Psychoenvironmental Forces In Substance Abuse Prevention Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Lorand B. Szalay
Jean Bryson Strohl
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2013-06-22
Page : 360
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 9781475782608
Description :


Psychological vulnerabilities and environment influences are the most powerful forces shaping the behavior and choices of students to use harmful substances. This book employs computer-assisted Associative Group Analysis technology of comparative imaging and cognitive mapping to identify these factors and offers new perspectives for more comprehensive risk assessments and effective prevention.


Author : Lorand B. Szalay
Jean Bryson Strohl
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-04-11
Page : 360
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 0306471582
Description :


Psychological vulnerabilities and environment influences are the most powerful forces shaping the behavior and choices of students to use harmful substances. This book employs computer-assisted Associative Group Analysis technology of comparative imaging and cognitive mapping to identify these factors and offers new perspectives for more comprehensive risk assessments and effective prevention.


Author : Lorand B. Szalay
Jean Bryson Strohl
Publisher :
Release : 2014-01-15
Page : 380
Category :
ISBN 13 : 9781475782592
Description :



Author : Rafael Art Javier
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-08-06
Page : 154
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
ISBN 13 : 0387309144
Description :


This book fills a critical gap in the cross-cultural literature by illuminating the bilingual experience in both its social and clinical contexts. Rafael Javier makes a convincing, empirically founded case for what he terms the bilingual mind, with its own particular approach to cognition, memory, and emotional and social development. Using this framework, he provides answers to important questions about the way bilingualism affects cognition and development.


Author : Dorothy Robbins
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2001-05-31
Page : 144
Category : Education
ISBN 13 : 9780306464232
Description :


This book is an introduction to Vygotsky and his theories of language and second language acquisition. Employing a dual framework of metatheory and metaphor, the author focuses on Vygotsky's cultural-historical perspective (contrasted with the sociocultural heritage more prevalent in the West) and its emphasis on history as change and thought as related to action. Included also is a comparison of Vygotskyan and Chomskyan theories of language and grammar.


Author : Sabine Kowal
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-03-02
Page : 265
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
ISBN 13 : 9780387776323
Description :


In contrast to traditional approaches of mainstream psycholinguists, the authors of Communicating with One Another approach spontaneous spoken discourse as a dynamic process, rich with structures, patterns, and rules other than conventional grammar and syntax. Daniel C. O’Connell and Sabine Kowal thoroughly critique mainstream psycholinguistics, proposing instead a shift in theoretical focus from experimentation to field observation, from monologue to dialogue, and from the written to the spoken. They invoke four theoretical principles: intersubjectivity, perspectivity, open-endedness, and verbal integrity. Their analyses of historical and original research raise significant questions about the relationship between spoken and written discourse, particularly with regard to transcription and punctuation. With emphasis on political discourse, media interviews, and dramatic performance, the authors review both familiar and unexplored characteristics of spontaneous spoken communication, including: (1) The speaker’s use of prosody. (2) The functions of interjections. (3) What fillers do for a living. (4) Turn-taking: Smooth and otherwise. (5) Laughter, applause, and booing: from individual listener to collective audience. (6) Pauses, silence, and the art of listening. The paradigm shift proposed in Communicating with One Another will interest and provoke readers concerned about communicative language use – including psycholinguists, sociolinguists, and anthropological linguists.


Author : Elizabeth D. Hutchison
Holly C. Matto
Publisher : SAGE Publications
Release : 2007-04-20
Page : 432
Category : Social Science
ISBN 13 : 1483316823
Description :


This timely text draws on interdisciplinary theory and research to examine the multidimensional risk and protective factors for eight challenges of living frequently encountered by social workers. The authors provide a working model for social workers to integrate the most up-to-date evidence about challenges of living they face in their daily practice. Using a multidimensional biopsychosocial-spiritual perspective, the book examines etiology, course, and intervention strategies related to these eight challenges of living.


Author : Marcus Munafò
I. Albery
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2005
Page : 307
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 :
Description :


Although research into the relationship between cognitive processes and addictive behaviours is currently an area of substantial growth and interest, this title has brought together the state-of-the-art in this research. Within the title, current research and theoretical models have been synthesised by leading authors in the field of cognition and addiction, with a particular emphasis on widely investigated substances of abuse such as alcohol, nicotine, cocaine and opiates.


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 2000
Page :
Category : Books
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : New York Public Library. Research Libraries
Publisher :
Release : 2000
Page :
Category : Occultism
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Lorand B. Szalay
James Deese
Publisher : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates
Release : 1978
Page : 166
Category : Association tests
ISBN 13 :
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Author : Arthur James Wells
Publisher :
Release : 2000
Page :
Category : English literature
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Jill M. Norvilitis
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2015-09-24
Page : 390
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 9535121669
Description :


With many children and adults affected by Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, researchers strive to improve our understanding of the causes, consequences, and treatment of the disorder. This volume examines some of the broad arrays of research in the field of ADHD, from etiology to cutting-edge interventions. The 16 chapters explore topics ranging from comorbidity to advances in the search for biomarkers; to executive, cognitive, and social functioning; to the use of new and alternative therapies. Both the professional and the casual reader alike will find something of interest, whether learning about ADHD for the first time or looking for inspiration for new research questions or potential interventions.


Author : Derek Bolton
Grant Gillett
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-03-28
Page : 149
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 3030118991
Description :


This open access book is a systematic update of the philosophical and scientific foundations of the biopsychosocial model of health, disease and healthcare. First proposed by George Engel 40 years ago, the Biopsychosocial Model is much cited in healthcare settings worldwide, but has been increasingly criticised for being vague, lacking in content, and in need of reworking in the light of recent developments. The book confronts the rapid changes to psychological science, neuroscience, healthcare, and philosophy that have occurred since the model was first proposed and addresses key issues such as the model’s scientific basis, clinical utility, and philosophical coherence. The authors conceptualise biology and the psychosocial as in the same ontological space, interlinked by systems of communication-based regulatory control which constitute a new kind of causation. These are distinguished from physical and chemical laws, most clearly because they can break down, thus providing the basis for difference between health and disease. This work offers an urgent update to the model’s scientific and philosophical foundations, providing a new and coherent account of causal interactions between the biological, the psychological and social.


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1996
Page :
Category : Alcoholism
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Cecilia Ballesteros Rosales
Scott Carter Carvajal
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2017-02-16
Page :
Category :
ISBN 13 : 2889450473
Description :


US-Mexico border region area has unique social, demographic and policy forces at work that shape the health of its residents as well as serves as a microcosm of migration health challenges facing an increasingly mobile and globalized world. This region reflects the largest migratory flow between any two nations in the world. Data from the Pew Research Center shows over the last 25 years there has never been lower than 140,000 annual immigrants from Mexico to the United States (with peaks over 700,000). This migratory route is extremely hazardous due to natural (e.g., arid and hot desert regions) and human made barriers as well as border enforcement practices tied to socio-political and geopolitical pressures. Also, reflecting the national interdependency of public health and human services needs, during the most recent five year period surveyed the migratory flow between the US and Mexico has equaled that of the flow of Mexico to the US--both around 1.4 million persons. Of particular public health concern, within the US-Mexico region of both nations there is among the highest disparities in income, education, infrastructure and access to health care--factors within the World Health Organization’s conceptualization of the Social Determinants of Health, and among the highest rates of chronic disease. For instance obesity and diabetes rates in this region are among the highest of those monitored in the world, with adult population estimates of the former over 40% and estimates in some population sub-groups for the latter over 20%. The publications reflected in this Research Topic, all reviewed from experts in the field, addressed many of the public health issues in the US Mexico Border Health Commission’s Healthy Border 2020 objectives. Those objectives-- broad public health goals used to guide a diverse range of government, research and community-based stakeholders--include Non Communicable Diseases (including adult and childhood obesity-related ones; cancer), Infectious Diseases (e.g., tuberculosis; HIV; emerging diseases--particularly mosquito borne illnesses), Maternal and Child Health, Mental Health Disorders, and Motor Vehicle Accidents. Other relevant public health issues affecting this region, for example environmental health, binational health services coordination (e.g., immunization), the impact of migration throughout the Americas and globally in this region, health issues related to the physical climate, access to quality health care, discrimination/mistreatment and well-being, acculturative/immigration stress, violence, substance use/abuse, oral health, respiratory disease, and well-being from a social determinants of health framework, are critical areas addressed in these publications or for future research. Each of these Research Topic publications presented applied solutions (e.g., new programs, technology or infrastructure) and/or public health policy recommendations relevant to each public health challenge addressed.


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 2000
Page :
Category : Behaviorism (Psychology)
ISBN 13 :
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Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1986
Page : 441
Category : Animal experimentation
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Steve Sussman
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2020-08-31
Page :
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1108632246
Description :


Written by leaders in the addictions field, 100 authors from six countries, this handbook is a thoroughly comprehensive resource. Philosophical and legal issues are addressed, while conceptual underpinnings are provided through explanations of appetitive motivation, incentive sensitization, reward deficiency, and behavioral economics theories. Major clinical and research methods are clearly mapped out (e.g. MRI, behavioral economics, interview assessments, and qualitative approaches), outlining their strengths and weaknesses, giving the reader the tools needed to guide their research and practice aims. The etiology of addiction at various levels of analysis is discussed, including neurobiology, cognition, groups, culture, and environment, which simultaneously lays out the foundations and high-level discourse to serve both novice and expert researchers and clinicians. Importantly, the volume explores the prevention and treatment of such addictions as alcohol, tobacco, novel drugs, food, gambling, sex, work, shopping, the internet, and several seldom-investigated behaviors (e.g. love, tanning, or exercise).


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 2004
Page :
Category : Literature
ISBN 13 : 9780835246491
Description :