Principles Of Abilities And Human Learning Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Michael J.A. Howe
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2012-10-02
Page : 158
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1135471819
Description :


This book is about human abilities and the ways in which people acquire and extend them. It contains many useful facts about people's learning and the mental processes that make it possible. Chapter one looks at the kinds of events that create learning, and identifies some important general principles of human learning. Chapter two examines the capabilities that children gain in their early years. They acquire a number of basic capacities that they can draw upon throughout life. These include language, reading, and numerical abilities. The acceleration of early abilities is also considered. Chapter three raises a number of intriguing questions about abilities. What exactly are they? What are their most important charactersitics? How can different capabilities and items of knowledge become joined to one another? The answers are surprisingly different from what common sense predicts.; Chapter four Considers The Important Contributions Of Motivation. A Person Has To Have good reasons for engaging in learning activities. Motivation supplies incentives for doing whatever is necessary in order to make learning happen. Chapter five investigates more advanced attainments. It looks at the effects of practising and other ways in which individuals extend their expertise. The use of memory aids and learning techniques is examined. Other topics include the influence of intelligence, creativity, the possible roles of innate gifts and talents, and child prodigies and geniuses. The best way to apply discoveries concerning learning and the acquisition of abilities is to use them for our own daily activities. Chapter six addresses the question of how to learn and study more effectively. It introduces ways of reading more effectively, and gives advice on improving writing skills and studying for exams. The aim here is to help the reader to succeed better at gaining needed capabilities.


Author : Susan A. Ambrose
Michael W. Bridges
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-04-16
Page : 336
Category : Education
ISBN 13 : 9780470617601
Description :


Praise for How Learning Works "How Learning Works is the perfect title for this excellent book. Drawing upon new research in psychology, education, and cognitive science, the authors have demystified a complex topic into clear explanations of seven powerful learning principles. Full of great ideas and practical suggestions, all based on solid research evidence, this book is essential reading for instructors at all levels who wish to improve their students' learning." —Barbara Gross Davis, assistant vice chancellor for educational development, University of California, Berkeley, and author, Tools for Teaching "This book is a must-read for every instructor, new or experienced. Although I have been teaching for almost thirty years, as I read this book I found myself resonating with many of its ideas, and I discovered new ways of thinking about teaching." —Eugenia T. Paulus, professor of chemistry, North Hennepin Community College, and 2008 U.S. Community Colleges Professor of the Year from The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching and the Council for Advancement and Support of Education "Thank you Carnegie Mellon for making accessible what has previously been inaccessible to those of us who are not learning scientists. Your focus on the essence of learning combined with concrete examples of the daily challenges of teaching and clear tactical strategies for faculty to consider is a welcome work. I will recommend this book to all my colleagues." —Catherine M. Casserly, senior partner, The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching "As you read about each of the seven basic learning principles in this book, you will find advice that is grounded in learning theory, based on research evidence, relevant to college teaching, and easy to understand. The authors have extensive knowledge and experience in applying the science of learning to college teaching, and they graciously share it with you in this organized and readable book." —From the Foreword by Richard E. Mayer, professor of psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara; coauthor, e-Learning and the Science of Instruction; and author, Multimedia Learning


Author : Gary McCulloch
David Crook
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-11-26
Page : 760
Category : Education
ISBN 13 : 1317853571
Description :


The Routledge International Encyclopedia of Education is a unique and major resource for the field of education. It is a comprehensive, single-volume work, arranged alphabetically and comprising around 600 entries. The entries range from definitions of key educational concepts and terms to biographies of key educators and specially written substantial essays on major educational topics. The volume includes authoritative and critical commentary on historical and contemporary themes; examinations of continuities, changes and emerging issues; and discussions of the educational traditions and features of major countries and continents. The following special features are also included: Unrivalled coverage of education in a single volume Entries by leading international educational researchers Contributors drawn from all over the globe, including Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Finland, India, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, South Africa, the United Kingdom and the United States A distinguished international advisory board Fully cross-referenced and indexed Suggestions for further reading Offering insight into the world of education in an interesting, informed and sometimes provocative way, The Routledge International Encyclopedia of Education is an invaluable work of reference for educators, students, researchers and policy makers in education and related fields internationally.


Author : Peter S. Westwood
Publisher : Aust Council for Ed Research
Release : 2004
Page : 180
Category : Education
ISBN 13 : 0864317697
Description :


The book explores a number of different perspectives and theories on human learning and motivation. The author examines different types of learning across the curriculum and assesses the most effective types of teaching to facilitate different forms of learning. By examining the way readers process text and identifying the knowledge and skills needed to become a proficient reader, the author explains why learning problems can sometimes occur and what can be done to prevent or overcome these difficulties.


Author : National Research Council
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2002-08-06
Page : 588
Category : Education
ISBN 13 : 9780309170802
Description :


This book takes a fresh look at programs for advanced studies for high school students in the United States, with a particular focus on the Advanced Placement and the International Baccalaureate programs, and asks how advanced studies can be significantly improved in general. It also examines two of the core issues surrounding these programs: they can have a profound impact on other components of the education system and participation in the programs has become key to admission at selective institutions of higher education. By looking at what could enhance the quality of high school advanced study programs as well as what precedes and comes after these programs, this report provides teachers, parents, curriculum developers, administrators, college science and mathematics faculty, and the educational research community with a detailed assessment that can be used to guide change within advanced study programs.


Author : OECD
Publisher : OECD Publishing
Release : 2010-08-09
Page : 340
Category :
ISBN 13 : 926408648X
Description :


This book brings together the lessons of research on both the nature of learning and different educational applications, and it summarises these as seven key concluding principles.


Author : National Research Council
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2000-08-11
Page : 384
Category : Education
ISBN 13 : 0309131979
Description :


First released in the Spring of 1999, How People Learn has been expanded to show how the theories and insights from the original book can translate into actions and practice, now making a real connection between classroom activities and learning behavior. This edition includes far-reaching suggestions for research that could increase the impact that classroom teaching has on actual learning. Like the original edition, this book offers exciting new research about the mind and the brain that provides answers to a number of compelling questions. When do infants begin to learn? How do experts learn and how is this different from non-experts? What can teachers and schools do-with curricula, classroom settings, and teaching methods--to help children learn most effectively? New evidence from many branches of science has significantly added to our understanding of what it means to know, from the neural processes that occur during learning to the influence of culture on what people see and absorb. How People Learn examines these findings and their implications for what we teach, how we teach it, and how we assess what our children learn. The book uses exemplary teaching to illustrate how approaches based on what we now know result in in-depth learning. This new knowledge calls into question concepts and practices firmly entrenched in our current education system. Topics include: How learning actually changes the physical structure of the brain. How existing knowledge affects what people notice and how they learn. What the thought processes of experts tell us about how to teach. The amazing learning potential of infants. The relationship of classroom learning and everyday settings of community and workplace. Learning needs and opportunities for teachers. A realistic look at the role of technology in education.


Author : George Berkeley
Publisher : 谷月社
Release : 2015-11-26
Page :
Category : Body, Mind & Spirit
ISBN 13 :
Description :


What I here make public has, after a long and scrupulous inquiry, seemed to me evidently true and not unuseful to be known--particularly to those who are tainted with Scepticism, or want a demonstration of the existence and immateriality of God, or the natural immortality of the soul. Whether it be so or no I am content the reader should impartially examine; since I do not think myself any farther concerned for the success of what I have written than as it is agreeable to truth. But, to the end this may not suffer, I make it my request that the reader suspend his judgment till he has once at least read the whole through with that degree of attention and thought which the subject-matter shall seem to deserve. For, as there are some passages that, taken by themselves, are very liable (nor could it be remedied) to gross misinterpretation, and to be charged with most absurd consequences, which, nevertheless, upon an entire perusal will appear not to follow from them; so likewise, though the whole should be read over, yet, if this be done transiently, it is very probable my sense may be mistaken; but to a thinking reader, I flatter myself it will be throughout clear and obvious. As for the characters of novelty and singularity which some of the following notions may seem to bear, it is, I hope, needless to make any apology on that account. He must surely be either very weak, or very little acquainted with the sciences, who shall reject a truth that is capable of demonstration, for no other reason but because it is newly known, and contrary to the prejudices of mankind. Thus much I thought fit to premise, in order to prevent, if possible, the hasty censures of a sort of men who are too apt to condemn an opinion before they rightly comprehend it.


Author : Valsa Koshy
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-10-18
Page : 132
Category : Education
ISBN 13 : 1134146531
Description :


This book offers practical guidelines on how to identify gifted and talented young children and looks at ways to enhance their learning opportunities. Provided are a wealth of practical, tried and tested strategies that readers will be able to use in their classrooms with confidence. It includes advice on how to create the right classroom environment, guidance on how to assess and record children's talents, a list of suggested appropriate resources, and help with planning the curriculum. The emphasis is on creating a classroom environment that encourages children to be engaged in higher order thinking skills, exploration and creativity; the importance of play and the role of questioning is highlighted. Using case studies of young gifted children and rooted in theoretically sound principles, this book makes a significant contribution to the learning and teaching of younger children. Teachers, teaching assistants, advisers, Gifted and Talented Coordinators and training teachers will find this book relevant to their needs.


Author : University of Michigan--Dearborn
Publisher :
Release : 1981
Page :
Category : Universities and colleges
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Michael J. A. Howe
Publisher : MacMillan
Release : 1999
Page : 198
Category : Ability in children
ISBN 13 : 9780333750964
Description :


This text reveals the causes of impressive accomplishments, discovering how and why people differ in their capabilities. Topics covered include prodigies, geniuses, the acceleration of development in young people and the influences on young people.


Author : Richard J. Mueller
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-09-13
Page : 338
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1351785079
Description :


Originally published in 1974, this introductory text has been designed specifically for teachers in training, and it presents the basic psychological principles governing learning, perception, motivation and the retention of knowledge at the time. The text is carefully tailored for would-be teachers in its clear and informal style, and in its selective aspects of psychology which the teacher can use to advantage in his efforts to assist the child. The book has an eclectic approach to psychological theory, drawing upon the insights of behaviourism, perceptualism and the Gestalt school, as well as the developmental theories of Jean Piaget. The author discusses in some detail theories concerning the nature of intelligence, and the relationship between creativity and intelligence; and he investigates the dynamics of social adjustment, introducing the part that may be played by meditation in helping to solve some of the problems of emotional stress within the learning situation. In his consideration of the management of learning, the author lays much emphasis upon the importance of individual cognitive styles, individualizing instruction and independent learning. In one chapter Dr Mueller is concerned with factors in the measurement of personality and of performance in the classroom, and he reflects upon the specific problem of objectivity in such assessment. Finally, some consideration is given to the problems and characteristics of the socially disadvantaged child and to the role of the teacher in helping to solve some of the learning problems of these children.


Author : Edward Waring
Publisher :
Release : 1794
Page : 240
Category : Knowledge, Theory of
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Marvin I. Herz
Samuel J. Keith
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 1990
Page : 419
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 :
Description :


There has been a growing trend in psychiatry to emphasize pharmacological approaches in the treatment of schizophrenia. Despite the considerable influence of psychosocial factors on the course of the disorder, relatively little emphasis has been placed on psychosocial treatment approaches. The aim of the book is to provide authoritative information on a broad spectrum of treatment approaches to improve role functioning and coping skills. Taking into account results of long-term outcome studies carried out in recent years, this book brings together a diversity of controlled research efforts conducted by leading experts in their specific fields. Considering that the major disability attributed to this illness is impairment in social and vocational role functioning, the authors substantiate with efficacious data their theory that antipsychotic medication alone is insufficient in the treatment of patients.


Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2018-09-27
Page : 346
Category : Education
ISBN 13 : 0309459672
Description :


There are many reasons to be curious about the way people learn, and the past several decades have seen an explosion of research that has important implications for individual learning, schooling, workforce training, and policy. In 2000, How People Learn: Brain, Mind, Experience, and School: Expanded Edition was published and its influence has been wide and deep. The report summarized insights on the nature of learning in school-aged children; described principles for the design of effective learning environments; and provided examples of how that could be implemented in the classroom. Since then, researchers have continued to investigate the nature of learning and have generated new findings related to the neurological processes involved in learning, individual and cultural variability related to learning, and educational technologies. In addition to expanding scientific understanding of the mechanisms of learning and how the brain adapts throughout the lifespan, there have been important discoveries about influences on learning, particularly sociocultural factors and the structure of learning environments. How People Learn II: Learners, Contexts, and Cultures provides a much-needed update incorporating insights gained from this research over the past decade. The book expands on the foundation laid out in the 2000 report and takes an in-depth look at the constellation of influences that affect individual learning. How People Learn II will become an indispensable resource to understand learning throughout the lifespan for educators of students and adults.


Author : Martin East
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-07-01
Page : 214
Category : Education
ISBN 13 : 1000398447
Description :


This book introduces readers to the concept of task-based language teaching (TBLT), a learner-centred and experiential approach to language teaching and learning. Based on the premise that language learners can enhance their second language acquisition (SLA) through engagement in communicative tasks that compel them to use language for themselves, TBLT stands in contrast to more traditional approaches. Accessible and comprehensive, this book provides a foundational overview of the principles and practice of TBLT and demystifies what TBLT looks like in the classroom. Complete with questions for reflection, pedagogical extensions for application in real classrooms and further reading suggestions in every chapter, this valuable and informative text is vital for anyone interested in TBLT, whether as students, researchers or teachers.


Author : Peter Fenrich
Publisher : Informing Science
Release : 2014-03-21
Page : 372
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 193288680X
Description :


This book is intended for students, instructional designers, professors, instructors, teachers, trainers, software developers, and development team leaders who: • are taking a course on creating computer-based training/educational software applications • are or will be working on a computer-based training/educational software development team • need to expand their skills into the multimedia technology field • are excited about the possibilities of teaching with multimedia • have worked on their own and unsuccessfully tried to do it all • may have created mediocre computer-based training/educational software • want to do it right the first time • need a practical reference • need practical guidelines for creating computer-managed presentations This book focuses on the practical principles of creating computer-based training/educational software applications and computer-managed presentations. In computer-based training/educational software applications, the computer assumes the teaching role. In computer-managed presentations, you maintain the responsibility for teaching the learners and use what is contained in the presentation as a resource. In a sense, computer-managed presentations are a subset of computer-based training/educational software applications. Their differences will be highlighted throughout this book. This book will not make you an expert in designing computer-based training/educational software applications. Expertise comes through years of experience and continual learning. However, this book will provide you with the foundations for creating professional, instructionally-effective products. To gain support for your computer-based training/educational software applications and computer-managed presentations and to silence the critics, it is important to create excellent products. People will notice quality much more than quantity. This is especially true for your first project. This book, with its numerous practical hints, will help you do it right from your first project onward.


Author : A. SUTCLIFFE
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2013-11-11
Page : 205
Category : Computers
ISBN 13 : 1489967494
Description :



Author : Management Association, Information Resources
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2019-07-05
Page : 1652
Category : Education
ISBN 13 : 1522592806
Description :


As the world becomes more globalized, student populations in educational settings will continue to grow in diversity. To ensure students develop the cultural competence to adapt to new environments, educational institutions must develop curriculum, policies, and programs to aid in the progression of cultural acceptance and understanding. Multicultural Instructional Design: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a vital reference source for the latest research findings on inclusive curriculum development for multicultural learners. It also examines the interaction between culture and learning in academic environments and the efforts to mediate it through various educational venues. Highlighting a range of topics such as intercultural communication, student diversity, and language skills, this multi-volume book is ideally designed for educators, professionals, school administrators, researchers, and practitioners in the field of education.


Author : Rebecca Dei Mensah
Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
Release : 2013-10-21
Page : 249
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 1483694399
Description :


Principles of Human Resource Management discusses the basic principles of human resource management in organisations. It covers essential topics on HRM and provides students with working knowledge of the subject area. This book can be used by both undergraduate and postgraduate HRM students. Practitioners and general readers would also find it very useful. It compares HRM issues in Ghana to that of other countries and draws similarities and differences. Some of the topics you will find in this book include the following: • An Overview of Human Resource Management • Equal Employment Opportunity and HRM • Sexual Harassment in the Work Environment • The Purpose of Human Resource Planning • Analysing Job Requirements, Recruitment, and Selection • Tips on Job Hunt, CVs, and Cover Letters • Career Planning, Development, and Management • The Importance of Leadership, Teamwork, and Communication in Organisations If you are looking for a book that is simple and practical, this book offers the combination of both, and you will find it very useful.