What Intelligence Tests Miss Download Ebook PDF Epub Online

Author : Keith E. Stanovich
Publisher : Yale University Press
Release : 2009-01-27
Page : 288
Category : Education
ISBN 13 : 0300142536
Description :

Critics of intelligence tests writers such as Robert Sternberg, Howard Gardner, and Daniel Goleman have argued in recent years that these tests neglect important qualities such as emotion, empathy, and interpersonal skills. However, such critiques imply that though intelligence tests may miss certain key noncognitive areas, they encompass most of what is important in the cognitive domain. In this book, Keith E. Stanovich challenges this widely held assumption.Stanovich shows that IQ tests (or their proxies, such as the SAT) are radically incomplete as measures of cognitive functioning. They fail to assess traits that most people associate with good thinking, skills such as judgment and decision making. Such cognitive skills are crucial to real-world behavior, affecting the way we plan, evaluate critical evidence, judge risks and probabilities, and make effective decisions. IQ tests fail to assess these skills of rational thought, even though they are measurable cognitive processes. Rational thought is just as important as intelligence, Stanovich argues, and it should be valued as highly as the abilities currently measured on intelligence tests.

Author : Keith E. Stanovich
Richard F. West
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2016-09-30
Page : 480
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 0262034840
Description :

Preface -- Acknowledgements -- Theoretical underpinnings -- Definitions of rationality in philosophy, cognitive science, and lay discourse -- Rationality, intelligence, and the functional architecture of the mind -- Overcoming miserly processing : detection, override, and mindware -- A framework for the comprehensive assessment of rational thinking (CART) -- The components of rational thought assessed by the CART -- Probabilistic and statistical reasoning -- Scientific reasoning -- Avoidance of miserly information processing : direct tests -- Avoidance of miserly information processing : indirect effects -- Probabilistic numeracy, financial literacy, sensitivity to expected value, and risk knowledge -- Contaminated mindware -- The dispositions and attitudes of rationality -- Comprehensive rational thinking assessment : data and conclusions -- Associations among the subtests : a short-form CART -- Associations among the subtests : the full-form CART -- The CART : context, caveats, and questions -- The social and practical implications of a rational thinking test -- Appendix: Structure and sample items for the subtests and scales of the comprehensive assessment of rational thinking -- References -- Index

Author : Keith Stanovich
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2011-02-03
Page : 328
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 9780195341140
Description :

The author attempts to resolve the debate about how much irrationality to ascribe to human cognition. He shows how the insights of dual-process theory and evolutionary psychology can be combined to explain why humans are sometimes irrational even though they possess cognitive machinery of remarkable adaptiveness.

Author : Ken Richardson
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Release : 2017-03-21
Page : 384
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 023154376X
Description :

For countless generations people have been told that their potential as humans is limited and fundamentally unequal. The social order, they have been assured, is arranged by powers beyond their control. More recently the appeal has been to biology, specifically the genes, brain sciences, the concept of intelligence, and powerful new technologies. Reinforced through the authority of science and a growing belief in bio-determinism, the ordering of the many for the benefit of a few has become more entrenched. Yet scientists are now waking up to the influence of ideology on research and its interpretation. In Genes, Brains, and Human Potential, Ken Richardson illustrates how the ideology of human intelligence has infiltrated genetics, brain sciences, and psychology, flourishing in the vagueness of basic concepts, a shallow nature-versus-nurture debate, and the overhyped claims of reductionists. He shows how ideology, more than pure science, has come to dominate our institutions, especially education, encouraging fatalism about the development of human intelligence among individuals and societies. Genes, Brains, and Human Potential goes much further: building on work being done in molecular biology, epigenetics, dynamical systems, evolution theory, and complexity theory, it maps a fresh understanding of intelligence and the development of human potential. Concluding with an upbeat message for human possibilities, this synthesis of diverse perspectives will engender new conversations among students, researchers, and other interested readers.

Author : Anna T. Cianciolo
Robert J. Sternberg
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-04-15
Page : 184
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 0470693193
Description :

Intelligence: A Brief History is a lively and accessible look at the origins of the field of intelligence. The book explores the nature and measurement of intelligence, examines approaches to teaching intelligence, and discusses individual and group differences in intelligence. Readers will receive an historical overview of the field as well as a good understanding of its major ideas.

Author : Stephen Jay Gould
Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
Release : 2006-06-17
Page : 448
Category : Science
ISBN 13 : 0393340406
Description :

The definitive refutation to the argument of The Bell Curve. When published in 1981, The Mismeasure of Man was immediately hailed as a masterwork, the ringing answer to those who would classify people, rank them according to their supposed genetic gifts and limits. And yet the idea of innate limits—of biology as destiny—dies hard, as witness the attention devoted to The Bell Curve, whose arguments are here so effectively anticipated and thoroughly undermined by Stephen Jay Gould. In this edition Dr. Gould has written a substantial new introduction telling how and why he wrote the book and tracing the subsequent history of the controversy on innateness right through The Bell Curve. Further, he has added five essays on questions of The Bell Curve in particular and on race, racism, and biological determinism in general. These additions strengthen the book's claim to be, as Leo J. Kamin of Princeton University has said, "a major contribution toward deflating pseudo-biological 'explanations' of our present social woes."

Author : Bernie Devlin
Stephen E. Fienberg
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-12-01
Page : 376
Category : Social Science
ISBN 13 : 1461206693
Description :

A scientific response to the best-selling The Bell Curve which set off a hailstorm of controversy upon its publication in 1994. Much of the public reaction to the book was polemic and failed to analyse the details of the science and validity of the statistical arguments underlying the books conclusion. Here, at last, social scientists and statisticians reply to The Bell Curve and its conclusions about IQ, genetics and social outcomes.

Author : Keith E. Stanovich
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2010
Page : 196
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 :
Description :

In Decision Making and Rationality in the Modern World, Keith E. Stanovich demonstrates how work in the cognitive psychology of decision making has implications for the large and theoretically contentious debates about the nature of human rationality. Written specifically for undergraduate psychology students, the book presents a very practical approach to decision making, which is too often perceived by students as an artificial set of skills used only in academia and not in the real world. Instead, Stanovich shows how good decision-making procedures support rational behavior that enables people to act most efficiently to fulfill their goals. He explains how the concept of rationality is understood in cognitive science in terms of good decision making and judgment. Books in the Fundamentals of Cognition series serve as ideal instructional resources for advanced courses in cognitive psychology. They provide an up-to-date, well-organized survey of our current understanding of the major theories of cognitive psychology. The books are concise, which allows instructors to incorporate the latest original research and readings into their courses without overburdening their students. Focused without being too advanced--and comprehensive without being too broad--these books are the perfect resource for both students and instructors.

Author : Daniel Keyes
Publisher : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
Release : 2007-12-01
Page : 304
Category : Fiction
ISBN 13 : 0547539630
Description :

Winner of both the Hugo and Nebula Awards, the powerful, classic story about a man who receives an operation that turns him into a genius...and introduces him to heartache. Charlie Gordon is about to embark upon an unprecedented journey. Born with an unusually low IQ, he has been chosen as the perfect subject for an experimental surgery that researchers hope will increase his intelligence-a procedure that has already been highly successful when tested on a lab mouse named Algernon. As the treatment takes effect, Charlie's intelligence expands until it surpasses that of the doctors who engineered his metamorphosis. The experiment appears to be a scientific breakthrough of paramount importance, until Algernon suddenly deteriorates. Will the same happen to Charlie?

Author : Keith E. Stanovich
Publisher : Pearson College Division
Release : 2012-09-19
Page : 239
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 9780205914128
Description :

Teaching students to become better consumers of psychological research. Keith Stanovich's widely used and highly acclaimed book presents a short introduction to the critical thinking skills that will help students to better understand the subject matter of psychology. How to Think Straight about Psychology, 10e helps students recognize pseudoscience and be able to distinguish it from true psychological research, aiding students to become more discriminating consumers of psychological information. Learning Goals Upon completing this book, readers should be able to: Evaluate psychological claims they encounter in the general media. Distinguish between pseudoscience and true psychological research. Apply psychological knowledge to better understand events in the world around them.

Author : Morgan Housel
Publisher : Harriman House Limited
Release : 2020-09-08
Page : 256
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 : 085719769X
Description :

Doing well with money isn’t necessarily about what you know. It’s about how you behave. And behavior is hard to teach, even to really smart people. Money—investing, personal finance, and business decisions—is typically taught as a math-based field, where data and formulas tell us exactly what to do. But in the real world people don’t make financial decisions on a spreadsheet. They make them at the dinner table, or in a meeting room, where personal history, your own unique view of the world, ego, pride, marketing, and odd incentives are scrambled together. In The Psychology of Money, award-winning author Morgan Housel shares 19 short stories exploring the strange ways people think about money and teaches you how to make better sense of one of life’s most important topics.

Author : Robert J. Sternberg
Publisher : Yale University Press
Release : 2002-04-01
Page : 284
Category : Psychology
ISBN 13 : 0300128207
Description :

“A serious attempt to understand a common phenomenon” from the author of The Nature of Human Intelligence (Psychology Today). One need not look far to find breathtaking acts of stupidity committed by people who are smart, or even brilliant. The behavior of clever individuals—from presidents to prosecutors to professors—is at times so amazingly stupid as to seem inexplicable. Why do otherwise intelligent people think and behave in ways so stupid that they sometimes destroy their livelihoods or even their lives? This is an investigation of psychological research to see what it can tell us about stupidity in everyday life. The contributors to the volume—scholars in various areas of human intelligence—present examples of people messing up their lives, and offer insights into the reasons for such behavior. From a variety of perspectives, the contributors discuss: The nature and theory of stupidity How stupidity contributes to stupid behavior Whether stupidity is measurable. While many millions of dollars are spent each year on intelligence research and testing to determine who has the ability to succeed, next to nothing is spent to determine who will make use of their intelligence and not squander it by behaving stupidly. The contributors focus on the neglected side of this discussion, reviewing the full range of theory and research on stupid behavior and analyzing what it tells us about how people can avoid stupidity and its devastating consequences. “Marvelous, devilishly clever, and culturally timely book . . . A fascinating exploration.” —Choice “Easily readable and well referenced . . . May provide just enough momentum for change.” —International Journal of Intelligence

Author : Hermann Ebbinghaus
Publisher : Рипол Классик
Release :
Page :
Category : History
ISBN 13 : 5875705299
Description :

Author : Philip J. Carter
Publisher : Kogan Page Limited
Release : 2008
Page : 197
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN 13 :
Description :

This book for puzzle lovers contains 360 of the most difficult practice questions designed to measure an advanced level of numerical, verbal, and spatial ability; logical analysis; lateral thinking; and problem solving skills.

Author : Jeff Kolby
Publisher : Nova Press
Release : 2021-01-15
Page : 160
Category : Study Aids
ISBN 13 : 1889057800
Description :

The verbal section of the GRE is essentially a vocabulary test. With a few exceptions, if you know the word, you will probably be able to answer the question correctly. Thus, it is crucial that you improve your vocabulary. Even if you have a strong vocabulary, you will still encounter unfamiliar words on the GRE. Many students write off questions, which contain words, they don't recognize. This is a mistake. This book introduces numerous techniques that decode unfamiliar words and prod your memory of words you only half-remember. With these techniques, you will often be able to squeeze out enough meaning from an unfamiliar word to answer a question correctly. Nevertheless, don't rely on just these techniques--you must study word lists. Obviously, you cannot attempt to memorize the dictionary, and you don't need to. The GRE tests a surprisingly limited number of words, and this book has 4000 prime candidates. Granted, memorizing a list of words is rather dry, but it is probably the most effective way of improving your performance on the verbal section. All the words you need for success on the GRE! Features: * 4000 Words Defined * Word Analysis section * 200 Prefixes, Roots, and Suffixes * Concise, practical definitions

Author : Stephen S. Hall
Publisher : Vintage
Release : 2011
Page : 333
Category : Philosophy
ISBN 13 : 0307389685
Description :

Explores a range of disciplines to investigate the nature of wisdom, identifying ancient-world views, its role in philosophy, and the scientific findings from the past half century that have offered insight into the characteristics of historical figures.

Author : Chris Grabenstein
Publisher : Random House Books for Young Readers
Release : 2020
Page : 304
ISBN 13 : 0525647783
Description :

When seventh-grader Jake McQuade mistakes the world's first ingestible knowledge pills for jelly beans, he suddenly knows all about physics and geometry and can speak Swahili (though Spanish would be a lot more useful)--but his sort-of girlfriend Grace thinks they can use his new found brilliance to save their middle school from the new principal, who is conspiring to get it shut down.

Author : S. Mason
Publisher :
Release : 2016-10-21
Page : 440
Category :
ISBN 13 : 9781539448013
Description :

You are invited to visit an imaginary world and share the experiences and struggles of the unwilling victims being placed there.First book by this author, the story has been in my head for many years, I am glad to finally be able to share it, watch out for sequels as my empty head soon started to fill up again.

Author : Ronald Jay Cohen
Mark E. Swerdlik
Publisher :
Release : 2010
Page : 591
Category : Psychological tests
ISBN 13 : 9780071272230
Description :

This edition examines the philosophical, historical and methodological foundations of psychological testing, assessment and measurement, while helping students appreciate their benefits and pitfalls in practice.

Author : Gabriela Bernstein
Publisher : CreateSpace
Release : 2012-07-29
Page : 30
Category : Juvenile Fiction
ISBN 13 : 9781478122128
Description :

It is a simple and fun story with beautiful illustrations. The story is about a young wolf who decide to leave his pack and go hunting alone in places where he's never been before. He discover that being alone is not as easy as he thought it will be, but not before going through some fun adventures. It is a great book to be read to young children, but in the same time it is an easy to read book for children who discover the magic of books by themselves.