Quantitative Qualitative Friction Ridge Analysis Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : David R. Ashbaugh
Publisher : CRC-Press
Release : 1999-12-01
Page : 234
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 9780849370076
Description :


Quantitative-Qualitative Friction Ridge Analysis examines the latest methods and techniques in the science of friction ridge identification, or ridgeology. The author explores every facet of the discipline, from the history of friction ridge identification and its earliest pioneers and researchers, to the scientific basis and the various steps of the identification process. The structure and growth of friction skin and how it can leave latent or visible prints are examined, as well as advanced identification methods in ridgeology. The book, which features several detailed illustrations and photographs, also includes a new method for Palmar Flexion Crease Identification (palm lines).


Author : David R. Ashbaugh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1999-10-27
Page : 248
Category : Law
ISBN 13 : 1420048813
Description :


A thumb print left at the scene of a grisly murder. Fingerprints taken from a getaway car used in a bank robbery. A palm print recovered from the shattered glass door of a burglarized home. Indeed, where crimes are committed, careless perpetrators will invariably leave behind the critical pieces of evidence—most likely in the form of fingerprints—needed to catch and convict them. But the science of fingerprint identification isn’t always as cut and dry as detective novels and movies make it out to be. Quantitative-Qualitative Friction Ridge Analysis, a new book in the ongoing Practical Aspects of Criminal and Forensic Investigations series, examines the latest methods and techniques in the science of friction ridge identification, or ridgeology. David R. Ashbaugh examines every facet of the discipline, from the history of friction ridge identification and its earliest pioneers and researchers, to the scientific basis and the various steps of the identification process. The structure and growth of friction skin and how it can leave latent or visible prints are examined, as well as advanced identification methods in ridgeology, including Poroscopy, Edgeoscopy, Pressure Distortion and Complex or Problem Print Analysis. The book, which features several detailed illustrations and photographs, also includes a new method for Palmar Flexion Crease Identification (palm lines) designed by the author and which has helped solve several criminal cases where fingerprints were not available. For crime scene technicians, forensic identification specialists, or anyone else pursuing a career in forensic science, this book is arguably the definitive source in the science of friction ridge identification.


Author : Taylor & Francis Group
Publisher :
Release : 2021-03-31
Page :
Category :
ISBN 13 : 9780367778736
Description :



Author : David R. Ashbaugh
Publisher :
Release : 1996
Page :
Category :
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : James F. Cowger
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-07-24
Page : 232
Category : Law
ISBN 13 : 1000151786
Description :


Here is a complete guide to the collection, classification, and comparison of friction skin prints and the determination of identity and nonidentity. It discusses: the cause and significance of variations in prints; the importance of class characteristics in print; the application of probability in decision making; and photographic techniques and considerations.


Author : Christophe Champod
Chris J. Lennard
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-19
Page : 428
Category : Law
ISBN 13 : 1315353210
Description :


Since its publication, the first edition of Fingerprints and Other Ridge Skin Impressions has become a classic in the field. This second edition is completely updated, focusing on the latest technology and techniques—including current detection procedures, applicable processing and analysis methods—all while incorporating the expansive growth of literature on the topic since the publication of the original edition. Forensic science has been challenged in recent years as a result of errors, courts and other scientists contesting verdicts, and changes of a fundamental nature related to previous claims of infallibility and absolute individualization. As such, these factors represent a fundamental change in the way training, identifying, and reporting should be conducted. This book addresses these questions with a clear viewpoint as to where the profession—and ridge skin identification in particular—must go and what efforts and research will help develop the field over the next several years. The second edition introduces several new topics, including Discussion of ACE-V and research results from ACE-V studies Computerized marking systems to help examiners produce reports New probabilistic models and decision theories about ridge skin evidence interpretation, introducing Bayesnet tools Fundamental understanding of ridge mark detection techniques, with the introduction of new aspects such as nanotechnology, immunology and hyperspectral imaging Overview of reagent preparation and application Chapters cover all aspects of the subject, including the formation of friction ridges on the skin, the deposition of latent marks, ridge skin mark identification, the detection and enhancement of such marks, as well the recording of fingerprint evidence. The book serves as an essential reference for practitioners working in the field of fingermark detection and identification, as well as legal and police professionals and anyone studying forensic science with a view to understanding current thoughts and challenges in dactyloscopy.


Author : U.s. Department of Justice
Publisher : CreateSpace
Release : 2014-08-02
Page : 428
Category :
ISBN 13 : 9781500674151
Description :


The idea of The Fingerprint Sourcebook originated during a meeting in April 2002. Individuals representing the fingerprint, academic, and scientific communities met in Chicago, Illinois, for a day and a half to discuss the state of fingerprint identification with a view toward the challenges raised by Daubert issues. The meeting was a joint project between the International Association for Identification (IAI) and West Virginia University (WVU). One recommendation that came out of that meeting was a suggestion to create a sourcebook for friction ridge examiners, that is, a single source of researched information regarding the subject. This sourcebook would provide educational, training, and research information for the international scientific community.


Author : Craig A. Coppock
Publisher : Charles C Thomas Publisher
Release : 2007
Page : 210
Category : LAW
ISBN 13 : 0398085145
Description :


This guidebook illustrates the basic concepts involved in the science of fingerprints and fingerprint identification. It clarifies many of the oversimplified generalities that pervade the science of fingerprint identification and highlights the many possibilities and limitations of fingerprint identification. Chapters are arranged logically to facilitate greater knowledge and skills. The second edition highlights the full breadth of OC Dactylscopy, OCO the science of friction skin individualization. A full explanation of forensic scienceOCOs comparative methodology, Analysis, Comparison, Evaluation, and Verification process, or ACE-V, is reviewed. A detailed narrative of the Daubert requirements is provided and how these new procedural directives cover the admission of scientific evidence and expert testimony. The guide also offers ideas for upgrading standard operational office procedures relating to fingerprint comparisons and is followed by a training outline. This outline will allow 10-print and latent print examiners to reach their full potential as specialized experts. A new glossary offers 356 comprehensive definitions of fingerprint terms. The chapters are liberally illustrated to aid the reader. The book is designed to be read in its entirety or to be referenced as a guidebook, as many concepts and information are repeated and cross-referenced. The information helps the reader to understand the relationships, benefits, and limitations of crime scene fingerprint evidence. Contrast will be an excellent quick reference source and is intended for new and experienced crime scene investigators, patrol officers, attorneys, and criminal justice students who seek to add fingerprint identification to their investigative skills."


Author : Richard Li
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-04-24
Page : 448
Category : Law
ISBN 13 : 1420043447
Description :


Designed as an accessible introduction to basic scientific principles and their application in professional practice, Forensic Biology provides a concise overview of the field. Focusing solely on the science behind the forensic analysis of biological evidence, this book highlights the principles, methods, and techniques used in forensic serologic and forensic DNA analysis. Divided into two areas, the first addresses the identification of biological fluids including blood, semen, and saliva. Chapters instruct on the identification techniques involved in presumptive and confirmatory tests. The second area covers the individualization of biological evidence using forensic DNA techniques. The book demonstrates extraction methods, quantization methods, DNA profiling analysis, and interpretation of results. Each technique introduced in this text is preceded by a brief background of its development and the basic principles that support the technique and its applications. All methods are discussed in detail and accompanied by schematic illustrations where appropriate. Each chapter presents study questions, and references. Instructors have access to a CD containing PowerPoint lecture slides. Emphasizing the fundamentals of basic science and its application to forensic biology, this book provides a solid scientific grounding and familiarity with not just the principles of biological and biochemical processes that occur in forensic analysis, but also the language and vocabulary of forensic biology. The explanations are accessible and straightforward, and informative to facilitate effective learning.


Author : Nicholas Petraco
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-09-21
Page : 177
Category : Law
ISBN 13 : 1420043935
Description :


In the wake of the Daubert ruling, the use of forensic toolmark evidence in court has been problematic, in that the conclusions of forensic scientists as to toolmark origin often lack scientifically sound statistical proof. In the Color Atlas of Forensic Toolmark Identification, noted forensic expert Nicholas Petraco helps move toolmark examination


Author : Allan Gaw
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-10-18
Page : 528
Category : Law
ISBN 13 : 1420088378
Description :


Reflecting new discoveries in fingerprint science, Lee and Gaensslen‘s Advances in Fingerprint Technology, Third Edition has been completely updated with new material and nearly double the references contained in the previous edition. The book begins with a detailed review of current, widely used development techniques, as well as some older, histo


Author : Michele Triplett
Steve Everist
Publisher : CreateSpace
Release : 2015-07-08
Page : 198
Category :
ISBN 13 : 9781514312346
Description :


From analysis to verification, and from Amido Black to Zinc Nitrate, Fingerprint Dictionary takes all of the common, and not so common, terms and brings them together in one book. Whether you are a latent print examiner, tenprint examiner, or an attorney; Fingerprint Dictionary will be an valuable resource as a reference guide of fingerprint identification.


Author : Stan Z. Li
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-08-27
Page : 1433
Category : Computers
ISBN 13 : 0387730028
Description :


With an A–Z format, this encyclopedia provides easy access to relevant information on all aspects of biometrics. It features approximately 250 overview entries and 800 definitional entries. Each entry includes a definition, key words, list of synonyms, list of related entries, illustration(s), applications, and a bibliography. Most entries include useful literature references providing the reader with a portal to more detailed information.


Author : Nalini Ratha
Ruud Bolle
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-05-08
Page : 458
Category : Computers
ISBN 13 : 0387216855
Description :


An authoritative survey of intelligent fingerprint-recognition concepts, technology, and systems is given. Editors and contributors are the leading researchers and applied R&D developers of this personal identification (biometric security) topic and technology. Biometrics and pattern recognition researchers and professionals will find the book an indispensable resource for current knowledge and technology in the field.


Author : B. Schaumann
M. Alter
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
Page : 258
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 3642516203
Description :


The skin on the fingertips and palmar and plantar surfaces of man is not smooth. It is grooved by curious ridges, which form a variety of configurations. These ridge configurations have attracted the at tention of laymen for millenia. They have also evoked the serious interest of scientists for more than three centuries. The anatomist Bidloo provided a description of ridge detail in the seventeenth cen tury. Since then, additional information has been added by anthro pologists, biologists, and geneticists. For the last century, the fact that each individual's ridge configurations are unique has been uti lized as a means of personal identification especially by law enforce ment officials. Widespread medical interest in epidermal ridges de veloped only in the last several decades when it became apparent that many patients with chromosomal aberrations had unusual ridge formations. Inspection of skin ridges, therefore, promised to provide a simple, inexpensive means for determining whether a given patient had a particular chromosomal defect. However, the promise was only partially fulfilled because of the inherent variability of skin ridge configurations. It was possible to draw conclusions about ridge ab normalities in groups of patients but not always in a given individual. Patients and clinicians became somewhat disenchanted with the clinical value of studying ridges.


Author : Suzanne Bell
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-05-21
Page : 348
Category : Law
ISBN 13 : 1351691600
Description :


Covering a range of fundamental topics essential to modern forensic investigation, the fifth edition of the landmark text Forensic Science: An Introduction to Scientific and Investigative Techniques presents contributions and case studies from the personal files of experts in the field. In the fully updated 5th edition, Bell combines these testimonies into an accurate and engrossing account of cutting edge of forensic science across many different areas. Designed for a single-term course at the undergraduate level, the book begins by discussing the intersection of law and forensic science, how things become evidence, and how courts decide if an item or testimony is admissible. The text invites students to follow evidence all the way from the crime scene into laboratory analysis and even onto the autopsy table. Forensic Science offers the fullest breadth of subject matter of any forensic text available, including forensic anthropology, death investigation (including entomology), bloodstain pattern analysis, firearms, tool marks, and forensic analysis of questioned documents. Going beyond theory to application, this text incorporates the wisdom of forensic practitioners who discuss the real cases they have investigated. Textboxes in each chapter provide case studies, current events, and advice for career advancement. A brand-new feature, Myths in Forensic Science, highlights the differences between true forensics and popular media fictions. Each chapter begins with an overview and ends with a summary, and key terms, review questions, and up-to-date references. Appropriate for any sensibility, more than 350 full-color photos from real cases give students a true-to-life learning experience. *Access to identical eBook version included Features Showcases contributions from high-profile experts in the field Highlights real-life case studies from experts’ personal files, along with stunning full-color photographs Organizes chapters into topics most popular for coursework Covers of all forms of evidence, from bloodstain patterns to questioned documents Includes textboxes with historical notes, myths in forensic science, and advice for career advancement Provides chapter summaries, key terms, review questions, and further reading Includes access to an identical eBook version Ancillaries for Instructors: PowerPoint® lecture slides for every chapter A full Instructor’s Manual with hundreds of questions and answers—including multiple choice Additional chapters from previous editions Two extra in-depth case studies on firearms and arson (photos included) Further readings on entomological evidence and animal scavenging (photos included)


Author : Federal Bureau of Investigation
Publisher : Cosimo Reports
Release : 2020-12-16
Page : 222
Category :
ISBN 13 : 9781646793167
Description :


"Criminal identification by means of fingerprints is one of the most potent factors in obtaining the apprehension of fugitives who might otherwise escape arrest and continue their criminal activities indefinitely." -J. Edgar Hoover, Introduction, The Science of Fingerprints The Science of Fingerprints: Classification and Uses is a 1957 FBI guide for taking and analyzing fingerprints, with an introduction by J. Edgar Hoover. Hoover personified the FBI during his reign of 48 years, beginning in 1924, as the founding director of the FBI. He has been credited with building and modernizing the FBI, including with establishing a centralized fingerprint file. Although we have entered the era of DNA and cyber-crime, fingerprinting remains an essential tool for investigating crime. This manual is valuable reading for students of criminal justice, historians, and anyone interested in the essentials of fingerprinting.


Author : National Research Council
Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2009-07-29
Page : 348
Category : Law
ISBN 13 : 0309142393
Description :


Scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. However, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. It is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward provides a detailed plan for addressing these needs and suggests the creation of a new government entity, the National Institute of Forensic Science, to establish and enforce standards within the forensic science community. The benefits of improving and regulating the forensic science disciplines are clear: assisting law enforcement officials, enhancing homeland security, and reducing the risk of wrongful conviction and exoneration. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States gives a full account of what is needed to advance the forensic science disciplines, including upgrading of systems and organizational structures, better training, widespread adoption of uniform and enforceable best practices, and mandatory certification and accreditation programs. While this book provides an essential call-to-action for congress and policy makers, it also serves as a vital tool for law enforcement agencies, criminal prosecutors and attorneys, and forensic science educators.


Author : A. J. Schwoeble
David L. Exline
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-06-27
Page : 192
Category : Law
ISBN 13 : 1420042572
Description :


With the ever-spreading problem of violent crime in today's society, techniques to assist forensic scientists and other law enforcement personnel have come to the forefront. With improvement in collection methods and analytical tools to conduct more thorough analyses, gunshot residue examination has made a dramatic impact as an area of trace eviden


Author : Ashim K. Datta
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-06-15
Page : 456
Category : Law
ISBN 13 : 1420041347
Description :


Fingerprints constitute one of the most important categories of physical evidence, and it is among the few that can be truly individualized. During the last two decades, many new and exciting developments have taken place in the field of fingerprint science, particularly in the realm of methods for developing latent prints and in the growth of imag