The Ramayana Revisited Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Mandakranta Bose
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2004-09-30
Page : 378
Category : Religion
ISBN 13 : 0195168321
Description :


14 leading 'Ramayana' scholars examine the epic in its myriad contexts throughout South and Southeast Asia. They explore the role the narrative plays in societies as varied as India, Indonesia, Thailand and Cambodia. The essays also expand the understanding of the 'text' to include non-verbal renditions of the epic.


Author : Vipul Maheshwari
Anil Maheshwari
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2020-10-18
Page : 286
Category : Social Science
ISBN 13 : 9389351073
Description :


Rama, Maryada Purushottam, the king of Ayodhya, banished his beloved queen, in whose chastity he had complete faith, simply because his subjects disapproved of his accepting a wife who had spent a year in the house of her abductor. The king submitted to the will of the people though it broke his heart. Was his stand justified? Could Manthara be held solely responsible for the banishment of Rama and the subsequent death of Dasharatha? Was Ahalya an adulteress or a victim of sexual assault? Did the actions of the serial molester Ravana stand legal scrutiny? Was Lakshmana, a prince of Ayodhya, legally justified in mutilating Surpanakha? Was his elder brother Rama an accomplice in that action? It was said in ancient India, a king who, after having sworn to safeguard his subjects, failed to protect should be executed like a mad dog. Such a provision indicated that sovereignty was based on an implied social contract, and if the king violated the traditional pact, he forfeited his kingship. So, a king had to be just as justice trickled down from the crown. What happens though if the events of yore are retold and characters made to stand trial in today's time? Here is an attempt, unexplored so far, to retell the significant happenings narrated in the Ramayana through the legal prism of the Indian Penal Code. Each chapter comprises a prosecution version, citations of relevant provisions from the IPC, deposition of witnesses and the defence argument. Ramayana Revisited succeeds in bringing in all alternative perspectives, leaving the final judgement to the discretion of the reader.


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 2020
Page : 262
Category :
ISBN 13 : 9789389351057
Description :



Author : Paula Richman
Publisher : Indiana University Press
Release : 2008
Page : 258
Category : Literary Collections
ISBN 13 : 0253219531
Description :


Fresh perspectives on the classic Indian epic


Author : ARSHIA SATTAR
Publisher : HarperCollins
Release : 2020-10-20
Page : 224
Category : Literary Collections
ISBN 13 : 9353577136
Description :


What does it mean to be good? 'Maryada' is a commonly used word for 'boundary' in Sanskrit which also means 'propriety of conduct'. In the context of the Ramayana, the word carries special weight because it comes to be used as the defining virtue of Rama, the 'maryada purushottama'. But despite the fact that Rama is regarded as the epitome of dharma in his thoughts and deeds, the Ramayana does not provide us with one single template for right action. Nor does it tell us that dharma is beyond the reach of human understanding and human action. On the contrary, it holds out the promise that everyone can and should search for a dharma they can believe in, a dharma that is vulnerable but all the more precious because it has been sought and found rather than given and received. In her thought-provoking new book, renowned Ramayana scholar Arshia Sattar writes with compassion, tenderness and insight about dharma as a multiplicity of appropriate choices, showing us that when we choose one way of being and doing over another, we will be as often wrong as we are right.


Author : Paula Richman
Rustom Bharucha
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2021-05-18
Page : 357
Category : Religion
ISBN 13 : 0197552536
Description :


The Ramayana, one of the two pre-eminent Hindu epics, has played a foundational role in many aspects of India's arts and social norms. For centuries, people learned this narrative by watching, listening, and participating in enactments of it. Although the Ramayana's first extant telling in Sanskrit dates back to ancient times, the story has continued to be retold and rethought through the centuries in many of India's regional languages, such as Hindi, Tamil, and Bengali. The narrative has provided the basis for enactments of its episodes in recitation, musical renditions, dance, and avant-garde performances. This volume introduces non-specialists to the Ramayana's major themes and complexities, as well as to the highly nuanced terms in Indian languages used to represent theater and performance. Two introductions orient readers to the history of Ramayana texts by Tulsidas, Valmiki, Kamban, Sankaradeva, and others, as well as to the dramaturgy and aesthetics of their enactments. The contributed essays provide context-specific analyses of diverse Ramayana performance traditions and the narratives from which they draw. The essays are clustered around the shared themes of the politics of caste and gender; the representation of the anti-hero; contemporary re-interpretations of traditional narratives; and the presence of Ramayana discourse in daily life.


Author : Prachi Garg,
Publisher : Sristhi Publishers & Distributors
Release : 2020-01-10
Page : 144
Category : Fiction
ISBN 13 : 9387022838
Description :


Ram was the next door, go-to guy for any advice on business administration. A gold medalist from a premium management institute in the country, if there was any business-related problem in Ayodhya, Ram had an answer for it. Ayodhya was his proclaimed kingdom in business, in the grip of his palms, thanks to his loyal customers, family, and associates. It was a dream turning to reality. Until ambitions started overstretching, boundaries started melting and favours became overpromising. Ram could not have imagined up until the big wave hit him, that he would be so instantly betrayed and uprooted by those who he thought to be the closest. Startup Secrets from the Ramayana is the story of Ram’s struggle of setting up his business empire from scratch in a span of fourteen years. It took grit, moving out of his comfort zone, and re-establishing himself with a new identity removed from the hangover of the past. The stories are inspired from the Ramayana to capture the celebrated wisdom of the god.


Author : Smt. Saroj Bala
Publisher : Prabhat Prakashan
Release : 2019-04-02
Page : 475
Category : Fiction
ISBN 13 : 9353222613
Description :


The book narrates the biography of Lord Ram with exact dates of important events, depicting corresponding sky views and weaving other supporting scientific evidences into the story told by Maharshi Valmiki. It moves Ramayan from the domain of mythology to the realm of History.The book provides credible and scientific answers to the questions —whether Shri Ram was actually born? Whether he had actually travelled from Ayodhya to Lanka to save millions of noble people from the atrocities of ignoble? Whether he had really set the example of an ideal welfare state? Methodology adopted is path breaking and futuristic! All astronomical references were extracted sequentially from Ramayan. The corresponding skyviews were generated using Plane-tarium & Stellarium softwares. Readers can enjoy watching how the sky looked bright with five planets in their exalted positions when Shri Ram was born. Evidences from archaeology & archaeobotany, geology & oceanography, remote sensing & genetic studies have also been beautifully woven into the story to support this astronomical date sequence. Beautiful pictures of Setu, Sea Level Curve and of many excavated articles mentioned in Ramayan have been made a part of the book.


Author : Bonnie G. Smith
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2008
Page : 2752
Category : Biography & Autobiography
ISBN 13 : 0195148908
Description :


This encyclopedia captures the experiences of women throughout world history and illuminates how they have influenced and been influenced by these historical, social, and demographic changes. It contains over 1,300 signed articles covering six main areas: biographies; geography and history; comparative culture and society; organizations and movements; womens and gender studies; and topics in world history.


Author :
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2009-07-06
Page : 1680
Category : Religion
ISBN 13 : 1400833264
Description :


The sixth book of the Ramayana of Valmiki, the Yuddhakanda, recounts the final dramatic war between the forces of good led by the exiled prince Rama, and the forces of evil commanded by the arch demon Ravana. The hero Rama's primary purpose in the battle is to rescue the abducted princess Sita and destroy the demon king. However, the confrontation also marks the turning point for the divine mission of the Ramavatara, the incarnation of Lord Visnu as a human prince, who will restore righteousness to a world on the brink of chaos. The book ends with the gods' revelation to Rama of his true divine nature, his emotional reunion with his beloved wife, his long-delayed consecration as king of Kosala, and his restoration of a utopian age. The Yuddhakanda contains some of the most extraordinary events and larger-than-life characters to be found anywhere in world literature. This sixth volume in the critical edition and translation of the Valmiki Ramayana includes an extensive introduction, exhaustive notes, and a comprehensive bibliography.


Author : Beth Osnes
Publisher : McFarland
Release : 2014-01-10
Page : 204
Category : Performing Arts
ISBN 13 : 0786457929
Description :


This comprehensive book explores the Malaysian form of shadow puppet theatre, highlighting its unique nature within the context of Southeast Asian and Asian shadow puppet theatre traditions. Intended for a Western audience not familiar with Asian performance and practices, the text serves as a bridge to this highly imaginative form. An in-depth examination of the Malaysian puppet tradition is provided, as well as performance scripts, designs for puppet characters, instructions for creating a shadow screen, and easy directions for performance. Another section then considers the practical, pedagogical, and ethical issues that arise in the teaching of this art.


Author : Mark Tully
Publisher : Penguin Books India
Release : 2011-10-01
Page : 280
Category : Economic development
ISBN 13 : 0670083895
Description :


Non-Stop India By Mark Tully Jugaar can loosely be translated as muddling through, or making do. This is undoubtedly a valuable talent and has seen India through numerous crises which could have destabilised a country that is less adaptable - four wars, for example. But while jugaar can be seen to have served India well in the past, it has a downside. It has led to a dangerous complacency, the belief that as India has muddled through so many times before, there is no need for urgency in tackling the problems it faces. In Non Stop India veteran journalist Mark Tully draws on his unmatched knowledge of India, garnered from thirty years of living in, and reporting from, the country, to examine how this approach impacts on her much-touted prospects of becoming an economic super-power. From Maoist conflicts to huge industrial houses; from the Tiger project to farmer suicides; from the Ramayana to the remote valleys of the north-east, Tully examines India's myriad negotiations with modernity and her prospects for the next century and beyond. Today, India is likely to become one of the major economies of the twenty- first century. But many unresolved questions remain about the sustainability of such growth and its effect on the stability of the nation. Veteran journalist Mark Tully draws on thirty years of reporting India and travels the length and breadth of the country to find the answers. Have the changes had any impact on the poor and marginalised? How can the development of the country's creaking infrastructure be speeded up to match its huge advances in technology and industry? With a gift for finding the human stories behind the headlines, he looks at the pressing concerns in different areas of life such as governance, business, spirituality and ecology. In revealing interviews with captains of industry and subsistence farmers, politicians and Dalits, spiritual leaders and bandits, Mark Tully captures the voices of the nation. From the survival of India's languages and the protection of wildlife, to the nation's thriving industries and colourful public affairs, Non-Stop India is a testament to India's vibrant history and incredible potential, offering an unforgettable portrait of this emerging superpower at a pivotal moment of its history. About The Author Sir Mark Tully was born in Calcutta, India in 1935. He was the Chief of Bureau, BBC, New Delhi for twenty-two years, was knighted in the New Year's Honours list in 2002 and was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 2005. Today, his distinguished broadcasting career includes being the regular presenter of the contemplative BBC Radio 4 programme Something Understood. His books include No Full Stops in India, The Heart of India, India in Slow Motion (with his partner and colleague Gillian Wright), and India's Unending Journey. He lives in New Delhi.


Author : Joy Ma
Dilip D'Souza
Publisher : Pan Macmillan
Release : 2020-01-23
Page :
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 1529048869
Description :


'Humanly compelling, beautifully told ... brings to light a forgotten chapter of Indian history, one we need to remember in these troubled times' PRATAP BHANU MEHTA '[Joy Ma and Dilip D'Souza] have seamlessly woven together historical facts with personal stories about how the Chinese- Indians lost the country of their birth' YIN MARSH The untold account of the internment of 3,000 Chinese-Indians after the 1962 Sino-Indian War. Just after the Sino-Indian War of 1962, about 3,000 Chinese-Indians were sent to languish in a disused World War II POW camp in Deoli, Rajasthan, marking the beginning of a painful five-year-long internment without resolution. At a time of war with China, these ‘Chinese-looking’ people had fallen prey to government suspicion and paranoia which soon seeped into the public consciousness. This is a page of Indian history that comes wrapped in prejudice and fear, and is today largely forgotten. But over five decades on, survivors of the internment are finally starting to tell their stories. As several Indian communities are once again faced with discrimination, The Deoliwallahs records these untold stories through extensive interviews with seven survivors of the Deoli internment. Through these accounts, the book recovers a crucial chapter in our history, also documenting for the first time how the Chinese came to be in India, how they made this country their home and became a significant community, until the war of 1962 brought on a terrible incarceration, displacement and tragedy.


Author : L. Ayu Saraswati
Publisher : University of Hawaii Press
Release : 2013-03-31
Page : 200
Category : Social Science
ISBN 13 : 0824837878
Description :


In Indonesia, light skin color has been desirable throughout recorded history. Seeing Beauty, Sensing Race explores Indonesia’s changing beauty ideals and traces them to a number of influences: first to ninth-century India and some of the oldest surviving Indonesian literary works; then, a thousand years later, to the impact of Dutch colonialism and the wartime occupation of Japan; and finally, in the post-colonial period, to the popularity of American culture. The book shows how the transnational circulation of people, images, and ideas have shaped and shifted discourses and hierarchies of race, gender, skin color, and beauty in Indonesia. The author employs “affect” theories and feminist cultural studies as a lens through which to analyze a vast range of materials, including the Old Javanese epic poem Ramayana, archival materials, magazine advertisements, commercial products, and numerous interviews with Indonesian women. The book offers a rich repertoire of analytical and theoretical tools that allow readers to rethink issues of race and gender in a global context and understand how feelings and emotions—Western constructs as well as Indian, Javanese, and Indonesian notions such as rasa and malu—contribute to and are constitutive of transnational and gendered processes of racialization. Saraswati argues that it is how emotions come to be attached to certain objects and how they circulate that shape the “emotionscape” of white beauty in Indonesia. Her ground-breaking work is a nuanced theoretical exploration of the ways in which representations of beauty and the emotions they embody travel geographically and help shape attitudes and beliefs toward race and gender in a transnational world.


Author : Freek L. Bakker
Publisher : BRILL
Release : 2009-09-30
Page : 292
Category : Religion
ISBN 13 : 9004194045
Description :


This book analyses the most important depictions in film of Jesus, Rama, Buddha and Muhammad and the religious and cultural background to portraying individuals who disclose the divine. It also addresses the reactions of religious leaders to these films.


Author :
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2016-12-20
Page : 1544
Category : Religion
ISBN 13 : 140088456X
Description :


The concluding volume of a critical English edition of the monumental Indian epic The seventh and final book of the monumental Rāmāyaṇa of Vālmīki, the Uttarakāṇḍa, brings the epic saga to a close with an account of the dramatic events of King Rāma's millennia-long reign. It opens with a colorful history of the demonic race of the rākṣasas and the violent career of Rāma’s villainous foe Rāvaṇa, and later recounts Rāma’s grateful discharge of his allies in the great war at Lankā as well as his romantic reunion with his wife Sītā. But dark clouds gather as Rāma, confronted by scandal over Sītā’s time in captivity under the lustful Rāvaṇa, makes the agonizing decision to banish his beloved wife, now pregnant. As Rāma continues as king, marvelous tales and events unfurl, illustrating the benefits of righteous rule and the perils that await monarchs who fail to address the needs of their subjects. The Uttarakāṇḍa has long served as a point of social and religious controversy largely for its accounts of the banishment of Sītā, as well as of Rāma’s killing of a low-caste ascetic. The translators’ introduction provides a full discussion of these issues and the complex reception history of the Uttarakāṇḍa. This translation of the critical edition also includes exhaustive notes and a comprehensive bibliography.


Author : ANANT PAI
Publisher : Amar Chitra Katha Pvt Ltd
Release : 1971-04-01
Page : 32
Category : Comic books, strips, etc
ISBN 13 : 8189999265
Description :


Rama was happy living in the forest with his wife and brother. Palace intrigue may have forced his exile, but the next fourteen years promised to be quite pleasant. Suddenly, this idylic life was thrown into turmoil. His beloved wife Sita was kidnapped! With unmatched skill as a warrior, Rama destroyed the ten-headed Ravana. And along the way, he won a host of very grateful friends.


Author : Chief Editor Dr.Yogendra Pratap Singh, Edited by Dr. Anushabd, Co-Editor Dr. Charu Goel
Publisher : Vani Prakashan
Release : 2020-10-24
Page : 190
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
ISBN 13 : 938991549X
Description :


The roots of the 'Ram katha' are rooted very deep and its branches and subbranches are spread across the nook and corner of country with slight amount of homologous disparity, Ram katha has its deep penetration across the continent of Asia. It covers a vast empire of the entire Asian population. In his research thesis, decades ago, Father Camille Bulcke has proved that Ram katha is not only an Indian fiction but also is an International one as well. This extension of Ram katha was referred to as 'Digvijay of Valmiki' by father Camille Bulcke. The roots of this legend dates back to the 4th century BC. But it is inaccessible due to being confined in the oral tradition. Ram katha findsits place in the Jataka tales, by considering Rama as the 'Bodhisattva'. Inspired and influenced by Valmiki, Ram katha adaptations are found in different languages of India. Its clear impression is also found in the nonliterary arts of the country and abroad. Ram katha's illustrations are found on the paintings and sculptures of Sri Lanka, Java, Sumatra, Cambodia etc. In Mauritius when our ancestors were punished with black water; it was the narration of Ram katha (Ramayana) in the evening that relieved them from despair and depression of the whole day's hard work. Ramayana was a tranquilizer for them. This life saving tale needs to be revived, in order to deal with the mental and economic imperialism of present times. Through discussions and discourse, the lamp of Rama's name can be lighted in the threshold of every human heart...


Author : Mandakranta Bose
Publisher :
Release : 2018
Page :
Category : Hindu goddesses
ISBN 13 : 9780191821226
Description :


This volume explains how Hindus think about divinity in its feminine aspect, as the supreme creative energy of the cosmos. That energy is a single abstract idea but manifests itself in many forms, each imagined as a goddess with particular powers and functions.


Author : Swami Achuthananda
Publisher : Relianz Communications Pty Ltd
Release : 2019-08-03
Page : 170
Category : Religion
ISBN 13 : 0975788345
Description :


Full-blown trade wars, nuclear threats, attacks on nation's sovereignty...are we dangerously at the crossroads of a world war that may even threaten entire humanity? Maybe we are, but fear not. Hindus believe that whenever cosmic balance is threatened, Vishnu descends into the world as an avatar of change. "I am born age after age," says Krishna (Vishnu) in the Bhagavad Gita. Vishnu has many avatars, but his top ten avatars are special and known as the Dashavataras. In this volume, we enter the most exciting part of Hindu mythology--the Dashavataras--and discuss the early avatars of Vishnu. The avatar saga begins with a wicked demon stealing the Vedas while Brahma is sleeping. Vishnu takes the form of a giant fish and not only saves the Vedas but rescues mankind from a great deluge. As we progress through the avatars, you will come across Prahlada, whose story offers a shining example of the extent to which Vishnu would go to protect his devotees. In another incarnation of Vishnu, a generous king called Bali is dispatched to the netherworld for being too ambitious. While ambition is a virtue, not vice, this may seem unfair to the people of Kerala who hold Bali in high esteem. But Vishnu makes amends by bestowing the gift of longevity on Bali. Next, the axe-wielding Parashurama, a Brahmin by birth, embarks on a mission to exterminate the warrior caste from the face of Earth--and largely succeeds until he bumps into another avatar of Vishnu. The highlight of this volume undoubtedly is Rama, the hero of the Ramayana and a name that is synonymous with dharma (religious duty). About half the book is dedicated to Rama as we dissect Ramayana in detail, particularly the controversies. Although Rama is famous for defeating the ten-headed demon king of Lanka, it seems he waged a bigger battle with the dictates of dharma--and lost. We meet the monkey-faced Hanuman for the first time in this book. He is closely associated with Rama and highly revered among Hindus. Also in the Ramayana, we encounter one of the ultimate villains of Hindu mythology--the mighty Ravana. Even though Ravana abducted Rama's beloved wife, Sita, you will be surprised to know that not everyone regards Ravana as an antihero. In fact, at the end of the Ramayana, we are left with many bitter, thought-provoking questions that are debated even today.