Three Dimensional Vortex Body Interaction In A Viscous Fluid Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Jeffrey S. Marshall
Publisher :
Release : 1999
Page : 39
Category : Fluid dynamics
ISBN 13 :
Description :


An experimental and computational study of the impact of a vortex with a body oriented normal to the vortex axis was performed. Particular focus was placed on understanding characteristics of the secondary vorticity ejected from the body and the interaction of the secondary vorticity with the primary vortex. Since both onset of boundary layer separation and the form of the secondary vorticity structures are sensitive to variation of the velocity normal to the body axis, the effect of normal velocity on vortex-body interaction was carefully examined. The physical features of the flow evolution were categorized in terms of an impact parameter and a thickness parameter, which respectively represent ratios of velocity and length scales associated with the vortex to those associated with the flow in the absence of the vortex. Experiments were performed using a combination of laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) flow visualization and particle-image velocimetry (PIV) in a water tank to examine the form of the secondary vorticity structures with both "high" and "low" values of the impact parameter for normal vortex interaction with a circular cylinder and with a thin blade. A new type of Lagrangian vorticity method based on a tetrahedral mesh was developed and applied to compute the secondary vorticity evolution during vortex-cylinder interaction. Computations were also performed for model problems to examine in detail wrapping of a vortex loop around a columnar vortex and impulsive cutting of a columnar vortex with finite axial flow.


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1995-08
Page :
Category : Aeronautics
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Edwin Kreuzer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-06-28
Page : 324
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 140208630X
Description :


Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium on Fluid- Structure Interaction in Ocean Engineering, held in Hamburg, July 23-26, 2007. The study of gravity driven water waves interacting with fixed or freely floating objects is an active and important field of research in ocean engineering. The accurate prediction of large amplitude ship motions or of marine structures in severe seas is still a delicate problem in the field of fluid-structure interaction. While three-dimensional panel methods have reached the state of maturity in linear sea-keeping analysis, the original problem, governed by strongly nonlinear boundary conditions, is far from being solved efficiently. The principal nonlinearities are associated with the variable wetted surface of the ship hull or the floating body and with the nonlinear hydrodynamic conditions on the free surface. Moreover, marine structures often must be modelled as multibody systems rather than a single body. This causes additional problems due to wave slamming on floating and fixed structures. Furthermore, problems such as coupled structural behavior of submerged or floating systems as well as various wind effects have to be considered for the proper design of offshore systems. This book collects contributions from leading scientists working on the following topics: Ocean waves, probabilistic models of sea waves, fluid-loading on structures including pipes, cables, drill-strings etc., behavior of floating systems, stability and capsizing of ships, coupled structural behavior, sloshing in tanks, CFD validation and verification.


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1994
Page :
Category : Mechanics, Applied
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Ernst Heinrich Hirschel
Jean Cousteix
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-10-29
Page : 391
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 3642413781
Description :


Viscous flow is treated usually in the frame of boundary-layer theory and as two-dimensional flow. Books on boundary layers give at most the describing equations for three-dimensional boundary layers, and solutions often only for some special cases. This book provides basic principles and theoretical foundations regarding three-dimensional attached viscous flow. Emphasis is put on general three-dimensional attached viscous flows and not on three-dimensional boundary layers. This wider scope is necessary in view of the theoretical and practical problems to be mastered in practice. The topics are weak, strong, and global interaction, the locality principle, properties of three-dimensional viscous flow, thermal surface effects, characteristic properties, wall compatibility conditions, connections between inviscid and viscous flow, flow topology, quasi-one- and two-dimensional flows, laminar-turbulent transition and turbulence. Though the primary flight speed range is that of civil air transport vehicles, flows past other flying vehicles up to hypersonic speeds are also considered. Emphasis is put on general three-dimensional attached viscous flows and not on three-dimensional boundary layers, as this wider scope is necessary in view of the theoretical and practical problems that have to be overcome in practice. The specific topics covered include weak, strong, and global interaction; the locality principle; properties of three-dimensional viscous flows; thermal surface effects; characteristic properties; wall compatibility conditions; connections between inviscid and viscous flows; flow topology; quasi-one- and two-dimensional flows; laminar-turbulent transition; and turbulence. Detailed discussions of examples illustrate these topics and the relevant phenomena encountered in three-dimensional viscous flows. The full governing equations, reference-temperature relations for qualitative considerations and estimations of flow properties, and coordinates for fuselages and wings are also provided. Sample problems with solutions allow readers to test their understanding.


Author : Jeffrey S. Marshall
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2001-06-25
Page : 392
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 9780471375661
Description :


A comprehensive, modern account of the flow of inviscid incompressible fluids This one-stop resource for students, instructors, and professionals goes beyond analytical solutions for irrotational fluids to provide practical answers to real-world problems involving complex boundaries. It offers extensive coverage of vorticity transport as well as computational methods for inviscid flows, and it provides a solid foundation for further studies in fluid dynamics. Inviscid Incompressible Flow supplies a rigorous introduction to the continuum mechanics of fluid flows. It derives vector representation theorems, develops the vorticity transport theorem and related integral invariants, and presents theorems associated with the pressure field. This self-contained sourcebook describes both solution methods unique to two-dimensional flows and methods for axisymmetric and three-dimensional flows, many of which can be applied to two-dimensional flows as a special case. Finally, it examines perturbations of equilibrium solutions and ensuing stability issues. Important features of this powerful, timely volume include: * Focused, comprehensive coverage of inviscid incompressible fluids * Four entire chapters devoted to vorticity transport and solution of vortical flows * Theorems and computational methods for two-dimensional, axisymmetric, and three-dimensional flows * A companion Web site containing subroutines for calculations in the book * Clear, easy-to-follow presentation Inviscid Incompressible Flow, the only all-in-one presentation available on this topic, is a first-rate teaching and learning tool for graduate- and senior undergraduate-level courses in inviscid fluid dynamics. It is also an excellent reference for professionals and researchers in engineering, physics, and applied mathematics.


Author : Haym Benaroya
Timothy Wei
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-02-29
Page : 524
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 9781402018060
Description :


This plenary paper and the accompanying presentation have highlighted field problems involving fluid-structure interaction over a wide span of Navy operations. Considering the vast size and versatility of the Navy's inventory, the cases presented represent examples of a much larger problem. But even this limited set provides sufficient evidence that fluid-structure interaction does hinder the Navy's ability to accomplish its missions. This survey has also established that there are no accurate and generally applicable design tools for addressing these problems. In the majority of cases the state-of-practice is to either make ad-hoc adjustments and estimates based on historical evidence, or conduct expensive focused tests directed at each specific problem and/or candidate solution. Unfortunately, these approaches do not provide insight into the fundamental problem, and neither can be considered reliable regarding their likelihood of success. So the opportunities for applying computational fluid-structure interaction modeling to Navy problems appear limitless. Scenarios range from the "simple" resonant strumming of underwater and in-air cables, to the "self-contained" flow field and vibration of aircraft/ordnance bodies at various Mach numbers, to violent underwater transient detonations and local hull structural collapse. Generally applicable and computationally tractable design-oriented models for these phenomena are of course still far in the future. But the Navy has taken the first steps in that direction by sponsoring specialized numerical models, validation experiments tailored for specific applications, and conferences such as this one.


Author : V.Z. Parton
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-03-29
Page : 352
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 1351412930
Description :


Recent government and commercial efforts to develop orbital and suborbital passenger and transport aircraft have resulted in a burgeoning of new research. The articles in this book, translated from Russian, were contributed by the world's leading authorities on supersonic and hypersonic flows and heat transfer. This superb book addresses the physics and engineering aspects of ultra high-speed aerodynamic problems. Thorough coverage is given to an array of specific problem-solving equations. Super- and Hypersonic Aerodynamics and Heat Transfer will be essential reading for all aeronautical engineers, mechanical engineers, mathematicians, and physicists involved in this exciting field of research.


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1991
Page :
Category : Aeronautics
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : S.P. Lin
W.R.C. Phillips
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
Page : 473
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 3642850847
Description :


The IUTAM Symposium on Nonlinear Instability of Nonparallel Flows was held at Clarkson University, Potsdam, NY 13699-5725, USA from 26 to 31 July 1993. It consisted of 9 general speeches, 35 lectures and 15 poster-seminar presentations. The papers were grouped in fairly focused sessions on boundary layers, shear flows, vortices, wakes, nonlinear waves and jets. The symposium was fol lowed by a workshop in which the subject matter discussed was sum marized and some further work for future investigation was recom mended. The highlights of the workshop will be reported elsewhere. In this book many of the papers that describe the ideas presented at the symposium are collected to provide a reference for researchers in charting the future course of their studies in the area of nonlinear instability of nonparallel flows. The papers in this book are grouped under the following headings: • Boundary layers and shear flows • Compressibility and thermal effects • Vortices and wakes • Nonlinear waves and jets In the lead paper ofthis book M. E. Goldstein describes an asymp totic theory of nonlinear interaction between two spatially growing oblique waves on nonparallel boundary and free-shear layers. The wave interaction originates from the nonlinear critical layer and is responsive to weakly nonparallel effects. The theory results in a sys tem of integral differential equations which appear to be relevant near the upper branch of the neutral curve.


Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1995
Page :
Category : Government publications
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1995
Page :
Category : Government publications
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author :
Publisher :
Release :
Page :
Category : Aeronautics
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1989
Page :
Category : Science
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Erik van der Giessen
Hassan Aref
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2003-07-15
Page : 338
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 9780120020393
Description :


The major developments in the field of fluid and solid mechanics are scattered throughout an array of scientific journals, making it often difficult to find what the real advances are, especially for a researcher new to the field. The Advances in Applied Mechanics book series draws together the recent significant advances in various topics in applied mechanics. Published since 1948, Advances in Applied Mechanics aims to provide authoritative review articles on topics in the mechanical sciences, primarily of interest to scientists and engineers working in the various branches of mechanics, but also of interest to the many who use the results of investigation in mechanics and various application areas. Advances in Applied Mechanics continues to be a publication of high impact. Review articles are provided by leading scientists in the field on an invitation only basis. Many of the articles published have become classics within their fields. Volume 39 in the Mechanics series contains articles on vortex dynamics, the numerical simulation of two-phase flows, environmental problems in China, and piezoelectrics.


Author : United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Scientific and Technical Information Branch
Publisher :
Release : 1985
Page :
Category : Science
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author :
Publisher :
Release : 1990
Page :
Category : Power resources
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : C. A. Brebbia
Publisher : WIT Press
Release : 2009-01
Page : 366
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 1845641825
Description :


Encompassing a wide range of topics within fluid structure interaction, this volume features contributions on topics such as hydrodynamic forces, offshore structure and ship dynamics, structure response to severe shock and blast loading, and the mechanics of cables, risers and moorings.


Author : Jean Piquet
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
Page : 762
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 3662035596
Description :


obtained are still severely limited to low Reynolds numbers (about only one decade better than direct numerical simulations), and the interpretation of such calculations for complex, curved geometries is still unclear. It is evident that a lot of work (and a very significant increase in available computing power) is required before such methods can be adopted in daily's engineering practice. I hope to l"Cport on all these topics in a near future. The book is divided into six chapters, each· chapter in subchapters, sections and subsections. The first part is introduced by Chapter 1 which summarizes the equations of fluid mechanies, it is developed in C~apters 2 to 4 devoted to the construction of turbulence models. What has been called "engineering methods" is considered in Chapter 2 where the Reynolds averaged equations al"C established and the closure problem studied (§1-3). A first detailed study of homogeneous turbulent flows follows (§4). It includes a review of available experimental data and their modeling. The eddy viscosity concept is analyzed in §5 with the l"Csulting ~alar-transport equation models such as the famous K-e model. Reynolds stl"Css models (Chapter 4) require a preliminary consideration of two-point turbulence concepts which are developed in Chapter 3 devoted to homogeneous turbulence. We review the two-point moments of velocity fields and their spectral transforms (§ 1), their general dynamics (§2) with the particular case of homogeneous, isotropie turbulence (§3) whel"C the so-called Kolmogorov's assumptions are discussed at length.


Author : Valentin Afraimovich
José António Tenreiro Machado
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-04-22
Page : 276
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN 13 : 3319287648
Description :


This book brings together 12 chapters on a new stream of research examining complex phenomena in nonlinear systems—including engineering, physics, and social science. Complex Motions and Chaos in Nonlinear Systems provides readers a particular vantage of the nature and nonlinear phenomena in nonlinear dynamics that can develop the corresponding mathematical theory and apply nonlinear design to practical engineering as well as the study of other complex phenomena including those investigated within social science.