Regulation Of Tissue Oxygenation Second Edition Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Roland N. Pittman
Publisher : Biota Publishing
Release : 2016-08-18
Page : 99
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 1615047212
Description :


This presentation describes various aspects of the regulation of tissue oxygenation, including the roles of the circulatory system, respiratory system, and blood, the carrier of oxygen within these components of the cardiorespiratory system. The respiratory system takes oxygen from the atmosphere and transports it by diffusion from the air in the alveoli to the blood flowing through the pulmonary capillaries. The cardiovascular system then moves the oxygenated blood from the heart to the microcirculation of the various organs by convection, where oxygen is released from hemoglobin in the red blood cells and moves to the parenchymal cells of each tissue by diffusion. Oxygen that has diffused into cells is then utilized in the mitochondria to produce adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the energy currency of all cells. The mitochondria are able to produce ATP until the oxygen tension or PO2 on the cell surface falls to a critical level of about 4–5 mm Hg. Thus, in order to meet the energetic needs of cells, it is important to maintain a continuous supply of oxygen to the mitochondria at or above the critical PO2 . In order to accomplish this desired outcome, the cardiorespiratory system, including the blood, must be capable of regulation to ensure survival of all tissues under a wide range of circumstances. The purpose of this presentation is to provide basic information about the operation and regulation of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, as well as the properties of the blood and parenchymal cells, so that a fundamental understanding of the regulation of tissue oxygenation is achieved.


Author : Robert Lanza
Robert Langer
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2000-05-16
Page : 995
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 008053967X
Description :


The opportunity that tissue engineering provides for medicine is extraordinary. In the United States alone, over half-a-trillion dollars are spent each year to care for patients who suffer from tissue loss or dysfunction. Although numerous books and reviews have been written on tissue engineering, none has been as comprehensive in its defining of the field. Principles of Tissue Engineering combines in one volume the prerequisites for a general understanding of tissue growth and development, the tools and theoretical information needed to design tissues and organs, as well as a presentation of applications of tissue engineering to diseases affecting specific organ systems. The first edition of the book, published in 1997, is the definite reference in the field. Since that time, however, the discipline has grown tremendously, and few experts would have been able to predict the explosion in our knowledge of gene expression, cell growth and differentiation, the variety of stem cells, new polymers and materials that are now available, or even the successful introduction of the first tissue-engineered products into the marketplace. There was a need for a new edition, and this need has been met with a product that defines and captures the sense of excitement, understanding and anticipation that has followed from the evolution of this fascinating and important field. Key Features * Provides vast, detailed analysis of research on all of the major systems of the human body, e.g., skin, muscle, cardiovascular, hematopoietic, and nerves * Essential to anyone working in the field * Educates and directs both the novice and advanced researcher * Provides vast, detailed analysis of research with all of the major systems of the human body, e.g. skin, muscle, cardiovascular, hematopoietic, and nerves * Has new chapters written by leaders in the latest areas of research, such as fetal tissue engineering and the universal cell * Considered the definitive reference in the field * List of contributors reads like a "who's who" of tissue engineering, and includes Robert Langer, Joseph Vacanti, Charles Vacanti, Robert Nerem, A. Hari Reddi, Gail Naughton, George Whitesides, Doug Lauffenburger, and Eugene Bell, among others


Author : Guy A. Thompson, Jr.
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1992-03-10
Page : 240
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 9780849345616
Description :


This book provides a concise description of the metabolic pathways by which lipids of animal and plant membranes are formed. The book emphasizes modulation of these pathways by hormones, diet, environmental stress, and other factors. This new edition is extensively revised, containing new material on topics such as lipid-mediated signal transduction and lipid-induced protein translocation. The new edition also features an entirely new chapter on lipids covalently bound to proteins. The book is excellent for all researchers and students interested in membrane lipid metabolism.


Author : Sharma Suresh
Publisher : Elsevier India
Release : 2017-08-18
Page : 1400
Category : Nurse and patient
ISBN 13 : 8131249441
Description :


Fundamentals of Nursing by Potter and Perry is a widely appreciated textbook on nursing foundations/fundamentals. Its comprehensive coverage provides fundamental nursing concepts, skills and techniques of nursing practice and a firm foundation for more advanced areas of study. This Second South Asia edition of Potter and Perry's Fundamentals of Nursing not only provides the well-established, authentic content of international standards but also caters to the specific curriculum requirements of nursing students of the region. SALIENT FEATURES Fully compliant to the INC curriculum Easy-to-read, interesting and involving disposition, which leads the reader through various facets of nursing foundations/ fundamentals Improved layout, design and presentation A number of photographs replaced with the Indian ones to provide regional feel to the content Long Answer and Short Answer questions added at the end of every chapter


Author : Bruce Alberts
Publisher :
Release : 2004
Page :
Category :
ISBN 13 : 9780815332183
Description :



Author : Peter Kam
Ian Power
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-12-11
Page : 496
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 1444113844
Description :


The practice of anaesthesia, including intensive care medicine and pain management, requires a considerable understanding of normal and abnormal physiology. This is reflected in postgraduate examinations in anaesthesia where candidates are questioned in depth about many aspects of physiology. The second edition of this well-received textbook continues to provide candidates with a 'tailor-made' alternative to more general physiology textbooks, delivering information designed and written specifically with the trainee anaesthetist in mind. The authors bring their extensive experience of teaching physiology to the book in order to improve the understanding of the fundamentals of human physiology in relation to the work of the anaesthetist. The content covers the physiology of all the major organ systems, with specific emphasis on the nervous, respiratory and cardiovascular systems. In addition, there are special sections on the physiology of pain, the physiology of ageing and the physiological effects of specific environments, all highly relevant to anaesthetic practice. Diagrams throughout, praised in reviews of the first edition, are used to support the text and to aid understanding of difficult concepts. The second edition also incorporates a number of new features - learning objectives, areas for reflection and a handy summary of physiological equations. It will remain an invaluable reference throughout anaesthetic training and beyond, and a useful revision aid.


Author : Lisa H. Butterfield, PhD
Howard L. Kaufman, MD, FACS
Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
Release : 2021-09-15
Page : 1000
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 0826137431
Description :


Thoroughly updated to reflect major advances in the field of immuno-oncology, this second edition of Cancer Immunotherapy Principles and Practice, from the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC), remains the definitive resource for information on tumor immunology and cancer immunotherapy treatments. An essential reference for both novice and experienced cancer researchers, oncologists, and related practitioners alike, the book not only guides readers through the fundamental scientific principles of the field all the way to translational and practical clinical applications for treating and managing oncologic disease, but also provides a comprehensive understanding of the regulatory processes that support the safe and effective delivery of immunotherapy to patients with cancer. The expanded and updated second edition now spans 68 chapters, including 12 new chapters, covering major topics and innovations that have shaped the rapid development of immunotherapy and its ascension into the standard of care as first-line treatment for a growing number of disease settings. New to this edition are chapters with deeper insight into our understanding of cancer genomics and determinants of response, immunogenic cell death, cancer and stromal cell-intrinsic pathways of immune resistance, cancer immune exclusion, adoptive cell therapy, metabolomics, tumor mutation burden, immunotherapy in combination with radiation therapy, synthetic biology, and more. Complete with detailed illustrations, tables, and key points for targeted reference, Cancer Immunotherapy Principles and Practice, Second Edition is the most comprehensive and authoritative resource for scientists and clinicians looking to expand their knowledge base of this dynamic field. Key Features: Offers key insights and perspectives on cancer immunology and immunotherapy treatments from renowned experts in the field Covers the basic principles and science behind cancer immunotherapy and tumor immunology Includes treatment strategies for a vast array of available immunotherapy classes and agents, such as cytokine therapies, oncolytic viruses, cancer vaccines, CAR T therapies, and combination immunotherapies Provides essential information on FDA-approved immunotherapies, including clinical management and outcome data related to response rates, risks, and toxicities Discusses special considerations for immunotherapy in the context of specific disease settings, including skin cancers, genitourinary cancers, gastrointestinal cancers, hepatocellular carcinomas, gynecologic malignancies, breast cancers, lung cancers, head and neck cancers, brain tumors, sarcomas, pediatric cancers, and treatments combined with radiation therapy Clarifies the complex regulatory aspects behind the development and approval of immunotherapy drugs


Author : David H. Evans
James B. Claiborne
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1997-10-10
Page : 544
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 9780849384271
Description :


As in the bestselling first edition, The Physiology of Fishes, Second Edition is a comprehensive, state-of-the-art review of the major areas of research in modern fish physiology. This Second Edition is entirely revised, with 17 of the 18 chapters written by new authors. It also includes four entirely new chapters:


Author : J. Neuwirt
P. Ponka
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
Page : 197
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 9401010900
Description :


Haemoglobin is one of the most important molecules in the animal kingdom. Its function is to carry oxygen to tissues. In lower invertebrates the blood pigment is present in the haemolymph and is not bound in cells. Later in the course of phylo genesis haemoglobin remains associated with cells which produce it and in this form it reaches the peripheral circulation. In higher organisms the haemoglobin production is thus determined by two main factors: haemoglobin synthesis in erythroid cells and the formation of these erythroid cells which depends on cell proliferation in haematopoietic organs. Human haemoglobin is made up of two chains which combine from four different polypeptide chains formed in varying ratios in different periods of the life cycle. During the life span of humans the following haemoglobins are formed: embryonic haemoglobins Gower 1 and 2, foetal haemoglobin F and two adult haemoglobins A and A . E-and IX-chains are part of the embryonic haemoglobins Gower 1 (E4) and 2 Gower 2 (1X2E2). These haemoglobins predominate in embryos during the second month of pregnancy and at the end of the first trimester they are completely re placed by foetal haemoglobin F (~Y2). Adult haemoglobin A consists of two IX and two ~-chains and is the main component of red cells in adults. A relatively small component of red cells accounting for less than 2 % of the total haemo globin, is haemoglobin A2 (1X0).


Author : Rudin Markus
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2013-07-04
Page : 620
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 1783263172
Description :


The area of molecular imaging has matured over the past decade and is still growing rapidly. Many concepts developed for molecular biology and cellular imaging have been successfully translated to in vivo imaging of intact organisms. Molecular imaging enables the study of processes at a molecular level in their full biological context. Due to the high specificity of the molecular readouts the approach bears a high potential for diagnostics. It is fair to say that molecular imaging has become an indispensable tool for biomedical research and drug discovery and development today.This volume familiarizes the reader with the concepts of imaging and molecular imaging in particular. Basic principles of imaging technologies, reporter moieties for the various imaging modalities, and the design of targeted probes are described in the first part. The second part illustrates how these tools can be used to visualize relevant molecular events in the living organism. Topics covered include the studies of the biodistribution of reporter probes and drugs, visualization of the expression of biomolecules such as receptors and enzymes, and how imaging can be used for analyzing consequences of the interaction of a ligand or a drug with its molecular target by visualizing signal transduction, or assessing the metabolic, physiological, or structural response of the organism studied. The final chapter deals with visualization of cell migration, for example in the context of cell therapies.The second edition covers novel developments over recent years, in particular regarding imaging technologies (hybrid techniques) and novel reporter concepts. Novel biomedical applications have been included, where appropriate. All the chapters have been thoroughly reworked and the artwork updated.


Author : Shayne Cox Gad
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-26
Page : 464
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 0429781431
Description :


The gastrointestinal tract is the most important of the three major routes of entry (and clearance) of xenobiotics and biologic entities into the bodies of mammals. As such, it is also the major route for administration of pharmaceuticals to humans. Gastrointestinal Toxicology, Second Edition describes the mechanism for entry and clearance of xenobiotics, as well as the barriers, immunologic and metabolic issues, and functions present in the GI tract. Appearing in this volume are also considerations of the microbiome and its actions and influence on the function of the GI tract and on the toxicity and pharmacodynamics of ingested substances (including nutrients, toxins, and therapeutics). These fifteen chapters written by experienced experts in the field address methods to evaluate GI function; specifics of GI function and toxicity assessment in canines and minipigs; classes of compounds with their toxicity; species differences; and the toxicity (and promise) of nanoparticles. Those needing to understand the structure, function, and methods of studying the GI tract will find this volume a singular source of reference.


Author : Stine Karen
Thomas M. Brown
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-01-24
Page : 392
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 084932856X
Description :


Written by two experienced toxicology lecturers, Principles of Toxicology provides a broad-based yet in-depth introduction to this diverse subject. Comprehensive and easy-to-read, the book covers this broad and interdisciplinary field from the viewpoint of three different functional levels: molecular and cellular; physiological; and ecological and environmental. This revised second edition expands the coverage of the book while keeping the organizational format that made the first edition a bestseller. It also includes a series of brief case studies illustrating the application of toxicological principles to current issues of interest. Each and every chapter has been revised, several have been significantly rewritten, and three are entirely new. This new edition retains the extensive cross-referencing system that links all sections and enhances the integration of material. It also includes an appendix of selected toxicants that describes chemical structure and category of use. These features combine to make finding specific information quick and easy. The highly readable format and uniform, consistent presentation of information will make this the most used reference on your shelf. See what's new in the second edition:


Author : Shayne C. Gad
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-11-02
Page : 410
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 1560327693
Description :


Toxicology has made tremendous strides in the sophistication of the models used to identify and understand the mechanisms of agents that can harm or kill humand and other higher organisms. Non-animals or in vitro models started to gain significant use in the 1960s. As a result of the increased concern over animal welfare, economic factors, and the need for greater sensitivity and understanding of mechanisms, interest in in vitro^n models has risen. This volume demonstrates that there now exists a broad range of in vitro models for use in either identifying or understanding most forms of toxicity. The availability of in vitro models spans both the full range of endpoints (irritation, sensitization, lethality, mutagenicity, and devlopmental toxicity) and the full spectrum of target organ systems (skin, eye, heart, liver, kidney, nervous system, etc.). Chapters are devoted to each of these speciality areas from a perspective of presenting the principal models and their uses and limitations. Chapters that overview the principles involved in the general selection and use of models, and that address the issues of safety concerns and regulatory acceptance of these methods are also included.


Author : Karel Rakusan
George P. Biro
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
Page : 868
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 1468456431
Description :


The Ottawa '88 meeting of the International Society for Oxygen Transport to Tissue attracted a record number of participants and presentations. We were able to avoid simultaneous sessions and still keep the scientific program to four days by using poster sessions followed by plenary debate on each poster. To paraphrase the British physicist David Bohm, we tried to avoid an ordinary discussion, in which people usually stick to a relatively fixed position and try to convince others to change. This situation does not give rise to anything creative. So, we attempted instead to establish a true dialogue in which a person may prefer and support a certain point of view, but does not hold it nonnegotiab1y. He or she is ready to listen to others with sufficient sympathy, and is also ready to change his or her own view if there is a good reason to do so. Our Society is in its "teen" years, and there are even some arguments about its exact age. Many newer members have raised questions concerning the history of the Society. For this reason, I have asked one of the "founding fathers", D. Bruley, to prepare a brief account of the birth and early history of the Society which appears on the following page.


Author : Mohammad Pessarakli
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1996-09-09
Page : 1056
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 9780824797089
Description :


"Details all of the photosynthetic factors and processes under both normal and stressful conditions--covering lower and higher plants as well as related biochemistry and plant molecular biology. Contains authoritative contributions from over 125 experts in the field from 28 countries, and includes almost 500 drawings, photographs, micrographs, tables, and equations--reinforcing and clarifying important text material."


Author : Samantha Fowler
Rebecca Roush
Publisher :
Release : 2018-01-07
Page : 618
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 9789888407453
Description :


Concepts of Biology is designed for the single-semester introduction to biology course for non-science majors, which for many students is their only college-level science course. As such, this course represents an important opportunity for students to develop the necessary knowledge, tools, and skills to make informed decisions as they continue with their lives. Rather than being mired down with facts and vocabulary, the typical non-science major student needs information presented in a way that is easy to read and understand. Even more importantly, the content should be meaningful. Students do much better when they understand why biology is relevant to their everyday lives. For these reasons, Concepts of Biology is grounded on an evolutionary basis and includes exciting features that highlight careers in the biological sciences and everyday applications of the concepts at hand.We also strive to show the interconnectedness of topics within this extremely broad discipline. In order to meet the needs of today's instructors and students, we maintain the overall organization and coverage found in most syllabi for this course. A strength of Concepts of Biology is that instructors can customize the book, adapting it to the approach that works best in their classroom. Concepts of Biology also includes an innovative art program that incorporates critical thinking and clicker questions to help students understand--and apply--key concepts.


Author : Bruce D. Olsen
Publisher : Lulu.com
Release : 2009-05-09
Page : 232
Category : Evolution (Biology)
ISBN 13 : 0578021641
Description :


Mr. Olsen wrote this book on human anatomy from an evolutionary perspective for college undergraduates with no previous college-level math or science. It contains an introduction to the nature of science and biological evolution in addition to a clear and comprehensive description of basic human anatomy. With over one hundred references, a detailed index, and more than 40 black-and-white illustrations and tables, this book is the perfect supplement to a standard anatomical atlas or textbook with color illustrations.


Author : Joanne K. Singleton
Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
Release : 2014-11-12
Page : 1168
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 0826171478
Description :


A complete, state-of-the-art bible of interprofessional primary care in one easy-to-use resource for Interprofessional Primary Care A truly interprofessional primary care textbook, created by DNPs/APRNs, MDs, PharmDs, PAs, CNSs, and CNMs Evidence-based practice guidelines for Primary Care Includes community care, team work, and wellness coachings Strong guidance on differential diagnosis, disease prevention, risk reduction and lifestyle management Across the lifespan focus PLUS gender, occupational and palliative care considerations Case Studies in PPT format available to faculty adopting the text This second edition of Primary Care delivers succinct, current, and integrated information on the assessment, differential diagnosis, treatment, and management of individuals with commonly seen conditions in primary care settings. Written and edited by APNs, MDs, PAs, PharmDs and other health professionals, it emphasizes guidance on differential diagnosis, interprofessional primary care, lifestyle management, health promotion, risk reduction, and disease prevention. The text features ‘relationship-centered care, extensive coverage of age, gender, and occupational considerations; complementary approaches; nutritional assessment; violence exposure and vulnerability assessment; family, community, and cultural assessment; palliative care; and evidence-based practice guidelines. This important text presents current diagnostic criteria for each condition and includes relevant anatomy, pathology, and physiology, epidemiology of the condition, including cultural and economic factors, risk identification, and disease prevention strategies. Also included are related laboratory studies, the focused physical exam, wellness coaching, treatment options, potential pitfalls, and much more. Additionally, the book includes clinical "pearls", clinical warnings, referrals and warning points, and references. The text is of value to all interprofessional primary care providers, with a special focus on the needs of advanced practice nurses and MSN/DNP students, and as a course textbook for teaching primary health care topics New to the Second Edition: Increased focus on interprofessional primary care, including community care, team work, and wellness coaching Strong guidance on differential diagnosis, disease prevention, risk reduction and lifestyle management Broad team of interprofessional authors and editors Special focus on elder/geriatric primary care and palliative care Evidence-based practice guidelines Stronger focus on age, gender, and occupational considerationsFocus on age, gender, and occupational considerations Case Studies in PPT format available to faculty adopting the text


Author : Joseph D. Bronzino
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2000-02-15
Page :
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 9783540668084
Description :



Author : Sharon Gerecht
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-07
Page : 195
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 3319993194
Description :


This book updates and expands on various aspects of the vasculature’s microenvironment and how these regulate differentiation and assembly. Discussed in this new edition are efforts to capitalize on combing engineering techniques, to study and manipulate various biophysical cues, including: endothelial cell- pericyte interactions (Davis), mechanical forces to regulate vascularization in three-dimensional constructs (Levenberg), how matrix properties and oxygen tension regulate vascular fate and assembly (Gerecht), biophysical cues in relation to vascular aging (Ferreira), 3D printing of complex vascularized tissue (Hibino), the harnessing of biophysical cues for therapeutic vasculature interfacing with the damaged brain (Segura) and finally, the infarcted heart (Grayson). This second edition of Biophysical Regulation of Vascular Differentiation and Assembly provides an interdisciplinary view of vasculature regulation thru various biophysical cues and presents recent advances in measuring and controlling such parameters. This book will be of interest to biologists, biophysicists and engineers who work with vascular differentiation and assembly.