The Psychology Of Stereotyping Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : David J. Schneider
Publisher : Guilford Press
Release : 2005-04-07
Page : 704
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1593851936
Description :


The first comprehensive treatment of stereotypes and stereotyping, this text synthesizes a vast body of social and cognitive research that has emerged over the past-quarter century. Provided is an unusually broad analysis of stereotypes as products both of individual cognitive activities and of social and cultural forces. While devoting careful attention to harmful aspects of stereotypes, their connections to prejudice and discrimination, and effective strategies for countering them, the volume also examines the positive functions of generalizations in helping people navigate a complex world. Unique features include four chapters addressing the content of stereotypes, which consider such topics as why certain traits are the focus of stereotyping and how they become attributed to particular groups. An outstanding text for advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level courses, the volume is highly readable and features many useful examples.


Author : David J. Schneider
Publisher : Guilford Press
Release : 2004-01-01
Page : 704
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 9781572309296
Description :


The first comprehensive treatment of stereotypes and stereotyping, this text synthesizes a vast body of social and cognitive research that has emerged over the past-quarter century. Provided is an unusually broad analysis of stereotypes as products both of individual cognitive activities and of social and cultural forces. While devoting careful attention to harmful aspects of stereotypes, their connections to prejudice and discrimination, and effective strategies for countering them, the volume also examines the positive functions of generalizations in helping people navigate a complex world. Unique features include four chapters addressing the content of stereotypes, which consider such topics as why certain traits are the focus of stereotyping and how they become attributed to particular groups. An outstanding text for advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level courses, the volume is highly readable and features many useful examples.


Author : Mark P. Zanna
James M. Olson
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2013-04-15
Page : 360
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1134769938
Description :


This volume consists of expanded and updated versions of papers presented at the Seventh Ontario Symposium on Personality and Social Psychology. The series is designed to bring together scholars from across North America who work in the same substantive area, with the goals of identifying common concerns and integrating research findings. The topic of this symposium was the psychology of prejudice and the presentations covered a wide variety of issues. The papers present state-of-the-art research programs addressing prejudice from the point of view of both the bigoted person as well as the victim of bigotry. The chapter authors confront this issue from two major -- and previously separate -- research traditions: the psychology of attitude and intergroup conflict. The chapters are organized in the following sequence of topics: the determinants and consequences of stereotypes, individual differences in prejudicial attitudes, intergroup relations, the responses of victims to prejudice and discrimination, and an integrative summary/commentary. Illustrating both the diversity and vitality of research on the psychology of prejudice, the editors hope that this volume will stimulate further research and theorizing in this area.


Author : Russell Spears
Penelope J. Oakes
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 1997-01-23
Page : 436
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 9780631197737
Description :


Stereotyping - the process of perceiving and reacting to people in terms of their group membership - is a widespread phenomenon, and one of the most widely investigated topics in social psychology. This new book is about the causes and consequences of stereotyping. It begins from the premise that, in order to understand the nature and function of stereotyping, it is essential to understand its role in, and relationship to, the activities of social groups. In so doing, it provides an alternative to more cognitive approaches that regard stereotyping primarily as a bias produced by the limits of individual information processing. The contributors debate and challenge a range of traditional beliefs about stereotyping by exploring its social functions in intergroup contexts. They also tackle a range of thorny problems in sterotyping and related literatures: including the question of sterotype accuracy, why stereotypes develop and are widely shared, and how stereotypes and sterotyping impact upon people's self-esteem and self-definition. In short, this book examines how stereotypes are structured by social identities and the relations between groups.


Author : Bruce Evan Blaine
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2012-08-22
Page : 303
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1452203334
Description :


Covering the cognitive and emotional foundations of prejudice underpinning all forms of inequality, Understanding the Psychology of Diversity examines social difference, social inequality, and the problems inherent to inequality from a psychological perspective. By studying how the individual constructs his or her view of social diversity and how she or he is defined and influenced by social diversity, the author presents all that psychology has to offer on this critically important topic.


Author : Eleanor L. Simon
Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release : 2011
Page : 346
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 9781617614637
Description :


A stereotype is a commonly held public belief about specific social groups or types of individuals. This book presents current research in the study of stereotypes, including speech pathologists stereotyping stutterers; stereotype formation in children; the social neuroscience research applied to the study of stereotypes; Western societies' ageism stereotyping in the workforce; gender relationship portrayal in sport advertisements perpetuate sexist stereotyping; the psychological implications of stereotyping American Indians through the use of native-themed mascots, nicknames and logos; as well as when stereotypes become life-threatening.


Author : Charles Stangor
Christian S. Crandall
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2013-07-24
Page : 292
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1136745122
Description :


This volume presents a contemporary and comprehensive overview of the great diversity of theoretical interests, new ideas, and practical applications that characterize social psychological approaches to stereotyping and prejudice. All the contributions are written by renowned scholars in the field, with some chapters focusing on fundamental principles, including research questions about the brain structures that help us categorize and judge others, the role of evolution in prejudice, and how prejudice relates to language, communication, and social norms. Several chapters review a new dimension that has frequently been understudied—the role of the social context in creating stereotypes and prejudice. Another set of chapters focuses on applications, particularly how stereotypes and prejudice really matter in everyday life. These chapters include studies of their impact on academic performance, their role in small group processes, and their influence on everyday social interactions. The volume provides an essential resource for students, instructors, and researchers in social and personality psychology, and is also an invaluable reference for academics and professionals in related fields who have an interest in the origins and effects of stereotyping and prejudice.


Author : Fiona Kate Barlow
Chris G. Sibley
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2018-10-11
Page : 350
Category : Family & Relationships
ISBN 13 : 110842600X
Description :


This concise student edition of The Cambridge Handbook of the Psychology of Prejudice includes new pedagogical features and instructor resources.


Author : Claude Steele
Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
Release : 2011-04-04
Page : 256
Category : Family & Relationships
ISBN 13 : 0393339726
Description :


In Whistling Vivaldi, described as a 'beautifully-written account' of the relationship between stereotypes and identity, Claude Steele offers a vivid first-person detailing of the research that brought him to his groundbreaking conclusions. Through the telling of dramatic personal stories, Dr. Steele shares the process of constructing and completing experiments and statistical studies that show that exposing subjects to stereotypes - merely reminding a group of female math majors about to take a math test, for example, that women are considered naturally inferior to men at math - impairs their performance in the area affected by the stereotype. Steele's conclusions shed new light on a host of American social phenomena, from the racial and gender gaps in standardized test scores to the belief in the superior athletic prowess of black men. As Homi Bhabha states, 'Steele's book is both urgent and important in understanding the tyranny of the stereotype and liberating ourselves from its derogatory, one-dimensional vision.' Whistling Vivaldi presents a new way of looking at identity and the way it is shaped by social expectations, and, in Richard Thompson Ford's words, 'offers a clear and compelling analysis and, better still, straightforward and practical solutions.'


Author : C. Neil Macrae
Charles Stangor
Publisher : Guilford Press
Release : 1996-03-01
Page : 462
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 9781572300538
Description :


Following a broad overview that defines stereotypes, the book addresses how they are formed and developed in chapters that cover the social psychology of stereotypes, the impact of physical appearance on their formation, and methods of assessing their accuracy. Internationally renowned authors consider the function and use of stereotypes, exploring their complex interrelationship with linguistic biases, prejudice and discrimination, and intergroup and interpersonal perception. Chapters then discuss how stereotypes can be undermined, detailing social psychological interventions to improve intergroup relations and examining ways that individual targets of stereotyping might motivate others to change. A concluding chapter takes a historical view of stereotype research, tracing the evolution of the field and evaluating current theories and methodologies


Author : Bernard Whitley
Mary Kite
Publisher : Cengage Learning
Release : 2009-02-12
Page : 720
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 9780495811282
Description :


This is the first comprehensive textbook on prejudice with a strong psychological research base. Whitley and Kite cover a broad range of topics -- from race and ethnicity to gender, sexual orientation, and ageism. By integrating theory and research with students’ own experiences, the authors increase students’ awareness of influences that shape prejudices. While evaluating research results and their personal, subjective beliefs, students develop an appreciation of scientific evidence regarding stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.


Author : Mary E. Kite
Bernard E. Whitley, Jr.
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2016-06-10
Page : 724
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1317227220
Description :


The Psychology of Prejudice and Discrimination provides a comprehensive and compelling overview of what psychological theory and research have to say about the nature, causes, and reduction of prejudice and discrimination. It balances a detailed discussion of theories and selected research with applied examples that ensure the material is relevant to students. Newly revised and updated, this edition addresses several interlocking themes, such as research methods, the development of prejudice in children, the relationship between prejudice and discrimination, and discrimination in the workplace, which are developed in greater detail than in other textbooks. The first theme introduced is the nature of prejudice and discrimination, which is followed by a discussion of research methods. Next comes the psychological underpinnings of prejudice: the nature of stereotypes, the conditions under which stereotypes influence responses to other people, contemporary theories of prejudice, and how values and belief systems are related to prejudice. Explored next are the development of prejudice in children and the social context of prejudice. The theme of discrimination is developed via discussions of the nature of discrimination, the experience of discrimination, and specific forms of discrimination, including gender, sexual orientation, age, ability, and appearance. The concluding theme is the reduction of prejudice. An ideal core text for junior and senior college students who have had a course in introductory psychology, it is written in a style that is accessible to students in other fields including education, social work, business, communication studies, ethnic studies, and other disciplines. In addition to courses on prejudice and discrimination, this book is also adapted for courses that cover topics in racism and diversity. For additional resources, consult the website BreakingPrejudice.org, which focuses on pedagogical materials that can be used to address both cultural awareness and self-awareness of prejudice and to increase students’ multicultural competence. Specifically, the site includes: Original teaching activities (ready to use with minimal preparation, including discussion questions) An annotated list of podcasts (categorized by topic) An annotated list of videos (categorized by topic) A set of social justice songs (categorized by topic) Four original public service announcements 16 video diaries about people’s personal experience with prejudice Interviews with 13 social justice activists


Author : Daniel Bar-Tal
Carl F. Graumann
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
Page : 276
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1461235820
Description :


The study of stereotyping and prejudice is a study of human nature, group mem bership, and intergroup relationships. It sheds light on each of these aspects of social psychology. With respect to the first two, it has been observed that since groups provide the best framework for satisfying various human needs, individuals continuously organize themselves in collectives. They belong to a variety of groups-many of which they voluntarily select and some to which they are ascribed. Group membership, therefore, is one of the most salient and important of an indi vidual's characteristics. The implication of this characteristic is that human beings not only constantly classify other people into group categories, either by identifying membership or constructing their own categories, but also judge and evaluate them on this basis. The stereotypes and prejudice are outcomes of this process. They are the beliefs and attitudes toward members of another group. In addition, the study of stereotyping and prejudice reflects an interest in inter group relationships. While we recognize that a discussion of intergroup relation ships may focus on behaviors describing actions such as confrontations, violence, wars, cooperation, alliance, negotiation, or coordination, we also believe that each of these intergroup behaviors is mediated by perceptions, beliefs, and attitudes. In the case of intergroup behaviors, the listed actions are not performed instinctively or mindlessly, but are preceded by cognitive processes which, among other outputs, involve the formation of stereotypes and prejudice toward the other group.


Author : Perry Hinton
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-04-15
Page : 288
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1351794302
Description :


Stereotypes and the Construction of the Social World explores the complexity of stereotypes, guiding the reader through issues of definition and theoretical explanations from psychology and other disciplines. The book examines why people use stereotypes, which have often been represented as inaccurate, rigid and discriminatory. If that is what they are, then why would people employ such 'faulty' or 'biased' views of others? Whilst this book presents a detailed and comprehensive analysis of the psychological research into the individual use of stereotypes, it also presents this research within its ideological and historical context, revealing the important sociocultural factors in what we mean by 'stereotypes'. From the politics of representation and inter-group power relations, alongside individual social cognitive issues, the book provides a comprehensive and cross-disciplinary account of stereotypes and stereotyping. Featuring a wealth of real-world examples, it will be essential reading for all students and researchers of stereotypes.


Author : Todd F. Heatherton
Publisher : Guilford Press
Release : 2003-07-16
Page : 450
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 9781572309425
Description :


The volume demonstrates that stigma is a normal - albeit undesirable - consequence of people's limited cognitive resources, and of the social information and experiences to which they are exposed. Incorporated are the perspectives of both the perceiver and the target; the relevance of personal and collective identities; and the interplay of affective, cognitive, and behavioral processes. Particular attention is given to how stigmatized persons make meaning of their predicaments, such as by forming alternative, positive group identities.


Author : Bernard E. Whitley
Mary E. Kite
Publisher : Wadsworth Publishing Company
Release : 2010
Page : 692
Category : Discrimination
ISBN 13 : 9780495810629
Description :


This is the first comprehensive textbook on prejudice with a strong psychological research base. Whitley and Kite cover a broad range of topics—from race and ethnicity to gender, sexual orientation, and ageism. By integrating theory and research with students' own experiences, the authors increase students' awareness of influences that shape prejudices. As students evaluate research results and their personal, subjective beliefs, they develop an appreciation of scientific evidence regarding stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination.


Author : National Research Council
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2006-02-13
Page : 280
Category : Social Science
ISBN 13 : 9780309164917
Description :


By 2030 there will be about 70 million people in the United States who are older than 64. Approximately 26 percent of these will be racial and ethnic minorities. Overall, the older population will be more diverse and better educated than their earlier cohorts. The range of late-life outcomes is very dramatic with old age being a significantly different experience for financially secure and well-educated people than for poor and uneducated people. The early mission of behavioral science research focused on identifying problems of older adults, such as isolation, caregiving, and dementia. Today, the field of gerontology is more interdisciplinary. When I'm 64 examines how individual and social behavior play a role in understanding diverse outcomes in old age. It also explores the implications of an aging workforce on the economy. The book recommends that the National Institute on Aging focus its research support in social, personality, and life-span psychology in four areas: motivation and behavioral change; socioemotional influences on decision-making; the influence of social engagement on cognition; and the effects of stereotypes on self and others. When I'm 64 is a useful resource for policymakers, researchers and medical professionals.


Author : Todd D. Nelson
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2015-08-20
Page : 516
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1135046115
Description :


This Handbook is a comprehensive and scholarly overview of the latest research on prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination. The Second Edition provides a full update of its highly successful predecessor and features new material on key issues such as political activism, economic polarization, minority stress, same-sex marriage laws, dehumanization, and mental health stigma, in addition to a timely update on how victims respond to discrimination, and additional coverage of gender and race. All chapters are written by eminent researchers who explore topics by presenting an overview of current research and, where appropriate, developing new theory, models, or scales. The volume is clearly structured, with a broad section on cognitive, affective, and neurological processes, and there is inclusion of studies of prejudice based on race, sex, age, sexual orientation, and weight. A concluding section explores the issues involved in reducing prejudice. The Handbook is an essential resource for students, instructors, and researchers in social and personality psychology, and an invaluable reference for academics and professionals in sociology, communication studies, gerontology, nursing, medicine, as well as government and policymakers and social service agencies.


Author : Todd D. Nelson
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2009-02-17
Page : 584
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 1136642692
Description :


This Handbook provides a uniquely comprehensive and scholarly overview of the latest research on prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination. All chapters are written by eminent prejudice researchers who explore key topics, by presenting an overview of current research and, where appropriate, developing new theory, models, or scales. The volume is clearly structured, with a broad section on cognitive, affective, and neurological processes, followed by chapters on some of the main target groups of prejudice – based on race, sex, age, sexual orientation, and weight. A concluding section explores the issues involved in reducing prejudice. Chapters on the history of research in prejudice and future directions round off this state-of-the-art Handbook. The volume will provide an essential resource for students, instructors, and researchers in social and personality psychology, and also be an invaluable reference for academics and professionals in the fields of sociology, communication studies, gerontology, nursing, medicine, as well as government and policymakers and social service agencies.


Author : Yoshihisa Kashima
Klaus Fiedler
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2008
Page : 406
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
ISBN 13 : 0805856773
Description :


This volume addresses the role of communication in stereotype dynamics, while placing the phenomenon of social stereotypes appropriately in the socio-cultural context. Stereotype Dynamics assembles top researchers in the field to investigate stereotype formation, maintenance, and transformation through interpersonal facets of communication. Section one presents meta-theoretical perspectives, strongly informed by theories and empirical research. Subsequent parts address the following research questions in the perspectives of language-based communication: *What do the signs in a language mean, and how do the meanings of the signs shape stereotypes? *How do people use those signs intentionally or unintentionally? Is language use biased in some way? *How do language users' identities affect the meaning of a particular language use in social context? *What are the social consequences of language-based communication? Does language-based communication provide a basis for the formation, maintenance, and transformation or social stereotypes? This timely book is ideal for advanced students, scholars, and researchers in social psychology, and related disciplines such as human communications and socio linguistics. It is also appropriate for use as a supplement in upper level courses on prejudice and stereotyping.