The Power Of A Single Number Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Philipp Lepenies
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Release : 2016-04-26
Page : 192
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 0231541430
Description :


Widely used since the mid-twentieth century, GDP (gross domestic product) has become the world's most powerful statistical indicator of national development and progress. Practically all governments adhere to the idea that GDP growth is a primary economic target, and while criticism of this measure has grown, neither its champions nor its detractors deny its central importance in our political culture. In The Power of a Single Number, Philipp Lepenies recounts the lively history of GDP's political acceptance—and eventual dominance. Locating the origins of GDP measurements in Renaissance England, Lepenies explores the social and political factors that originally hindered its use. It was not until the early 1900s that an ingenuous lone-wolf economist revived and honed GDP's statistical approach. These ideas were then extended by John Maynard Keynes, and a more focused study of national income was born. American economists furthered this work by emphasizing GDP's ties to social well-being, setting the stage for its ascent. GDP finally achieved its singular status during World War II, assuming the importance it retains today. Lepenies's absorbing account helps us understand the personalities and popular events that propelled GDP to supremacy and clarifies current debates over the wisdom of the number's rule.


Author : Alan R. Jones
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-10-09
Page : 498
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 1351661442
Description :


Best Fit Lines and Curves, and Some Mathe-Magical Transformations (Volume III of the Working Guides to Estimating & Forecasting series) concentrates on techniques for finding the Best Fit Line or Curve to some historical data allowing us to interpolate or extrapolate the implied relationship that will underpin our prediction. A range of simple ‘Moving Measures’ are suggested to smooth the underlying trend and quantify the degree of noise or scatter around that trend. The advantages and disadvantages are discussed and a simple way to offset the latent disadvantage of most Moving Measure Techniques is provided. Simple Linear Regression Analysis, a more formal numerical technique that calculates the line of best fit subject to defined ‘goodness of fit’ criteria. Microsoft Excel is used to demonstrate how to decide whether the line of best fit is a good fit, or just a solution in search of some data. These principles are then extended to cover multiple cost drivers, and how we can use them to quantify 3-Point Estimates. With a deft sleight of hand, certain commonly occurring families of non-linear relationships can be transformed mathe-magically into linear formats, allowing us to exploit the powers of Regression Analysis to find the Best Fit Curves. The concludes with an exploration of the ups and downs of seasonal data (Time Series Analysis). Supported by a wealth of figures and tables, this is a valuable resource for estimators, engineers, accountants, project risk specialists as well as students of cost engineering.


Author : Teresa Amabile
Steven Kramer
Publisher : Harvard Business Press
Release : 2011-07-19
Page : 256
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 1422142736
Description :


What really sets the best managers above the rest? It’s their power to build a cadre of employees who have great inner work lives—consistently positive emotions; strong motivation; and favorable perceptions of the organization, their work, and their colleagues. The worst managers undermine inner work life, often unwittingly. As Teresa Amabile and Steven Kramer explain in The Progress Principle, seemingly mundane workday events can make or break employees’ inner work lives. But it’s forward momentum in meaningful work—progress—that creates the best inner work lives. Through rigorous analysis of nearly 12,000 diary entries provided by 238 employees in 7 companies, the authors explain how managers can foster progress and enhance inner work life every day. The book shows how to remove obstacles to progress, including meaningless tasks and toxic relationships. It also explains how to activate two forces that enable progress: (1) catalysts—events that directly facilitate project work, such as clear goals and autonomy—and (2) nourishers—interpersonal events that uplift workers, including encouragement and demonstrations of respect and collegiality. Brimming with honest examples from the companies studied, The Progress Principle equips aspiring and seasoned leaders alike with the insights they need to maximize their people’s performance.


Author : Mark Zegarelli
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-05-01
Page : 144
Category : Mathematics
ISBN 13 : 111836905X
Description :


The fun and easy way® to understand the basic concepts and problems of pre-algebra Whether you're a student preparing to take algebra or a parent who needs a handy reference to help kids study, this easy-to-understand guide has the tools you need to get in gear. From exponents, square roots, and absolute value to fractions, decimals, and percents, you'll build the skills needed to tackle more advanced topics, such as order of operations, variables, and algebraic equations. Open the book and find: How to find the greatest common factor and least common multiple Tips for adding, subtracting, dividing, and multiplying fractions How to change decimals to fractions (and vice versa) Hints for solving word problems Different ways to solve for x


Author : Geoff Tennant
Publisher : Gower Publishing, Ltd.
Release : 2002
Page : 195
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 9780566084348
Description :


Six Sigma provides an overarching concept, methodology and the tools to improve quality and customer satisfaction, thereby increasing profitability. This book moves beyond applying Six Sigma to already exisiting products and services to quantifying, designing and measuring success in from the start.Most new ideas are launched on the market without taking customer needs into account. Failings are discovered in the marketplace where products or services then have to be refined and redesigned - indeed perhaps some 80% of new products or services will fail altogether. By using the Six Sigma approach to designing new products and services the chances of failure are greatly reduced. Six Sigma encourages innovation within a controlled framework, leading to better products and services brought to the marketplace more quickly.This book aims to provide a detailed resource of guidance and inspiration covering all the aspects of business strategy, product/service design, project management and execution necessary for the successful introduction of new products and services, all under the auspices of a customer-focused Six Sigma approach. Moreover it provides a tangible way of measuring satisfaction and the success of the new.


Author : J.W. Pratt
J.D. Gibbons
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
Page : 462
Category : Mathematics
ISBN 13 : 1461259312
Description :


This book explores both non parametric and general statistical ideas by developing non parametric procedures in simple situations. The major goal is to give the reader a thorough intuitive understanding of the concepts underlying nonparametric procedures and a full appreciation of the properties and operating characteristics of those procedures covered. This book differs from most statistics books by including considerable philosophical and methodological discussion. Special attention is given to discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of various statistical methods and approaches. Difficulties that often arise in applying statistical theory to real data also receive substantial attention. The approach throughout is more conceptual than mathematical. The "Theorem-Proof" format is avoided; generally, properties are "shown," rather than "proved." In most cases the ideas behind the proof of an im portant result are discussed intuitively in the text and formal details are left as an exercise for the reader. We feel that the reader will learn more from working such things out than from checking step-by-step a complete presen tation of all details.


Author : Edward A. McBean
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-05-29
Page : 336
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 1119289084
Description :


A guide to the methodologies, typical mathematical notation, and assumptions used in risk assessment calculations Risk Assessment describes the methodologies, the math, and assumptions needed in risk assessment calculations and explores the various statistical analysis procedures that are used for estimating the parameters employed in risk assessment approaches. The author—a noted expert in the field—outlines a logical step-by-step approach to assessment: Identify a hazard; Analyze the risk associated with that hazard; and Determine if the elimination, or control of the risk is warranted. The text puts the focus on assessing environmental risk and describes the basics used in hypothesis testing to determine when there are differences in environmental quality at various locations. The author describes statistical techniques in approachable terms that are designed to be understandable to the non-statistician. The text downplays mathematical notation while offering clear explanations for the development of equations. It highlights applications with numerous examples of problems of censored data as they influence the use of alternative tests. In addition, the text focuses on both parametric and non-parametric procedures. This important resource: Describes in understandable terms the methodologies, typical mathematical notation, and assumptions used in risk assessment calculations Explores the fundamental calculation procedures and approaches for risk characterization Contains a wealth of example problems of interpretations of environmental monitoring results and shows how each procedure is used Includes problems at the end of each chapter that stress the fundamental concepts outlined Written for senior undergraduate and graduate students and as a course text in engineering, Risk Assessment offers a guide to the fundamental calculation procedures and methodologies for characterizing risk in clear and accessible terms.


Author : Alice Bradbury
Guy Roberts-Holmes
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-10-02
Page : 158
Category : Education
ISBN 13 : 1315279045
Description :


The Datafication of Primary and Early Years Education explores and critically analyses the growing dominance of data in schools and early childhood education settings. Recognising the shift in practice and priorities towards the production and analysis of attainment data that are compared locally, nationally and internationally, this important book explores the role and impact of digital data in the ‘data-obsessed’ school. Through insightful case studies the book critiques policy priorities which facilitate and demand the use of attainment data, within a neoliberal education system which is already heavily focused on assessment and accountability. Using an approach influenced by policy sociology and post-foundational frameworks, the book considers how data are productive of data-driven teacher and child subjectivities. The text explores how data have become an important part of making teachers’ work visible within systems which are both disciplinary and controlling, while often reducing the complexity of children’s learning to single numbers. Key ideas covered include: The impact of data on the individual teacher and their pedagogical practice, particularly in play-based early years classrooms The problems of collecting data through assessment of young children How schools respond to increased pressure to produce the ‘right’ data – or how they ‘play with numbers’ How data affect children and teachers’ identities International governance and data comparison, including international comparison of young children’s attainment Private sector involvement in data processing and analysis The Datafication of Primary and Early Years Education offers a unique insight into the links between data, policy and practice and is a crucial read for all interested in the ways in which data are affecting teachers, practitioners and children.


Author : Stephen Morse
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-06-17
Page : 224
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 1136563083
Description :


The use of numbers to condense complex systems into easily digested 'bites' of information is very much in fashion. At one level they are intended to enhance transparency, accountability and local democracy, while at another they provide a means of enhancing performance. However, all indicators suffer from the same basic problem that, ironically, is also their biggest advantage - condensing something highly complex into a few simple numbers. Love them or hate them, there is no denying that people use indicators to make decisions. Indices and Indicators explores the use of indicators within the field of human development. Part I provides a brief outline of the contested meaning of 'development' and how indices and indicators have been used as means of testing the realization of these development visions in practice in a range of institutional contexts. Part II discusses the limitations of such indices and indicators and illustrates how they are dependent upon the vision of development adopted. The book also suggests how indices and indicators can best be employed and presented. Given our overwhelming reliance on indices and indicators for measuring progress, directing policy and allocating resources, this book is essential core reading for academics, undergraduate and post-graduate students in social science, economics, geography and development studies as well as development practitioners, policy-makers and donor and international funding agencies.


Author : Ruth Drayer
Publisher : Square One Publishers, Inc.
Release : 2003
Page : 176
Category : Body, Mind & Spirit
ISBN 13 : 9780757000980
Description :


Numerology is the art and science of interpreting how numbers influence our lives and destinies. Numerology is a clear, concise guide for understanding and implementing this fascinating subject. Written for the beginner as well as the advanced student, the book begins with a history of numerology, and then examines the fundamentals of this science. Diagrams and easy-to-follow instructions guide you in constructing your personal numerological chart.


Author : Carliss Young Baldwin
William L White Professor of Business Administration Carliss Y Baldwin
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2000
Page : 471
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 9780262024662
Description :


Using the computer industry as an example, this work develops a theory of design and industrial revolution. It argues that the industry has experienced previously unimaginable levels of innovation and growth because it embraced the concept of modularity.


Author : Andrew G. Clark
Publisher : Lulu.com
Release : 2007
Page : 393
Category :
ISBN 13 : 0980369002
Description :


No further information has been provided for this title.


Author : James D Stein
Publisher : Basic Books
Release : 2011-09-06
Page : 240
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 0465027881
Description :


Our fascination with numbers begins when we are children and continues throughout our lives. We start counting our fingers and toes and end up balancing checkbooks and calculating risk. So powerful is the appeal of numbers that many people ascribe to them a mystical significance. Other numbers go beyond the supernatural, working to explain our universe and how it behaves. Cosmic Numbers, mathematics professor James D. Stein traces the discovery, evolution, and interrelationships of the numbers that define our world. Everyone knows about the speed of light and absolute zero, but numbers like Boltzmann's constant and the Chandrasekhar limit are not as well known, and they do far more than one might imagine: They tell us how this world began and what the future holds. Much more than a gee-whiz collection of facts and figures, Cosmic Numbers illuminates why particular numbers are so important -- both to the scientist and to the rest of us.


Author : Richard Cotton
Publisher : "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
Release : 2013-09-09
Page : 400
Category : Computers
ISBN 13 : 1449357180
Description :


Learn how to perform data analysis with the R language and software environment, even if you have little or no programming experience. With the tutorials in this hands-on guide, you’ll learn how to use the essential R tools you need to know to analyze data, including data types and programming concepts. The second half of Learning R shows you real data analysis in action by covering everything from importing data to publishing your results. Each chapter in the book includes a quiz on what you’ve learned, and concludes with exercises, most of which involve writing R code. Write a simple R program, and discover what the language can do Use data types such as vectors, arrays, lists, data frames, and strings Execute code conditionally or repeatedly with branches and loops Apply R add-on packages, and package your own work for others Learn how to clean data you import from a variety of sources Understand data through visualization and summary statistics Use statistical models to pass quantitative judgments about data and make predictions Learn what to do when things go wrong while writing data analysis code


Author : Laura Day
Publisher : Simon and Schuster
Release : 2009-03-17
Page : 176
Category : Body, Mind & Spirit
ISBN 13 : 1439118213
Description :


The "New York Times" bestselling author of "Practical Intuition" shows readers how one carefully crafted wish can serve as a match to ignite potent and lasting transformation in their lives.


Author : Susan Page
Publisher : AMACOM
Release : 2010-02-17
Page : 288
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 0814414796
Description :


Baffled by repeated mistakes in your department? Want to focus your employees' limited time on more valuable work? The answer to these challenges and more is business process improvement (BPI). Every process in every organization can be made more effective, cost-efficient, and adaptable to changing business needs. The good news is you don't need to be a BPM expert to get great results. Written by an experienced process analyst, this how-to guide presents a simple, bottom-line approach to process improvement work. With its proven 10-step method you can: Identify and prioritize the processes that need fixing * Eliminate duplication and bureaucracy * Control costs * Establish internal controls to reduce human error * Test and rework the process before introducing it * Implement the changes Now in its second edition, The Power of Business Process Improvement is even more user-friendly with new software suggestions, quizzes, a comparison of industry improvement methods, and examples to help you apply the ideas. Whether you are new to BPI or a seasoned pro, you will have business running better in no time.


Author : National Research Council
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2001-11-13
Page : 460
Category : Education
ISBN 13 : 9780309132848
Description :


Adding It Up explores how students in pre-K through 8th grade learn mathematics and recommends how teaching, curricula, and teacher education should change to improve mathematics learning during these critical years. The committee identifies five interdependent components of mathematical proficiency and describes how students develop this proficiency. With examples and illustrations, the book presents a portrait of mathematics learning: Research findings on what children know about numbers by the time they arrive in pre-K and the implications for mathematics instruction. Details on the processes by which students acquire mathematical proficiency with whole numbers, rational numbers, and integers, as well as beginning algebra, geometry, measurement, and probability and statistics. The committee discusses what is known from research about teaching for mathematics proficiency, focusing on the interactions between teachers and students around educational materials and how teachers develop proficiency in teaching mathematics.


Author : Christopher G. Brinton
Mung Chiang
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2018-11-13
Page : 328
Category : Computers
ISBN 13 : 0691183309
Description :


What makes WiFi faster at home than at a coffee shop? How does Google order search results? Is it really true that everyone on Facebook is connected by six steps or less? The Power of Networks answers questions like these for the first time in a way that all of us can understand. Using simple language, analogies, stories, hundreds of illustrations, and no more math than simple addition and multiplication, Christopher Brinton and Mung Chiang provide a smart and accessible introduction to the handful of big ideas that drive the computer networks we use every day. The Power of Networks unifies these ideas through six fundamental principles of networking. These principles explain the difficulties in sharing network resources efficiently, how crowds can be wise or not so wise depending on the nature of their connections, why there are many layers in a network, and more. Along the way, the authors also talk with and share the special insights of renowned experts such as Google’s Eric Schmidt, former Verizon Wireless CEO Dennis Strigl, and “fathers of the Internet” Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn.


Author : Robert Greene
Publisher : Penguin
Release : 2000-09-01
Page : 480
Category : Self-Help
ISBN 13 : 1101042451
Description :


Amoral, cunning, ruthless, and instructive, this multi-million-copy New York Times bestseller is the definitive manual for anyone interested in gaining, observing, or defending against ultimate control – from the author of The Laws of Human Nature. In the book that People magazine proclaimed “beguiling” and “fascinating,” Robert Greene and Joost Elffers have distilled three thousand years of the history of power into 48 essential laws by drawing from the philosophies of Machiavelli, Sun Tzu, and Carl Von Clausewitz and also from the lives of figures ranging from Henry Kissinger to P.T. Barnum. Some laws teach the need for prudence (“Law 1: Never Outshine the Master”), others teach the value of confidence (“Law 28: Enter Action with Boldness”), and many recommend absolute self-preservation (“Law 15: Crush Your Enemy Totally”). Every law, though, has one thing in common: an interest in total domination. In a bold and arresting two-color package, The 48 Laws of Power is ideal whether your aim is conquest, self-defense, or simply to understand the rules of the game.


Author : Jan De Sutter
Publisher : The Power of IT
Release : 2004
Page : 491
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 1594578672
Description :


There's more to IT than technology!Yes, IT involves computers, software, and services, but good IT synthesizes these elements with a concentration on how your organization can best meet its goals. Increasingly, the IT department is the hub of any company-and companies expect IT managers to accomplish a variety of tasks with limited resources. Thus, CIOs must hone their organizational and managerial skills to run the most effective program possible.Join author Jan De Sutter as he details the range of methodologies necessary for effective IT management, from how to align your IT department with the mission of your organization to how to measure and present the results of your work. The Power of IT is a must-have for CIOs, IT managers, IT professionals, and MBA students everywhere, and is sure to become a much-utilized resource in company libraries, business management courses, and the personal collections of those who not only want to get IT done, but who also want to do IT right.