Reward And Punishment In Human Learning Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Joseph Nuttin
Anthony G. Greenwald
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-05-12
Page : 216
Category : Education
ISBN 13 : 1483222268
Description :


Reward and Punishment in Human Learning: Elements of a Behavior Theory provides a different approach to the study of reward and punishment, emphasizing what is learned when a response is rewarded and how does this differ from what is learned when a response is punished. This book discusses the distortions in impressions of success, accuracy in recall of reward and punishment, and determinants of outcome-recall. The role of open-task attitudes in motor learning, effects of isolated punishments, and structural isolation in the closed-task situation are also elaborated. This publication is intended for psychologists, but is also helpful to teachers, executives, prison officials, psychotherapists, and parents.


Author : Joseph Nuttin
Publisher :
Release : 1972
Page : 205
Category :
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Author : Joseph Nuttin
Jozef Nuttin
Publisher :
Release : 1968
Page : 205
Category : Learning, Psychology of
ISBN 13 :
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Author : Joseph Nuttin
Anthony G. Greenwald
Publisher :
Release : 1972
Page : 205
Category :
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1968
Page : 205
Category :
ISBN 13 :
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Author : Alfie Kohn
Publisher : Mariner Books
Release : 1999
Page : 431
Category : Family & Relationships
ISBN 13 :
Description :


Criticizes the system of motivating through reward, offering arguments for motivating people by working with them instead of doing things to them


Author : Christine Horne
Publisher : Stanford University Press
Release : 2009-05-08
Page : 224
Category : Social Science
ISBN 13 : 0804771227
Description :


The Rewards of Punishment describes a new social theory of norms to provide a compelling explanation why people punish. Identifying mechanisms that link interdependence with norm enforcement, it reveals how social relationships lead individuals to enforce norms, even when doing so makes little sense. This groundbreaking book tells the whole story, from ideas, to experiments, to real-world applications. In addition to addressing longstanding theoretical puzzles—such as why harmful behavior is not always punished, why individuals enforce norms in ways that actually hurt the group, why people enforce norms that benefit others rather than themselves, why groups punish behavior that has only trivial effects, and why atypical behaviors are sometimes punished and sometimes not—it explores the implications of the theory for substantive issues, including norms regulating sex, crime, and international human rights.


Author : Jozef M. NUTTIN
Anthony Galt GREENWALD
Publisher :
Release : 1968
Page : 205
Category :
ISBN 13 :
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Author : G. D'ydewalle
Willy Lens
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2013-05-13
Page : 304
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1134917988
Description :


Published in the year 1982 Cognition in Human Motivation and Learning is a valuable contribution to the field of Cognitive Psychology.


Author : William K. Estes
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2014-06-20
Page : 382
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1317672291
Description :


Originally published in 1976, Volume 3 of this Handbook deals primarily with conditions of acquisition, retention and forgetting, and the manner in which acquired information and motivation combine to determine performance. The organization of this volume can be understood in terms of four principal categories. The first category deals with general problems of methodology, the second and third with basic concepts arising from research on human learning and performance and the fourth with applications. Volume 1 presented an overview of the field and introduced principal theoretical and methodological issues that persistently recurred in the expanded treatment of specific research areas which comprise the later volumes. The areas traditionally associated with conditioning, learning theory and the basic psychology of human learning are treated in Volumes 2 and 3. The last three volumes will range over active lines of research having to do with human cognitive processes, at the time: Volume 4, attention, memory storage and retrieval; Volumes 5 and 6, information processing, reading, semantic memory, and problem solving.


Author : Donald K. Routh
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
Page : 248
Category : Education
ISBN 13 : 1468441965
Description :


DONALD K. ROUTH WHAT THIS BOOK IS ABOUT A reader who happens onto this book on the library shelf may find the title a puzzle. Learning is one broad subject. Speech is another. And the "complex effects of punishment" might seem far afield from either. Perhaps, intrigued by this apparent diversity and wanting to discover what common theme underlies it, the reader may begin leafing through the chapters. The first one recounts a series of studies of rats-using learning techniques from the psychology laboratory, to be sure, but applied to the study of behavior genetics, sex differences, and aging. The second chapter has to do with young children's discrimination learning. Then, there is a chapter on learning sets. Next, there is a chapter on stuttering. Then the topic shifts back to the study of learning in rats. Then, there is a clinical chapter on punishment effects. Finally, there is a historically oriented essay on Iowa psychology graduates. Surely, by now the puzzled reader wants an explana tion of why such diversity belongs between the covers of a single book.


Author : Marc Depaepe
Kristof Dams
Publisher : Leuven University Press
Release : 2000
Page : 265
Category : Education
ISBN 13 : 9789058670342
Description :



Author : Michael S. Humphreys
Kerry A. Chalmers
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2016-02-26
Page : 238
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1107087147
Description :


Embedded in a historical context, this is a novel approach to memory involving goals, cues, information, opportunity to learn, and noise.


Author : D. E. Berlyne
K. B. Madsen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-10-22
Page : 332
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1483273725
Description :


Pleasure, Reward, Preference: Their Nature, Determinants, and Role in Behavior covers the proceedings of a symposium by the same title, held at the Klarskovgaard Training Institute, near Korsør, Denmark, on June 5-9 1972, organized under the auspices of the Advisory Group on Human Factors of the Scientific Affairs Division of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. This book is composed of 11 chapters, and starts with a historical perspective and review of the principal problems related to understanding the principles of pleasure, reward, and preference. The next chapters explore neurophysiological research with animals and the human cognitive phenomena. These topics are followed by discussions of the concept of exploratory choice, verbal judgment, the law of effects and an adaptation-level model for affectivity and perception. The concluding chapters provide examples of behavioristic theories and describe a process model of motivation to understand the complexity of cognition and predictability of behavior. These chapters also tackle the role of pleasure and reward in human motivation and learning, as well as present a metascientific frame of motivation. This text will prove useful to psychologists, behaviorist, and researchers.


Author : Richard E. Snow
Marshall J. Farr
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-05-31
Page : 388
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1000392090
Description :


Originally published in 1987, this book reports the proceedings of a conference held in 1983 at Stanford, California. The purpose of the conference was to bring together individuals whose research reflected advanced theoretical thinking and empirical evidence on the combined analysis of cognitive, conative, and affective processes, the role of these processes in learning from instruction, and the importance of individual differences therein. The Editors believed that this volume made an early and important contribution to the reemphasis and reexamination of the conative and affective aspects of human performance, in coordination with cognitive psychology, in the study of aptitude, learning, and instruction. It takes its place as Volume 3 of the Aptitude, Learning, and Instruction series.


Author : Albert R. Gilgen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-10-22
Page : 342
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1483266184
Description :


Contemporary Scientific Psychology is a compendium of papers dealing with the scientific method in action in psychology. The first two papers introduce the paradigm, progress, and problems found in scientific psychology, as well as the observation, discovery, and confirmation used in theory building (including fallacies pertaining to theory construction). Other papers deal with research areas such as the neurobehavioral foundations of the biology of mind. This research area includes the mechanism-specific approaches in behavior genetics, particularly the genetic effect as such effect is considered dependent on the mechanisms altered by the environment or the genetic equivalent of a stimuli. Another paper discusses comparative psychology in studies involving animal behavior, while another author tackles the significant trends in the field of developmental psychology, especially as this relates to the early learning processes of humans. This book can be helpful for students and teachers in courses related to experimental psychology, psychological theories, philosophy of science, and other academicians and professionals who are interested in general psychology.


Author : Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-08-08
Page : 298
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 9401790884
Description :


The second volume in the collected works of Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi covers about thirty years of Csikszentmihalyi‘s work on three main and interconnected areas of study: attention, flow and positive psychology. Describing attention as psychic energy and in the footsteps of William James, Csikszentmihalyi explores the allocation of attention, the when and where and the amount of attention humans pay to tasks and the role of attention in creating ‘experiences’, or ordered patterns of information. Taking into account information processing theories and attempts at quantifying people’s investment, the chapters deal with such topics as time budgets and the development and use of the Experience Sampling Method of collecting data on attention in everyday life. Following the chapters on attention and reflecting Csikszentmihalyi’s branching out into sociology and anthropology, there are chapters on the topic of adult play and leisure and connected to that, on flow, a concept formulated and developed by Csikszentmihalyi. Flow has become a popular concept in business and management around the world and research on the concept continues to flourish. Finally, this volume contains articles that stem from Csikszentmihalyi’s connection with Martin Seligman; they deal with concepts and theories, as well as with the development and short history, of the field and the “movement” of positive psychology.


Author : Kim Sterelny
Richard Joyce
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2013
Page : 577
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 0262018535
Description :


Essays from a range of disciplinary perspectives show the central role that cooperation plays in structuring our world. This collection reports on the latest research on an increasingly pivotal issue for evolutionary biology: cooperation. The chapters are written from a variety of disciplinary perspectives and utilize research tools that range from empirical survey to conceptual modeling, reflecting the rich diversity of work in the field. They explore a wide taxonomic range, concentrating on bacteria, social insects, and, especially, humans. Part I ("Agents and Environments") investigates the connections of social cooperation in social organizations to the conditions that make cooperation profitable and stable, focusing on the interactions of agent, population, and environment. Part II ("Agents and Mechanisms") focuses on how proximate mechanisms emerge and operate in the evolutionary process and how they shape evolutionary trajectories. Throughout the book, certain themes emerge that demonstrate the ubiquity of questions regarding cooperation in evolutionary biology: the generation and division of the profits of cooperation; transitions in individuality; levels of selection, from gene to organism; and the "human cooperation explosion" that makes our own social behavior particularly puzzling from an evolutionary perspective.


Author : Michael Stephenson Humphreys
Publisher :
Release : 1969
Page : 146
Category : Incentive (Psychology)
ISBN 13 :
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Author : Alfie Kohn
Publisher : Simon and Schuster
Release : 2006-03-28
Page : 264
Category : Family & Relationships
ISBN 13 : 0743487486
Description :


The author of Punished by Rewards and The School Our Children Deserve builds on his parenting theories of working with children rather than trying to control them, argues against practices that teach children that they must earn a parent's approval, and presents techniques that promote desired child qualities through unconditional support. Reprint. 30,000 first printing.