Understanding The Electoral College Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Catherine McGrew Jaime
Publisher : CreateSpace
Release : 2010-11-16
Page : 24
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 9781456325398
Description :


If you are confused about what the Electoral College is, or how it works, this little booklet is for you. Catherine explains the story behind this inventive devise in a way that you and your older students can understand. (This booklet is contained within the larger book: Understanding Presidential Elections, which also includes the Constitutional Background for electing the President of the United States, and information on primaries and caucuses.)


Author : Eric Burin
Publisher :
Release : 2017-02
Page : 152
Category :
ISBN 13 : 9780692833445
Description :


The 2016 presidential election has sparked an unprecedented interest in the Electoral College. In response to Donald Trump winning the presidency despite losing the popular vote, numerous individuals have weighed in with letters-to-the-editor, op-eds, blog posts, videos, and the like, and thanks to the revolution in digital communications, these items have reached an exceptionally wide audience. In short, never before have so many people had so much to say about the Electoral College. To facilitate and expand the conversation, Picking the President: Understanding the Electoral College offers brief essays that examine the Electoral College from different disciplinary perspectives, including philosophy, mathematics, political science, history, and pedagogy. Along the way, the essays address a variety of questions about the Electoral College: Why was it created? How has it changed over time? Who benefits from it? Is it just? How will future demographic patterns affect it? Should we alter or abolish the Electoral College, and if so, what should replace it? In exploring these matters, Picking the President enhances our understanding of one of America's most high-profile, momentous issues.


Author : Alicia Klepeis
Publisher :
Release : 2018
Page : 32
Category : Electoral college
ISBN 13 : 9781538323250
Description :



Author : Alexander Keyssar
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release : 2020-07-31
Page : 512
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 067497414X
Description :


With every presidential election, Americans puzzle over the peculiar mechanism of the Electoral College. The author of the Pulitzer finalist The Right to Vote explains the enduring problem of this controversial institution. Every four years, millions of Americans wonder why they choose their presidents through the Electoral College, an arcane institution that permits the loser of the popular vote to become president and narrows campaigns to swing states. Most Americans would prefer a national popular vote, and Congress has attempted on many occasions to alter or scuttle the Electoral College. Several of these efforts—one as recently as 1970—came very close to winning approval. Yet this controversial system remains. Alexander Keyssar explains its persistence. After tracing the Electoral College’s tangled origins at the Constitutional Convention, he explores the efforts from 1800 to 2019 to abolish or significantly reform it, showing why each has thus far failed. Reasons include the tendency of political parties to elevate partisan advantage above democratic values, the difficulty of passing constitutional amendments, and, especially, the impulse to preserve white supremacy in the South, which led to the region’s prolonged backing of the Electoral College. The most common explanation—that small states have blocked reform for fear of losing influence—has only occasionally been true. Keyssar examines why reform of the Electoral College has received so little attention from Congress for the last forty years, as well as alternatives to congressional action such as the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact and state efforts to eliminate winner-take-all. In analyzing the reasons for past failures while showing how close the nation has come to abolishing the institution, Why Do We Still Have the Electoral College? offers encouragement to those hoping to produce change in the twenty-first century.


Author : Alicia Z. Klepeis
Publisher : The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
Release : 2017-12-15
Page : 32
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
ISBN 13 : 1538323249
Description :


How can a candidate lose the popular vote and still become President? What is the difference between direct democracy and a democratic republic? This timely book shows curious readers what happens after the voting polls close. As they learn about the Electoral College, readers are encouraged to ask tough questions about the presidential election process. A unique combination of U.S. history and political science, this volume uses historical events to explain abstract concepts. Fact boxes highlight important topics and offer illuminating tidbits, while photographs illustrate key issues. Relevant to both current events and U.S. history, this book is an essential for any library and classroom.


Author : Jesse Wegman
Publisher : All Points Books
Release : 2020-03-17
Page : 272
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 1250221986
Description :


“Wegman combines in-depth historical analysis and insight into contemporary politics to present a cogent argument that the Electoral College violates America’s ‘core democratic principles’ and should be done away with..." —Publishers Weekly The framers of the Constitution battled over it. Lawmakers have tried to amend or abolish it more than 700 times. To this day, millions of voters, and even members of Congress, misunderstand how it works. It deepens our national divide and distorts the core democratic principles of political equality and majority rule. How can we tolerate the Electoral College when every vote does not count the same, and the candidate who gets the most votes can lose? Twice in the last five elections, the Electoral College has overridden the popular vote, calling the integrity of the entire system into question—and creating a false picture of a country divided into bright red and blue blocks when in fact we are purple from coast to coast. Even when the popular-vote winner becomes president, tens of millions of Americans—Republicans and Democrats alike—find that their votes didn't matter. And, with statewide winner-take-all rules, only a handful of battleground states ultimately decide who will become president. Now, as political passions reach a boiling point at the dawn of the 2020 race, the message from the American people is clear: The way we vote for the only official whose job it is to represent all Americans is neither fair nor just. Major reform is needed—now. Isn't it time to let the people pick the president? In this thoroughly researched and engaging call to arms, Supreme Court journalist and New York Times editorial board member Jesse Wegman draws upon the history of the founding era, as well as information gleaned from campaign managers, field directors, and other officials from twenty-first-century Democratic and Republican presidential campaigns, to make a powerful case for abolishing the antiquated and antidemocratic Electoral College. In Let the People Pick the President he shows how we can at long last make every vote in the United States count—and restore belief in our democratic system.


Author : Alexander S. Belenky
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-04-25
Page : 426
Category : Law
ISBN 13 : 364223819X
Description :


This is the first book on the U.S. presidential election system to analyze the basic principles underlying the design of the existing system and those at the heart of competing proposals for improving the system. The book discusses how the use of some election rules embedded in the U.S. Constitution and in the Presidential Succession Act may cause skewed or weird election outcomes and election stalemates. The book argues that the act may not cover some rare though possible situations which the Twentieth Amendment authorizes Congress to address. Also, the book questions the constitutionality of the National Popular Vote Plan to introduce a direct popular presidential election de facto, without amending the Constitution, and addresses the plan’s “Achilles’ Heel.” In particular, the book shows that the plan may violate the Equal Protection Clause from the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution. Numerical examples are provided to show that the counterintuitive claims of the NPV originators and proponents that the plan will encourage presidential candidates to “chase” every vote in every state do not have any grounds. Finally, the book proposes a plan for improving the election system by combining at the national level the “one state, one vote” principle – embedded in the Constitution – and the “one person, one vote” principle. Under this plan no state loses its current Electoral College benefits while all the states gain more attention of presidential candidates.


Author : Grace Houser
Publisher : The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
Release : 2017-12-15
Page : 32
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
ISBN 13 : 1538327961
Description :


It may be surprising to learn that U.S. citizens don't directly vote for their president. The president is actually elected by the Electoral College, a system that has been the subject of great debate in recent years. This informational book explains what the Electoral College is, how it works, and why it was established. Full-color photographs and primary sources help readers make valuable connections with the text. Students will be encouraged to think critically and ask important questions about our nation's election system.


Author : Robert M. Alexander
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2019-04-01
Page : 208
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 0190939451
Description :


Nearly 800 proposals have been made to amend or abolish the Electoral College, and its divisiveness raises many questions. What role do electors play in American democracy? How should they vote? Should the Electoral College exist at all? Much confusion surrounds this institution, in large part because of how the original Electoral College varies from its contemporary counterpart, the evolved Electoral College. This book helps readers to understand the distinction and how we got where we are today. Focusing on the controversial 2016 election, in which Trump received nearly three million fewer popular votes than Clinton, Representation and the Electoral College shows how the Electoral College acts on behalf of the American public and alters election outcomes. In exploring the origin, development, and practice of the Electoral College, this study also presents the most extensive analysis of presidential electors to date.


Author : Gary Alder
Carolyn Alder
Publisher : Createspace Independent Pub
Release : 2011-04-01
Page : 104
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 9781460979419
Description :


Second Edition - 4-28-2011. Added a foreword by Michael A. Peroutka and additional features. 104 pages. Today we get the best Presidents MONEY can BUY! The Framers designed an ingenious system to select Presidents that could NOT be BOUGHT at any price! We cannot get the RIGHT President using the WRONG method of selection. The Electoral College today bears only a superficial resemblance to the intricate system the Framers designed to identify the best possible presidential candidates. Their unique process outlined in Article II of the Constitution has been subverted, perverted, obscured, ignored and then discarded by the machinations of party politics. Today the Electors meet only to rubber-stamp what everybody already knows—who won the election. The Framers' system is totally unknown today. This book reveals the secrets of that ingenious design—a system that has remained hidden (or rather ignored) for over two centuries. Intelligent design vs. evolution usually refers to the creation of man. We relate these same terms to the creation of our Constitution. Intelligent design requires much thought and consideration; evolution has no such restrictions. In bringing to light the ingenious design of the original Electoral College, this book meticulously examines the words of the Constitution, quotes from the Constitutional Convention, and Alexander Hamilton's defense of the system as expressed in Federalist 68. After the Framers intelligently designed the Electoral College system, the forces of evolution started their destructive processes. The rise to power of the political parties and incompatibility of the party paradigm with the original Constitution, are exposed. Departure from the original intent is evidenced by the elections of 1796 and 1800. This book details the inconsistencies apparent in the quickly designed and hastily ratified 12th Amendment. Sample quotes of state statutes forbidding the independence of Electors and binding them to the political parties are also shown. In this book you will discover not only the Framers' secret for identifying the best possible presidential candidates but also these essential concepts: A representative republic vs. a democracy. The purpose of direct and indirect elections. The role of independent electors. Electoral votes were nominating votes. The principle of federalism in the selection process. The subversion of the system by political parties. The 12th Amendment institutionalized party usurpation. The empty shell we have today. All patriots interested in restoring freedom and our constitutional representative republic (the structure which created the greatest, strongest, most prosperous nation on earth) will recognize the need to understand this unique Electoral College process. Appendix: "National Popular Vote" - A Big Step in the Wrong Direction. Election Date Requirements. Explanation of References - Bibliography. "15 Key Principles" to Understanding the Paradigm of the Founding Fathers. Foreword by: Michael Anthony Peroutka, Co-Founder of "Institute on the Constitution" Pasadena, Maryland. What Others Are Saying about "The Evolution and Destruction of the Original Electoral College".


Author : George C. Edwards
Publisher : Yale University Press
Release : 2019-08-20
Page : 296
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 0300249659
Description :


A new edition of the best‑known book critiquing the U.S. electoral collegeIn this third edition of the definitive book on the unique system by which Americans choose a president—and why that system should be changed—George Edwards includes a new chapter focusing on the 2016 election.“As the U.S. hurtles toward yet another election in which the popular vote loser may become president, Edwards’s book is essential reading. It clearly and methodically punctures myths about the Electoral College’s benefits.”—Richard L. Hasen, author of The Voting Wars“Supported by both history and data, George Edwards convincingly argues the Electoral College is anti‑democratic, anti‑equality, and anti‑common sense. We should dismantle it, and soon.”—Kent Greenfield, author of Corporations Are People Too (And They Should Act Like It)


Author : Alicia Z. Klepeis
Publisher : The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
Release : 2017-12-15
Page : 32
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
ISBN 13 : 1538322285
Description :


How can a candidate lose the popular vote and still become President? What is the difference between direct democracy and a democratic republic? This timely book shows curious readers what happens after the voting polls close. As they learn about the Electoral College, readers are encouraged to ask tough questions about the presidential election process. A unique combination of U.S. history and political science, this volume uses historical events to explain abstract concepts. Fact boxes highlight important topics and offer illuminating tidbits, while photographs illustrate key issues. Relevant to both current events and U.S. history, this book is an essential for any library and classroom.


Author : Kathleen Connors
Publisher : Gareth Stevens Publishing LLLP
Release : 2017-07-15
Page : 32
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
ISBN 13 : 1482460661
Description :


"When the Constitution was written, some of the Founding Fathers wanted to include a provision that only those in Congress vote for president. Others felt it was important that the former colonists got to vote directly for their president. The Electoral College was the compromise reached, and it's still how the president and vice president are elected today. This often-confusing topic is broken down step by step for readers. Simple, clear language and elaborating fact boxes target readers new to understanding the Electoral College system and those looking for a thorough but succinct review."


Author : Tara Ross
Publisher :
Release : 2016-09-12
Page : 48
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
ISBN 13 : 9780977072231
Description :


America's unique presidential election system is often misunderstood-and perhaps especially hard to explain to our children. "We Elect a President: The Story of Our Electoral College" will help you and your family discover more about the Electoral College and its remarkable history. Why was it created in the first place? Does it still work today? Written in straightforward language and complemented with playful illustrations, "We Elect a President" explains how the Electoral College works and why it is still needed in a great, diverse country such as our own: As the Founders intended, the system continues to protect our republic and promote our liberty. "We Elect a President" is written by Electoral College expert Tara Ross and illustrated by Kate E. Cooper. It presents a fun, yet educational way to learn more about America's too-often misunderstood presidential election system.


Author : Tara Ross
Publisher : Gateway Editions
Release : 2019-06-18
Page : 320
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 1684510139
Description :


Is the Electoral College anti-democratic? Some would say yes. After all, the presidential candidate with the most popular votes has nevertheless lost the election at least three times, including 2016. To some Americans, that’s a scandal. They believe the Electoral College is an intolerable flaw in the Constitution, a relic of a bygone era that ought to have been purged long ago. But that would be a terrible mistake, warns Tara Ross in this vigorous defense of “the indispensable Electoral College.” Far from an obstacle to enlightened democracy, the Electoral College is one of the guardrails ensuring the stability of the American Republic. In this lively and instructive primer, Tara Ross explains: Why the Founders established the Electoral College—and why they thought it vital to the Constitution Why the Electoral College was meant to be more important than the popular vote How the Electoral College prevents political crises after tight elections Why the Electoral College doesn’t favor one party over the other Why the states are the driving force behind presidential elections and how efforts to centralize the process have led to divisiveness and discontent Why the Electoral College is inappropriately labeled a “relic of slavery” Every four years, the controversy is renewed: Should we keep the Electoral College? Tara Ross shows you why the answer should be a resounding Yes!


Author : Robert William Bennett
Publisher : Stanford University Press
Release : 2006
Page : 270
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 9780804754101
Description :


This book examines the history and weaknesses of the electoral college and proposes reforms that could be made to our electoral process without a constitutional amendment.


Author : Catherine McGrew Jaime
Publisher :
Release : 2016
Page : 103
Category :
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : William C. Kimberling
Publisher :
Release : 1992
Page : 14
Category : Elections
ISBN 13 :
Description :



Author : Glen Krutz
Publisher :
Release : 2018-01-07
Page : 778
Category : Law
ISBN 13 : 9789888407415
Description :


Our American Government textbook adheres to the scope and sequence of introductory American government courses nationwide. We have endeavored to make the workings of American Government interesting and accessible to students while maintaining the conceptual coverage and rigor inherent in the subject at the college level. With this objective in mind, the content of this textbook has been developed and arranged to provide a logical progression from the fundamental principles of institutional design at the founding, to avenues of political participation, to thorough coverage of the political structures that constitute American government. The book builds upon what students have already learned and emphasizes connections between topics as well as between theory and applications. The goal of each section is to enable students not just to recognize concepts, but to work with them in ways that will be useful in later courses, future careers, and as engaged citizens. The organization and pedagogical features were developed and vetted with feedback from American government instructors dedicated to the project.


Author : Thomas H. Neale
Publisher : Createspace Independent Pub
Release : 2012-11-21
Page : 28
Category : Political Science
ISBN 13 : 9781481063708
Description :


When Americans vote for President and Vice President, they are actually choosing presidential electors, known collectively as the electoral college. It is these officials who choose the President and Vice President of the United States. The complex elements comprising the electoral college system are responsible for one of the most important processes of the American political and constitutional system: election of the President and Vice President. A failure to elect, or worse, the choice of a chief executive whose legitimacy might be open to question, could precipitate a profound constitutional crisis that would require prompt, judicious, and well-informed action by Congress. Article II, Section 1 of the Constitution, as amended in 1804 by the 12th Amendment, sets forth the requirements for election of the President and Vice President. It authorizes each state to appoint, by whatever means the legislature chooses, a number of electors equal to the combined total of its Senate and House of Representatives delegations, for a contemporary total of 538, including three electors for the District of Columbia. Since the Civil War, the states have universally provided for popular election of the presidential electors. Anyone may serve as an elector, except Members of Congress and persons holding offices of “Trust or Profit” under the Constitution. In each presidential election year, the political parties and other groups that have secured a place on the ballot in each state nominate a “slate” or “ticket” of candidates for elector. When voters cast a single vote for their favored candidates on general election day, Tuesday after the first Monday in November (November 6 in 2012), they are actually voting for the slate of electors pledged to those candidates. The entire slate of electors winning the most popular votes in the state is elected, a practice known as winner-take-all, or the general ticket system. Maine and Nebraska use an alternative method, the district plan, which awards two electors to the popular vote winners statewide, and one to the popular vote winners in each congressional district. Electors assemble in their respective states on the Monday after the second Wednesday in December (December 17 in 2012). They are expected to vote for the candidates they represent. Separate ballots are cast for President and Vice President, after which the electoral college ceases to exist until the next presidential election. State electoral vote results are reported to Congress and are counted and declared at a joint session of Congress, usually held on January 6 of the year succeeding the election, a date that may be altered by legislation. Since January 6 falls on a Sunday in 2013, Congress will likely set another date for the joint session in 2013, possibly January 8. A majority of electoral votes (currently 270 of 538) is required to win, but the results submitted by any state are open to challenge at the joint session, as provided by law. Past proposals for change by constitutional amendment have included various reform options and direct popular election, which would eliminate the electoral college system, but no substantive action on this issue has been taken in Congress for more than 20 years. At present, however, a non-governmental organization, the National Popular Vote (NPV) campaign, proposes to reform the electoral college by action taken at the state level; eight states and the District of Columbia have approved the NPV compact to date.