Symmetry Breaking For Representations Of Rank One Orthogonal Groups Ii Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Toshiyuki Kobayashi
Birgit Speh
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-27
Page : 344
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 981132901X
Description :


This work provides the first classification theory of matrix-valued symmetry breaking operators from principal series representations of a reductive group to those of its subgroup.The study of symmetry breaking operators (intertwining operators for restriction) is an important and very active research area in modern representation theory, which also interacts with various fields in mathematics and theoretical physics ranging from number theory to differential geometry and quantum mechanics.The first author initiated a program of the general study of symmetry breaking operators. The present book pursues the program by introducing new ideas and techniques, giving a systematic and detailed treatment in the case of orthogonal groups of real rank one, which will serve as models for further research in other settings.In connection to automorphic forms, this work includes a proof for a multiplicity conjecture by Gross and Prasad for tempered principal series representations in the case (SO(n + 1, 1), SO(n, 1)). The authors propose a further multiplicity conjecture for nontempered representations.Viewed from differential geometry, this seminal work accomplishes the classification of all conformally covariant operators transforming differential forms on a Riemanniann manifold X to those on a submanifold in the model space (X, Y) = (Sn, Sn-1). Functional equations and explicit formulæ of these operators are also established.This book offers a self-contained and inspiring introduction to the analysis of symmetry breaking operators for infinite-dimensional representations of reductive Lie groups. This feature will be helpful for active scientists and accessible to graduate students and young researchers in representation theory, automorphic forms, differential geometry, and theoretical physics.


Author : Toshiyuki Kobayashi
Birgit Speh
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2015-10-27
Page : 112
Category : Banach spaces
ISBN 13 : 147041922X
Description :


The authors give a complete classification of intertwining operators (symmetry breaking operators) between spherical principal series representations of and . They construct three meromorphic families of the symmetry breaking operators, and find their distribution kernels and their residues at all poles explicitly. Symmetry breaking operators at exceptional discrete parameters are thoroughly studied. The authors obtain closed formulae for the functional equations which the composition of the symmetry breaking operators with the Knapp-Stein intertwining operators of and satisfy, and use them to determine the symmetry breaking operators between irreducible composition factors of the spherical principal series representations of and . Some applications are included.


Author : Vladimir Dobrev
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-28
Page : 427
Category : Mathematics
ISBN 13 : 9811327157
Description :


This book is the first volume of proceedings from the joint conference X International Symposium “Quantum Theory and Symmetries” (QTS-X) and XII International Workshop “Lie Theory and Its Applications in Physics” (LT-XII), held on 19–25 June 2017 in Varna, Bulgaria. The QTS series was founded on the core principle that symmetries underlie all descriptions of quantum systems. It has since evolved into a symposium at the forefront of theoretical and mathematical physics. The LT series covers the whole field of Lie theory in its widest sense, together with its applications in many areas of physics. As an interface between mathematics and physics, the workshop serves as a meeting place for mathematicians and theoretical and mathematical physicists. In dividing the material between the two volumes, the Editor has sought to select papers that are more oriented toward mathematics for the first volume, and those focusing more on physics for the second. However, this division is relative, since many papers are equally suitable for either volume. The topics addressed in this volume represent the latest trends in the fields covered by the joint conferences: representation theory, integrability, entanglement, quantum groups, number theory, conformal geometry, quantum affine superalgebras, noncommutative geometry. Further, they present various mathematical results: on minuscule modules, symmetry breaking operators, Kashiwara crystals, meta-conformal invariance, the superintegrable Zernike system.


Author : Monica Nevins
Peter E. Trapa
Publisher : Birkhäuser
Release : 2015-12-18
Page : 532
Category : Mathematics
ISBN 13 : 3319234439
Description :


Over the last forty years, David Vogan has left an indelible imprint on the representation theory of reductive groups. His groundbreaking ideas have lead to deep advances in the theory of real and p-adic groups, and have forged lasting connections with other subjects, including number theory, automorphic forms, algebraic geometry, and combinatorics. Representations of Reductive Groups is an outgrowth of the conference of the same name, dedicated to David Vogan on his 60th birthday, which took place at MIT on May 19-23, 2014. This volume highlights the depth and breadth of Vogan's influence over the subjects mentioned above, and point to many exciting new directions that remain to be explored. Notably, the first article by McGovern and Trapa offers an overview of Vogan's body of work, placing his ideas in a historical context. Contributors: Pramod N. Achar, Jeffrey D. Adams, Dan Barbasch, Manjul Bhargava, Cédric Bonnafé, Dan Ciubotaru, Meinolf Geck, William Graham, Benedict H. Gross, Xuhua He, Jing-Song Huang, Toshiyuki Kobayashi, Bertram Kostant, Wenjing Li, George Lusztig, Eric Marberg, William M. McGovern, Wilfried Schmid, Kari Vilonen, Diana Shelstad, Peter E. Trapa, David A. Vogan, Jr., Nolan R. Wallach, Xiaoheng Wang, Geordie Williamson


Author : Michael Aschbacher
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2016-04-26
Page : 1840
Category : Algebra
ISBN 13 : 1470418452
Description :


The author extends results of McLaughlin and Kantor on overgroups of long root subgroups and long root elements in finite classical groups. In particular he determines the maximal subgroups of this form. He also determines the maximal overgroups of short root subgroups in finite classical groups and the maximal overgroups in finite orthogonal groups of c-root subgroups.


Author : Toshiyuki Kobayashi
Toshihisa Kubo
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-11
Page : 192
Category : Mathematics
ISBN 13 : 9811026572
Description :


This work is the first systematic study of all possible conformally covariant differential operators transforming differential forms on a Riemannian manifold X into those on a submanifold Y with focus on the model space (X, Y) = (Sn, Sn-1). The authors give a complete classification of all such conformally covariant differential operators, and find their explicit formulæ in the flat coordinates in terms of basic operators in differential geometry and classical hypergeometric polynomials. Resulting families of operators are natural generalizations of the Rankin–Cohen brackets for modular forms and Juhl's operators from conformal holography. The matrix-valued factorization identities among all possible combinations of conformally covariant differential operators are also established. The main machinery of the proof relies on the "F-method" recently introduced and developed by the authors. It is a general method to construct intertwining operators between C∞-induced representations or to find singular vectors of Verma modules in the context of branching rules, as solutions to differential equations on the Fourier transform side. The book gives a new extension of the F-method to the matrix-valued case in the general setting, which could be applied to other problems as well. This book offers a self-contained introduction to the analysis of symmetry breaking operators for infinite-dimensional representations of reductive Lie groups. This feature will be helpful for active scientists and accessible to graduate students and young researchers in differential geometry, representation theory, and theoretical physics.


Author : Wen Huang
Song Shao
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2016-04-26
Page : 86
Category : Automorphic functions
ISBN 13 : 147041872X
Description :


Two closely related topics, higher order Bohr sets and higher order almost automorphy, are investigated in this paper. Both of them are related to nilsystems. In the first part, the problem which can be viewed as the higher order version of an old question concerning Bohr sets is studied: for any d∈N does the collection of {n∈Z:S∩(S−n)∩…∩(S−dn)≠∅} with S syndetic coincide with that of Nild Bohr0 -sets? In the second part, the notion of d -step almost automorphic systems with d∈N∪{∞} is introduced and investigated, which is the generalization of the classical almost automorphic ones.


Author : Kieran G. O'Grady
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2016-03-10
Page : 172
Category : Equations, Sextic
ISBN 13 : 1470416964
Description :


The author studies the GIT quotient of the symplectic grassmannian parametrizing lagrangian subspaces of ⋀3C6 modulo the natural action of SL6, call it M. This is a compactification of the moduli space of smooth double EPW-sextics and hence birational to the moduli space of HK 4-folds of Type K3[2] polarized by a divisor of square 2 for the Beauville-Bogomolov quadratic form. The author will determine the stable points. His work bears a strong analogy with the work of Voisin, Laza and Looijenga on moduli and periods of cubic 4-folds.


Author : Vassilios Gregoriades
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2016-03-10
Page : 87
Category : Isomorphisms (Mathematics)
ISBN 13 : 1470415631
Description :


The author studies the equivalence classes under Δ11 isomorphism, otherwise effective Borel isomorphism, between complete separable metric spaces which admit a recursive presentation and he shows the existence of strictly increasing and strictly decreasing sequences as well as of infinite antichains under the natural notion of Δ11-reduction, as opposed to the non-effective case, where only two such classes exist, the one of the Baire space and the one of the naturals.


Author : Joseph Hundley
Eitan Sayag
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2016-09-06
Page : 125
Category : Descent
ISBN 13 : 1470416670
Description :


In this paper the authors provide an extension of the theory of descent of Ginzburg-Rallis-Soudry to the context of essentially self-dual representations, that is, representations which are isomorphic to the twist of their own contragredient by some Hecke character. The authors' theory supplements the recent work of Asgari-Shahidi on the functorial lift from (split and quasisplit forms of) GSpin2n to GL2n.


Author : Béla Csaba
Daniela Kühn
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2016-10-05
Page : 164
Category : 1-factorization
ISBN 13 : 1470420252
Description :


In this paper the authors prove the following results (via a unified approach) for all sufficiently large n: (i) [1-factorization conjecture] Suppose that n is even and D≥2⌈n/4⌉−1. Then every D-regular graph G on n vertices has a decomposition into perfect matchings. Equivalently, χ′(G)=D. (ii) [Hamilton decomposition conjecture] Suppose that D≥⌊n/2⌋. Then every D-regular graph G on n vertices has a decomposition into Hamilton cycles and at most one perfect matching. (iii) [Optimal packings of Hamilton cycles] Suppose that G is a graph on n vertices with minimum degree δ≥n/2. Then G contains at least regeven(n,δ)/2≥(n−2)/8 edge-disjoint Hamilton cycles. Here regeven(n,δ) denotes the degree of the largest even-regular spanning subgraph one can guarantee in a graph on n vertices with minimum degree δ. (i) was first explicitly stated by Chetwynd and Hilton. (ii) and the special case δ=⌈n/2⌉ of (iii) answer questions of Nash-Williams from 1970. All of the above bounds are best possible.


Author : Genni Fragnelli
Dimitri Mugnai
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2016-06-21
Page : 83
Category : Carleman theorem
ISBN 13 : 1470419548
Description :


The authors consider a parabolic problem with degeneracy in the interior of the spatial domain, and they focus on observability results through Carleman estimates for the associated adjoint problem. The novelties of the present paper are two. First, the coefficient of the leading operator only belongs to a Sobolev space. Second, the degeneracy point is allowed to lie even in the interior of the control region, so that no previous result can be adapted to this situation; however, different cases can be handled, and new controllability results are established as a consequence.


Author : Bart Bories
Willem Veys
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2016-06-21
Page : 131
Category : Functions, Zeta
ISBN 13 : 147041841X
Description :


In 2011 Lemahieu and Van Proeyen proved the Monodromy Conjecture for the local topological zeta function of a non-degenerate surface singularity. The authors start from their work and obtain the same result for Igusa's p-adic and the motivic zeta function. In the p-adic case, this is, for a polynomial f∈Z[x,y,z] satisfying f(0,0,0)=0 and non-degenerate with respect to its Newton polyhedron, we show that every pole of the local p-adic zeta function of f induces an eigenvalue of the local monodromy of f at some point of f−1(0)⊂C3 close to the origin. Essentially the entire paper is dedicated to proving that, for f as above, certain candidate poles of Igusa's p-adic zeta function of f, arising from so-called B1-facets of the Newton polyhedron of f, are actually not poles. This turns out to be much harder than in the topological setting. The combinatorial proof is preceded by a study of the integral points in three-dimensional fundamental parallelepipeds. Together with the work of Lemahieu and Van Proeyen, this main result leads to the Monodromy Conjecture for the p-adic and motivic zeta function of a non-degenerate surface singularity.


Author : Mingmin Shen
Charles Vial
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2016-03-10
Page : 161
Category : Fourier transformations
ISBN 13 : 1470417405
Description :


Using a codimension-1 algebraic cycle obtained from the Poincaré line bundle, Beauville defined the Fourier transform on the Chow groups of an abelian variety A and showed that the Fourier transform induces a decomposition of the Chow ring CH∗(A). By using a codimension-2 algebraic cycle representing the Beauville-Bogomolov class, the authors give evidence for the existence of a similar decomposition for the Chow ring of Hyperkähler varieties deformation equivalent to the Hilbert scheme of length-2 subschemes on a K3 surface. They indeed establish the existence of such a decomposition for the Hilbert scheme of length-2 subschemes on a K3 surface and for the variety of lines on a very general cubic fourfold.


Author : Volker Bach
Jean-Bernard Bru
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2016-03-10
Page : 122
Category : Hamiltonian operator
ISBN 13 : 1470417057
Description :


The authors study a non-autonomous, non-linear evolution equation on the space of operators on a complex Hilbert space. They specify assumptions that ensure the global existence of its solutions and allow them to derive its asymptotics at temporal infinity. They demonstrate that these assumptions are optimal in a suitable sense and more general than those used before. The evolution equation derives from the Brocket-Wegner flow that was proposed to diagonalize matrices and operators by a strongly continuous unitary flow. In fact, the solution of the non-linear flow equation leads to a diagonalization of Hamiltonian operators in boson quantum field theory which are quadratic in the field.


Author : Reiner Hermann:
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2016-09-06
Page : 146
Category : Associative rings
ISBN 13 : 1470419955
Description :


In this monograph, the author extends S. Schwede's exact sequence interpretation of the Gerstenhaber bracket in Hochschild cohomology to certain exact and monoidal categories. Therefore the author establishes an explicit description of an isomorphism by A. Neeman and V. Retakh, which links Ext-groups with fundamental groups of categories of extensions and relies on expressing the fundamental group of a (small) category by means of the associated Quillen groupoid. As a main result, the author shows that his construction behaves well with respect to structure preserving functors between exact monoidal categories. The author uses his main result to conclude, that the graded Lie bracket in Hochschild cohomology is an invariant under Morita equivalence. For quasi-triangular bialgebras, he further determines a significant part of the Lie bracket's kernel, and thereby proves a conjecture by L. Menichi. Along the way, the author introduces n-extension closed and entirely extension closed subcategories of abelian categories, and studies some of their properties.


Author : J. P. Pridham
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2016-09-06
Page : 178
Category : Hodge theory
ISBN 13 : 1470419815
Description :


The author defines and constructs mixed Hodge structures on real schematic homotopy types of complex quasi-projective varieties, giving mixed Hodge structures on their homotopy groups and pro-algebraic fundamental groups. The author also shows that these split on tensoring with the ring R[x] equipped with the Hodge filtration given by powers of (x−i), giving new results even for simply connected varieties. The mixed Hodge structures can thus be recovered from the Gysin spectral sequence of cohomology groups of local systems, together with the monodromy action at the Archimedean place. As the basepoint varies, these structures all become real variations of mixed Hodge structure.


Author : Xin-Rong Dai
Qiyu Sun
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2016-10-05
Page : 99
Category : Gabor frames
ISBN 13 : 1470420155
Description :


A longstanding problem in Gabor theory is to identify time-frequency shifting lattices aZ×bZ and ideal window functions χI on intervals I of length c such that {e−2πinbtχI(t−ma): (m,n)∈Z×Z} are Gabor frames for the space of all square-integrable functions on the real line. In this paper, the authors create a time-domain approach for Gabor frames, introduce novel techniques involving invariant sets of non-contractive and non-measure-preserving transformations on the line, and provide a complete answer to the above abc-problem for Gabor systems.


Author : Toshihiko Masuda
Reiji Tomatsu
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2016-10-05
Page : 111
Category : Conjugacy classes
ISBN 13 : 1470420163
Description :


The authors will classify Rohlin flows on von Neumann algebras up to strong cocycle conjugacy. This result provides alternative approaches to some preceding results such as Kawahigashi's classification of flows on the injective type II1 factor, the classification of injective type III factors due to Connes, Krieger and Haagerup and the non-fullness of type III0 factors. Several concrete examples are also studied.


Author : Piotr Kielanowski
Anatol Odzijewicz
Publisher : Birkhäuser
Release : 2018-02-10
Page : 282
Category : Mathematics
ISBN 13 : 3319635948
Description :


This book features a selection of articles based on the XXXV Białowieża Workshop on Geometric Methods in Physics, 2016. The series of Białowieża workshops, attended by a community of experts at the crossroads of mathematics and physics, is a major annual event in the field. The works in this book, based on presentations given at the workshop, are previously unpublished, at the cutting edge of current research, typically grounded in geometry and analysis, and with applications to classical and quantum physics. In 2016 the special session "Integrability and Geometry" in particular attracted pioneers and leading specialists in the field. Traditionally, the Białowieża Workshop is followed by a School on Geometry and Physics, for advanced graduate students and early-career researchers, and the book also includes extended abstracts of the lecture series.