Petrostate Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Marshall I. Goldman
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2010-01-20
Page : 264
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 0199758549
Description :


In the aftermath of the financial collapse of August 1998, it looked as if Russia's day as a superpower had come and gone. That it should recover and reassert itself after less than a decade is nothing short of an economic and political miracle. Based on extensive research, including several interviews with Vladimir Putin, this revealing book chronicles Russia's dramatic reemergence on the world stage, illuminating the key reason for its rebirth: the use of its ever-expanding energy wealth to reassert its traditional great power ambitions. In his deft, informative narrative, Marshall Goldman traces how this has come to be, and how Russia is using its oil-based power as a lever in world politics. The book provides an informative overview of oil in Russia, traces Vladimir Putin's determined effort to reign in the upstart oil oligarchs who had risen to power in the post-Soviet era, and describes Putin's efforts to renationalize and refashion Russia's industries into state companies and his vaunted "national champions" corporations like Gazprom, largely owned by the state, who do the bidding of the state. Goldman shows how Russia paid off its international debt and has gone on to accumulate the world's third largest holdings of foreign currency reserves--all by becoming the world's largest producer of petroleum and the world's second largest exporter. Today, Vladimir Putin and his cohort have stabilized the Russian economy and recentralized power in Moscow, and fossil fuels (oil and natural gas) have made it all possible. The story of oil and gas in Russia is a tale of discovery, intrigue, corruption, wealth, misguidance, greed, patronage, nepotism, and power. Marshall Goldman tells this story with panache, as only one of the world's leading authorities on Russia could.


Author : Penélope Plaza Azuaje
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-12-18
Page : 150
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 1351330497
Description :


This book unpacks the links between oil energy, state power, urban space and culture, by looking at the Petro-Socialist Venezuelan oil state. It challenges the disciplinary compartmentalisation of the analysis of the material and cultural effects of oil to demonstrate that within the Petrostate, Territory, Bureaucratic Power and Culture become indivisible. To this end, it examines how oil is a cultural resource, in addition to a natural resource, implying therefore that struggles over culture implicate oil, and struggles over oil implicate culture. This book develops a story about Venezuela as an oil state and the way it deploys its policies to instrumentalise culture and urban space by examining the way Petro-Socialism manifests in space, how it is imagined in speeches and how it is discursively constructed in adverts. The discussion reveals how a particular culture is privileged by the Venezuela state-owned oil company and its social and cultural branch. The book explores to what effect the state-owned oil company constructs a parallel notion of culture that becomes inextricable from land, akin to a mineral deposit, and tightly controlled by the Petrostate. The book will appeal to researchers who are interested in Resource Management, Environmental Studies, Cultural Studies and Political Geography.


Author : Anita Demkiv
Publisher :
Release : 2012
Page : 160
Category : Algeria
ISBN 13 :
Description :


This dissertation explores the correlation between petrostates' oil revenue fluctuations and political stability or political instability. Petrostates (countries heavily reliant on oil revenues) often maintain domestic stability by using petrodollars to fund social programs and a strong state security apparatus. In the context of a post-Arab Spring world, characterized by increasing protests against oppression, petrostates with dramatically reduced revenues could portend destabilizing revolutions, uncertainty in geopolitics and energy supply, and general upheaval in global politics. In light of these circumstances, the main research question is: Do petrostates become unstable politically as oil prices fluctuate, and if so, are these countries significantly at risk of becoming failing states? The methodological approach is mixed method, quantitative and qualitative. Purposive sampling is conducted on six countries--Algeria, Iran, Nigeria, Russia, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela. The primary data source is the New York Times(NYT) online archive, and the time span for analysis is 29 years--from 1981-2010. Based on the NYT online archive, four types of categories are identified to denote political instability: (1) Demonstrations and Riots, (2) Civil War and Guerilla Warfare, (3) Coups D'Etat and Attempted Coups D'Etat and (4) Terrorism. These four categories are collectively referred to as Political Instability Indicators. The research results suggest that in prolonged low oil periods petrostates experience increased levels of instability and are in danger of becoming fragile states.


Author : César E. Baena
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-01-04
Page : 266
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 0429810652
Description :


First published in 1999, this volume focuses on the impact of democratic bargaining on the process of oil policy-making in Venezuela, stressing the constraints posed by politics on PVDSA’s efforts to expand its foreign operations. Venezuela offers a unique case and fertile ground for the study of oil policy-making processes. In the specialised literature, very little attention has been paid to the nature and operations of multinationals from developing countries. By analysing Petróleos de Venezuela, S.A. (PVDSA)’s international policy, this unique book explores the difficulties encountered by a major state oil enterprise in its efforts to grow beyond national borders.


Author : Iselin Åsedotter Strønen
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-09-01
Page : 357
Category : Social Science
ISBN 13 : 3319595075
Description :


This book is published open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This book presents an ethnographic study of how grassroots activism in Venezuela during the Chávez presidency can be understood in relation to the country's history as a petro-state. Taking the contested relationship between the popular sectors and the Venezuelan state as a point of departure, Iselin Åsedotter Strønen explores how notions such as class, race, state, bureaucracy, popular politics, capitalism, neoliberalism, consumption, oil wealth, and corruption gained salience in the Bolivarian process. A central argument is that the Bolivarian process was an attempt to challenge the practices, ideas, and values inherited from Venezuela's historical development as an oil-producing state. Drawing on rich ethnographic material from Caracas' shantytowns, state institutions, as well as everyday life and public culture, Strønen explores the complexities and challenges in fostering deep social and political change.


Author : Emma Ashford
Publisher :
Release : 2022
Page :
Category : Gas industry
ISBN 13 : 9781647122386
Description :


"Petrostates play an outsize role in world affairs. The largest producers of oil and natural gas are wealthy states that translate that wealth into influence. They start more wars and support violent proxies abroad. Oil-rich states prop up the global arms trade, but they also use their wealth for diplomatic and aid purposes. Many assume that petrostates can use their contribution to global oil supply as a weapon, but this is more myth than reality. Emma Ashford provides a comprehensive exploration of the foreign policy capabilities of oil-rich states through qualitative and quantitative analysis and short case studies of the foreign policies of petrostates. At the same time, the book argues that there are different types of petrostates that exhibit vastly different behaviors and capabilities. In exploring the universe of petrostates through a unique typology, this book helps us to better understand the diverse ways in which oil shapes the foreign policy of these states, and, in turn, how they shape the world"--


Author : Anna Kuteleva
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-07-26
Page : 164
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 1000406326
Description :


This book examines the development of bilateral energy relations between China and the two oil-rich countries, Kazakhstan and Russia. Challenging conventional assumptions about energy politics and China’s global quest for oil, this book examines the interplay of politics and sociocultural contexts. It shows how energy resources become ideas and how these ideas are mobilized in the realm of international relations. China’s relations with Kazakhstan and Russia are simultaneously enabled and constrained by the discursive politics of oil. It is argued that to build collaborative and constructive energy relations with China, its partners in Kazakhstan, Russia, and elsewhere must consider not only the material realities of China’s energy industry and the institutional settings of China’s energy policy but also the multiple symbolic meanings that energy resources and, particularly, oil acquire in China. China’s Energy Security and Relations with Petrostates offers a nuanced understanding of China’s bilateral energy relations with Kazakhstan and Russia, raising essential questions about the social logic of international energy politics. It will appeal to students and scholars of international relations, energy security, Chinese and post-Soviet studies, along with researchers working in the fields of energy policy and environmental sustainability.


Author : Terry Lynn Karl
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 1997-10-10
Page : 342
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 0520207726
Description :


The Paradox of Plenty explains why, in the midst of two massive oil booms in the 1970s, oil-exporting governments as different as Venezuela, Iran, Nigeria, Algeria, and Indonesia chose common development paths and suffered similarly disappointing outcomes. Meticulously documented and theoretically innovative, this book illuminates the manifold factors—economic, political, and social—that determine the nature of the oil state, from the coherence of public bureaucracies, to the degree of centralization, to patterns of policy-making. Karl contends that oil countries, while seemingly disparate, are characterized by similar social classes and patterns of collective action. In these countries, dependence on petroleum leads to disproportionate fiscal reliance on petrodollars and public spending, at the expense of statecraft. Oil booms, which create the illusion of prosperity and development, actually destabilize regimes by reinforcing oil-based interests and further weakening state capacity. Karl's incisive investigation unites structural and choice-based approaches by illuminating how decisions of policymakers are embedded in institutions interacting with domestic and international markets. This approach—which Karl dubs "structured contingency"—uses a state's leading sector as the starting point for identifying a range of decision-making choices, and ends by examining the dynamics of the state itself.


Author : Jeff D. Colgan
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2013-01-31
Page :
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 1107311292
Description :


Oil is the world's single most important commodity and its political effects are pervasive. Jeff D. Colgan extends the idea of the resource curse into the realm of international relations, exploring how countries form their foreign policy preferences and intentions. Why are some but not all oil-exporting 'petrostates' aggressive? To answer this question, a theory of aggressive foreign policy preferences is developed and then tested, using both quantitative and qualitative methods. Petro-Aggression shows that oil creates incentives that increase a petrostate's aggression, but also incentives for the opposite. The net effect depends critically on its domestic politics, especially the preferences of its leader. Revolutionary leaders are especially significant. Using case studies including Iraq, Iran, Libya, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela, this book offers new insight into why oil politics has a central role in global peace and conflict.


Author : Jeff D. Colgan
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2013-01-31
Page : 312
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 1107029678
Description :


Jeff Colgan explores why some oil-exporting countries are aggressive, while others are not. Using evidence from key countries such as Iraq, Iran, Libya, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela, Petro-Aggression proposes a new theoretical framework to explain the importance of oil to international security.


Author : Laurie Adkin
Publisher : University of Toronto Press
Release : 2016-08-04
Page : 696
Category : Nature
ISBN 13 : 1442699426
Description :


First World Petro-Politics examines the vital yet understudied case of a first world petro-state facing related social, ecological, and economic crises in the context of recent critical work on fossil capitalism. A wide-ranging and richly documented study of Alberta’s political ecology – the relationship between the province’s political and economic institutions and its natural environment – the volume tackles questions about the nature of the political regime, how it has governed, and where its primary fractures have emerged. Its authors examine Alberta’s neo-liberal environmental regulation, institutional adaptation to petro-state imperatives, social movement organizing, Indigenous responses to extractive development, media framing of issues, and corporate strategies to secure social license to operate. Importantly, they also discuss policy alternatives for political democratization and for a transition to a low-carbon economy. The volume’s conclusions offer a critical examination of petro-state theory, arguing for a comparative and contextual approach to understanding the relationships between dependence on carbon extraction and the nature of political regimes.


Author : Laurie E. Adkin
Publisher : University of Toronto Press
Release : 2016
Page : 668
Category : Nature
ISBN 13 : 1442612584
Description :


First World Petro-Politics examines the vital yet understudied case of a first world petro-state facing related social, ecological, and economic crises in the context of recent critical work on fossil capitalism. A wide-ranging and richly documented study of Alberta's political ecology - the relationship between the province's political and economic institutions and its natural environment - the volume tackles questions about the nature of the political regime, how it has governed, and where its primary fractures have emerged. Its authors examine Alberta's neo-liberal environmental regulation, institutional adaptation to petro-state imperatives, social movement organizing, Indigenous responses to extractive development, media framing of issues, and corporate strategies to secure social license to operate. Importantly, they also discuss policy alternatives for political democratization and for a transition to a low-carbon economy. The volume's conclusions offer a critical examination of petro-state theory, arguing for a comparative and contextual approach to understanding the relationships between dependence on carbon extraction and the nature of political regimes.


Author : Germán Massabié
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-04-17
Page : 274
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 3531910035
Description :


This qualitative, comparative policy study analyses whether oil revenues restraint or favor the adoption of RES. It is based on the interpretation and analysis of primary and secondary data collected in Germany and in Venezuela and draws on non-standardized interviews, informal conversations, and e-mail exchanges with Venezuelan experts, policy makers, and key actors. It allows a look beyond laws, development programs, and official statements.


Author : Iselin Åsedotter Strønen
Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan
Release : 2017-09-14
Page : 357
Category : Social Science
ISBN 13 : 9783319595061
Description :


This book is published open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This book presents an ethnographic study of how grassroots activism in Venezuela during the Chávez presidency can be understood in relation to the country's history as a petro-state. Taking the contested relationship between the popular sectors and the Venezuelan state as a point of departure, Iselin Åsedotter Strønen explores how notions such as class, race, state, bureaucracy, popular politics, capitalism, neoliberalism, consumption, oil wealth, and corruption gained salience in the Bolivarian process. A central argument is that the Bolivarian process was an attempt to challenge the practices, ideas, and values inherited from Venezuela's historical development as an oil-producing state. Drawing on rich ethnographic material from Caracas' shantytowns, state institutions, as well as everyday life and public culture, Strønen explores the complexities and challenges in fostering deep social and political change.


Author : Todd A. Eisenstadt
Karleen Jones West
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2019-04
Page : 280
Category :
ISBN 13 : 9780190908959
Description :


In 2009, Ecuador became the first nation ever to enshrine rights for nature in its constitution. Nature was accorded inalienable rights, and every citizen was granted standing to defend those rights. At the same time, the government advanced a policy of "extractive populism," buying public support for mineral mining by promising that funds from the mining would be used to increase public services. This book, based on a nationwide survey and interviews about environmental attitudes among citizens as well as indigenous, environmental, government, academic, and civil society leaders in Ecuador, offers a theory about when and why individuals will speak for nature, particularly when economic interests are at stake. Parting from conventional social science arguments that political attitudes are determined by ethnicity or social class, the authors argue that environmental dispositions in developing countries are shaped by personal experiences of vulnerability to environmental degradation. Abstract appeals to identity politics, on the other hand, are less effective. Ultimately, this book argues that indigenous groups should be the stewards of nature, but that they must do so by appealing to the concrete, everyday vulnerabilities they face, rather than by turning to the more abstract appeals of ethnic-based movements.


Author : Iselin Åsedotter Strønen
Publisher : Saint Philip Street Press
Release : 2020-10-09
Page : 368
Category :
ISBN 13 : 9781013289200
Description :


This book presents an ethnographic study of how grassroots activism in Venezuela during the Chávez presidency can be understood in relation to the country's history as a petro-state. Taking the contested relationship between the popular sectors and the Venezuelan state as a point of departure, Iselin Åsedotter Strønen explores how notions such as class, race, state, bureaucracy, popular politics, capitalism, neoliberalism, consumption, oil wealth, and corruption gained salience in the Bolivarian process. A central argument is that the Bolivarian process was an attempt to challenge the practices, ideas, and values inherited from Venezuela's historical development as an oil-producing state. Drawing on rich ethnographic material from Caracas' shantytowns, state institutions, as well as everyday life and public culture, Strønen explores the complexities and challenges in fostering deep social and political change. This work was published by Saint Philip Street Press pursuant to a Creative Commons license permitting commercial use. All rights not granted by the work's license are retained by the author or authors.


Author : Todd A. Eisenstadt
Karleen Jones West
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2019-03-01
Page : 496
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 0190908963
Description :


In 2009, Ecuador became the first nation ever to enshrine rights for nature in its constitution. Nature was accorded inalienable rights, and every citizen was granted standing to defend those rights. At the same time, the government advanced a policy of "extractive populism," buying public support for mineral mining by promising that funds from the mining would be used to increase public services. This book, based on a nationwide survey and interviews about environmental attitudes among citizens as well as indigenous, environmental, government, academic, and civil society leaders in Ecuador, offers a theory about when and why individuals will speak for nature, particularly when economic interests are at stake. Parting from conventional social science arguments that political attitudes are determined by ethnicity or social class, the authors argue that environmental dispositions in developing countries are shaped by personal experiences of vulnerability to environmental degradation. Abstract appeals to identity politics, on the other hand, are less effective. Ultimately, this book argues that indigenous groups should be the stewards of nature, but that they must do so by appealing to the concrete, everyday vulnerabilities they face, rather than by turning to the more abstract appeals of ethnic-based movements.


Author : Daniel Cayley-Daoust
Publisher :
Release : 2012
Page : 23
Category : Lobbying
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Paddy Kinyera
Publisher : Nomos Verlag
Release : 2020-09-16
Page : 269
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 3748908911
Description :


Dieses Buch veranschaulicht die Art und Weise, wie sich Uganda in ein ölproduzierendes Land verwandelt, das hier als "Petrostaat" bezeichnet wird. Im Gegensatz zur traditionellen Verwendung des Begriffs hebt der Begriff "Petrostaat" hier den bewussten Versuch hervor, die politische Wirtschaft Ugandas auf die künftige Ölförderung auszurichten. Die Erwartung von "Petrodollars" hat den Staat gezwungen, seine institutionelle Infrastruktur zu verändern und zu versuchen, die sozioökonomische und räumliche Orientierung der Bevölkerung zu rekonfigurieren. Der Autor stellt die Machtverhältnisse und die dynamischen Kämpfe dar, in die die Schlüsselakteure im Prozess der Erdölförderung in Uganda verstrickt werden. Ausgehend von einem Foucault'schen Ansatz in der Regierungs- und Machtfrage zeigt er auf, wie die ölbezogenen Entwicklungsprojekte in Uganda die Bevölkerung mehrdimensional fördern sollen.


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 2020
Page :
Category :
ISBN 13 :
Description :