Problem Representation In Foreign Policy Decision Making Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Donald A. Sylvan
James F. Voss
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1998-09-13
Page : 347
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 9780521622936
Description :


This volume explains the representation of a problem as well as the choice among specified options for its solution.


Author : Donald A. Sylvan
James F. Voss
Publisher :
Release : 1998
Page : 347
Category : International relations
ISBN 13 : 9780511625718
Description :


Previous studies of foreign policy decision making have largely focused on the choice among specified options rather than the prior question of how the options were specified in the first place. Such 'problem representation' is the focus of this volume. How do the game theorists' options and utilities come about? Concretely, for example, how and why in the Cuban missile crisis were blockade, air strike, and invasion chosen as options? To answer such questions, the editors contend the representation of the problem to which the options are a response, the determinants of that representation, and its ramifications must all be analyzed. The contributors to the volume consider these issues both conceptually and empirically, employing the methods of both international relations and political psychology.


Author : Nikolas K. Gvosdev
Jessica D. Blankshain
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2019-01-09
Page :
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 1108575846
Description :


This foreign policy analysis textbook is written especially for students studying to become national security professionals. It translates academic knowledge about the complex influences on American foreign policymaking into an intuitive, cohesive, and practical set of analytic tools. The focus here is not theory for the sake of theory, but rather to translate theory into practice. Classic paradigms are adapted to fit the changing realities of the contemporary national security environment. For example, the growing centrality of the White House is seen in the 'palace politics' of the president's inner circle, and the growth of the national security apparatus introduces new dimensions to organizational processes and subordinate levels of bureaucratic politics. Real-world case studies are used throughout to allow students to apply theory. These comprise recent events that draw impartially across partisan lines and encompass a variety of diplomatic, military, and economic and trade issues.


Author : R. Snyder
H. Bruck
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2003-01-03
Page : 186
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 0230107524
Description :


This classic work has helped shape the field of international relations and especially influenced scholars interested in how foreign policy is made. At a time when conventional wisdom and traditional approaches are being questioned, and when there is increased interest in the importance of process, the insights of Snyder, Bruck and Sapin have continuing and increased relevance. Prescient in its focus on the effects on foreign policy of individuals and their preconceptions, organizations and their procedures, and cultures and their values, "Foreign Policy Decision-Making" is of continued relevance for anyone seeking to understand the ways foreign policy is made. Their seminal framework is here complemented by two new chapters examining its influence on generations of scholars, the current state of the field, and areas for future research.


Author : Michael Keren
Donald A. Sylvan
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-04-04
Page : 224
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 1135312621
Description :


National sovereignty, defined as a nation's right to exercise its own law and practise over its territory, is a cherished norm in the modern era, and yet it raises great legal, political and ethical dilemmas. This study looks at the problems created by international intervention.


Author : Melania-Gabriela Ciot
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release : 2014-06-02
Page : 335
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 1443861065
Description :


Foreign policy decisions are influenced by many factors. The real world is complex and many variables have to be considered when making a decision. A psychological approach to decision-making facilitates the understanding and explaining of the complexity of foreign and global policies precisely because of the prolonged transitional stage of the contemporary international system. The course of world politics is shaped by the decisions of leaders. Uncertainty involved in decision-making in foreign policy can relate to the motivations, beliefs, intentions or calculations of the opponents. If it is not possible to understand how decisions are made, then maybe it is at least feasible to understand these decisions and, perhaps more importantly, predict various results with regards to international politics. This book provides a new perspective on the study of international relations by analyzing the subjective elements (idiosyncrasies) that occur in decision-making at the individual level. The use of psychological methods of analysing the foreign policy decision-making process proposes a necessary investigation path into international relations.


Author : Stuart Nagel
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-05-16
Page : 520
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 9780824703462
Description :


Written by nearly 25 authorities in the field, the Handbook of Global International Policy focuses on public policy issues among and within nations on every continent-comparing approaches and applications to real-world problems. Beginning with a thorough introduction to the subject, the Handbook reviews former and emerging U.S. decision-making foreign policies in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Africa, and Haiti rebel conflicts and restored relations among Eritrea, the Sudan, and Ethiopia Spanish enclaves in Northern Africa pre- and post-Cold War policies in East Asia, including North and South Korea arms control and disarmament programs around the world ongoing risks in the Middle East nationalism and its effect in Slovenia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia peacekeeping efforts in Eastern Europe by Russia civil and military relations between North-Rhine Westphalia and the European Union England's public relations effort regarding European unity integration and national conflicts of the Zapatista movement in Mexico Columbia's attempts to apply military control and civil laws to combat internal problems the findings of the Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Project case and more! With over 1000 key literature citations and illustrations, the Handbook of Global International Policy serves as timely reading for public administrators and public policy experts, political scientists, economists, sociologists, attorneys, and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.


Author : Amy Below
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-12-05
Page : 208
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 1134474970
Description :


Although the Kyoto Protocol, an international agreement to address global climate change, has been regarded by many as an unsuccessful treaty both politically and environmentally, it stands as one of the world’s few truly global agreements. Why did such a diverse group of countries decide to sign and/or ratify the treaty? Why did they choose to do so at different times and in different ways? What explains their foreign policy behavior? Amy Below’s book builds off the increasing significance of climate change and uses the Kyoto Protocol as a case study to analyze foreign policy decision making in Latin America. Below’s study takes a regional perspective in order to examine why countries in Latin America made disparate foreign policy choices when they were faced with the same decision. The book looks at the decisions in Argentina, Mexico, and Venezuela via a process-tracing method. Below uses information obtained from primary and secondary documents and elite interviews to help reconstruct the processes, and augments her reconstruction with a content analysis of Conference of the Parties speeches by presidents and country delegates. The book complies with convention in the field by arguing that systemic, national and individual-level factors simultaneously impact foreign policy decisions, but makes the additional claim that role theory most accurately accounts for relationships between variables. Environmental Politics and Foreign Policy Decision Making in Latin America considers a variety of factors on individual, national, and international levels of analysis, and show that the foreign policy decisions are best viewed through the prism of role theory. The book also draws conclusions about the value of role theory in general and about environmental foreign policy decisions in developing countries, which will be of value to both policy-makers and academics.


Author : Valerie M. Hudson
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release : 2007
Page : 225
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 074251689X
Description :


Aimed at advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students, this book covers the theory of foreign policy analysis. Beginning with an overview, it then tackles theory and research at multiple levels of analysis, ending with an examination of the areas in which the next generation of foreign policy analysts can make important contributions.


Author : Thomas Knecht
Publisher : Penn State Press
Release : 2011-01-12
Page : 280
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 0271074477
Description :


Do American presidents consider public opinion when making foreign policy decisions? In a democracy, it is generally assumed that citizen preferences inform public policy. For a variety of reasons, however, foreign policy has always posed a difficult challenge for democratic governance. In Paying Attention to Foreign Affairs, Thomas Knecht offers new insights into the relationship between public opinion and U.S. foreign policy. He does so by shifting our focus away from the opinions that Americans hold and toward the issues that grab the public’s attention. Policy making under the glare of public scrutiny differs from policy making when no one is looking. As public interest in foreign policy increases, the political stakes also rise. A highly attentive public can then force presidents to choose foreign policies that are less politically risky but usually less effective. By tracking the ebb and flow of public attention to foreign policy, this book offers a method of predicting when presidents are likely to lead, follow, or simply ignore the American public.


Author : Luis da Vinha
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2017-05-08
Page : 326
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 3110524473
Description :


In recent years geographic mental maps have made a comeback into the spotlight of scholarly inquiry in the area of International Relations (IR), particularly Foreign Policy Analysis (FPA). The book is framed within the mental map research agenda. It seeks to contribute and expand the theoretical and empirical development and application of geographic mental maps as an analytical concept for international politics. More precisely, it presents a theoretical framework for understanding how mental maps are employed in foreign policy decision-making and highlights the mechanisms involved in their transformation. The theoretical framework presented in this book employs the latest conceptual and theoretical insight from numerous other scientific fields such as social psychology and organizational theory. In order to test the theoretical propositions outlined in the initial chapters, the book assesses how the Carter Administration’s changing mental maps impacted its Middle East policy. In other words, the book applies geographic mental maps as an analytical tool to explain the development of the Carter Doctrine. The book is particularly targeted at academics, students, and professionals involved in the fields of Human Geography, IR, Political Geography, and FPA. The book will also be of interest to individuals interested in Political Science more generally. While the book has is academic in nature, its qualitative and holistic approach is accessible to all readers interested in geography and international politics. Luis da Vinha, PhD, is Assistant Professor of Geography & Political Science at Valley City State University.


Author : Steve A. Yetiv
Louis I Jaffe Professor of International Relations Steven A Yetiv
Publisher : JHU Press
Release : 2004-03-22
Page : 288
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 9780801878114
Description :


Scholars of international relations tend to prefer one model or another in explaining the foreign policy behavior of governments. Steve Yetiv, however, advocates an approach that applies five familiar models: rational actor, cognitive, domestic politics, groupthink, and bureaucratic politics. Drawing on the widest set of primary sources and interviews with key actors to date, he applies each of these models to the 1990-91 Persian Gulf crisis and to the U.S. decision to go to war with Iraq in 2003. Probing the strengths and shortcomings of each model in explaining how and why the United States decided to proceed with the Persian Gulf War, he shows that all models (with the exception of the government politics model) contribute in some way to our understanding of the event. No one model provides the best explanation, but when all five are used, a fuller and more complete understanding emerges. In the case of the Gulf War, Yetiv demonstrates the limits of models that presume rational decision-making as well as the crucial importance of using various perspectives. Drawing partly on the Gulf War case, he also develops innovative theories about when groupthink can actually produce a positive outcome and about the conditions under which government politics will likely be avoided. He shows that the best explanations for government behavior ultimately integrate empirical insights yielded from both international and domestic theory, which scholars have often seen as analytically separate. With its use of the Persian Gulf crisis as a teachable case study and coverage of the more recent Iraq war, Explaining Foreign Policy will be of interest to students and scholars of foreign policy, international relations, and related fields.


Author : Jeffrey J. Kubiak
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-07-10
Page : 221
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 1137410140
Description :


With the U.S. war in Afghanistan in its twelfth year, axioms regarding the American national will in war not being able to tolerate anything other than quick and costless adventures have been found useless in understanding why the U.S. continues to persist in that endeavor. This book answers complex questions about modern US intervention abroad.


Author : William A. Boettcher III
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2005-04-15
Page : 214
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 1403979405
Description :


Bringing together research on the situational determinants of risk propensity and on individual personality predispositions, Boettcher draws on findings from political science, psychology, economics, business, and sociology to develop a Risk Explanation Framework (REF) to study the 'person in the situation'. Using structured, focused comparison, he examines six foreign policy cases from the Truman and Eisenhower administrations to explore how aspirations, fears, time pressures, and other factors influence risk taking. This is thus an important contribution to the study of international relations, foreign policy decision making, prospect theory and risk behavior, personality theory, and information processing.


Author : Debra E. Gerald
Publisher :
Release : 1999
Page : 316
Category : Economic forecasting
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Vaughn P. Shannon
Paul A. Kowert
Publisher : University of Michigan Press
Release : 2012
Page : 277
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 0472117998
Description :


Psychology and constructivism together offer new ways of understanding international relations


Author : Neta C. Crawford
Professor of Political Science Neta C Crawford
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2002-07-25
Page : 466
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 9780521002790
Description :


Arguments have consequences in world politics that are as real as the military forces of states or the balance of power among them. Neta Crawford proposes a theory of argument in world politics which focuses on the role of ethical arguments in fostering changes in long-standing practices. She examines five hundred years of history, analyzing the role of ethical arguments in colonialism, the abolition of slavery and forced labour, and decolonization. Pointing out that decolonization is the biggest change in world politics in the last five hundred years, the author examines ethical arguments from the sixteenth century justifying Spanish conquest of the Americas, and from the twentieth century over the fate of Southern Africa. The book also offers a prescriptive analysis of how ethical arguments could be deployed to deal with the problem of humanitarian intervention. Co-winner of the APSA Jervis-Schroeder Prize for the best book on international history and politics.


Author : Ernest Petrič
Publisher : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Release : 2013-01-11
Page : 318
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 9004245502
Description :


Foreign Policy: From Conception to Diplomatic Practice represents an original and important contribution to the study of foreign policy, uniquely framed by the experiences of small and new countries. Ambassador Ernest Petri? artfully brings together academic expertise and years of diplomatic experience to provide a thorough treatment of national and international environments, the foreign policy decision making process and an original analysis of the means of foreign policy and diplomacy. The role of the United Nations, the EU, strategic actors and the role of foreign policy as a diplomatic instrument are examined. Finally a reflection of the foreign policy concerns of small and new countries, with special attention to Slovenia and legal aspects are offered.


Author : Kai Oppermann
Henrike Viehrig
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2011-06-03
Page : 304
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 1136725776
Description :


This book analyses the salience of foreign and security policy issues to domestic actors, its role in the analysis of international politics and its consequences for foreign policy decision-making. It features studies on Western Europe and North America and addresses European Integration, Foreign and Security Policy and Transatlantic Relations.


Author : A. Grove
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2007-04-30
Page : 229
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 0230604331
Description :


Challenging the standard views that individual leaders either have all the power or little room to move in the making of foreign policy, this book demonstrates various ways that leaders succeed by manipulating elements of their domestic and international environments.