The Primate Brain Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Michel A. Hofman
Dean Falk
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012
Page : 478
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 0444538607
Description :


This volume of Progress in Brain Research provides a synthetic source of information about state-of-the-art research that has important implications for the evolution of the brain and cognition in primates, including humans. This topic requires input from a variety of fields that are developing at an unprecedented pace: genetics, developmental neurobiology, comparative and functional neuroanatomy (at gross and microanatomical levels), quantitative neurobiology related to scaling factors that constrain brain organization and evolution, primate palaeontology (including paleoneurology), paleo-anthropology, comparative psychology, and behavioural evolutionary biology. Written by internationally-renowned scientists, this timely volume will be of wide interest to students, scholars, science journalists, and a variety of experts who are interested in keeping track of the discoveries that are rapidly emerging about the evolution of the brain and cognition. Leading authors review the state-of-the-art in their field of investigation and provide their views and perspectives for future research Chapters are extensively referenced to provide readers with a comprehensive list of resources on the topics covered All chapters include comprehensive background information and are written in a clear form that is also accessible to the non-specialist


Author : Charles Robert Noback
Publisher :
Release : 1970
Page : 320
Category : Brain
ISBN 13 :
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Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1970
Page : 320
Category : Anatomy, Comparative
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Author : C. R. Noback
W. Montagna
Publisher :
Release :
Page : 334
Category :
ISBN 13 : 9780608124308
Description :



Author : Floyd E. Bloom
A. Bjorklund
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1999-10-26
Page : 434
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 9780080539492
Description :


This volume is the third and final part of the planned coverage of the neurochemical circuitry of the primate central nervous system. The five chapters included in this volume complement and integrate magnificently with the two prior volumes. Included in the volume are the following: a two-fold exposition on the human forebrain, comprised of a comprehensive overview of the entire human forebrain, and a specific focus on the basal forebrain (a region critical for a wide range of human problems ranging from substance abuse to Alzheimer's disease), a critical synthesis of the primate basal ganglia (a region under intense scrutiny for the organization of motor programs, and for their dysfunctions in Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease and other malfunctions), the chemical and anatomic details of the primate hippocampal formation in extenso, and lastly, a review of the rapidly growing literature on the mesocortical projection of dopaminergic circuits onto the primate frontal cortex ( a system highly linked to higher order mental abstractions, as well as the dysfunctions of schizophrenia). Scholars will recognize that the laying out of these status reports on our still vastly incomplete examination of the primate brains is an opportunity for progress.


Author : Marcus Johannes Naumer
Jochen Kaiser
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-07-03
Page : 383
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 9781441956156
Description :


It should come as no surprise to those interested in sensory processes that its research history is among the longest and richest of the many systematic efforts to understand how our bodies function. The continuing obsession with sensory systems is as much a re?ection of the fundamental need to understand how we experience the physical world as it is to understand how we become who we are based on those very experiences. The senses function as both portal and teacher, and their individual and collective properties have fascinated scientists and philosophers for millennia. In this context, the attention directed toward specifying their properties on a sense-by-sense basis that dominated sensory research in the 20th century seems a prelude to our current preoccupation with how they function in concert. Nevertheless, it was the concentrated effort on the operational principles of in- vidual senses that provided the depth of understanding necessary to inform current efforts to reveal how they act cooperatively. We know that the information provided by any individual sensory modality is not always veridical, but is subject to a myriad of modality-speci?c distortions. Thus, the brain’s ability to compare across the senses and to integrate the information they provide is not only a way to examine the accuracy of any individual sensory channel but also a way to enhance the collective information they make available to the brain.


Author : Cornelius Joseph Connolly
Publisher :
Release : 1950
Page : 378
Category : Anatomie comparée
ISBN 13 :
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Author : Dean Falk
Kathleen R. Gibson
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2001-04-19
Page :
Category : Medical
ISBN 13 : 131658271X
Description :


Studies of brain evolution have moved rapidly in recent years, building on the pioneering research of Harry J. Jerison. This book provides reviews of primate (including human) brain evolution. The book is divided into two sections, the first gives new perspectives on the developmental, physiological, dietary and behavioural correlates of brain enlargement. It has long been recognized, however, that brains do not merely enlarge globally as they evolve, but that their cortical and internal organization also changes in a process known as reorganization. Species-specific adaptations therefore have neurological substrates that depend on more than just overall brain size. The second section explores these neurological underpinnings for the senses, adaptations and cognitive abilities that are important for primates. With a prologue by Stephen J. Gould and an epilogue by Harry J. Jerison, this is an important reference work for all those working on brain evolution in primates.


Author : Cornelius Joseph Connolly
Publisher :
Release : 1936
Page : 122
Category : Brain
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Author : Stephen Hugh Montgomery
Publisher :
Release : 2012
Page :
Category :
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Author : Este Armstrong
Dean Falk
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
Page : 346
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 1468441485
Description :


Given the past decade's explosion of neurobiological and paleontologi cal data and their increasingly sophisticated analyses, interdisciplinary syntheses between these two broad disciplines are of value and interest to many different scientists. The collected papers of this volume will appeal to students of primate and hominid evolution, neuroscientists, sociobiolo gists, and other behaviorists who seek a better understanding of the substrates of primate, including human, behavior. Each species of living primates represents an endpoint in evolution, but comparative neurologists can produce approximate evolutionary se quences by careful analyses of representative series. Because nervous tissue does not fossilize, only a comparison of structures and functions among extant primates can be used to investigate the fine details of primate bra~n evolution. Paleoneurologists, who directly examine the fossil record via endocasts or cranial capacities of fossil skulls, can best provide information about gross details, such as changes in brain size or sulcal patterns, and determine when they occurred. Physical anthropologists and paleontologists have traditionally relied more on paleoneurology, whereas neuroscientists and psychologists have relied more on comparative neurology. This division has been a detriment to the advancement of these fields and to the conceptual bases of primate brain evolution. Both methods are important and a synthesis is desirable. To this end, two symposia were held in 1980--one at the meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthro pologists in Niagara Falls, U. S. A. , and one at the precongressional meeting of the International Primatological Society in Torino, Italy.


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1996
Page :
Category :
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Author : Adrian A. Perachio
Publisher :
Release : 1967
Page : 366
Category : Brain
ISBN 13 :
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Author : T. Hokfelt
A. Bjorklund
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1998-09-17
Page : 432
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 9780080539485
Description :


This volume is the second in the planned coverage of the neurochemical circuitry of the primate central nervous system. While this volume contains only two chapters, their topics and the extraordinarily comprehensive coverage with which the authors have dealt with their topics, will nevertheless contribute equal amounts of knowledge, wisdom, and opportunities for future research extensions as have every volume in this unique series. As such, these chapters extend the goals of this primate series to develop a broad coverage of human and non-human primate chemical neuroanatomic details in a volume which makes clear the known and desirable appreciation for differences between and among subsets of primate brains. The first chapter covers the primate thalamus with equal emphases on new world, old world, pro-simian and human anatomic details and their differences. The second undertakes a comparably comprehensive examination of one of the most intensively studied regions of the primate brain, namely the primate visual cortex. While much has been studied, both chapters also reveal how much remains for future efforts in these enormously important regions which are the archetypes of primate sub-cortical and cortical function.


Author : Andrew Reid
Publisher :
Release : 2010
Page : 228
Category :
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Author : Edward Michael Burns
Publisher :
Release : 1891
Page : 110
Category :
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Author : Cornelius Joseph Connolly
Publisher :
Release : 1936
Page : 274
Category :
ISBN 13 :
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Author : Richard F. Martin
Douglas M. Bowden
Publisher :
Release : 1996
Page : 76
Category : Brain
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Author : Leor Nadav Katz
Publisher :
Release : 2016
Page : 382
Category :
ISBN 13 :
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Interaction within the environment relies on the ability to accumulate sensory evidence in favor of a decision. Despite the paramount importance of decision-making to survival, the neural instantiations and computational principles governing the process have remained elusive. In this thesis I consider how sensory evidence is accumulated to guide decisions, and where in the primate brain this process takes place. I report the results of three main experiments. In the first, I test whether sensory evidence is accumulated differentially for motion in the frontoparallel plane (i.e. 2D motion; left/right) compared to motion through depth (i.e. 3D motion; towards/away). I show that integration of 3D motion is different than 2D and likely relies on a mechanism that is distinct. In the second experiment, I test an influential theory in cognitive neuroscience: that neurons in the monkey lateral intraparietal (LIP) cortex accumulate sensory information in favor of a decision communicated by an eye-movement. I found that despite strong correlations between LIP responses and decisions, reversible inactivation of neurons in LIP had no measurable impact on decision-making performance. More generally, I show that decision-related activity does not necessarily play a causal role in choices. In the final experiment, I test whether the process of making a decision stands to influence functions that are decision irrelevant. I found that causally manipulating the amount of sensory evidence available to human observers influenced decision-irrelevant oculomotor commands, suggesting that even during non- oculomotor decisions, oculomotor regions of the brain are recruited. Taken together, the experimental findings reported motivate new ideas about evidence accumulation and advance our understanding of the decision-making process in the primate brain.


Author : Ralph L. Holloway
Publisher :
Release : 1964
Page : 336
Category : Brain
ISBN 13 :
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