Road Lighting Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Wout van Bommel
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-21
Page : 334
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 3319114662
Description :


This book outlines the underlying principles on which modern road lighting is based, and provides the reader with knowledge of how these principles should be applied in practice. This book offers a completely fresh approach to the subject, reflecting how the technology of road lighting has progressed to keep up with the changes in lamp technology, especially in solid state light sources, and the increasing awareness of energy use and environmental issues. The book is divided into three parts. Part One describes lighting of open roads, with chapters discussing visual performance and comfort (including the effects of mesopic vision and age), and international standards and recommendations for road lighting. Lighting equipment is introduced; specifically lamps and luminaires in terms of their practical properties and features, but also the road surface and its characteristics. A chapter on Lighting Design makes the link between theory and practice, providing the reader with the knowledge needed for effective lighting design, including aspects relating to sustainability. The final chapter of Part One deals with lighting calculation conventions and measurements. Part Two is devoted to light pollution. The negative consequences of light pollution are described and tactics to restrict light pollution explained. Lighting criteria are defined that can be used by the lighting designer to guarantee installations stay within acceptable limits. International standards and recommendations on the restriction of light pollution are discussed. Part Three is devoted to tunnel lighting, with chapters discussing visual performance in tunnel environments, lighting criteria, standards and recommendations, and concluding with a chapter on tunnel lighting equipment and design. This book is a valuable resource for road lighting designers and engineers, students of lighting design and engineering, town planners, traffic engineers, environmental specialists, and lamp and luminaire developers and manufacturers.


Author :
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 2001
Page : 66
Category : Roads
ISBN 13 : 1428952292
Description :


The objective of this scanning tour was to gather information from European transportation ministries and lighting professionals regarding cutting-edge research and technologies in highway and roadway lighting systems, including tunnel illumination, sign lighting, and all methods used to design roadway lighting systems. In April 2000 the scan team visited Finland, Switzerland, France, Belgium, and the Netherlands.


Author : D. A. Schreuder
Publisher : Thomas Telford
Release : 1998
Page : 294
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 9780727726162
Description :


The importance of lighting for the safety of road users, the convenience of people of all levels of ability, and the prevention of street crime can hardly be exaggerated. Added to this, the considerable number of recent developments and the complexity of the issues involved in effective and environmentally acceptable road lighting make this broadly-based treatment of the subject both timely and welcome.Dr Ir Schreuders aim is to clarify the subject for all those involved in road lighting, from planning, through design and engineering, to implementation and maintenance.


Author : Peter R. Boyce
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-12-04
Page : 371
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 9781420008159
Description :


Integrates Vehicle, Signal, and Road Lighting into a Unified System Many people drive many miles after dark and rely on lighting to help them gather information about the road ahead and the presence and intentions of other people on and near the road. With new technology on the industry’s horizon, Lighting for Driving: Roads, Vehicle, Signs and Signals conveys the crucial role lighting plays in road safety and examines how it could be used more effectively. Authored by a lighting and visibility expert, this book explains the thinking and scientific reasoning behind various forms of lighting and analyzes their contribution to the driver’s understanding of real and potential road hazards. Filled with useful information, this resource straightforwardly addresses a wide range of safety factors encountered in real driving situations, such as weather conditions, complex signage, and driver age. It also deals with the often-ignored consequences of too much light, such as light trespass and sky glow. Comprehensively Explores the Field, Emphasizing Improved Safety Vehicle, road, sign, and signal lighting are provided to enable drivers to reach their destinations quickly and safely. However, the attention given to how these forms of lighting function is likely to change as new technology is introduced and understanding of ergonomics and human factors improves. This book effectively illustrates how these forms of lighting can be modified to work together to best provide a coherent flow of information to the driver.


Author :
Publisher : AASHTO
Release : 2005
Page : 67
Category : Roads
ISBN 13 : 156051325X
Description :



Author : D. A. Schreuder
Publisher : Thomas Telford Publishing
Release : 1998
Page : 294
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 :
Description :


The importance of lighting for the safety of road users, the convenience of people of all levels of ability, and the prevention of street crime can hardly be exaggerated. Added to this, the considerable number of recent developments and the complexity of the issues involved in effective and environmentally acceptable road lighting make this broadly-based treatment of the subject both timely and welcome.Dr Ir Schreuders aim is to clarify the subject for all those involved in road lighting, from planning, through design and engineering, to implementation and maintenance.


Author : United States. Federal Highway Administration. Office of Traffic Operations
Publisher :
Release : 1978
Page : 248
Category : Roads
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Mildred Althea Wilson Helvestine
Publisher :
Release : 1937
Page : 30
Category : Roads
ISBN 13 :
Description :


This bibliography has been compiled from the catalog of the Bureau of Public Roads, supplemented to some extent by material from other sources. It includes some references to books, periodicals, and publications of societies through 1936.


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1937
Page :
Category : Agriculture
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Vincent Gallagher
Publisher :
Release : 1980
Page : 30
Category : Roads
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Erik Ingelstam
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-06-20
Page : 158
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 1483194485
Description :


Lighting Problems in Highway Traffic provides information pertinent to the problems in highway traffic. This book discusses a very complicated system of problems of greatest significance for road safety during dark hours. Organized into 11 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the information capacity of the human eye that is dependent on physiological, physical, and psychological factors. This text then examines the part played by the vision in the driving of vehicles. Other chapters consider the visual acuity, which varies greatly with the luminance of objects, with their contrasts, and with the presence of uneven luminosity conditions such as one encounters on the highways. This book discusses as well the difference between the illumination concept and the luminance concept in road and street lighting. The final chapter deals with the design of lower headlight beams. This book is a valuable resource for experts in different fields of lighting research.


Author : Rune Elvik
Truls Vaa
Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
Release : 2009-10-14
Page : 1140
Category : Transportation
ISBN 13 : 1848552505
Description :


Contains summaries of the knowledge regarding the effects of 128 road safety measures. This title covers various areas of road safety including: traffic control; vehicle inspection; driver training; publicity campaigns; police enforcement; and, general policy instruments. It also covers topics such as post-accident care, and speed cameras.


Author : Duco Schreuder
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-08-15
Page : 448
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 1402086024
Description :


The present book is based on the experience of the author. The experience is mainly the result of years of research, of consulting work, and in participation in policy decision making in many felds, most, but not all, related to outdoor lighting. To some degree, the book represents the preference of the author. The selection of the subjects is based on more than 50 years of experience of what is desirable to know for persons engaged in scientifc research or practical application in the felds of lighting and vision. The subjects deal with a number of fundamental aspects. The theorists must have them at their fngertips, whereas the practical engineers may assume them as known in their daily work. The selection of subjects is based in part by the questions that came to the author over the years, but even more by the preference of the author himself. In this respect, it is a personal book. Thus, it should be stressed that the book is not a ‘handbook’ or even a ‘textbook’; many subjects that commonly are treated in such books are not included here. Not because they lack importance, but because the author feels that they are adequately treated elsewhere. Some relevant works are mentioned in the References. Over the years, the author has been engaged in giving courses on vision and lighting, lately more in particular on Masterclasses on a post-graduate or post-doctorate level.


Author : Wout van Bommel
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2020-08-22
Page : 483
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 9783030171971
Description :


This book outlines the underlying principles on which interior lighting should be based, provides detailed information on the lighting hardware available today and gives guidance for the design of interior lighting installations resulting in good visual performance and comfort, alertness and health. The book is divided into three parts. Part One discusses the fundamentals of the visual and non-visual mechanisms and the practical consequences for visual performance and comfort, for sleep, daytime alertness and performance, and includes chapters on age effects, therapeutic effects and hazardous effects of lighting. Part Two deals with the lighting hardware: lamps (with emphasis on LEDs), gear, drivers and luminaires including chapters about lighting controls and LEDs beyond lighting. Part Three is the application part, providing the link between theory and practice and supplying the reader with the knowledge needed for lighting design. It describes the relevant lighting criteria for good and efficient interior lighting and discusses the International, European and North American standards and recommendations for interior lighting. A particular focus is on solid state light sources (LEDs) and the possibility to design innovative, truly-sustainable lighting installations that are adaptable to changing circumstances. The design of such installations is difficult and the book offers details of the typical characteristics of the many different solid state light sources, and of the aspects determining the final quality of interior lighting. Essential reading for interior lighting designers, lighting engineers and architects, the book will also be a useful reference for researchers and students. Reviews of Road Lighting by the same author: "If you are going to design streetlighting, you must read this book....a solid, comprehensive textbook written by an acknowledged expert in the field – if you have a query about any aspect of streetlighting design, you will find the answer here.” – LUX, August 2015 “...a realy comprehensive book dealing with every aspect of the subject well...essential text for reference on this subject” – Lighting Journal, March 2015


Author : Asian Development Bank
Publisher : Asian Development Bank
Release : 2017-05-01
Page : 56
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 9292577727
Description :


Energy-efficient light-emitting diode (LED) street lighting technologies and designs can cut energy costs and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The Asian Development Bank, the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources of Indonesia, and the country’s state-owned electric utility have collaborated on the implementation of a pilot LED retrofit project. This report describes the applied methodologies, measured results, and lessons learned from the project, which demonstrated average savings of 50% in street lighting electricity costs for two municipalities. It also identifies barriers to scaling up LED street lighting retrofits in Indonesian municipalities, along with technical and policy recommendations that can be implemented to overcome these barriers.


Author : Peter Robert Boyce
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-04-07
Page : 703
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 1439874883
Description :


The availability of electric lighting has changed the lives of people the world over, yet as a major user of electricity it has come under increasing scrutiny in recent years. This scrutiny has focused largely on the environmental consequences, with little consideration of the benefits of lighting. Human Factors in Lighting, Third Edition restores some balance to the discussion by examining the ways in which people interact with lighting. These interactions influence the ability to perform visual tasks; the perception of people, objects, and spaces; human comfort and behavior; as well as human health and safety. It is only by understanding how to use light to achieve these ends that lighting can be provided effectively and efficiently to the benefit of all. See What’s New in the Third Edition: New chapters on the non-image-forming system, lighting for pedestrians, light pollution, and lighting and electricity use Revision of all other chapters to update them to take into account the advances that have been made in our understanding of the effects of light on people over the last decade Integration of the combined effects of light via the visual and non-image-forming systems on performance and perception The book covers both the visual and the non-visual effects of light on people as well as the benefits of lighting and the costs it imposes on the environment. It details the consequences of exposure to lighting or lighting technology and the role of exposure to light on such basic functions of the body as circadian rhythms. The author combines information from many different sources and integrates them into a coherent overview of lighting practice that can be used to develop better lighting solutions at a lower environmental cost.


Author : Burkard Wördenweber
Jörg Wallaschek
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-03-13
Page : 410
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 3540366970
Description :


The safety of vehicle traffic depends on how well automotive lighting supports the visual perception of the driver. This book explains the fundamentals of visual perception, like e.g. physiology of eye and brain, as well as those of automotive lighting technology, like e.g. design of headlamps and signal lights. It is an interdisciplinary approach to a rapidly evolving field of science and technology written by a team of authors who are experts in their fields.


Author : Institution of Lighting Engineers
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-01-11
Page : 404
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 1134200242
Description :


As concern grows over environmental issues and light pollution, this book satisfies a need for a straightforward and accessible guide to the use, design and installation of outdoor lighting. This all-inclusive guide to exterior lighting from the Institution of Lighting Engineers, recognized as the pre-eminent professional source in the UK for authoritative guidance on exterior lighting, provides a comprehensive source of information and advice on all forms of exterior lighting, from floodlighting, buildings and road lighting to elaborate Christmas decorations. Useful to practitioners and non-experts alike, specialists will value the dependable detail on standards and related design, installation and maintenance problems, whilst general professionals can find extensive practical guidance on safety issues, the lighting of hazardous areas and avoiding potential difficulties.


Author : Institution of Lighting Engineers (Great Britain)
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2005
Page : 379
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 0415370078
Description :


As concern grows over environmental issues and light pollution, this book satisfies a need for a straightforward and accessible guide to the use, design and installation of outdoor lighting. This all-inclusive guide to exterior lighting from the Institution of Lighting Engineers, recognized as the pre-eminent professional source in the UK for authoritative guidance on exterior lighting, provides a comprehensive source of information and advice on all forms of exterior lighting, from floodlighting, buildings and road lighting to elaborate Christmas decorations. Useful to practitioners and non-experts alike, specialists will value the dependable detail on standards and related design, installation and maintenance problems, whilst general professionals can find extensive practical guidance on safety issues, the lighting of hazardous areas and avoiding potential difficulties.


Author : Ken Atkinson
Publisher : Thomas Telford
Release : 1997
Page : 562
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 9780727725318
Description :


In recent years, highway maintenance has become a high profile topic, owning to the greater travel potential of the general public and to the impact of roadworks on commerce following the swing away from rail transport. Highway maintenance was once a low-key activity, but it is now being treated as an important consideration in the overall cost of providing the nation's infrastructure. Roads have assumed an increasingly important role in this process, particularly during the past 30 years as a result of the motorway building programme.