Study Of Light Neutron Rich Nuclei Via One Neutron Knockout Reactions Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author :
Publisher : Univ Santiago de Compostela
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Author : National Research Council
Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1999-03-31
Page : 222
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 9780309173667
Description :


Dramatic progress has been made in all branches of physics since the National Research Council's 1986 decadal survey of the field. The Physics in a New Era series explores these advances and looks ahead to future goals. The series includes assessments of the major subfields and reports on several smaller subfields, and preparation has begun on an overview volume on the unity of physics, its relationships to other fields, and its contributions to national needs. Nuclear Physics is the latest volume of the series. The book describes current activity in understanding nuclear structure and symmetries, the behavior of matter at extreme densities, the role of nuclear physics in astrophysics and cosmology, and the instrumentation and facilities used by the field. It makes recommendations on the resources needed for experimental and theoretical advances in the coming decade.


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1994
Page :
Category : Physics
ISBN 13 :
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Author : Amritanshu Shukla
Suresh Kumar Patra
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-10-22
Page : 402
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 1000172686
Description :


Nuclear structure Physics connects to some of our fundamental questions about the creation of universe and its basic constituents. At the same time, precise knowledge on the subject has lead to develop many important tools of human kind such as proton therapy, radioactive dating etc. This book contains chapters on some of the crucial and trending research topics in nuclear structure, including the nuclei lying on the extremes of spin, isospin and mass. A better theoretical understanding of these topics is important beyond the confines of the nuclear structure community. Additionally, the book will showcase the applicability and success of the different nuclear effective interaction parameters near the drip line, where hints for level reordering have already been seen, and where one can test the isospin-dependence of the interaction. The book offers comprehensive coverage of the most essential topics, including: • Nuclear Structure of Nuclei at or Near Drip-Lines • Synthesis challenges and properties of Superheavy nuclei • Nuclear Structure and Nuclear models - Ab-initio calculations, cluster models, Shell-model/DSM, RMF, Skyrme • Shell Closure, Magicity and other novel features of nuclei at extremes • Structure of Toroidal, Bubble Nuclei, halo and other exotic nuclei These topics are not only very interesting from theoretical nuclear physics perspective but are also quite complimentary for ongoing nuclear physics experimental program worldwide. It is hoped that the book chapters written by experienced and well known researchers/experts will be helpful for the master students, graduate students and researchers and serve as a standard & uptodate research reference book on the topics covered.


Author : National Research Council
Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2007-05-09
Page : 152
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 0309104084
Description :


Over ten years ago, U.S. nuclear scientists proposed construction of a new rare isotope accelerator in the United States, which would enable experiments to elucidate the important questions in nuclear physics. To help assess this proposal, DOE and NSF asked the NRC to define the science agenda for a next-generation U.S. Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB). As the study began, DOE announced a substantial reduction in the scope of this facility and put off its initial operation date by several years. The study focused on an evaluation of the science that could be accomplished on a facility reduced in scope. This report provides a discussion of the key science drivers for a FRIB, an assessment of existing domestic and international rare isotope beams, an assessment of the current U.S. position about the FRIB, and a set of findings and conclusions about the scientific and policy context for such a facility.


Author : Dariusz Seweryniak
Teng Lek Khoo
Publisher : American Institute of Physics
Release : 2005-04-20
Page : 426
Category : Science
ISBN 13 :
Description :


All papers were peer reviewed. The Conference on Nuclei at the Limits covered most of the current experimental and theoretical research in the structure of nuclei. The emphasis was on: nuclei at the limits of their existence in spin, excitation energy, charge and proton-number; neutron-rich nuclei; and the implications of nuclear structure for astrophysics.


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1983
Page :
Category : Power resources
ISBN 13 :
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Author : Norman Glendenning
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
Page : 396
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 0323152376
Description :


Direct Nuclear Reactions deals with the theory of direct nuclear reactions, their microscopic aspects, and their effect on the motions of the individual nucleons. The principal results of the theory are described, with emphasis on the approximations involved to understand how well the theory can be expected to hold under specific experimental conditions. Applications to the analysis of experiments are also considered. This book consists of 19 chapters and begins by explaining the difference between direct and compound nuclear reactions. The reader is then introduced to the theory of plane waves, some results of scattering theory, and the phenomenological optical potential. The following chapters focus on form factors and their nuclear structure content; the basis of the optical potential as an effective interaction; reactions such as inelastic single- and two-nucleon transfer reactions; the effect of nuclear correlations; and the role of multiple-step reactions. The theory of inelastic scattering and the relationship between the effective and free interactions are also discussed, along with reactions between heavy ions and the polarizability of nuclear wave functions during a heavy-ion reaction. This monograph will be of interest to nuclear physicists.


Author : Richard N. Silver
Paul E. Sokol
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2013-06-29
Page : 414
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 9781489925565
Description :


This volume presents the proceedings of the Workshop on Momentum Distributions held on October 24 to 26, 1988 at Argonne National Laboratory. This workshop was motivated by the enormous progress within the past few years in both experimental and theoretical studies of momentum distributions, by the growing recognition of the importance of momentum distributions to the characterization of quantum many-body systems, and especially by the realization that momentum distribution studies have much in common across the entire range of modern physics. Accordingly, the workshop was unique in that it brought together researchers in nuclear physics, electronic systems, quantum fluids and solids, and particle physics to address the common elements of momentum distribution studies. The topics dis cussed in the workshop spanned more than ten orders of magnitude range in charac teristic energy scales. The workshop included an extraordinary variety of interactions from Coulombic to hard core repulsive, from non-relativistic to extreme relativistic.


Author : N. A. Orr
M. Ploszajczak
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-06
Page : 1006
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 3030323579
Description :


Few-body physics covers a rich and wide variety of phenomena, ranging from the very lowest energy scales of atomic and molecular physics to high-energy particle physics. The papers contained in the present volume provide an apercu of recent progress in the field from both the theoretical and experimental perspectives and are based on work presented at the “22nd International Conference on Few-Body Problems in Physics”. This book is geared towards academics and graduate students involved in the study of systems which present few-body characteristics and those interested in the related mathematical and computational techniques.


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1974
Page :
Category : Nuclear energy
ISBN 13 :
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Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1995
Page :
Category : Nuclear energy
ISBN 13 :
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Author : Michael F. L'Annunziata
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-05-13
Page : 932
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 0444634967
Description :


A recipient of the PROSE 2017 Honorable Mention in Chemistry & Physics, Radioactivity: Introduction and History, From the Quantum to Quarks, Second Edition provides a greatly expanded overview of radioactivity from natural and artificial sources on earth, radiation of cosmic origins, and an introduction to the atom and its nucleus. The book also includes historical accounts of the lives, works, and major achievements of many famous pioneers and Nobel Laureates from 1895 to the present. These leaders in the field have contributed to our knowledge of the science of the atom, its nucleus, nuclear decay, and subatomic particles that are part of our current knowledge of the structure of matter, including the role of quarks, leptons, and the bosons (force carriers). Users will find a completely revised and greatly expanded text that includes all new material that further describes the significant historical events on the topic dating from the 1950s to the present. Provides a detailed account of nuclear radiation – its origin and properties, the atom, its nucleus, and subatomic particles including quarks, leptons, and force carriers (bosons) Includes fascinating biographies of the pioneers in the field, including captivating anecdotes and insights Presents meticulous accounts of experiments and calculations used by pioneers to confirm their findings


Author : Jim Al-Khalili
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2017-11-08
Page : 65
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 1681745828
Description :


While neutron halos were discovered 30 years ago, this is the first book written on the subject of this exotic form of nuclei that typically contain many more neutrons than stable isotopes of those elements. It provides an introductory description of the halo and outlines the discovery and evidence for its existence. It also discusses different theoretical models of the halo's structure as well as models and techniques in reaction theory that have allowed us to study the halo. This is written at a level accessible to graduate students starting a PhD in nuclear physics. Halo nuclei are an exotic form of atomic nuclei that contain typically many more neutrons than stable isotopes of those elements. To give you a famous example, an atom of the element lithium has three electrons orbiting a nucleus with three protons and, usually, either 3 or 4 neutrons. The difference in the number of neutrons gives us two different isotopes of lithium, Li6 and Li7. But if you keep adding neutrons to the nucleus you will eventually reach Li11, with still 3 protons (that means it's lithium) but with 8 neutrons. This nucleus is so neutron-rich that the last two are very weakly bound to the rest of the nucleus (a Li9 core). What happens is a quantum mechanical effect: the two outer neutrons float around beyond the rest of the nuclear core at a distance that is beyond the range of the force that is holding them to the core. This is utterly counterintuitive. It means the nucleus looks like a core plus extended diffuse cloud of neutron probability: the halo. The author of the book, Jim Al-Khalili, is a theoretician who published some of the key papers on the structure of the halo in the mid and late 90s and was the first to determine its true size. This monograph is based on review articles he has written on the mathematical models used to determine the halo structure and the reactions used to model that structure.


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Publisher :
Release : 1983
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Category : Power resources
ISBN 13 :
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Author : Jerry Marion
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
Page : 656
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 032316143X
Description :


Physics in the Modern World, Second Edition focuses on the applications of physics in a world dominated by technology and the many ways that physical ideas are manifest in everyday situations, from the operation of rockets and cameras to space travel and X-ray photography. It shows how physical principles bring a pattern of simplicity and continuity to the diverse natural and technological world around us. Automobile air bags, artificial gravity, and pollution control, as well as appliance economics, radar, and other modern phenomena and devices are discussed to emphasize the way that physical principles are applied in today's world. Comprised of 21 chapters, this book begins with an introduction to physical ideas, with particular reference to the basic concepts used in describing and measuring things such as length, time, and mass. The discussion then turns to motion, force, and linear momentum, along with circular motion, torque, and angular momentum. Subsequent chapters focus on gravitation and space travel; energy and electricity; liquids and gases; electromagnetism; heat; waves; electromagnetic radiation; light; atoms; relativity; structure of matter; nuclei and nuclear power; and radiation. Each chapter concludes with a list of exercises that include questions and problems. This monograph is intended for physics students who are specializing in other disciplines.


Author : Yu E Penionzhkevich
Yu G Sobolev
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2015-06-29
Page : 780
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 9814699470
Description :


The production and the properties of nuclei in extreme conditions, such as high isospin, temperature, angular momenta, large deformations etc., have become the subject of detailed investigations in all scientific centers. The main topics discussed at the Symposium were: Synthesis and Properties of Exotic Nuclei; Superheavy Elements; Rare Processes, Nuclear Reactions, Fission and Decays; Experimental Facilities and Scientific Projects. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the newest results of the investigations in the main scientific centers such as GSI (Darmstadt, Germany), GANIL (Caen, France), RIKEN (Wako-shi, Japan), MSU (Michigan, USA), and JINR (Dubna, Russia). Contents:Light Exotic Nucley and Nuclear Structure:Few-Body Models of Light Nuclei (S N Ershov, J S Vaagen and M V Zhukov)Momentum Distributions in Stripping Reactions of Halo Nuclei on Light Targets (V E Pafomov, V A Sergeev and V P Zavarzina)Sub-Barrier Fusion: Does Rearrangement of Neutrons Play a Role? (A V Karpov, V A Rachkov, A Adel, A S. Denikin and V I Zagrebaev)Influence of Heavy Targets and Compound Nuclei on Fusion Excitation Function Mechanism (A A Hassan and Abdulla A Zahrani)Superheavy Elements. Synthesis and Properties:Outstanding Problems of Nuclear Physics (W Greiner)Exotic Nuclei and Matter in a Chirally Effective Approach (S Schramm)Chemical Pseudo-Homologues of Superheavy Element 113 (Yu A Demidov and A Zaitsevskii)Possibility of Synthesizing a Superheavy Nucleus at the Center of Island of Stability (Y Aritomo)Nuclear Reactions, Fission and Decay. Rare Processes:Dynamical Aspects of Quasifission Process in Heavy-Ion-Induced Reactions (G N Knyazheva, I M Itkis and E M Kozulin)Study of Shape Isomeric States in Fission Fragments (Yu V Pyatkov, D V Kamanin, A A Alexandrov, I A Alexandrova, N A Kondtatyev, E A Kuznetsova, A O Strekalovsky, O V Strekalovsky, V E Zhuchko and N Mkaza)A Non-Equilibrium Equation of State in Heavy-Ion Collisions at Intermediate Energies (A T D'yachenko, K A Gridnev, I A Mitropolsky and W Greiner)The Twin Exotic Quasiparticles (V A Skvortsov and N I Vogel)Scientific Projects & Experimental Facilities:Riken RI Beam Factory, Harvest Time (H En'yo)The Alto Facility (F Ibrahim, F Azaiez, S Essabaa, D Verney, M Cheikh Mhamed, S Franchoo, C Lau, R Li, B Roussière, A Said, S Tusseau-Nenez, D Testov, Yu Penionzhkevich, V Smirnov and E Sokol)Status of Acculinna-2 Project (L Grigorenko, A Fomichev and S Krupko)Magnetic Analyzer MAVR for Study Exotic Weakly Bound Nuclei (V A Maslov, V I Kazacha, I V Kolesov, S M Lukyanov, V N Melnikov, N F Osipov, Yu E Penionzhkevich, N K Skobelev, Yu G Sobolev and E I Voskoboinik)and other papers Readership: Advanced undergraduates and graduate students, and physicists working in the field of nuclear physics. Keywords:Exotic Nuclei;Super Heavy Elements;Nuclear Reactions;Nuclear Structure


Author : José-Enrique García-Ramos
María V. Andrés
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-08-30
Page : 263
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 3030222047
Description :


This book features material presented at the La Rábida 2018 International Scientific Meeting on Nuclear Physics, which was based on a well-known series of triennial international summer schools on Nuclear Physics organized from 1982 to 2003 by the Basic Nuclear Physics group at the University of Seville and latter, from 2009 to 2018, by the University of Seville and the University of Huelva. The meeting offered graduate students and young researchers a broad overview of the field of nuclear physics. The book includes contributions from invited speakers on topics such as a state-of-the-art nuclear shell model and selected aspects of mass spectroscopy. Other chapters present an introduction to shell model, a review of experimental nuclear reactions, a discussion of the theory of nuclear reactions and an overview of nuclear medicine. Further, the posters and seminars presented by students offer fresh perspectives on various problems current in nuclear physics.


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 2009
Page :
Category : Dissertations, Academic
ISBN 13 :
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Author : Cornell John Christopher
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1996-06-12
Page : 892
Category :
ISBN 13 : 9814547972
Description :


These conference proceedings will be of interest to all accelerator scientists and engineers, as well as those concerned with the application of cyclotrons in various fields. The conference covers the latest developments in the science, technology and use of cyclotrons, and includes more than 25 invited talks by specialists in their respective fields. Contributions include papers on newly operating cyclotrons and facilities under construction, compact cyclotrons, cooler rings and post-accelerators, ion sources, beam dynamics, beam diagnostics, cyclotron components, systems and technologies, as well as medical applications — including radiotherapy and radioisotope production — non-medical applications, radioactive beam facilities and new projects and proposals.