The Human Being Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Julian A. Davies
Publisher : University Press of America
Release : 2009
Page : 162
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 9780761845164
Description :


This book is an accessible text that explores what it means to be human. It is designed for an introductory course in Philosophy of the Human Being and contains an abundance of current examples, with embedded quotations from philosophers and selections from contemporary writers following the chapters. The author provides an introduction to philosophy, then discusses the topics of human sociability, intelligence, freedom, duality, individuality, and immortality. He concludes by highlighting the contrast between realism and materialism. This systematic approach focuses on issues, with a minimum of metaphysical superstructure and jargon, and provides connections between the readings. Book jacket.


Author : Patrick R. Frierson
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013
Page : 322
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 0415558441
Description :


Philosophers, anthropologists and biologists have long puzzled over the question of human nature. It is also a question that Kant thought about deeply and returned to in many of his writings. In this lucid and wide-ranging introduction to Kant's philosophy of human nature - which is essential for understanding his thought as a whole - Patrick R. Frierson assesses Kant's theories and examines his critics. He begins by explaining how Kant articulates three ways of addressing the question 'what is the human being?': the transcendental, the empirical, and the pragmatic. He then considers some of the great theorists of human nature who wrestle with Kant's views, such as Hegel, Marx, Darwin, Nietzsche, and Freud; contemporary thinkers such as E.O.Wilson and Daniel Dennett, who have sought biological explanations of human nature; Thomas Kuhn, Michel Foucault, and Clifford Geertz, who emphasize the diversity of human beings in different times and places; and existentialist philosophers such as Sartre and Heidegger. He argues that whilst these approaches challenge and enrich Kant's views in significant ways, all suffer from serious weaknesses that Kant's anthropology can address. Taking a core insight of Kant's - that human beings are fundamentally free but finite - he argues that it is the existentialists, particularly Sartre, who are the most direct heirs of his transcendental anthropology. The final part of the book is an extremely helpful overview of the work of contemporary philosophers, particularly Christine Korsgaard and Jürgen Habermas. Patrick R. Frierson explains how these philosophers engage with questions of naturalism, historicism, and existentialism while developing Kantian conceptions of the human being. Including chapter summaries and annotated further reading, What is the Human Being? is an outstanding introduction to some fundamental aspects of Kant's thought and a judicious assessment of leading theories of human nature. It is essential reading for all students of Kant and the philosophy of human nature, as well as those in related disciplines such as anthropology, politics and sociology.


Author : Patrick R. Frierson
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-02-11
Page : 336
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 1135090807
Description :


Philosophers, anthropologists and biologists have long puzzled over the question of human nature. It is also a question that Kant thought about deeply and returned to in many of his writings. In this lucid and wide-ranging introduction to Kant’s philosophy of human nature - which is essential for understanding his thought as a whole - Patrick R. Frierson assesses Kant’s theories and examines his critics. He begins by explaining how Kant articulates three ways of addressing the question ‘what is the human being?’: the transcendental, the empirical, and the pragmatic. He then considers some of the great theorists of human nature who wrestle with Kant’s views, such as Hegel, Marx, Darwin, Nietzsche, and Freud; contemporary thinkers such as E.O.Wilson and Daniel Dennett, who have sought biological explanations of human nature; Thomas Kuhn, Michel Foucault, and Clifford Geertz, who emphasize the diversity of human beings in different times and places; and existentialist philosophers such as Sartre and Heidegger. He argues that whilst these approaches challenge and enrich Kant’s views in significant ways, all suffer from serious weaknesses that Kant’s anthropology can address. Taking a core insight of Kant’s - that human beings are fundamentally free but finite - he argues that it is the existentialists, particularly Sartre, who are the most direct heirs of his transcendental anthropology. The final part of the book is an extremely helpful overview of the work of contemporary philosophers, particularly Christine Korsgaard and Jürgen Habermas. Patrick R. Frierson explains how these philosophers engage with questions of naturalism, historicism, and existentialism while developing Kantian conceptions of the human being. Including chapter summaries and annotated further reading, What is the Human Being? is an outstanding introduction to some fundamental aspects of Kant’s thought and a judicious assessment of leading theories of human nature. It is essential reading for all students of Kant and the philosophy of human nature, as well as those in related disciplines such as anthropology, politics and sociology.


Author : Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-03-14
Page : 262
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 9789400998346
Description :



Author : Calvin Martin
Publisher : Yale University Press
Release : 1999-01-01
Page : 235
Category : Social Science
ISBN 13 : 9780300085525
Description :


In this volume, Calvin Luther Martin proposes that the Europeans learned what they wished to learn from the native Americans, not what the Americans actually meant. Drawing on his own experience with native people and on their stories, he offers the reader a different conceptual landscape.


Author : Norbert Wiener
Publisher : Da Capo Press
Release : 1988-03-22
Page : 200
Category : Computers
ISBN 13 : 0786752262
Description :


Only a few books stand as landmarks in social and scientific upheaval. Norbert Wiener's classic is one in that small company. Founder of the science of cybernetics—the study of the relationship between computers and the human nervous system—Wiener was widely misunderstood as one who advocated the automation of human life. As this book reveals, his vision was much more complex and interesting. He hoped that machines would release people from relentless and repetitive drudgery in order to achieve more creative pursuits. At the same time he realized the danger of dehumanizing and displacement. His book examines the implications of cybernetics for education, law, language, science, technology, as he anticipates the enormous impact—in effect, a third industrial revolution—that the computer has had on our lives.


Author : Antoine Suarez
Joachim Huarte
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-08-03
Page : 209
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 9783642207723
Description :


The central question of this book is whether or not particular cell entities of human origin ought to be considered human beings. The answer is crucial for making moral decisions for or against research and experimentation. Experts in the field discuss the production of embryonic-like pluripotent stem cells by altered nuclear transfer, parthenogenesis and reprogramming of adult somatic cells. They thoroughly analyse the biological and moral status of different cell entities, such as human stem cells, embryos and human-animal hybrid embryos, and make a decisive step towards establishing final criteria for what constitutes a human being. The topic is challenging in nature and of broad interest to all those concerned with current bioethical thought on embryonic human life and its implications for society.


Author : Christopher W. Haley
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-10-10
Page : 290
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 1317283171
Description :


The Subject of Human Being presents a sweeping account of the nature of human existence. As a work of philosophical anthropology, the analysis ranges from the basic powers emerging from the mind, to our extraordinary psychological capacities, to the shared sociocultural worlds we inhabit. The book integrates different perspectives on social ontology from a selection of philosophers and theorists, whose advances toward understanding the relationship between individuals and society ought to revolutionize social theory as understood and practiced in the social sciences and humanities. Although grounded in critical realist philosophy of Roy Bhaskar and the social theory of Margaret Archer, the book also draws from philosophy of mind, phenomenology of consciousness, psychoanalytic theory, virtue ethics, and personalism to support and extend its arguments. Four elements of human existence are examined: the nature of consciousness, agency, subjectivity, and the social world. Thus, it addresses related issues of power, the agent-structure problem, the formation of beliefs and desires, human universals, and human rights. Portraying a unified social theory that is materialist, realist, dialectical, and centered on emergence, and offering a comprehensive and progressive theory of human being, this book is essential reading for students and scholars of critical realism, philosophy, and the social sciences.


Author : RUDOLF STEINER
Publisher : Rudolf Steiner Press
Release : 2016
Page : 196
Category : Anthroposophy
ISBN 13 : 1855845261
Description :


‘Our neurosensory system is inwardly configured music, and we experience music as an artistic quality to the degree that a piece of music is in tune with the mystery of our own musical structure.’ – Rudolf Steiner What is music? Rudolf Steiner regards the essence of music as something spiritual, inaudible to the senses. The world of tones, borne on the vibrations of air, is not the essential element. ‘The true nature of music, the spiritual element in music’, he says, ‘is found between the tones, lies in the intervals as an inaudible quality.’ Rudolf Steiner spoke repeatedly about music as something inherent both in the cosmos and the human being. It played an important role in many forms of ritual and worship, and people once perceived a link between music and the world of stars, which was seen as the dwelling place of the gods. Nowadays our view of music is divorced from such religious outlooks, but research repeatedly demonstrates the profound effect it continues to have on us. In this unique anthology of texts, compiled with a commentary and notes by Michael Kurtz, Steiner describes the realm of the spiritually-resonating harmonies of the spheres and our intrinsic connection to this cosmic music. He also explores the phenomenon of musical listening and experience, as well as Goethe’s approach to music.


Author : Frederick A. Olafson
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1995-07-28
Page : 262
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 9780521479370
Description :


Olafson develops Heidegger's philosophy and yields a distinctive new alternative in the philosophy of mind.


Author : Hans Schwarz
Publisher : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
Release : 2013-12-20
Page : 402
Category : Religion
ISBN 13 : 0802870880
Description :


This overview of Christian anthropology by Hans Schwarz uniquely emphasizes three things: (1) the biblical testimony, (2) the historical unfolding of Christian anthropology through the centuries, and (3) the present affirmation of Christian anthropology in view of rival options and current scientific evidence. Schwarz begins by elucidating the special place occupied by human beings in the world, then ponders the complex issue of human freedom, and concludes by investigating humanity as a community of men and women in this world and in the world beyond. While maintaining a strong biblical orientation, Schwarz draws on a wide range of resources, including philosophy and the natural sciences, in order to map out what it means to be human. Schwarz's Human Being will interest anyone who is concerned with how in the face of fascinating scientific insights we can intelligently talk today about human sinfulness, human freedom, and human beings as children of the God who created us.


Author : Austen Garwood-Gowers
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-10-15
Page : 204
Category : Law
ISBN 13 : 1317064895
Description :


Whilst activities like transplantation and medical research have typically been considered on a discrete basis, they are actually also part of a broader phenomenon of medical means being employed to make use of human beings. This book is the first ever systematic critique of such medical use of the human being as a whole. It is divided into two parts. The first part considers what constitutes an appropriate normative lens through which to view such medical use and its constraint. It makes a reasoned ethical and human rights based case for preferring respect for human worth over any of the main alternative approaches that have been drawn on in specific contexts and outlines what this preference practically implies. The second part uses this respect based lens to critique use discourse, law and practice. Drawing on three very contrasting case study areas of warfare-related medical use, transplantation and human tissue research, it exposes both the context specific and thematic nature of shortfalls in respect and the fact that they are both routine and extreme in their overall extent. Overall this book provides a compelling analysis of how medical use ought to be constrained and a compelling critique of the excesses of discourse, practice and governance that relate to it. It is recommended to academics, students, policymakers and professionals whose work is focused on or intersects with the medical sector and anyone else with an interest in medicine and its limits.


Author : Anne L.C. Runehov
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-09-26
Page : 186
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 3319443925
Description :


This book offers a philosophical analysis of what it is to be a human being in all her aspects. It analyses what is meant by the self and the I and how this feeling of a self or an I is connected to the brain. It studies specific cases of brain disorders, based on the idea that in order to understand the common, one has to study the specific. The book shows how the self is thought of as a three-fold emergent self, comprising a relationship between an objective neural segment, a subjective neural segment and a subjective transcendent segment. It explains that the self in the world tackles philosophical problems such as the problem of free will, the problem of evil, the problem of human uniqueness and empathy. It demonstrates how the problem of time also has its place here. For many people, the world includes ultimate reality; hence the book provides an analysis and evaluation of different relationships between human beings and Ultimate Reality (God). The book presents an answer to the philosophical problem of how one could understand divine action in the world.


Author : Petronella Ravenshear
Publisher :
Release : 2018-11-24
Page : 222
Category :
ISBN 13 : 9781999343514
Description :


Petronella trained at the Institute for Optimum Nutrition and the Natura Foundation and she's also a Functional Medicine practitioner. She has been in private practice since 2004 and specialises in digestive, skin and weight issues. She's a firm believer in the wisdom of the body and that food and exercise is the only medicine we need. 'The people who've been to see me have taught me as much as I have taught them, not only about what works but, more importantly, about what's doable.' Chronic diseases are escalating and so are our weight problems. These lifestyle diseases involve inflammation, which is driven by refined food, overeating, stress and lack of exercise. But the inflammation, as well as our susceptibility to disease, can be extinguished by changing the way that we eat; the power is in our hands. The Human Being Diet is a blueprint for feasting and fasting your way to feeling, looking and being your best, whether you want to lose weight or not. It's a painless path to: -Boundless energy-Perfect weight-Flawless skin-Refreshing sleep-Healthy digestion-Better sexFind out when to eat, what to eat, and how much to eat, to reset your rhythm and restore your joie de vivre.


Author : Christopher Potter
Publisher : HarperCollins UK
Release : 2014-03-27
Page : 336
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 0007447809
Description :


A startling investigation of what it means to be human.


Author : Charles Kovacs
Publisher : Floris Books
Release : 2020-04-30
Page : 144
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 1782506985
Description :


This is a resource book for teaching about animals in comparison to human beings. It is recommended for Classes 4 and 5 (age 9 to 11) in the Steiner-Waldorf curriculum. Charles Kovacs taught in Edinburgh so there is a Scottish flavour to the animals discussed in the first half of the book, including seals, red deer and eagles. In the later chapters, he covers elephants, horses and bears.


Author : Mark O'Brien
Publisher : University of Wisconsin Pres
Release : 2003-05-15
Page : 280
Category : Biography & Autobiography
ISBN 13 : 0299184331
Description :


In September 1955 six-year-old Mark O’Brien moved his arms and legs for the last time. He came out of a coma to find himself enclosed from the neck down in an iron lung, the machine in which he would live for much of the rest of his life. For the first time in paperback, How I Became a Human Being is O’Brien’s account of his struggles to lead an independent life despite a lifelong disability. In 1955 he contracted polio and became permanently paralyzed from the neck down. O’Brien describes growing up without the use of his limbs, his adolescence struggling with physical rehabilitation and suffering the bureaucracy of hospitals and institutions, and his adult life as an independent student and writer. Despite his physical limitations, O’Brien crafts a narrative that is as rich and vivid as the life he led.


Author : Martijn van Zomeren
John F. Dovidio
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018
Page : 295
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 0190247576
Description :


Advances in social-psychological theorizing and research suggest that humans can be viewed as biological beings as well as cultural creatures, rational reasoners as well as emotional enigmas, moral minds as well as amoral agents. Edited by Martijn van Zomeren and John F. Dovidio, this handbook expertly articulates both what social psychology can tell us about the human essence, and the astonishing range of perspectives reflected within this field.


Author : Leon Shenandoah
Steve Wall
Publisher : Hampton Roads Publishing Company Incorporated
Release : 2002-02
Page : 93
Category : Body, Mind & Spirit
ISBN 13 : 9781571743411
Description :


Draws on taped conversations with Tadodaho Chief Leon Shenandoah, a spiritual leader and high chief among the Six Nations Iroquois Confederacy, to explore Native American wisdom on the importance of people living in close physical and spiritual communion with the earth.


Author : Silvana Quattrocchi Montanaro
Publisher :
Release : 1991
Page : 167
Category : Child development
ISBN 13 : 9781879341005
Description :