Patterns Of Attachment Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Mary D. Salter Ainsworth
Mary C. Blehar
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2015-06-26
Page : 418
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1135016178
Description :


Ethological attachment theory is a landmark of 20th century social and behavioral sciences theory and research. This new paradigm for understanding primary relationships across the lifespan evolved from John Bowlby’s critique of psychoanalytic drive theory and his own clinical observations, supplemented by his knowledge of fields as diverse as primate ethology, control systems theory, and cognitive psychology. By the time he had written the first volume of his classic Attachment and Loss trilogy, Mary D. Salter Ainsworth’s naturalistic observations in Uganda and Baltimore, and her theoretical and descriptive insights about maternal care and the secure base phenomenon had become integral to attachment theory. Patterns of Attachment reports the methods and key results of Ainsworth’s landmark Baltimore Longitudinal Study. Following upon her naturalistic home observations in Uganda, the Baltimore project yielded a wealth of enduring, benchmark results on the nature of the child’s tie to its primary caregiver and the importance of early experience. It also addressed a wide range of conceptual and methodological issues common to many developmental and longitudinal projects, especially issues of age appropriate assessment, quantifying behavior, and comprehending individual differences. In addition, Ainsworth and her students broke new ground, clarifying and defining new concepts, demonstrating the value of the ethological methods and insights about behavior. Today, as we enter the fourth generation of attachment study, we have a rich and growing catalogue of behavioral and narrative approaches to measuring attachment from infancy to adulthood. Each of them has roots in the Strange Situation and the secure base concept presented in Patterns of Attachment. It inclusion in the Psychology Press Classic Editions series reflects Patterns of Attachment’s continuing significance and insures its availability to new generations of students, researchers, and clinicians.


Author : M. D.S. Ainsworth
M. C. Blehar
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2014-01-14
Page : 416
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1317768507
Description :


First published in 1979. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.


Author : Malcolm L. West
Publisher : Guilford Press
Release : 1994-04-08
Page : 210
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 9780898626711
Description :


The process of emotional attachment, a critical factor in infant and child development, is now recognized as an important component of satisfying adult relationships. Building on the research and theories of developmental psychologists, ethologists, and social scientists, this ground'breaking book describes the characteristics and role of attachment in the adult years and presents new perspectives for understanding and changing an adult's ability to form life'enhancing personal relationships. Chapters provide methods for applying ideas about adult attachments to social research and clinical intervention, defining attachment for adults with supporting research and clinical evidence, explicating the varieties of attachment patterns for adults, and for demonstrating the clinical and therapeutic relevance of these constructs. This book is aimed at developmental psychologists, clinicians, and social scientists in psychiatry, psychology, and related mental health disciplines. Also an appropriate text for theoretical and clinical courses in psychiatry, psychology, and social work.


Author : Sarah Daniel
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-08-27
Page : 180
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1317622596
Description :


Attachment theory posits that the need for attachment is a life-long phenomenon that becomes especially relevant in times of crisis or trauma. When adults experience illness, accidents, assaults, psychological difficulties or losses, their attachment-behavioural systems are activated, motivating them to seek help and support from family and friends and/or from helping professionals. However, the resulting request for help is affected and shaped by earlier experiences regarding the support and trustworthiness of attachment figures. Can others be trusted? Is it safe to show vulnerability? How should one behave to increase the likelihood of receiving the help needed? Adult Attachment Patterns in a Treatment Context provides an integrated introduction to the subject of adult attachment. Research into adult attachment patterns offers professional helpers a theoretically sound insight into the dynamics underlying a range of client behaviours, including some of the more puzzling and frustrating behaviours such as denying obvious pain or continually pushing the professional for more personal involvement. Sarah Daniel shows how applying knowledge of attachment patterns to treatment settings will improve the way in which professionals engage with clients and the organization of treatments. This book will be relevant to a range of helping professionals such as psychotherapists, psychologists and social workers, both in practice and in training.


Author : Amir Levine
Rachel Heller
Publisher : Penguin
Release : 2010-12-30
Page : 304
Category : Family & Relationships
ISBN 13 : 1101475161
Description :


Is there a science to love? In this groundbreaking book, psychiatrist and neuroscientist Amir Levine and psychologist Rachel S. F. Heller reveal how an understanding of attachment theory-the most advanced relationship science in existence today-can help us find and sustain love. Attachment theory forms the basis for many bestselling books on the parent/child relationship, but there has yet to be an accessible guide to what this fascinating science has to tell us about adult romantic relationships-until now. Attachment theory owes its inception to British psychologist and psychoanalyst John Bowlby, who in the 1950s examined the tremendous impact that our early relationships with our parents or caregivers has on the people we become. Also central to attachment theory is the discovery that our need to be in a close relationship with one or more individuals is embedded in our genes. In Attached, Levine and Heller trace how these evolutionary influences continue to shape who we are in our relationships today. According to attachment theory, every person behaves in relationships in one of three distinct ways: *ANXIOUS people are often preoccupied with their relationships and tend to worry about their partner's ability to love them back. *AVOIDANT people equate intimacy with a loss of independence and constantly try to minimize closeness. *SECURE people feel comfortable with intimacy and are usually warm and loving. Attached guides readers in determining what attachment style they and their mate (or potential mates) follow. It also offers readers a wealth of advice on how to navigate their relationships more wisely given their attachment style and that of their partner. An insightful look at the science behind love, Attached offers readers a road map for building stronger, more fulfilling connections.


Author : John Bowlby
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-11-12
Page : 224
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1135070857
Description :


As Bowlby himself points out in his introduction to this seminal childcare book, to be a successful parent means a lot of very hard work. Giving time and attention to children means sacrificing other interests and activities, but for many people today these are unwelcome truths. Bowlby’s work showed that the early interactions between infant and caregiver have a profound impact on an infant's social, emotional, and intellectual growth. Controversial yet powerfully influential to this day, this classic collection of Bowlby’s lectures offers important guidelines for child rearing based on the crucial role of early relationships.


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Publisher :
Release : 1978
Page :
Category :
ISBN 13 :
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Author : Omri Gillath
Gery C. Karantzas
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-03-29
Page : 346
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 0124200761
Description :


Adult Attachment: A Concise Introduction to Theory and Research is an easy-to-read and highly accessible reference on attachment that deals with many of the key concepts and topics studied within attachment theory. This book is comprised of a series of chapters framed by common questions that are typically asked by novices entering the field of attachment. The content of each chapter focuses on answering this overarching question. Topics on the development of attachment are covered from different levels of analysis, including species, individual, and relationship levels, working models of attachment, attachment functions and hierarchies, attachment stability and change over time and across situations, relationship contexts, the cognitive underpinnings of attachment and its activation of enhancement via priming, the interplay between the attachment behavioral system and other behavioral systems, the effects of context on attachment, the contribution of physiology/neurology and genetics to attachment, the associations/differences between attachment and temperament, the conceptualization and measurement of attachment, and the association between attachment and psychopathology/therapy. Uses a question-and-answer format to address the most important topics within attachment theory Presents information in a simple, easy-to-understand way to ensure accessibility for novices in the field of attachment Covers the main concepts and issues that relate to attachment theory, thus ensuring readers develop a strong foundation in attachment theory that they can then apply to the study of relationships Addresses future directions in the field of attachment theory Concisely covers material, ensuring scholars and professionals can quickly get up-to-speed with the most recent research


Author : Susan Goldberg
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-02-25
Page : 301
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1134675852
Description :


First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.


Author : Paul Holmes
Steve Farnfield
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-06-27
Page : 188
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1317647157
Description :


The Routledge Handbook of Attachment: Theory provides a broadly based introduction to attachment theory and associated areas, written in an accessible style by experts from around the world. The book covers the basic theories of attachment and discusses the similarities and differences of the two predominant schools of attachment theory. The book provides an overview of current developments in attachment theory, explaining why it is important not only to understanding infant and early child development but also to adult personality and the care we provide to our children. The Routledge Handbook of Attachment: Theory provides detailed descriptions of the leading schools of attachment theory as well as discussions of this potentially confusing and contentious area, and includes a chapter on the neuropsychological basis of attachment. The book also examines other domains and diagnoses that can be confused with issues of attachment and assesses contexts when different approaches may be more suitable. Providing a comprehensive yet accessible introduction to the theories of attachment, The Routledge Handbook of Attachment: Theory is an indispensable guide for professionals working with children and families in community and court-based settings, clinical psychologists, psychiatrists and social workers, clinicians in training and students.


Author : Patricia McKinsey Crittenden
Angelika Hartl Claussen
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2003-06-16
Page : 446
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 9780521533461
Description :


This volume, first published in 2000, presents a theory on attachment that broadens its range to ages beyond infancy.


Author : Bethany Saltman
Publisher : Ballantine Books
Release : 2021-04-20
Page : 400
Category : Biography & Autobiography
ISBN 13 : 0399181466
Description :


A full-scale investigation of the controversial and often misunderstood science of attachment theory, inspired by the author's own experience as a parent and daughter. "A profound and beautiful work . . . searingly honest, brazenly fresh, and startlingly rich."--Andrew Solomon, author of The Noonday Demon When professional researcher and writer Bethany Saltman gave birth to her daughter, Azalea, she loved her deeply but felt as if something was missing. Looking back at her lonely childhood, dangerous teenage years, and love-addicted early adulthood, Saltman thought maybe she was broken. Then she discovered the science of attachment, the field of psychology that explores the question of why--from an evolutionary point of view--love exists between parents and children. Saltman went on a ten-year journey visiting labs, archives, and training sessions, while learning the meaning of "delight" from Mary Ainsworth, one of psychology's most important but unsung researchers, who died in 1999. Saltman went deep into the history and findings from Ainsworth's famous laboratory procedure, the Strange Situation, which, like an X-ray, is still used today by scientists around the world to catch a glimpse of the internal workings of attachment. In this simple twenty-minute procedure, a baby and a caregiver enter an ordinary room with two chairs and some toys. During a series of comings and goings, a trained observer studies the minutiae of the pair's back-and-forth with each other. Through the science of attachment, what Saltman discovered was a radical departure from everything she thought she knew--about love and about her own family, her story, and herself. She was far from broken--she saw that love is too powerful to ever break. Strange Situation is a scientific, lyrical, life-affirming exploration of love. Not only will readers be taken on an emotional ride through one mother's reckoning with her own past and her family's future, but they will also be given the tools with which to better understand their own life histories and their relationships today. Praise for Strange Situation "A fascinating deep dive into attachment theory . . . Carefully researched and with copious endnotes, this is an excellent resource for anyone interested in child development."--Publishers Weekly "Honest and complex . . . A thoughtful engagement with a topic that affects all parents."--Kirkus Reviews


Author : Richard G. Erskine
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-05-08
Page : 336
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 0429915683
Description :


Life Scripts: A Transactional Analysis of Unconscious Relational Patterns is an exciting collection of contemporary writings on Life Script theory and psychotherapeutic methods. Each chapter describes an evolution of Eric Berne's original theory and brings together a stimulating range of international perspectives, theoretical positions, clinical experiences and psychotherapy practices, as well as a psychotherapy story that illustrates the theory. The concept of Life Scripts has frequently been associated with the determinism represented in theoretical scripts, yet, this book offers some new and diverse perspectives. A few contributors address the significance of early childhood experiences in forming a Life Script, while others reflect the perspectives of post-modernism, constructivism, existential philosophy, neuroscience, developmental research, mythology and the importance of narrative.An illustrious group of authors has integrated a broad professional perspective into their understanding of a theory of mind, theories of personality and the methods of psychotherapy. Each chapter provides a unique theoretical perspective; some are provocative and challenge Berne's and others long held notions about Life Scripts.


Author : Jay Belsky
Teresa M. Nezworski
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-11-17
Page : 448
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1317838130
Description :


First published in 1987. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.


Author : Steve Farnfield
Paul Holmes
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-06-27
Page : 236
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1317673077
Description :


The Routledge Handbook of Attachment: Assessment provides, in one volume, a detailed discussion of the formal measurement tools available to assess attachment across the age range, including with families. It contains comprehensive chapters on many attachment-based validated procedures for assessing parenting and evaluating risk, to enable professionals to decide what type of assessment is appropriate, who should conduct it and the usefulness of the results. The book provides a detailed account of assessment measures of attachment to enable practitioners at all levels (including academic research workers) to decide which assessment procedure will best meet their need. The chapters are written by those who developed these tools and by people closely associated with them, and advocate an evidence-based model of assessment to increase fairness and transparency for families. Providing a practical guide to the uses of attachment theory and research in professional practice with adults, children, parents and families, and a detailed account of all the current evidence-based tools that can be used in assessment, The Routledge Handbook of Attachment: Assessment is ideal for professionals and clinicians wishing to commission or undertake assessments of attachment, as well as academic research workers and students.


Author : Terry M. Levy
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1999-11-24
Page : 289
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 0080533388
Description :


The emotional attachment of a child to caregivers, and the attachment of the caregivers to the child, is of vital importance to the child's socioemotional development. Proper attachment can affect one's ability to feel and express love, moral development, motivation to achieve, and sense of identity. Modern industrial societies have seen a recent surge in attachment problems, yet there has been little information on clinical interventions for attachment disorders. The Handbook of Attachment Interventions meets this need by providing information on diverse patient populations across different therapeutic philosophies, while providing specific techniques for treating attachment disordered children and their families. The book begins with a discussion of how attachment disorders relate to subsequent antisocial behavior patterns and other disorders, as well as general issues parents may encounter with an attachment disordered child. Subsequent chapters discuss special patient populations (the adopted child, military families, etc.) and techniques for intervention. Practitioners in clinical, private practice, managed care, and hospital settings, social workers, developmental psychologists, and interested parents find the Handbook of Attachment Interventions a valuable reference.


Author : Sam Goldstein
Jack A. Naglieri
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-11-23
Page : 506
Category : Education
ISBN 13 : 038777579X
Description :


Provides a comprehensive grounding in broadly based topics that cover the wide expanse of child behavior and development issues covering the major conceptual areas of child development: learning, behavior, and emotions.


Author : Erin E. Martin
Publisher :
Release : 2005
Page : 168
Category :
ISBN 13 : 9781109846249
Description :


The purpose of this study was to examine attachment styles across three generations. 31 participants were recruited to participate in the study including maternal grandmothers, mothers and preschool-aged children (ages 2-6). Participants completed a battery of measures including the Adult Scale of Parental Attachment (ASPA) (Snow et. al., submitted), the Demographic Data Questionnaire (DDQ) and the Marschak Interaction Method Rating System (MIM-RS) (O'Connor et. al., 2004). As predicted, attachment styles do transmit across generations. It was found that grandmothers had significant patterns of relating to their daughters in some patterns. Additionally, mothers had significant patterns of relating to their preschool-aged children in some patterns. A discriminant function analysis predicted that grandmother's Fearful pattern of relating predicted the grandchild's attachment style. To better understand the prediction of attachment styles across generations, a larger investigation utilizing a general and clinical population is needed.


Author : Jeffry A. Simpson
W. Steven Rholes
Publisher : Guilford Publications
Release : 2015-02-20
Page : 452
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1462518737
Description :


This volume showcases the latest theoretical and empirical work from some of the top scholars in attachment. Extending classic themes and describing important new applications, the book examines several ways in which attachment processes help explain how people think, feel, and behave in different situations and at different stages in the life cycle. Topics include the effects of early experiences on adult relationships; new developments in neuroscience and genetics; attachment orientations and parenting; connections between attachment and psychopathology, as well as health outcomes; and the relationship of attachment theory and processes to clinical interventions.


Author : Kent Hoffman
Glen Cooper
Publisher : Guilford Publications
Release : 2017-02-03
Page : 280
Category : Family & Relationships
ISBN 13 : 1462528139
Description :


Today's parents are constantly pressured to be perfect. But in striving to do everything right, we risk missing what children really need for lifelong emotional security. Now the simple, powerful "Circle of Security" parenting strategies that Kent Hoffman, Glen Cooper, and Bert Powell have taught thousands of families are available in self-help form for the first time.ÿ You will learn:ÿ *How to balance nurturing and protectiveness with promoting your child's independence.ÿ *What emotional needs a toddler or older child may be expressing through difficult behavior. *How your own upbringing affects your parenting style--and what you can do about it.ÿ Filled with vivid stories and unique practical tools, this book puts the keys to healthy attachment within everyone's reach--self-understanding, flexibility, and the willingness to make and learn from mistakes. Self-assessment checklists can be downloaded and printed for ease of use.