Paleoclimates Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Thomas M. Cronin
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Release : 2010
Page : 441
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 0231144946
Description :


"When combined with computer model simulations, paleoclimatic reconstructions are used to test hypotheses about the causes of climatic change, such as greenhouse gases, solar variability, earth's orbital variations, and hydrological, oceanic, and tectonic processes, This book is a comprehensive, state-of-the art synthesis of paleoclimate research covering all geological timescales, emphasizing topics that shed light on modern trends in the earth's climate." --Book Jacket.


Author : Michael L. Bender
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2013-08-25
Page : 320
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 0691145555
Description :


Earth's climate has undergone dramatic changes over the geologic timescale. At one extreme, Earth has been glaciated from the poles to the equator for periods that may have lasted millions of years. At another, temperatures were once so warm that the Canadian Arctic was heavily forested and large dinosaurs lived on Antarctica. Paleoclimatology is the study of such changes and their causes. Studying Earth's long-term climate history gives scientists vital clues about anthropogenic global warming and how climate is affected by human endeavor. In this book, Michael Bender, an internationally recognized authority on paleoclimate, provides a concise, comprehensive, and sophisticated introduction to the subject. After briefly describing the major periods in Earth history to provide geologic context, he discusses controls on climate and how the record of past climate is determined. The heart of the book then proceeds chronologically, introducing the history of climate changes over millions of years--its patterns and major transitions, and why average global temperature has varied so much. The book ends with a discussion of the Holocene (the past 10,000 years) and by putting manmade climate change in the context of paleoclimate. The most up-to-date overview on the subject, Paleoclimate provides an ideal introduction to undergraduates, nonspecialist scientists, and general readers with a scientific background.


Author : Ofer Bar-Yosef
Publisher : Radiocarbon
Release : 1994
Page : 371
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 :
Description :


Klima - Umwelt - Geologie.


Author : John A. Robbins
Publisher :
Release : 2007
Page : 163
Category : Climatic changes
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Keith D. Alverson
Raymond Bradley
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2013-10-03
Page : 221
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 9783642626920
Description :


This book provides a synthesis of the past decade of research into global changes that occurred in the earth system in the past. Focus is achieved by concentrating on those changes in the Earth's past environment that best inform our evaluation of current and future global changes and their consequences for human populations. The book stands as a ten year milestone in the operation of the Past Global Changes (PAGES) Project of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP). It seeks to provide a quantitative understanding of the Earth’s environment in the geologically recent past and to define the envelope of natural environmental variability against which anthropogenic impacts on the Earth System may be assessed. A set of color overhead transparencies based on the figures in the book is available free on the PAGES website (www.pages-igbp.org) for use in teaching and lecturing.


Author : Elisabeth S. Vrba
George H. Denton
Publisher : Yale University Press
Release : 1995-01-01
Page : 547
Category : Social Science
ISBN 13 : 0300063482
Description :


Addressing the relationship between climatic and biotic evolution, this work focuses on how climatic change during the last 15 million years - especially the last three million - has affected human evolution and other evolutionary events.


Author : Curtis James Sorenson
Publisher :
Release : 1975
Page : 448
Category : Northwest Territories
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Peter A. Scholle
Tadeusz M. Peryt
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-01-11
Page : 261
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 9783642785955
Description :


The Permian was a remarkable time period. It represents the maximum stage of Pangean continental assembly, includes a major global climatic shift from glacial to nonglacial conditions (icehouse-greenhouse transition), and is ter minated by one of the most profound faunal/floral extinction events in the Earth's history. In addition, Permian oceans, although poorly understood, must have had some quite unique characteristics. Permian seas reached the most extreme values of carbon, sulfur, and strontium isotopic ratios ever achieved in Phanerozoic time, and the isotopic ratios of all three elements abruptly returned to more "normal" values at, or very close to, the Permo Triassic boundary. Finally, the Permian is marked by an abundance of important sedimentary mineral resources. It has large fossil fuel concentra tions (coal, oil, and natural gas), enormous phosphate reserves, and very extensive evaporite deposits, including gypsum, anhydrite, and halite, as well as a variety of potash salts. Study of the Permian has been hampered, however, by a number of factors. These include a scattered geologic literature (presented in a variety of languages), a confusing regional and global stratigraphic framework (based, in part, on inadequate type sections), and largely provincial, often poorly correlatable faunas. All have contributed to the sparsity and inadequacy of overviews of this critical geological interval. The two volumes attempts to bring together some of the widely scattered observations about these fascinating rocks, at least for the northern (pre dominantly nonglacial) parts of Pangea.


Author : Keith D. Alverson
Raymond S. Bradley
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
Page : 221
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 3642558283
Description :


This book provides a synthesis of the past decade of research into global changes that occurred in the earth system in the past. Focus is achieved by concentrating on those changes in the Earth's past environment that best inform our evaluation of current and future global changes and their consequences for human populations. The book stands as a ten year milestone in the operation of the Past Global Changes (PAGES) Project of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP). It seeks to provide a quantitative understanding of the Earth’s environment in the geologically recent past and to define the envelope of natural environmental variability against which anthropogenic impacts on the Earth System may be assessed. A set of color overhead transparencies based on the figures in the book is available free on the PAGES website (www.pages-igbp.org) for use in teaching and lecturing.


Author : Raymond S. Bradley
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1999-02-22
Page : 613
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 9780080538341
Description :


Raymond S. Bradley provides his readers with a comprehensive and up-to-date review of all of the important methods used in paleoclimatic reconstruction, dating and paleoclimate modeling. Two comprehensive chapters on dating methods provide the foundation for all paleoclimatic studies and are followed by up-to-date coverage of ice core research, continental geological and biological records, pollen analysis, radiocarbon dating, tree rings and historical records. New methods using alkenones in marine sediments and coral studies are also described. Paleoclimatology, Second Edition, is an essential textbook for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students studying climatology, paleoclimatology and paleooceanography worldwide, as well as a valuable reference for lecturers and researchers, appealing to archaeologists and scientists interested in environmental change. * Contains two up-to-date chapters on dating methods * Consists of the latest coverage of ice core research, marine sediment and coral studies, continental geological and biological records, pollen analysis, tree rings, and historical records * Describes the newest methods using alkenones in marine sediments and long continental pollen records * Addresses all important methods used in paleoclimatic reconstruction * Includes an extensive chapter on the use of models in paleoclimatology * Extensive and up-to-date bibliography * Illustrated with numerous comprehensive figure captions


Author : Martha Andrews
Publisher :
Release : 1984
Page :
Category : Geology, Stratigraphic
ISBN 13 :
Description :


Volume 1 contains 1300 annotated references to literature on Holocene palaeoclimates with emphasis on high latitude and high altitude areas. Arranged alphabetically by author and grouped into 15 subject categories. Volume 2 contains the following indexes: author, subject, keyword, time period within Holocene epoch, geographic area, title, and dating methods.


Author : Barry Saltzman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2002
Page : 354
Category : Nature
ISBN 13 : 9780126173314
Description :


The book discusses the ideas and creates a framework for building toward a theory of paleoclimate. Using the rich and mounting array of observational evidence of climatic changes from geology, geochemistry, and paleontology, Saltzman offers a dynamical approach to the theory of paleoclimate evolution and an expanded theory of climate. Saltzman was a distinquished authority on dynamical meteorology. This book provides a comprehensive framework based on dynamical system ideas for a theory of climate and paleoclimatic evolution which is intended for graduate students and research workers in paleoclimatology, earth system studies, and global change research. The book includes an extensive bibliography of geological and physical/dynamical references. Written by the late Barry Saltzman who was a distinquished authority on dynamical meteorology This book provides a comprehensive framework based on dynamical system ideas for a theory of climate and paleoclimatic evolution The book includes extensive bibliography of geological and physical/dynamical references


Author : Michael Charles Sawada
Publisher :
Release : 2001
Page :
Category : America
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Curtis J. Sorenson
Publisher :
Release : 1973
Page : 448
Category : Northwest Territories
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Robert Kautz
Publisher :
Release : 1976
Page : 484
Category : Human beings
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Zhihua Zhang
Nabil Khélifi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-28
Page : 213
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 9783030015985
Description :


This edited volume is based on the best papers accepted for presentation during the 1st Springer Conference of the Arabian Journal of Geosciences (CAJG-1), Tunisia 2018. The book is of interest to all researchers in the fields of climate, paleo-climate and paleo-environmental studies. Middle East and Mediterranean region locates at a crossroad of global climatic patterns. The region is under the influence of a convergence of different maritime conditions which together with extensive adjacent land masses marked by extreme differences in topographical features transporting continental air masses lead to a diverse climate. This volume offers an overview of the state-of-the-art climate, paleoclimate and paleoenvironmental studies mainly on this region. It gives new insights on patterns and mechanisms of past and future climate/environmental changes by international researchers. Main topics include: 1. Spatio-temporal Patterns of Climate Change 2. Sea Level Variability 3. Climate Change Impacts and Migration Schemes 4. Paleoclimate Evolution 5. Paleoenvironmental Evolution


Author : Alan D. Hecht
Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
Release : 1985
Page : 445
Category : Science
ISBN 13 :
Description :


New York : Wiley, c1985.


Author : Arthur James Boucot
Chen Xu
Publisher :
Release : 2013-10-01
Page : 478
Category : Paleoclimatology
ISBN 13 : 9781565762817
Description :


This publication combines the interpretations of two major sets of data. One is the geophysical data that is used to interpret the position of the tectonic plates through geologic time. The other is based on a long time search of the geological literature to find, record, and evaluate the lithologic descriptions of countless reports around the globe; paying careful attention to those lithologies that have climatic implications. The introduction to this volume includes a detailed discussion of the lithologies, mineralogies and biogeographies that are considered to be the most reliable in identifying the climatic conditions existing during their formation and how they are used or not used in this compilation. These include coal, cyclothems, laterite, bauxite, lateritic manganese, oolitic ironstone, kaolin, glendonite, tilites, dropstones, calcretes, evaporites, clay minerals, palms, mangroves, and crocodilians. Additionally, several others are discussed but not used for specified reasons. These include eolian sandstone, silcrete and some specific paleobotanical methdologies. Global paleoclimatic zones based on the climatically interpreted data points are identified during the twenty-eight time periods from Cambrian to Miocene using paleotectonic reconstructed maps. The paleoclimate of each time period is summarized and includes a discussion of the specific referenced data points that have been interpreted to be the most reliable available for that time period and location.


Author : André Berger
Fedor Mesinger
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-04-25
Page : 244
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 3709109736
Description :


Experts in climate and water sciences from Canada, the United States, Brazil, Denmark, Germany, Belgium, France, Serbia, and other European countries and the UNESCO gathered at the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts on the occasion of the 130th birthday anniversary of the geophysicist Milutin Milankovitch. The collection of their presentations is opened by an update on the climate situation after the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Further topics include various issues of paleoclimatology, in particular as it helps reduce uncertainties from which prospects for climate change suffer; ecohydrology and climate change at the watershed scale; and regional climate models, which are discussed in terms of both their improved modeling and their use in studies of a polynya in the Antarctica and expected changes in the Mediterranean region.


Author : Zhihua Zhang
Nabil Khélifi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-17
Page : 188
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 3030015998
Description :


Middle East and Mediterranean region locates at a crossroad of global climatic patterns. The region is under the influence of a convergence of different maritime conditions which together with extensive adjacent land masses marked by extreme differences in topographical features transporting continental air masses lead to a diverse climate. This edited volume is based on the best papers accepted for presentation during the 1st Springer Conference of the Arabian Journal of Geosciences (CAJG-1), Tunisia 2018. It gives new insights on patterns and mechanisms of past, present and future climate/environmental changes mainly on Middle East and Mediterranean region by international researchers. The book is of interest to all researchers in the fields of climate, paleo-climate and paleo-environmental studies. Main topics include: • Spatio-temporal Patterns of Climate Change • Sea Level Variability • Climate Change Impacts and Migration Schemes • Paleoclimate Evolution • Paleoenvironmental Evolution