13 : 9788180696046
Description :


Revised version of papers presented at the National Workshop on Land Markets and Rural Poverty, held at Mussoorie during 10-11 August 2004.


Author : Jonathan Mitchell
Christopher Coles
Publisher : Earthscan / James & James
Release : 2011
Page : 268
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 9780415694124
Description :


This book explores the place of poor people within a rich variety of value chains, focusing upon lagging, rural regions in Africa and Asia, and how they can 'upgrade' within such chains. Upgrading is a key concept for value chain analysis and refers to the acquisition of technological capabilities and market linkages that enable firms to improve their competitiveness and move into higher-value activities. The authors examine a range of evidence to assess whether the 'bottom billion' people, living mainly in the rural areas of low-income countries, can improve their position through productive strategies and, if so, how? They propose an innovative conceptual framework of value chain upgrading for some of the most marginal producers in the poorest local economies. They demonstrate how interventions can improve poverty and the environment for poor people supplying a wide range of services and agricultural and food products to local, regional and global markets. This analysis is based on empirical research conducted in Senegal, Mali, Tanzania, India, Nepal, Philippines and Vietnam. The main focus is on poverty, environment and gender outcomes of upgrading interventions, and represents one of the key challenges of contemporary development economics.


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Publisher :
Release : 2009
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Author : T. S. Mkhabela
National Agricultural Marketing Council (South Africa)
Publisher :
Release : 2010
Page : 29
Category : Farm produce
ISBN 13 :
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Author : Renos Vakis
Publisher :
Release : 2002
Page : 79
Category :
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Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1991
Page : 43
Category : Rural development
ISBN 13 :
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Author : Devaux, André
Torero, Maximo
Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Release : 2016-10-21
Page : 560
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 0896292134
Description :


Governments, nongovernmental organizations, donors, and the private sector have increasingly embraced value-chain development (VCD) for stimulating economic growth and combating rural poverty. Innovation for Inclusive Value-Chain Development: Successes and Challenges helps to fill the current gap in systematic knowledge about how well VCD has performed, related trade-offs or undesired effects, and which combinations of VCD elements are most likely to reduce poverty and deliver on overall development goals. This book uses case studies to examine a range of VCD experiences. Approaching the subject from various angles, it looks at new linkages to markets and the role of farmer organizations and contract farming in raising productivity and access to markets, the minimum assets requirement to participate in VCD, the role of multi-stakeholder platforms in VCD, and how to measure and identify successful VCD interventions. The book also explores the challenges livestock-dependent people face; how urbanization and advancing technologies affect linkages; ways to increase gender inclusion and economic growth; and the different roles various types of platforms play in VCD.


Author : Thomas Masterson
Publisher : VDM Publishing
Release : 2008
Page : 196
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 9783836437738
Description :


Rural poverty rates and land inequality in Paraguay are among the highest in Latin America. This book consists of three essays focusing on aspects of the economic development of the Paraguayan agricultural sector. The book seeks to answer the following questions in the rural Paraguayan context: What is the relationship between farm size and productivity? Would land redistribution have a positive impact on rural poverty? Why do rural Paraguayan households with female landowners have lower net farm income than those without female landowners, controlling for farm size? Are land markets an effective means of redistributing access to if not ownership of, land to the rural poor? The book is addressed towards those studying rural economies, land markets and gender, specifically economists, but will also be of interest to sociologists, political scientists, anthropologists and Paraguayanists of all stripes.


Author : Kifle Asfaw Wondemu
Publisher :
Release : 2011
Page :
Category :
ISBN 13 :
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In the face of high population growth and declining natural resource base, tackling rural poverty necessitates an increase in overall factor productivity or a rise in the market rate of return of assets possessed by the poor. Towards achieving these objectives, the role of spatial integration of markets and the efficiency with which these markets operate are considerably important, as these factors shape the structure of incentives and the level of opportunities open to the rural poor. As a result, factors that hinder the spatial integration of markets and their efficient operation will have significant impact on rural poverty. In Ethiopia markets are often segmented mainly due to high transport cost associated with poor road infrastructure. The existing poor quality and low road density are expected to contribute to rural poverty through limiting the size of the market, increasing market risk (price volatility), widening the spatial prices gaps, reducing the market return to land and labour, inflating the profitability of new technologies and reducing the incentive to produce for market. This research endeavours to empirically substantiate if there is a robust link between farm income and the quality of road infrastructure farm households have access to as well as the pathways through which the effects of road on rural income are felt. The empirical result consistently showed that improving rural road access will have significant impact on rural income in general and the income of the poor in particular. The mechanisms by which road boosts rural income and reduce poverty are also found to work through narrowing down spatial price gaps, promoting technology adoption, boosting resource allocation efficiency and raising the market return to land and labour. The result also showed that the rural poor benefits from road induced income growth.


Author : Erwin Bulte
Ruerd Ruben
Publisher : Wageningen Academic Publishers
Release : 2007-09-11
Page : 448
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 9086866182
Description :


This volume in the Mansholt series presents state of the art discussions on a wide variety of topics in the field of (agricultural) development. More than 20 chapters have been prepared by internationally known scholars and policy analysts, providing a concise overview of a variety of recent debates in development economics. While the background of most contributors is in economic science, the chapters are prepared so that they feed into ongoing policy discussions and are accessible to a wide readership. The contributions in this volume are organized around five themes: prospects for rural poverty alleviation, sustainable management of natural resources, strategies for enhancing food security, markets and the role of the state, and institutions and governance. It is obvious there are many links between these themes, and indeed the integration between them is emphasized in various chapters. This book is prepared as a festschrift or Liber Amicorum for professor Arie Kuyvenhoven. His retirement from the Development Economics Group at Wageningen University, The Netherlands is a good opportunity to take stock of recent developments in the area of agricultural development economics. Therefore, in addition to being a valuable source of information for readers with an interest in development, this volume is also intended as a farewell gift: to Arie, from friends and colleagues.


Author : J. Edward Taylor
Ali Arslan Gurkan
Publisher :
Release : 2009
Page :
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Author : Max Spoor
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2008-09-26
Page : 288
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 1134045328
Description :


Rural poverty is a phenomenon that is widespread yet often ignored by policy makers and researchers. This edited volume looks critically at rural poverty in Central Eastern Europe, Russia, the Caucasus and Central Asia, China and Vietnam in relation to land reform, farm restructuring and the development of rural markets and in the context of a large gap between rural and urban incomes and deteriorating rural social services and infrastructure. Although in most countries rural poverty has been decreasing in the past few years, economic growth in rural areas is slow, and rural incomes are not ‘catching up’ with the rapid overall growth rates of these transition economies. In general, the livelihoods of rural dwellers remain relatively poor. Next to comparative studies, the chapters in this book explore various aspects of agrarian reform, and analyze the interlocking or interlinking (land, input and output) markets that are crucial for rural development that have often remained weakly developed in transition economies, including case studies from Russia, Moldova, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Vietnam and China and a wealth of detailed analysis. These chapters reflect the striking differences between transition countries in their processes of rural reform and development of rural poverty. These differences are generally dependent on the initial conditions at the eve of transition, the policies implemented, the sequencing of reforms, and the importance that was given to the sector in the overall development strategy, such as can be seen if the Asian transition economies (ATEs) are compared with many of those in Eastern Europe.


Author : Alex Obeng Somuah
Edward Debrah Wiafe
Publisher : Nova Science Publishers
Release : 2016
Page : 114
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 9781634854245
Description :


The origin of rural poverty is complex and multidimensional. Some aspects of this origin include culture, climate, gender, markets, and public policy. Similarly, the rural poor population is quite diverse both in the problems they face and the possible solutions to those problems. This book examines nature and characteristics of rural poverty and how it develops, its persistence, and how it has caused destruction to environmental resources. The quest for global stability and peace has placed poverty issues at the centre of deliberation. In the year 2000, the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) directly addressed the problem of poverty and its alleviation. Natural resources degradation is usually understood in terms of over use of scarce non-renewable and potentially renewable resources. It entails damage or destruction of key natural resources--such as soils and forests--and the subsequent production of wastes. Low-income rural dwellers have much lower levels of consumption than middle and upper income groups, but occupy much more land per person than middle and upper income groups. Yet, low income groups consume less food and generally have diets that are less energy and land intensive than higher income groups. However, low income populations deplete natural resources for settlements, farming and extraction of resources for many urban dwellers. This book has created the linkages between poverty in rural areas and environmental resources degradation. It draws conclusions from examples from all over the world and emphasizes on a case study in rural Ghana. This book is recommended for academicians, rural development professionals, environmentalists and the general public.


Author : Amir Ullah Khan
Publisher : Academic Foundation
Release : 2004
Page : 470
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 9788171883905
Description :


This Volume Provides A Reform Agenda For Liberalisation And What Needs To Be Done To Bring The Rural Poor Into Interaction With Markets, So That They Can Tap The Opportunities That Market-Based Liberalisation Throws Up.


Author : M.L. Narasaiah
Publisher : Discovery Publishing House
Release : 2005
Page : 208
Category : Agricultural development projects
ISBN 13 : 9788171419265
Description :


Contents: Opening Markets for Agriculture, The Future of Agricultural Trade, The Uruguay Round and Agricultural Reform, WTO Agricultural Negotiations, Export Subsidies, Developing Countries and the WTO Agricultural Negotiations, The Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture, Food First, India s Food Challenge, Food Security, Irrigation Management, Population Growth and Cropland, Population Growth and Grain Production, Population Growth and Meat Production, Watershed Development Programme, Development of Sericulture, Solving Conflicts Over Water Uses, End of Controversy on Large Dams?, Controlling the Global Tobacco Epidemic Towards a Transnational Response, A Breakthrough in the Evolution of Large Dams?, Water Facts and Findings on Large Dams, Trading Towards Peace, Development, A New World Order for Whom?, State Trading Enterprises, Developing Countries and the Uruguay Round, The WTO and the Developing Countries, Rural Poverty in India, Economics and Sustainable Development, Solving the Unemployment Problem by Looking Beyond the Job, Social Summit, Tapping the Market, The Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement and the Developing Countries, What s Driving Migration, Crisis Prevention.


Author : Frank Ellis
H. Ade Freeman
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2004-08-02
Page : 440
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 1134296274
Description :


This important new collection of contributions brings together current thinking on poverty reduction and rural livelihoods in developing countries. As well as leading economists in the field such as Frank Ellis and Chris Barrett, there are a number of contributors from developing countries themselves. The book examines both macroeconomic and microeconomic phenomena and contains wide range of case studies. Skilfully exposing the gap that exists between the rhetoric of poverty reduction strategies in capital cities and the practice of public sector delivery in rural areas, this key text will be essential reading for advanced students and researchers in the fields of rural development, rural livelihoods, poverty reduction strategies and Sub-Saharan Africa development as well as advisors and practitioners in international organizations.


Author : Idriss Jazairy
John Stanier
Publisher : New York University Press
Release : 1992
Page : 514
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 :
Description :


Overview and background; From the old the new development paradigm; The world of the rural poor; Rural poverty processes; Access for the rural poor to resources: land; Access of the rural poor to resources: infrastructure, technology and social services; Access of the rural poor the resources: labour and capital markets; Reorienting government policies and institution to help the poor; Rural women in development; Alleviating rural poverty through natural resource management and preservation; Strategies for targeting specific groups; Partnership and participation: necessary elements for poverty alleviation.


Author : Martin Ravallion
Gaurav Datt
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 1995
Page : 34
Category : India
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Author : Xianbin Yao
Publisher :
Release : 2003
Page : 9
Category : Infrastructure (Economics)
ISBN 13 :
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