Reason And Responsibility Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Joel Feinberg
Russ Shafer-Landau
Publisher : Wadsworth Publishing Company
Release : 2005
Page : 706
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 9780534625573
Description :


The Twelfth Edition of this best-selling, topically organized anthology provides a superb balance of historical selections and recent material. This new edition features more readings than ever before--79 total--all, where necessary, in the finest translations available. The readings complement each other and naturally build on the topic being covered. Clear, concise introductions to each Part provide just enough guidance to let students learn from experiencing the readings themselves. The text's long-heralded selection of readings covers topics such as reason and religious belief, human knowledge, mind and its place in nature, determinism, free will and responsibility, and morality and its critics in five parts with careful attention to opposing points of view.


Author : Joel Feinberg
Russ Shafer-Landau
Publisher :
Release : 2005
Page : 706
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 9780534274948
Description :



Author : Joel Feinberg
Russ Shafer-Landau
Publisher : Wadsworth Publishing Company
Release : 2005
Page : 706
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 9780534625542
Description :


The Twelfth Edition of this best-selling, topically organized anthology provides a superb balance of historical selections and recent material. Now a part of Wadsworth's new Advantage Series and issued for the first time in a paperback format at a reduced price, this new edition features more readings than ever before--79 total--all, where necessary, in the finest translations available. The readings complement each other and naturally build on the topic being covered. Clear, concise introductions to each Part provide just enough guidance to let students learn from experiencing the readings themselves. The text's long-heralded selection of readings covers topics such as reason and religious belief, human knowledge, mind and its place in nature, determinism, free will and responsibility, and morality and its critics in five parts with careful attention to opposing points of view.


Author : Joel Feinberg
Russ Shafer-Landau
Publisher : Wadsworth Publishing Company
Release : 2008
Page : 726
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 9780495094920
Description :


Contains readings that cover centuries of thought and wisdom. This book includes various issues in metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of religion, philosophy of mind, and ethics.


Author : Bertrand Russell
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2001
Page : 102
Category : Knowledge, Theory of
ISBN 13 : 0192854232
Description :


This work, originally published in 1912, is an introduction to the theory of philosophical enquiry. It gives Russell's views on such subjects as the distinction between appearance and reality and the existence and nature of matter.


Author : Ingmar Persson
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-09-26
Page : 328
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 0199676550
Description :


Many philosophers think that if you're morally responsible for a state of affairs, you must be a cause of it. In From Morality to the End of Reason, Ingmar Persson argues that this strand of common sense morality is asymmetrical in that it features the act-omission doctrine according to which there are stronger reasons against performing some harmful actions than in favour of performing any beneficial actions. He critically examines the concept of a rightand the conception of responsibility as causally-based, which results in replacing reasons of rights by reasons of beneficence to the effect that individuals be benefited, and we are made responsible for what is under the influence of our practical reasons. The argument gives rise to a symmetrical,consequentialist morality which is more demanding but less authoritative than common sense morality because reasons of beneficence are weaker than reasons of rights. The question is whether such a morality possesses enough authority to command our compliance.


Author : Russ Shafer-Landau
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2004
Page : 150
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 9780195168730
Description :


This is a brief introduction to ethics, with a point of view. The book addresses "meta-ethical" questions that go beyond what most introductory ethics books address, which are "normative" theories (egoism, utilitarianism, etc.) and "applied" ethics (abortion, capital punishment, etc.).


Author : Ralph Hancock
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Release : 2011-01-16
Page : 346
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 1442207396
Description :


In The Responsibility of Reason, Ralph C. Hancock undertakes no less than to answer the Heideggerian challenge. Offering trenchant and original interpretations of Aristotle, Heidegger, Strauss, and Alexis de Tocqueville, he argues that Tocqueville saw the essential more clearly than apparently deeper philosophers. Hancock addresses political theorists on the question of the grounding of liberalism, and, at the same time, philosophers on the most basic questions of the meaning and limits of reason. Moreover, he shows how these questions are for us inseparable.


Author : David Michael Kleinberg-Levin
Publisher : SUNY Press
Release : 2008-09-02
Page : 306
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 0791477827
Description :


Provides a critique of reason, demanding that we take greater responsibility for nature and other people.


Author : Susan Searls Giroux
Publisher : Stanford University Press
Release : 2010-07-28
Page : 296
Category : Education
ISBN 13 : 0804775117
Description :


Inquiring into the future of the university, Susan Giroux finds a paradox at the heart of higher education in the post-civil rights era. Although we think of "post-civil rights" as representing a colorblind or race transcendent triumphalism in national political discourse, Giroux argues that our present is shaped by persistent "raceless" racism at home and permanent civilizational war abroad. She sees the university as a primary battleground in this ongoing struggle. As the heir to Enlightenment ideals of civic education, the university should be the institution for the production of an informed and reflective democratic citizenry responsible to and for the civic health of the polity, a privileged site committed to free and equal exchange in the interests of peaceful and democratic coexistence. And yet, says Giroux, historically and currently the university has failed and continues to fail in this role. Between Race and Reason engages the work of diverse intellectuals—Friedrich Nietzsche, W. E. B. Du Bois, Michel Foucault, Martin Luther King, Jr., Jacques Derrida and others—who challenge the university's past and present collusion with racism and violence. The book complements recent work done on the politics of higher education that has examined the consequences of university corporatization, militarization, and bureaucratic rationalization by focusing on the ways in which these elements of a broader neoliberal project are also racially prompted and promoted. At the same time, it undertakes to imagine how the university can be reconceived as a uniquely privileged site for critique in the interests of today's urgent imperatives for peace and justice.


Author : Hilary Bok
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 1998-11-23
Page : 248
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 9781400822737
Description :


Can we reconcile the idea that we are free and responsible agents with the idea that what we do is determined according to natural laws? For centuries, philosophers have tried in different ways to show that we can. Hilary Bok takes a fresh approach here, as she seeks to show that the two ideas are compatible by drawing on the distinction between practical and theoretical reasoning. Bok argues that when we engage in practical reasoning--the kind that involves asking "what should I do?" and sifting through alternatives to find the most justifiable course of action--we have reason to hold ourselves responsible for what we do. But when we engage in theoretical reasoning--searching for causal explanations of events--we have no reason to apply concepts like freedom and responsibility. Bok contends that libertarians' arguments against "compatibilist" justifications of moral responsibility fail because they describe human actions only from the standpoint of theoretical reasoning. To establish this claim, she examines which conceptions of freedom of the will and moral responsibility are relevant to practical reasoning and shows that these conceptions are not vulnerable to many objections that libertarians have directed against compatibilists. Bok concludes that the truth or falsity of the claim that we are free and responsible agents in the sense those conceptions spell out is ultimately independent of deterministic accounts of the causes of human actions. Clearly written and powerfully argued, Freedom and Responsibility is a major addition to current debate about some of philosophy's oldest and deepest questions.


Author : Derek Parfit
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 1986-01-23
Page : 560
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 0191622443
Description :


This book challenges, with several powerful arguments, some of our deepest beliefs about rationality, morality, and personal identity. The author claims that we have a false view of our own nature; that it is often rational to act against our own best interests; that most of us have moral views that are directly self-defeating; and that, when we consider future generations the conclusions will often be disturbing. He concludes that moral non-religious moral philosophy is a young subject, with a promising but unpredictable future.


Author : Arnold J. Sameroff
Marshall M. Haith
Publisher :
Release : 1996
Page : 476
Category : Cognition in children.
ISBN 13 :
Description :


Leading researchers in neurology, sociology, anthropology, education, and psychology assess what is now commonly known as the five to seven year shift. They consider how development is influenced by changes in neurobiological subsystems; cognition, emotion, and self-concept; concerns with peers and families; and school and cultural practices.


Author : Hannah Arendt
Publisher : Schocken
Release : 2009-04-02
Page : 336
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 0307544052
Description :


Each of the books that Hannah Arendt published in her lifetime was unique, and to this day each continues to provoke fresh thought and interpretations. This was never more true than for Eichmann in Jerusalem, her account of the trial of Adolf Eichmann, where she first used the phrase “the banality of evil.” Her consternation over how a man who was neither a monster nor a demon could nevertheless be an agent of the most extreme evil evoked derision, outrage, and misunderstanding. The firestorm of controversy prompted Arendt to readdress fundamental questions and concerns about the nature of evil and the making of moral choices. Responsibility and Judgment gathers together unpublished writings from the last decade of Arendt’s life, as she struggled to explicate the meaning of Eichmann in Jerusalem. At the heart of this book is a profound ethical investigation, “Some Questions of Moral Philosophy”; in it Arendt confronts the inadequacy of traditional moral “truths” as standards to judge what we are capable of doing, and she examines anew our ability to distinguish good from evil and right from wrong. We see how Arendt comes to understand that alongside the radical evil she had addressed in earlier analyses of totalitarianism, there exists a more pernicious evil, independent of political ideology, whose execution is limitless when the perpetrator feels no remorse and can forget his acts as soon as they are committed. Responsibility and Judgment is an essential work for understanding Arendt’s conception of morality; it is also an indispensable investigation into some of the most troubling and important issues of our time.


Author : Dorothy I. Fennell
Publisher :
Release : 1965
Page :
Category :
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Susan Wolf
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 1993-10-21
Page :
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 9780195358971
Description :


Philosophers typically see the issue of free will and determinism in terms of a debate between two standard positions. Incompatibilism holds that freedom and responsibility require causal and metaphysical independence from the impersonal forces of nature. According to compatibilism, people are free and responsible as long as their actions are governed by their desires. In Freedom Within Reason, Susan Wolf charts a path between these traditional positions: We are not free and responsible, she argues, for actions that are governed by desires that we cannot help having. But the wish to form our own desires from nothing is both futile and arbitrary. Some of the forces beyond our control are friends to freedom rather than enemies of it: they endow us with faculties of reason, perception, and imagination, and provide us with the data by which we come to see and appreciate the world for what it is. The independence we want, Wolf argues, is not independence from the world, but independence from forces that prevent or preclude us from choosing how to live in light of a sufficient appreciation of the world. The freedom we want is a freedom within reason and the world.


Author : Eugene Combs
Publisher : University of Toronto Press
Release : 1983-12-15
Page : 138
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 1442654953
Description :


What is it to be modern? How does the world look through the eyes of a modern? Is it possible to bring the sensibility of the non-modern to bear on the world around one? If so, how? The essays in this volume consider these and a number of related questions in an attempt to determine how a thoughtful individual can understand and act justly in the world of modernity. The authors stand firmly and deeply in modernity, but they are profoundly aware of the classical and the Judaeo-Christian traditions that the modern world has largely discarded and of non-Western traditions that ask profound questions about the nature of man and his role in the universe. They are willing to ask difficult and critical questions about traditional thought and about the assumptions, often tacit, of modernity. The essays explore the problematic nature of the concept of transcendence in modern social and political philosophy. They start with an analysis of Spinoza's use of biblical criticism to separate political philosophy and divine revelation, and explore the impact of the rise of naturalistic individualism in the North Atlantic world. A discussion of the role of the transcendent and of traditional philosophy in the East helps the reader to gain a deeper understanding of the process of secularization in the West. The issue of moral responsibility is shown to be greatly influenced by the existence of the concept of transcendence, and philosophy and the apocalyptic tradition form the basis of attempts to bridge the gulf between the traditional and the modern, secular view of the world. These essays show that the quest for the grounds of responsible action requires a thorough-going critique of modernity that looks not only at the modern world, but beyond it, to the traditions that formed and still inform it, and to the experience of other cultures that are also facing the processes we already take for granted.


Author : John Martin Fischer
Mark Ravizza
Publisher : Cornell University Press
Release : 2018-07-05
Page : 376
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 1501721569
Description :


Explores aspects of responsibility, including moral accountability; hierarchy, rationality, and the real self; and ethical responsibility and alternative possibilities.


Author : Susan Sauvé Meyer
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2011-11-24
Page : 240
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 9780199697434
Description :


This is a reissue, with new introduction, of Susan Sauvé Meyer's 1993 book which presents a striking interpretation of Aristotle's accounts of voluntariness in the Eudemian and Nicomachean Ethics. She argues that they constitute a distinctive theory of moral responsibility, and provides powerful responses to notorious puzzles in the account.


Author : International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty
Thomas G. Weiss
Publisher : IDRC
Release : 2001
Page : 410
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 9780889369634
Description :


Responsibility to Protect: Research, bibliography, background. Supplementary volume to the Report of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty