Population Health Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Jack James
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-11-02
Page : 526
Category : Health & Fitness
ISBN 13 : 0128028130
Description :


The Health of Populations: Beyond Medicine uses current research and in-depth analysis to provide insights into the issues and challenges of population health; a subject of increasing concern, due largely to rapid population growth, population aging, rising costs and diminishing resources, health inequality, and the global rise in noncommunicable diseases. Reducing the global burden of disease requires prevention of disease incidence, which is achievable through reduction of exposure to primary (behavioral) and secondary (biomedical) risk factors. The 15 chapters of the book are divided into three sections that focus on the science of health, the harm of medicine, and how to achieve optimal health. By highlighting the benefits of preventing incidence of disease, this book illustrates how biomedicine needs to be repositioned form being the dominant approach in healthcare to being an adjunct to behavioral, legislative, social, and other preventive means for optimizing population health. Heavily evidence-based and thoroughly referenced with hundreds of scientific citations Contains a glossary, as well as valuable tables, illustrations, and information boxes to further explain core content Provides fresh perspectives on issues related to rapid population growth, population aging, rising costs, diminishing resources, health inequality, and more Carefully distils extensive tracts of information, clarifies misunderstandings, and rebuts myths with the ultimate goal of encouraging better understanding of the action needed to promote optimal health for all


Author : International Development Research Centre (Canada)
INDEPTH Network
Publisher : IDRC
Release : 2002
Page : 339
Category : Social Science
ISBN 13 : 9780889369481
Description :


Population and Health in Developing Countries: Volume 1. Poulation, health, and survival at INDEPTH sites


Author : Ivy Lynn Bourgeault
Ronald Labonté
Publisher : Canadian Scholars
Release : 2017-12-15
Page : 449
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 1773380095
Description :


Drawing on the latest research and statistics, Population Health in Canada presents critical analyses of the most pressing population health equity issues in Canada. Comprising research papers and briefs written by some of the top scholars in the field, this edited collection illustrates fundamental concepts of population health, including social inclusion and exclusion, health as a public good, and the social determinants of health. The editors’ careful selection of the framework and contents has been designed to encourage a social justice lens to address health inequities that are systemic, socially produced, and unfair. Sections on methodological tools, population health equity, community action, and current issues introduce students to the components needed to understand population health in Canada. With an emphasis on theory, methods, interventions, policy, and knowledge translation, this timely volume is well suited to a variety of courses on population health in social science and health studies programs.


Author : Katherine M. Keyes
Sandro Galea
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016-07-07
Page : 272
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 0190459395
Description :


POPULATION HEALTH SCIENCE formalizes an emerging discipline at the crossroads of social and medical sciences, demography, and economics--an emerging approach to population studies that represents a seismic shift in how traditional health sciences measure and observe health events. Bringing together theories and methods from diverse fields, this text provides grounding in the factors that shape population health. The overall approach is one of consequentialist science: designing creative studies that identify causal factors in health with multidisciplinary rigor. Distilled into nine foundational principles, this book guides readers through population science studies that strategically incorporate: · macrosocial factors · multilevel, lifecourse, and systems theories · prevention science fundamentals · return on investment · equity and efficiency Harnessing the power of scientific inquiry and codifying the knowledge base for a burgeoning field, POPULATION HEALTH SCIENCE arms readers with tools to shift the curve of population health.


Author : David B. Nash
Dean Jefferson School of Population Health Thomas Jefferson University David B Nash, M.D., M.B.A.
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Release : 2010-10-25
Page : 372
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 1449619479
Description :


With over 45.7 million uninsured in the United States and health reform a national priority, the need for population health management has never been more eminent. Sixty percent of American deaths are attributable to behavioral factors, social circumstances and environmental exposures. Employment of population health management techniques advocating use of preventative services and quality clinical care are imperative. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.


Author : Deborah R. McFarlane
Professor and Regents Lecturer University of New Mexico Albuquerque New Mexico Deborah R McFarlane
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Release : 2014-07-18
Page : 350
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 1449685218
Description :


The world population surpassed the seven billion mark in 2011, yet many women and couples still lack access to reproductive health services. These facts have profound implications for maternal and child health, environmental quality, and food security. Global Population and Reproductive Health provides an introduction to an important and timely public health topic. The text is unique in that it explores the inextricable link between population and reproductive health a connection that is often overlooked as well as their impact on global and local environmental issues. Students will come away with a clear understanding of the relationships among all these issues, and the vital need for integrated policies and international cooperation. Contents Include: 1.Overview 2.Measures and Theories 3.Health 4.Related Issues 5.Policies"


Author : Sean A Valles
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-05-11
Page : 224
Category : Social Science
ISBN 13 : 1351670778
Description :


Population health has recently grown from a series of loosely connected critiques of twentieth-century public health and medicine into a theoretical framework with a corresponding field of research—population health science. Its approach is to promote the public’s health through improving everyday human life: afford-able nutritious food, clean air, safe places where children can play, living wages, etc. It recognizes that addressing contemporary health challenges such as the prevalence of type 2 diabetes will take much more than good hospitals and public health departments. Blending philosophy of science/medicine, public health ethics and history, this book offers a framework that explains, analyses and largely endorses the features that define this relatively new field. Presenting a philosophical perspective, Valles helps to clarify what these features are and why they matter, including: searching for health’s "upstream" causes in social life, embracing a professional commitment to studying and ameliorating the staggering health inequities in and between populations; and reforming scientific practices to foster humility and respect among the many scientists and non- scientists who must work collaboratively to promote health. Featuring illustrative case studies from around the globe at the end of all main chapters, this radical monograph is written to be accessible to all scholars and advanced students who have an interest in health—from public health students to professional philosophers.


Author : Institute of Medicine
Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2003-02-01
Page : 536
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 9780309133180
Description :


The anthrax incidents following the 9/11 terrorist attacks put the spotlight on the nation’s public health agencies, placing it under an unprecedented scrutiny that added new dimensions to the complex issues considered in this report. The Future of the Public’s Health in the 21st Century reaffirms the vision of Healthy People 2010, and outlines a systems approach to assuring the nation’s health in practice, research, and policy. This approach focuses on joining the unique resources and perspectives of diverse sectors and entities and challenges these groups to work in a concerted, strategic way to promote and protect the public’s health. Focusing on diverse partnerships as the framework for public health, the book discusses: The need for a shift from an individual to a population-based approach in practice, research, policy, and community engagement. The status of the governmental public health infrastructure and what needs to be improved, including its interface with the health care delivery system. The roles nongovernment actors, such as academia, business, local communities and the media can play in creating a healthy nation. Providing an accessible analysis, this book will be important to public health policy-makers and practitioners, business and community leaders, health advocates, educators and journalists.


Author : Daniel W. Harrington
Sara McLafferty
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-07-22
Page : 206
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 1317077822
Description :


Health geographers are well situated for undertaking population health intervention research (PHIR), and have an opportunity to be at the forefront of this emerging area of inquiry. However, in order to advance PHIR, the scientific community needs to be innovative with its methodologies, theories, and ability to think critically about population health issues. For example, using alternatives (e.g. community-based participatory research) to traditional study designs such as the randomised control trial, health geographers can contribute in important ways to understanding the complex relationships between population health (both intended and unintended consequences), interventions and place. Representing a diverse array of health concerns ranging across chronic and infectious diseases, and research employing varied qualitative and quantitative methodologies, the contributions to this book illustrate how geographic concepts and approaches have informed the design and planning of intervention(s) and/or the evaluation of health impacts. For example, the authors argue that geographically targeting interventions to places of high-need and tailoring interventions to local place contexts are critically important for intervention success. Including an afterword by Professor Louise Potvin, this book will appeal to researchers interested in population and public/community health and epidemiology as well as health geography.


Author : Markku T. Hyyppä
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-09-02
Page : 163
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 9789048196067
Description :


Social capital is a widely acknowledged candidate for implementing beneficial democratic processes and promoting public health. Healthy ties. Social capital, population health and survival traces the path from the conceptualization to the implementation of social capital. To provide empirical proof of the effects of social capital on public health is a serious challenge and the main focus of the book. In the Nordic countries, personal identification codes linking data from various sources, nation-wide population registers, nationally representative and re-tested health surveys, and the long tradition of epidemiology submit to serve well the research into social capital and public health. Up-to-date longitudinal data on social capital and health outcomes are carefully described and reviewed in this book. In Finland, the Swedish-speaking minority is very long-lived and has better health as compared with the Finnish-speaking majority.


Author : Robert A. Hummer
Erin R. Hamilton
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 2019-07-09
Page : 280
Category : Health & Fitness
ISBN 13 : 0520965299
Description :


In this engaging and accessibly written book, Population Health in America weaves demographic data with social theory and research to help students understand health patterns and trends in the U.S. population. While life expectancy was estimated to be just 37 years in the United States in 1870, today it is more than twice as long, at over 78 years. Yet today, life expectancy in the U.S. lags behind almost all other wealthy countries. Within the U.S., there are substantial social inequalities in health and mortality: women live longer but less healthier lives than men; African Americans and Native Americans live far shorter lives than Asian Americans and White Americans; and socioeconomic inequalities in health have been widening over the past 20 years. What accounts for these population health patterns and trends? Inviting students to delve into population health trends and disparities, demographers Robert Hummer and Erin Hamilton provide an easily understandable historical and contemporary portrait of U.S. population health. Perfect for courses such as population health, medical or health sociology, social epidemiology, health disparities, demography, and others, as well as for academic researchers and lay persons interested in better understanding the overall health of the country, Population Health in America also challenges students, academics, and the public to understand current health policy priorities and to ask whether considerably different directions are needed.


Author : T. Kue Young M.D.
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2004-09-23
Page : 403
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 9780199748037
Description :


Population health encompasses traditional public health and preventive medicine but emphasizes the full range of health determinants affecting the entire population rather than only ill or high-risk individuals. The population health approach integrates the social and biological, the quantitative and qualitative, recognizing the importance of social and cultural factors in practice and research. This text is organized around the logical sequence of studying and attempting to improve the health of populations; measuring health status and disease burden, identifying and modeling health determinants, assessing health risks and inferring causation, designing research studies, planning interventions, and evaluating health programs. The second edition incorporates many new topics that reflect changes in contemporary public health concerns and our response to them; as well as shifts in research directions. These include lifecourse approaches to health, gene-environment interactions, emergent infections, and bioterrorism. Among the specific changes are new or expanded discussions of confidence intervals for commonly used rates, the impact of population aging on mortality trends, health survey questionnaires, summary measures of population health, the new International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, migrant studies, race and ethinicity, psychoneuroendocrine pathways, social epidemiology, risk perception, communicating the SARS epidemic, ecologic studies, the odds radio, paticipatory research, suicide, evidence-based community interventions, evaluation methods and health economics, the Cochrane Collaboration, and systemic reviews. The many positive features of the first edition have been retained, such as the extensive use of boxes, case studies, and exercises; the selection of examples representing a variety of health problems, geographic regions, and historical periods; and a multidisciplinary orientation bridging the quantitative and qualitative, the social and biomedical sciences. The book aims to spark a new kind of broad-based training for researchers and practitioners of population health.


Author : Gabriel Guliš
Odile Mekel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-10-17
Page : 269
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 1461485975
Description :


Assessment of Population Health Risks of Policies Gabriel Guliš, Odile Mekel, Balázs Ádám, and Liliana Cori, editors Public health continues to evolve as professionals work not only to prevent disease and promote well-being but also to reduce health disparities and protect the environment. To a greater extent, policy is intimately linked to this process, a reality that is gaining traction in the public health sector. With this understanding in mind, Assessment of Population Health Risks of Policies introduces an international set of guidelines, Risk Assessment from Policies to Impact Dimension (RAPID). In keeping with widely recognized models of public health operations, this innovative methodology factors in social, environmental, and economic health determinants to predict adverse outcomes to populations arising from large-scale policy decisions. Case studies from across the European Union illustrate both the intricacies of risk quantification and other components of assessment and possible relationships between policy and health outcomes. And contributors suggest how international health standards may be implemented despite significant cultural and political differences among nations. Included in the coverage: Public health, policy analysis, risk assessment and impact assessment Risk assessment, impact assessment and evaluation Top-down versus bottom-up policy risk assessment Quantification of health risks Application of RAPID guidance on an international policy Use of policy risk assessment results in political decision making Assessment of Population Health Risks of Policies is an essential and proactive read for researchers and practitioners in impact assessment, public policy, public health, and epidemiology.


Author : Joshi
Lorna Thorpe
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 2017-09-26
Page : 426
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 128410396X
Description :


Population Health Informatics addresses the growing opportunity to utilize technology to put into practice evidence-based solutions to improve population health outcomes across diverse settings. The book focuses on how to operationalize population informatics solutions to address important public health challenges impacting individuals, families, communities, and the environment in which they live. The book uniquely uses a practical, step-by-step approach to implement evidence-based, data- driven population informatics solutions.


Author : MARCIA. STANHOPE
Mosby
Publisher :
Release : 2001-11
Page : 696
Category :
ISBN 13 : 9780323443838
Description :



Author : Conference of Deputy Ministers of Health (Canada). Federal/Provincial/Territorial Advisory Committee on Population Health
Publisher : Committee
Release : 1994-01-01
Page : 46
Category : Health planning
ISBN 13 : 9780662228332
Description :


This discussion paper was prepared to identify broad population health strategies on which the provincial, territorial, and federal governments could collaborate and achieve significant results. The paper reviews what is known about the broad determinants of health such as income, social support networks, education, employment and working conditions, physical environments, genetic endowment, personal health practices, child development, and health service availability. It then presents a framework, based on these determinants, that could guide development of policies and strategies to improve population health. Finally, it proposes strategic directions for collaboration in the areas of strengthening understanding of the determinants of health, building support for and involvement in actions to improve population health, and developing comprehensive intersectoral population health initiatives for a few key priorities.


Author : Neal D. Goldstein
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-03-16
Page : 254
Category : Mathematics
ISBN 13 : 1351649140
Description :


Electronic health records (EHRs) have become commonplace in the medical profession. Health data are readily captured and permanently stored in a digital fashion, and consequently, are increasingly being utilized in health research. The quality of this research depends upon the investigator’s ability to obtain the correct data to answer the correct question. It is easy to churn out poor quality research from the EHR; it is much harder to produce meaningful results that influence the population’s health. Improving Population Health Using Electronic Health Records takes the reader through the process of conducting meaningful research from data in the EHR. It de-mystifies the entire research process, from how to ask the right kind of research questions, to obtaining data with particular emphasis on data management and manipulation, to performing a valid statistical analyses, and interpreting and presenting the results in a clear, concise fashion that has the potential to improve population health. This book can be used as a hands-on how-to guide of performing research from EHR data in either a piece-meal fashion, selecting only the topics of greatest interest, or a complete guide to the entire research process. Readers will benefit from the intuitive presentation of complex methods with a multitude of examples. It is invaluable reading for researchers and clinicians who are not otherwise familiar with the complexities of working with large data sets.


Author : Marieke Verschuuren
Hans van Oers
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-17
Page : 209
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 3319765620
Description :


This timely volume presents an in-depth tour of population health monitoring—what it is, what it does, and why it has become increasingly important to health information systems across Europe. Introductory chapters ground readers in the structures of health information systems, and the main theoretical and conceptual models of population health monitoring. From there, contributors offer tools and guidelines for optimum monitoring, including best practices for gathering and contextualizing data and for disseminating findings, to benefit the people most affected by the information. And an extended example follows the step-by-step processes of population health monitoring through a study of health inequalities, from data collection to policy recommendations. Included in the coverage: · Structuring health information: frameworks, models, and indicators · Analysis: contextualization of process and content · Knowledge translation: key concepts, terms, and activities · Health inequality monitoring: a practical application of population health monitoring · Relating population health monitoring to other types of health assessments · Population health monitoring: strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats A robust guide with international implications for an emerging field, Population Health Monitoring is a salient reference for public health experts working in the field of health information as well as post-graduate public health students and public health policymakers. "In this comprehensive and easy to read volume, Verschuuren and van Oers, accompanied by other specialists in the field, present a fresh and thoroughly researched contribution on the discipline of population health monitoring. They critically analyse and describe the phases, functions and approaches to population health monitoring but far more importantly, the discipline is positioned within the wider domains of public health, health policy and health systems. The book is definitely highly recommended reading for students of public health and health services management but is also a useful refresher course for public health practitioners." Natasha Azzopardi Muscat, President, European Public Health Association Chapter 7 of this book is available open access under a CC BY 3.0 IGO license at link.springer.com Chapter 8 of this book is available open access under a CC BY 3.0 IGO license at link.springer.com


Author : Jaime Breilh
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2021-01-15
Page : 280
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 0190492783
Description :


"A groundbreaking approach to critical epidemiology for understanding the complexity of the health process and studying the social determination of health. A powerful critique of Cartesian health sciences, of the flaws of "functional health determinants" model, and of reductionist approaches to health statistics, qualitative research and conventional health geography. A consolidated and well sustained essay that explains the role of social-gender-ethnic relations in the reproduction of health inequity, proposing a new paradigm with indispensible concepts and methodological means to develop a new understanding of health as a socially determined and distributed process. It combines the strengths of scientific traditions of the North and South, to bring forward a new understanding and application of qualitative and quantitative (statistical) evidences, that looks beyond the limits of conventional epidemiology, public and population health. The book presents alternative conceptions and tools for constructing deep prevention. A neo-humanist conception of the role of health and life sciences that assumes critical, intercultural and transdisciplinary thinking as a fundamental tool beyond the limiting elitist framework of positivist reasoning. A most important source of fresh ideas and practical instruments for teaching, research and agency, based on a renewed conception of the relation between nature, society, health and environmental problems"--


Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Health and Medicine Division
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2017-01-15
Page : 586
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 0309439981
Description :


The ability to see deeply affects how human beings perceive and interpret the world around them. For most people, eyesight is part of everyday communication, social activities, educational and professional pursuits, the care of others, and the maintenance of personal health, independence, and mobility. Functioning eyes and vision system can reduce an adult's risk of chronic health conditions, death, falls and injuries, social isolation, depression, and other psychological problems. In children, properly maintained eye and vision health contributes to a child's social development, academic achievement, and better health across the lifespan. The public generally recognizes its reliance on sight and fears its loss, but emphasis on eye and vision health, in general, has not been integrated into daily life to the same extent as other health promotion activities, such as teeth brushing; hand washing; physical and mental exercise; and various injury prevention behaviors. A larger population health approach is needed to engage a wide range of stakeholders in coordinated efforts that can sustain the scope of behavior change. The shaping of socioeconomic environments can eventually lead to new social norms that promote eye and vision health. Making Eye Health a Population Health Imperative: Vision for Tomorrow proposes a new population-centered framework to guide action and coordination among various, and sometimes competing, stakeholders in pursuit of improved eye and vision health and health equity in the United States. Building on the momentum of previous public health efforts, this report also introduces a model for action that highlights different levels of prevention activities across a range of stakeholders and provides specific examples of how population health strategies can be translated into cohesive areas for action at federal, state, and local levels.